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Liutprand of Cremona

Liutprand Liudprand, Lioutio, Liucius and Lioutsios, was a historian and Bishop of Cremona born in what is now northern Italy, whose works are an important source for the politics of the 10th century Byzantine court. Liutprand was born into a prominent family from Pavia, of Lombard origins, around 920. In 931 he entered service as page to Hugh of Arles, who kept court at Pavia as King of Italy and who married the notorious and powerful Marozia of Rome. Liutprand became a Deacon at the Cathedral of Pavia. After Hugh died in 947, leaving his son and co-ruler Lothair on the throne as King of Italy, Liutprand became confidential secretary to the actual ruler of Italy, Berengar II, marchese d'Ivrea, for whom he became chancellor. In 949, Berengar II sent him on a goodwill mission as an apprentice diplomat to the Byzantine court of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus with whom he became friendly. Liutprand went to learn Greek and may have provided material for chapter 26 of Constantine VII's De Administrando Imperio.

Both Liutprand's father and his stepfather had been sent as ambassadors to Constantinople. Liutprand included in his Antapodosis, a glowing account of the hospitality he enjoyed there, including being carried into the audience hall on the shoulders of eunuchs, Constantine's delight in receiving a gift of four de luxe eunuchs. On his return, however, he fell out with Berengar, for which Liutprand avenged himself in his Antapodosis, attached himself to Berengar's rival, the emperor Otto I, who became King of Italy upon the death of Lothair in 950. With Otto I he was invested as Bishop of Cremona the following year. At Otto's court, he met Recemund, a Córdoban ambassador, who convinced him to write a history of his days. Liutprand was entrusted with important diplomacy, and, in 963, he was sent to Pope John XII at the beginning of the quarrel between the Pope and the Emperor over papal allegiance to Berengar's son, Adelbert. Liutprand attended the Roman conclave of bishops that deposed John XII in 963, wrote the only connected narrative of the events.

He was employed in missions to the Pope, in 968 he was sent again to Constantinople, this time to the court of Nicephorus Phocas, to demand for the younger Otto the hand of Anna Porphyrogenita, daughter of the former emperor Romanus II. The possible marriage was part of a wider negotiation between Otto and Nicephorus, the Eastern Emperor, who still claimed Benevento and Capua, which were in Lombard hands and whose forces had come to strife with Otto in Bari recently, his reception at Constantinople was humiliating and futile after the subject of Otto's claim to the title Emperor caused friction, triggered by a letter from Pope John XIII which offensively addressed Nicephorus as "the emperor of the Greeks". Liutprand's account of this embassy in the Relatio de Legatione Constantinopolitana is the most graphic and lively piece of writing which has come down to us from the 10th century; the detailed description of Constantinople and the Byzantine court is a document of rare value, though coloured by his hostility towards the Byzantine Empire.

The Catholic Encyclopedia asserted "Liutprand's writings are a important historical source for the tenth century. On his second mission to Constantinople, for instance, after his purple purchases are confiscated, he tells the imperial party that at home whores and conjurers wear purple. Schummer and others have speculated that Otto I did not see the Relatio or receive an accurate account of Liutprand's performance at Constantinople. Whether he returned in 971 with the embassy to fetch Theophanu, the negotiated bride, or not is uncertain, but he may well have. Liutprand died before 20 July 972 before 5 March 973, his successor as bishop of Cremona was installed in 973. Antapodosis, seu rerum per Europam gestarum, Libri VI, a historical narrative, relating to events in Italy, from 887 to 949. Compiled, according to Encyclopædia Britannica, "with the object of avenging himself upon Berengar and Willa his queen" Historia Ottonis, a praise of his patron Otto covering only the years from 960 to 964, written as a partisan of the Emperor Relatio de legatione Constantinopolitana ad Nicephorum Phocam covering the years 968 and 969 F. A. Wright, The Works of Liudprand of Cremona London and New York 1930.

