South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States and the easternmost of the Deep South. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest by Georgia across the Savannah River. South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U. S. Constitution on May 23, 1788. South Carolina became the first state to vote in favor of secession from the Union on December 20, 1860. After the American Civil War, it was readmitted into the United States on June 25, 1868. South Carolina is the 40th most extensive and 23rd most populous U. S. state. Its GDP as of 2013 was $183.6 billion, with an annual growth rate of 3.13%. South Carolina is composed of 46 counties; the capital is Columbia with a 2017 population of 133,114. The Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin metropolitan area is the largest in the state, with a 2017 population estimate of 895,923. South Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, with Carolus being Latin for "Charles".
South Carolina is known for its 187 miles of coastline, beautiful lush gardens, historic sites and Southern plantations, colonial and European cultures, its growing economic development. The state can be divided into three geographic areas. From east to west: the Atlantic coastal plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge Mountains. Locally, the coastal plain is referred to the other two regions as Upstate; the Atlantic Coastal Plain makes up two-thirds of the state. Its eastern border is a chain of tidal and barrier islands; the border between the low country and the up country is defined by the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, which marks the limit of navigable rivers. The state's coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown and Charleston. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain; the bays tend to be oval. The terrain is flat and the soil is composed of recent sediments such as sand and clay.
Areas with better drainage make excellent farmland. The natural areas of the coastal plain are part of the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion. Just west of the coastal plain is the Sandhills region; the Sandhills are remnants of coastal dunes from a time when the land was sunken or the oceans were higher. The Upstate region contains the roots of an eroded mountain chain, it is hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, contains few areas suitable for farming. Much of the Piedmont was once farmed. Due to the changing economics of farming, much of the land is now reforested in Loblolly pine for the lumber industry; these forests are part of the Southeastern mixed forests ecoregion. At the southeastern edge of the Piedmont is the fall line, where rivers drop to the coastal plain; the fall line was an important early source of water power. Mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of several cities, including the capital, Columbia; the larger rivers are navigable up to the fall line. The northwestern part of the Piedmont is known as the Foothills.
The Cherokee Parkway is a scenic driving route through this area. This is. Highest in elevation is the Blue Ridge Region, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Sassafras Mountain, South Carolina's highest point at 3,560 feet, is in this area. In this area is Caesars Head State Park; the environment here is that of the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests ecoregion. The Chattooga River, on the border between South Carolina and Georgia, is a favorite whitewater rafting destination. South Carolina has several major lakes covering over 683 square miles. All major lakes in South Carolina are man-made; the following are the lakes listed by size. Lake Marion 110,000 acres Lake Strom Thurmond 71,100 acres Lake Moultrie 60,000 acres Lake Hartwell 56,000 acres Lake Murray 50,000 acres Russell Lake 26,650 acres Lake Keowee 18,372 acres Lake Wylie 13,400 acres Lake Wateree 13,250 acres Lake Greenwood 11,400 acres Lake Jocassee 7,500 acres Lake Bowen Earthquakes in South Carolina demonstrate the greatest frequency along the central coastline of the state, in the Charleston area.
South Carolina averages 10–15 earthquakes a year below magnitude 3. The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 was the largest quake to hit the Southeastern United States; this 7.2 magnitude earthquake destroyed much of the city. Faults in this region are difficult to study at the surface due to thick sedimentation on top of them. Many of the ancient faults are within plates rather than along plate boundaries. South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate, although high-elevation areas in the Upstate area have fewer subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. In the summer, South Carolina is hot and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging between 86–93 °F in most of the state and overnight lows averaging 70–75 °F on the coast and from 66–73 °F inland. Winter temperatures are much less uniform in South Carolina. Coastal areas of the state have mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F and overnight lows around 40 °F. Inland, the average January overnight low is around 32 °F i
Stream restoration or river restoration, sometimes called river reclamation in the United Kingdom, describes work conducted to improve the environmental health of a river or stream, in support of biodiversity, flood management and/or landscape development. Stream restoration approaches can be divided into two broad categories: form-based restoration, which relies on physical interventions in the stream to improve its conditions. Form-based restoration techniques include deflectors; these induce immediate change in the stream, but sometimes fail to achieve the desired effects if degradation originates at a wider scale. Process-based restoration includes restoring lateral or longitudinal connectivity of water and sediment fluxes and limiting interventions within in a corridor defined based on the stream's hydrology and geomorphology; the beneficial effects of process-based restoration projects may sometimes take time to be felt since changes in the stream will occur at a pace that depends on the stream dynamics.