J. J. Norwich, Liutprand of Cremona, The Embassy to Constantinople and Other Writings. Everyman Library, London: Dent, 1993. Brian Scott and translator, Liudprand of Cremona, Relatio de Legatione Constantinopolitana. Bristol Classical Press, 1993; the Complete Works of Liudprand of Cremona, Paolo Squatriti, ed. and trans. Washington, D. C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2007. Opera quae extant, editio princeps by Plantin, Antwerp 1640 "The Works of Liudprand of Cremona London and New York 1930 F. A. Wright, translator Works written by or about Liutprand of Cremona at Wikisource Liutprand of Cremona Liutprand of Cremona - Zdravko Batzarov, Encyclopædia Orbis Latini Liutprand, Relatio - excerpts Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes

Reformed Egyptian

The Book of Mormon, a work of scripture of the Latter Day Saint movement, describes itself as having a portion written in reformed Egyptian characters on plates of metal or "ore" by prophets living in the Western Hemisphere from as early as the 6th century BC until as late as the 5th century AD. Joseph Smith, the movement's founder, published the Book of Mormon in 1830 as a translation of these golden plates. Scholarly reference works on languages do not, acknowledge the existence of either a "reformed Egyptian" language or "reformed Egyptian" script as it has been described in Mormon belief. No archaeological, linguistic, or other evidence of the use of Egyptian writing in ancient America has been discovered; the Book of Mormon uses the term "reformed Egyptian" in only one verse, Mormon 9:32, which says that "the characters which are called among us the reformed Egyptian, handed down and altered by us, according to our manner of speech" and that "none other people knoweth our language." The book says that its first author, used the "learning of the Jews and the language of the Egyptians" to write his record which constitutes the first two books of the Book of Mormon.

The abridgment that the Book of Mormon says was prepared by Mormon and Moroni nearly a thousand years in 380 AD, containing most of the balance of the book, was written in "reformed Egyptian" because it took less space than Hebrew, which Hebrew had been altered after the people left Jerusalem. Mormon scholars note that other scripts were developed to write Egyptian through the centuries and have hypothesized that the term "reformed Egyptian" refers to a form of Egyptian writing similar to other modified Egyptian scripts such as hieratic, a handwritten form of hieroglyphics thousands of years old by the first millennium BC, or early Demotic, a simplified derivative of hieratic, used in northern Egypt fifty years before the time that the Book of Mormon states that prophet-patriarch Lehi left Jerusalem for the Americas. A form of Egyptian hieratic, called Palestinian hieratic, was used in Palestine during the time frame of the Lehi departure. Although accounts of the process differ, Smith is said to have translated the reformed Egyptian characters engraved on gold plates into English through various means, including the use of a seer stone or the Urim and Thummim, or both.

Smith said when he had finished the translation, he returned the plates to the angel Moroni, therefore they are unavailable for study. The "Anthon Transcript" is a piece of paper on which Joseph Smith is said to have transcribed reformed Egyptian characters from the golden plates—the ancient record from which Smith claimed to have translated the Book of Mormon. A manuscript known as the "Caractors" document was thought to be this transcript. However, handwriting analysis has suggested that this document was written by John Whitmer, one of the Eight Witnesses. Since the actual Anthon Transcript was taken to New York in the winter of 1828, John Whitmer was not affiliated with the Church until June 1829, the "Caractors" document cannot be the Anthon Transcript. Smith said that when this sample was presented by Smith's colleague Martin Harris to Columbia College professor Charles Anthon, a noted classical scholar, that Anthon had attested to the characters' authenticity in writing but had ripped up his certification after hearing that the plates had been revealed by an angel.

Anthon wrote, to the contrary, that he had believed from the first that Harris was the victim of fraud. In 1844, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints published a broadside about the Book of Mormon called "The Stick of Joseph" that reprinted some "reformed Egyptian" characters that resemble those on the first three lines of the "Caractors" document; the broadside said that the characters were those, shown to Anthon. But it is unlikely that the characters on the broadside came directly from the "Caractors" document because Whitmer was excommunicated in 1838 and took his papers with him. Standard language reference works contain no reference to "reformed Egyptian". No non-Mormon scholars acknowledge the existence of either a "reformed Egyptian" language or a "reformed Egyptian" script as it has been described in Mormon belief. For instance, in 1966, John A. Wilson, professor of Egyptology at the University of Chicago, wrote, "From time to time there are allegations that picture writing has been found in America....