Despite the significant number of stream restoration projects worldwide, the effectiveness of stream restoration remains poorly quantified due to insufficient monitoring. However, in response to growing environmental awareness, stream restoration requirements are adopted in legislation in various parts of the world. Stream restoration or river restoration, sometimes called river reclamation in the United Kingdom, describes a set of activities that aim to improve the environmental health of a river or stream; these activities aim to restore the river system to its original state or to a reference state, in support of biodiversity, flood management and/or landscape development. Stream restoration is associated to environmental restoration and ecological restoration. In that sense, stream restoration differs from: river engineering, a term which refers to physical alterations of a water body, for purposes that include navigation, flood control or water supply diversion and are not related to ecological restoration.
Improved stream health may be indicated by expanded habitat for diverse species and reduced stream bank erosion, although bank erosion is generally recognized as contributing to the ecological health of streams. Enhancements may include improved water quality and achieving a self-sustaining, resilient stream system that does not require periodic human intervention, such as dredging or construction of flood or erosion control structures. Stream restoration projects can yield increased property values in adjacent areas. In the past decades, stream restoration has emerged as a significant discipline in the field of water resources management, due to the degradation of many aquatic and riparian ecosystems related to human activities. In the USA alone, it was estimated in the early 2000s that more than one billion US dollars were spent each year to restore rivers and that close to 40,000 restoration projects had been conducted in the continental part of the country. Stream restoration activities may range from the simple improvement or removal of a structure that inhibits natural stream functions, to the stabilization of stream banks, or other interventions such as riparian zone restoration or the installation of stormwater management facilities like constructed wetlands.
The use of recycled water to augment stream flows that have been depleted as a result of human activities can be considered a form of stream restoration. When present, navigation locks have a potential to be operated as vertical slot fishways to restore fish passage to some extent for a wide range of biota, including poor swimmers. Stream restoration projects begin with an assessment of the stream system, including climatic data, watershed hydrology, stream hydraulics, sediment transport patterns, channel geometry, historical channel mobility and flood records. Numerous systems exist to classify streams according to their geomorphology; this preliminary assessment helps to understand the stream dynamics and determining the cause of the observed degradation to be addressed. Two broad approaches to stream restoration have been defined in the past decades: form-based restoration and process-based restoration. Whereas the former focuses on the restoration of structural features and/or patterns considered to be characteristic of the target stream system, the latter is based on the restoration of hydrological and geomorphological processes to ensure the stream's resilience and ecological health.
Form-based stream restoration promotes the modification of the stream channel to improve the stream conditions. Targeted outcomes can include improved water quality, enhanced fish habitat and abundance, as well as increased bank and cha
The Canada goose is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, a brown body. Native to arctic and temperate regions of North America, its migration reaches northern Europe, it has been introduced to the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. Like most geese, the Canada goose is herbivorous and migratory. Successful at living in human-altered areas, Canada geese have proven able to establish breeding colonies in urban and cultivated areas, which provide food and few natural predators; the success of this common park species has led to its being considered a pest species because of their depredation of crops and their noise, aggressive territorial behavior, habit of begging for food. The Canada goose was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his 18th-century work Systema Naturae, it belongs to the Branta genus of geese, which contains species with black plumage, distinguishing them from the grey species of the genus Anser.
Branta is a Latinised form of Old Norse Brandgás, "burnt goose" and the specific epithet canadensis is a New Latin word meaning "from Canada". According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first citation for the'Canada goose' dates back to 1772; the Canada goose is colloquially referred to as the "Canadian goose". The cackling goose was considered to be the same species or a subspecies of the Canada goose, but in July 2004, the American Ornithologists' Union's Committee on Classification and Nomenclature split them into two species, making the cackling goose into a full species with the scientific name Branta hutchinsii; the British Ornithologists' Union followed suit in June 2005. The AOU has divided the many subspecies between the two species; the subspecies of the Canada goose were listed as: Atlantic Canada goose, B. c. canadensis Interior Canada goose, B. c. interior Giant Canada goose, B. c. maxima Delacour, 1951 Moffitt's Canada goose, B. c. moffitti Aldrich, 1946 Vancouver Canada goose, B. c. fulva Dusky Canada goose, B. c. occidentalis Lesser Canada goose, B. c. parvipes The distinctions between the two geese have led to confusion and debate among ornithologists.
This has been aggravated by the overlap between the small types of Canada goose and larger types of cackling goose. The old "lesser Canada geese" were believed to be a hybrid population, with the birds named B. c. taverneri considered a mixture of B. c. minima, B. c. occidentalis, B. c. parvipes. The holotype specimen of taverneri is a straightforward large pale cackling goose however, hence the taxon is still valid today and was renamed "Taverner's cackling goose". In addition, the barnacle goose was determined to be a derivative of the cackling goose lineage, whereas the Hawaiian goose originated from ancestral Canada geese. Thus, the species' distinctness is well evidenced, A recent proposed revision by Harold C. Hanson suggests splitting Canada and cackling goose into six species and 200 subspecies; the radical nature of this proposal has provoked surprise in some quarters. The black head and neck with a white "chinstrap" distinguish the Canada goose from all other goose species, with the exception of the cackling goose and barnacle goose.
The seven subspecies of this bird vary in size and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada geese. Some of the smaller races can be hard to distinguish from the cackling goose, which overlap in mass. However, most subspecies of the cackling goose are smaller; the smallest cackling goose, B. h. minima, is scarcely larger than a mallard. In addition to the size difference, cackling geese have a shorter neck and smaller bill, which can be useful when small Canada geese comingle with large cackling geese. Of the "true geese", the Canada goose is on average the largest living species, although some other species that are geese in name, if not of close relation to these genera, are on average heavier such as the spur-winged goose and Cape Barren goose. Canada geese have a 127 -- 185 cm wingspan. Among standard measurements, the wing chord can range from 39 to 55 cm, the tarsus can range from 6.9 to 10.6 cm and the bill can range from 4.1 to 6.8 cm. The largest subspecies is the B. c. maxima, or the giant Canada goose, the smallest is B. c. parvipes, or the lesser Canada goose.
An exceptionally large male of race B. c. maxima, which exceed 8 kg, weighed 10.9 kg and had a wingspan of 2.24 m. This specimen is the largest wild goose recorded of any species; the male Canada goose weighs 2.6–6.5 kg, averaging amongst all subspecies 3.9 kg. The female looks identical, but is lighter at 2.4–5.5 kg, averaging amongst all subspecies 3.6 kg, 10% smaller in linear dimensions than the male counterparts. The female possesses a different, less sonorous, honk than the male; this species is native to North America. It breeds in the northern United States in a wide range of habitats; the Great Lakes region maintains a large population of Canada geese
A linear park is a park in an urban or suburban setting, longer than it is wide. Some are rail trails, that are disused railroad beds converted to recreational use, while others use strips of public land next to canals, extended defensive walls, electrical lines and shorelines, they are often described as greenways. In Australia, a linear park along the coast is known as a foreshoreway; the earliest example is the Emerald Necklace, which consists of a 1,100-acre, or 445 hectare chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts, US. It gets its name from the way the planned chain appears to hang from the "neck" of the Boston peninsula; this linear system of parks was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted to connect Boston Common and Public Garden to Franklin Park, known as the "great country park." The project began around 1878 with the effort to clean up and control the marshy area which became the Back Bay and the Fens. In 1880, Olmsted proposed that the Muddy River.
The current was directed into the Charles River. Olmsted's vision of a linear park of walking paths along a gentle stream connecting numerous small ponds was complete by the turn of the century but for a never completed section to Boston Harbor. However, the subsequent development of the automobile disrupted the original concept. In England linear parks have been created around waterways in cities where the terrain is such that rivers and brooks have significant flood plains; such land cannot sensibly be used for urban development and so is set aside as a civic amenity. Milton Keynes, a New Town created in England in the late 1960, makes extensive use of linear parks, with nine different examples that include the flood plains of the Great Ouse and of its tributaries. In Greater London and Hertfordshire, the Lee Valley Park is a 10,000-acre 26 miles long linear park, much of it green spaces, running along the flood plain of the River Lea from the River Thames to Ware, through areas such as Stratford, Tottenham, Walthamstow, Cheshunt and Hoddesdon in an area known as the Lea Valley.