In no case has a professional Egyptologist been able to recognize these characters as Egyptian hieroglyphs. From our standpoint there is no such language as'reformed Egyptian'." Anthropologist Michael D. Coe of Yale University, an expert in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican studies, has written, "Of all the peoples of the pre-Columbian New World, only the ancient Maya had a complete script." Fifteen examples of distinct writing systems have been identified in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, many from a single inscription. Mormon studies of reformed Egyptian are limited to whatever linguistic evidence can be obtained from the text of the Book of Mormon plus the extant seven-line "Caractors" document that may be or may not be the symbols said to have been copied from the gold plates. Although some Mormons have attempted to decipher the "Caractors" document, according to Brigham Young University Egyptologist John Gee, "the corpus is not large enough to render decipherment feasible."Terryl Givens has suggested that the characters are early examples of Egyptian symbols being used "to transliterate Hebrew words and vice versa," that Demotic is a "reformed Egyptian," and that the mixing of a Semitic language with modified Egyptian characters is demonstrated in inscriptions of ancient Syria and Palestine.

Other Mormon apologists have suggested that the

Julie Denton

Julie Carman Denton is a former member of the Kentucky Senate. She represented the 36th senate district from 1995 to 2015 as a Republican, she succeeded Democrat Susan Johns, the only woman in the state senate. Denton was noted to be pro-life. In 2000, she was the co-chair of the Kentucky Senate's Brain Injury Task Force. For chair assignments after 2009, she chaired the Health and Welfare Committee and co-chaired the Banking and Insurance Committee during the 2011/2012 legislative session. In the 2013-2014 legislative session, she chaired the Welfare Committee again. In 2015, she was elected to the city council of Louisville, but did not seek re-election in 2018. Denton was born in Louisville, Kentucky, on June 16, 1960, attended Asbury University from 1977–1979 before transferring to the University of Louisville, where she graduated with a Bachelor of Science in dental hygiene in 1981. After graduation, she worked as a dental hygienist until 2002 and as a consumer representative for General Electric from 1983 to 1986, while founding CPMC Corrections in 1986 and owning it until 2002.

In 2012, she worked as the Vice President of Operations for Family Scholar House. In 2013, she began working in real estate with RE/MAX and, in 2015, became president of her own lobbying group. Denton is married and has four children

One in a Million (Guns N' Roses song)

"One in a Million" is a song by American rock band Guns N' Roses. It is the eighth track on the album G N' R Lies and was released in 1988; the lyrics describe Guns N' Roses singer Axl Rose's experience of getting hustled in the Greyhound bus station upon first arriving in Los Angeles. The song's lyrics caused great controversy among many different groups, accusations of homophobia and racism were leveled against Guns N' Roses' lead singer and song lyricist, Axl Rose. Music critic Jon Pareles noted that: With "One in a Million" on "G'n' R Lies," the band tailored its image to appeal to white, nativist prejudices, denouncing blacks and gays while coyly apologizing "to those who may take offense" in the album notes. In a 1989 Rolling Stone interview, Rose explained the lyrics "I used words like police and niggers because you're not allowed to use the word'nigger.' Why can black people go up to each other and say,'Nigger,' but when a white guy does it all of a sudden it's a big put-down. I don't like boundaries of any kind.

I don't like being told what I can't say. I used the word'nigger' because it's a word to describe somebody, a pain in your life, a problem; the word'nigger' doesn't mean black. Doesn't John Lennon have a song'Woman Is the Nigger of the World'? There's a rap group, N. W. A. - Niggers With Attitude. I mean, they're proud of that word. More power to them. Guns N' Roses ain't bad.... N. W. A. is bad! Mr. Bob Goldthwait said the only reason we put these lyrics on the record was because it would cause controversy and we'd sell a million albums. Fuck him! Why'd he put us in his skit? We don't just do something to get the controversy, the press."The cover of the GN'R Lies EP, designed as a mock-tabloid newspaper front page contained an advance apology for the song, suggesting controversy was anticipated. A small "article" entitled "One in a Million", credited to Rose, ended: "This song is simple and generic or generalized, my apologies to those who may take offense."In response to the following accusations of homophobia, Rose stated that he was "pro-heterosexual" and "I'm not against them doing what they want to do as long as it's not hurting anybody else and they're not forcing it upon me", spoke of negative experiences in his past, such as a friendly man who let him crash on his hotel room floor and tried to rape him.