Greater London's largest park, Lee Valley Park is more than four times the size of Richmond Park, extending beyond Greater London's borders into the neighbouring counties of Hertfordshire and Essex. A more recent example of a linear park is the Berlin Mauerpark, built on a part of the former Berlin Wall area and its adjacent former death strip. Another example is Planty Park, Kraków, Poland), it encircles the Stare Miasto, where the Medieval city walls used to stand until the early 19th century. The park has a length of 4 kilometers, it consists of a chain of thirty smaller gardens designed in varied styles and adorned with numerous monuments and fountains. The park forms a scenic walkway popular with Cracovians. In summer, sprinkled with ponds and refreshment stalls, it is a cool and shady retreat from the nearby bustling streets. In some cities, many linear parks run through residential areas, where housing will front streets and back onto small linear parks containing a pathway and grass. Examples are numerous in some Canadian cities such as Saskatoon.
Another example is the BeltLine system being planned and built in sections is in Atlanta, Georgia, US, which will encircle its central business districts, include a trail and eventual light rail line on existing tracks instead of another road. Promenade plantée, Paris Mauerpark in Berlin Mittellandkanal, Hannover Kattenbrook-Park, Hannover Dodder Park, Dublin Lansdowne Valley Park, Dublin Tagus Linear Park, Póvoa de Santa Iria Sagera Linear Park, Barcelona Turia Gardens, Valencia Brampton Valley Way in Northamptonshire and Leicestershire, England Hogsmill River Park, England Mile End Park, East London, England Beltline Linear Park and West Toronto Railpath, Ontario Grand Concourse, Newfoundland: a walkway system with linear parks Parc linéaire de la rivière Saint-Charles, Québec City, Québec Parc Linéaire Le P'tit Train du Nord, Saint-Jérôme - Mont-Laurier, Quebec. Strathcona Linear Park, British Columbia Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina and Virginia Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, Washington, D.
C. West Virginia, Maryland Embarcadero, San Francisco, California Pastor Willie James Ford, Sr. Linear Park, Deerfield Beach, Florida Alewife Linear Park, Massachusetts Charles River Esplanade, Massachusetts East Boston Greenway, Massachusetts Elizabeth River Parkway, Union County, New Jersey Rose Kennedy Greenway, Massachusetts The 606, Illinois Burnham Greenway, Illinois Dequindre Cut, Michigan Grand Park, Los Angeles, California Hollywood Central Park, Los Angeles, California High Line Park, New York City Indianapolis Cultural Trail, Indiana Ocean Parkway, New York City Eastern Parkway, New York City Mosholu Parkway, The Bronx, New York City Passaic River Parkway, Union County, New Jersey Pelham Parkway, The Bronx, New York City Rahway River Parkway, Union County, New Jersey Salesforce Park, San Francisco Vanderbilt Motor Parkway, New York City Hudson River Park, New York City Midtown Greenway and trails network of Minneapolis, Minnesota James River Park System, Virginia Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park, Northern Virginia Freeway Park, Washington San Antonio River Walk, San Antonio, Texas The Loop, Arizona Línea Verde, Aguascalientes Al zorah lin
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2017, the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 859,035, making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States; the Charlotte metropolitan area's population ranks 22nd in the U. S. and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 census-estimated population of 2,632,249. Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U. S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U. S. cities as the millennial hub. It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Florida, it is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. It is listed as a "gamma" global city by World Cities Research Network. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States since 1995. Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, the Charlotte Hornets of the NBA, the Charlotte Checkers of the AHL, the Charlotte Independence of the USL, the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series races and the NASCAR All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Carowinds amusement park, the U. S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, it is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city; the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records.
By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, endemic among Europeans, because the Catawba had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110; the European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers, they still contributed to the early foundations of the region. Mecklenburg County was part of Bath County of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729; the western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762.
Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County; these areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District. The area, now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk, who married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path was part of the Great Wagon Road. Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents.
He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest". Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768; the crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development; the east–west trading path became Trade Street, the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square". While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs". Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that led to the American Revolution.
May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal bea
A greenway is "a strip of undeveloped land near an urban area, set aside for recreational use or environmental protection". However, the term can in fact include "a scenic road" and though many are in urban areas, there are some rural greenways, as for example the Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway, a hiking trail in southern New Hampshire. A greenway is a trail found in both urban and rural settings, created out of a disused railway, canal towpath, utility or similar right of way, or derelict industrial land. Rail trails are one of the most common forms of greenway, they resemble linear parks. In Southern England, the term refers to ancient trackways or green lanes those found on chalk downlands, like the Ridgeway; the American author Charles Little in his 1990 book, Greenways for America, defines a greenway as: a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic road or other route.
It is a landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage. The term greenway comes from the green in green belt and the way in parkway, implying a recreational or pedestrian use rather than a typical street corridor, as well as an emphasis on introducing or maintaining vegetation, in a location where such vegetation is otherwise lacking; some greenways include community gardens as well as typical park-style landscaping of trees and shrubs. They tend to have a contiguous pathway. Greenways resemble linear parks. Though wildlife corridors are greenways, because they have conservation as their primary purpose, they are not managed as parks for recreational use, may not include facilities such as public trails. Tom Turner analyzed greenways in London looking for common patterns among successful examples, he was inspired by the pattern language technique of architect Christopher Alexander. Turner concluded there are seven types, or'patterns', of greenway which he named: parkway, paveway, skyway and cycleway.
The European Greenways Association defines it as "communication routes reserved for non-motorised journeys, developed in an integrated manner which enhances both the environment and quality of life of the surrounding area. These routes should meet satisfactory standards of width and surface condition to ensure that they are both user-friendly and low-risk for users of all abilities.". Charles Little describes five general types of greenways: Urban riverside greenways created as part of a redevelopment program along neglected run-down, city waterfronts. Recreational greenways, featuring paths and trails of various kinds relatively long distance, based on natural corridors as well as canals, abandoned rail beds, public rights-of-way. Ecologically significant natural corridors along rivers and streams and less ridgelines, to provide for wildlife migration and species interchange, nature study and hiking. Scenic and Historic routes along a road, highway or waterway, the most representative of them making an effort to provide pedestrian access along the route or at least places to alight from the car.
Comprehensive greenway systems or networks based on natural landforms such as valleys or ridges but sometimes an opportunistic assemblage of greenways and open spaces of various kinds to create an alternative municipal or regional green infrastructure. Greenways are vegetated and multi-purpose, they incorporate a bikeway within a linear park. In urban design, they are a component of planning for bicycle walkability. Greenways are found in rural areas as well as urban. Corridors redeveloped as greenways travel through both city and country, connecting them together. In rural areas greenways serve the purpose of providing residents access to open land managed as parks, as contrasted with land, vegetated but inappropriate for public use, such as agricultural land. Where the historic rural road network has been enlarged and redesigned to favor highspeed automobile travel, greenways provide an alternative for people who are elderly, less mobile or seeking a reflective pace. Greenways are found globally.
However, most examples are known to be in North America. In Australia, a foreshoreway is a greenway that provides a public right-of-way along the edge of the sea, open to both walkers and cyclists. Foreshoreways include oceanways, resemble promenades and boardwalks. Foreshoreways are concerned with the idea of sustainable transport and the term is used to avoid the suggestion that the route favours either pedestrians or cyclists. A foreshoreway is accessible to both pedestrians and cyclists and gives them the opportunity to move unimpeded along the seashore. Dead end paths that offer public access only to the ocean are not part of a foreshoreway. A foreshoreway corridor includes a number of traffic routes that provide access along an oceanfront, including: walking along the beach edge of foreshore off-road greenway edge of road off-road greenway on road bikeway on road private vehicles routes on road public transport corridorA major example is The Gold Coast Oceanway along beaches in Gold Coast, Queensland, a shared use pedestrian and cyclist pathway
Central Piedmont Community College
Central Piedmont Community College is a public community college in Charlotte, North Carolina. It is one of the largest community colleges in the North Carolina Community College System and the largest community college on the East Coast of the United States; the school was founded in 1963. Now the College consists of six satellite campuses and an extensive "Virtual Campus," all in the Charlotte metropolitan area. From 1923 to 1959, Central High School was located on Elizabeth Avenue at Kings Drive, where Central Piedmont Community College is now located. In 1959 its students moved into the new Garinger High School. With the building vacant Charlotte College used the space. Starting in 1959, the Central Industrial Education Center shared the old high school; as a result of the 1963 N. C. Community College Act, the Central Industrial Education Center and the black Mecklenburg College combined to become Central Piedmont Community College; the three-story Central High building is now the oldest building on the CPCC campus.
CPCC trustees in July 2002 approved changing the building's name from Garinger Hall to the Central High School building, a fund-raising campaign for the building's renovation was planned. The Central High School Legacy Fund funded renovation of the Central High building, used for administrative offices and admissions, provided scholarship money. A rededication took place September 2007, after restoration of the original facade. WTVI Charlotte’s PBS affiliate, now run by Central Piedmont Community College, will become a laboratory for the college’s new associate degree program launching in August 2015 in broadcasting and production technology. Central Campus is in the Elizabeth neighborhood; the campus is set up more like a traditional university campus, housing many buildings on many different blocks. Certain buildings on campus are being expanded and renovated, while others are being replaced all together. There are street car rails in the pavement of Elizabeth Avenue, which bisects through the heart of campus.
The rails are for the proposed Center City Corridor. Next door to the campus sits Grady Cole Center and Memorial Stadium, the latter plays hosts to large capacity local high school football games and a new Major League Lacrosse expansion team, the Charlotte Hounds; the Northeast Campus, it is located near Reedy Creek Nature Reserve and was opened in Summer of 2002 with two buildings totaling 50,000 sq/ft. Built to relieve overcrowding at Central Campus, this location's focus area is horticulture due to its hilly and shady terrain, close proximity to local parks and ease of access to the rest of the county, it is located in the University City section of Charlotte, the campus is only 3 miles from University of North Carolina at Charlotte, providing close proximity for students of both institutions to take classes at either campus. In the Summer of 2005, the campus was renamed after Wayland H. Cato, a retailer who donates to the College; the campus saw expansion and has since added another building, however the main focus of the Cato Campus is still horticulture and turf management.
Opened in Winter of 1998 as the Southwest Campus, this satellite campus is located on Hebron St. off of Nations Ford Rd. in Southwest Charlotte. The campus focuses on construction technologies, welding, HVAC systems, graphic design and arts, general studies. Opened as the'South Campus' in the fall of 1998, this satellite campus is located in southeast Mecklenburg County, in Matthews, North Carolina; the campus opened with a 116,000 sq/ft building on a 32 acres, aimed at relieving the overcrowding at the Central Campus. The campus features computer lab and a food court in a three-story building; the campus was renamed and increased to 220,000 sq/ft with the aim to make the new Levine Campus into a full-fledged college campus. In late 2005 the Levine Campus grew again, when NASCAR owner Rick Hendrick donated money to build the $4 million, 25,000 sq/ft facility,'Joe Hendrick Center for Automotive Technology'. Now the campus has seen an enrollment of over 10,000 students, most looking to start their collegiate career toward a 2-year degree or transferring to a 4-year university or college.
With the construction of I-485 right next door, the College has expanded the role for the campus for computer and information technology, as the Levine Campus houses the largest enrollment of this kind of all CPCC campuses. The first of CPCC's satellite campuses, it was opened in 1990 as the North Center growing with the addition of the Public Safety building in 1996 and being renamed the North Campus; the campus is located north of Charlotte, in North Carolina. This campus is home to the College's Public Transportation Systems programs. In 2011 the College renamed the campus to the Merancas Campus, after longtime donor's Casey and Anke Mermans and their Merancas Foundation. Harris Campus opened in the West Charlotte area in 2001, it is located next to the Charlotte-Douglas International Airport. The campus houses convention spaces. CPCC offers online courses in a variety of convenient formats to meet the needs of students: television and video-based telecourses, online Internet-based courses, non-credit training courses and more!
CPCC has been utilizing the Internet and electronic media for the delivery of training and courses since 1997! John H. White – American photojournalist, 1982 Pulitzer Prize recipient E. Thomas Fisher – Senior Vice President and Global Commercial Chief Information Officer of Oracle Systems Calvin Brock – Olympian Lee Windsor – screenwriter Jay Thomas – American actor, com