He softened this stance, insisted that he was not homophobic, pointing out that some of his icons, such as Freddie Mercury and Elton John, as well as David Geffen, the head of his record label, were bisexual or gay. Axl Rose was accused of being biased against police due to the negative lyrics in the song which mention them. Rose responded by claiming when he was a teenager he was once mistaken for a girl by two police officers, who proceeded to make sexual comments towards him, infuriating him so much he attacked the officers, resulting in his arrest. Others - including some of his peers in the music industry - accused him of racism for the use of the word'niggers' in the song; when Guns N' Roses and Living Colour supported The Rolling Stones for a concert in Los Angeles in 1989, Living Colour guitarist Vernon Reid publicly commented on "One in a Million" during his band's set. After hearing this, Rose in turn suggested they play the song for their opening act "just to piss them off." By 1992, Rose seemed to have gained new perspective on the song and its lyrics.

In one interview, he added, "I was pissed off about some black people. I wanted to insult those particular black people."In his final public comments about "One in a Million" in 1992, Rose stated, "It was a way for me to express my anger at how vulnerable I felt in certain situations that had gone down in my life."The song was not included on a 2018 box-set reissue of Appetite for Destruction, which otherwise included the remaining songs recorded for G N' R Lies on a bonus disc. Before the release of Lies, the other members of the band tried in vain to make Rose drop the track from the record. Fellow GN'R member Slash, whose mother is black, noted that he did not condone the song but did not condemn his bandmate, commenting in a 1991 interview with Rolling Stone: "When Axl first came up with the song and wanted to do it, I said I didn't think it was cool... I don't regret doing'One in a Million', I just regret what we've been through because of it and the way people have perceived our personal feelings."In 1988, rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin told rock critic Nick Kent that the lyrics reflected the poor race relations of inner city Los Angeles.

In a 2019 interview, McKagan said the song was misinterpreted, stating "One thing about Axl is if you’re going to try to compete with him intellectually, you’ve lost, because he’s a super smart guy... He's a super sensitive dude; when we did that song, I was still drinking but he was way ahead of us with his vision of, ‘Something’s gotta be said.’ That was the most hardcore way to say it. So flash-forward to now. So many people have misinterpreted that song that we removed it... Nobody got it.” W. Axl Rose – lead vocals, piano Slash – lead acoustic guitar Izzy Stradlin – rhythm guitar Duff "Rose" McKagan – rhythm acoustic guitar Steven Adlerpercussion

Demons and Dinosaurs

Demons and Dinosaurs is a 1970 collection of poetry by American writer L. Sprague de Camp, published by Arkham House in an edition of 500 copies, it was de Camp's first book published by Arkham House. In addition to de Camp's poems, the book contains an introductory piece about the author by fellow writer Lin Carter. Most of the poems in the collection were incorporated into de Camp's poetry collections and Fancies and Heroes and Hobgoblins, though the arrangement was different in each instance; the poems "Avebury," "Daydreams," "First Lake at Midnight," "Kaziranga, Assam," "Myself," and "The End of the Lost Race Story" are unique to this collection. "Acrophobia," "Heroes," "Night," "Time," and "To R. E. H." are shared with Phantoms and Fancies only. "The Ogre" is shared with Hobgoblins only. The remaining poems appear in all three collections; the "Bessas the Bactrian" to whom the last seven poems are attributed is a character and occasional poet in de Camp's 1961 historical novel The Dragon of the Ishtar Gate, in which most of them were published.

The attribution was subsequently dropped from those carried over into de Camp's poetry collections. Demons and Dinosaurs contains the following: Sheldon; the Arkham House Companion. Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House, Inc. p. 94. ISBN 1-55742-005-X. Chalker, Jack L.. The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, 1923-1998. Westminster, MD and Baltimore: Mirage Press, Ltd. p. 45. Joshi, S. T.. Sixty Years of Arkham House: A History and Bibliography. Sauk City, WI: Arkham House. Pp. 106–107. ISBN 0-87054-176-5. Nielsen, Leon. Arkham House Books: A Collector's Guide. Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 105–106. ISBN 0-7864-1785-4

Hans Nilsen Hauge

Hans Nilsen Hauge was a Norwegian priest and politician for Norway's Conservative Party. He was Minister of Education and Church Affairs from 1903 to 1905. Knudsen was born in Nord-Audnedal, was the grandson of the revivalist lay preacher Hans Nielsen Hauge and son of priest Andreas Hauge, he enrolled as a student in 1871 and graduated as cand.theol. in 1877. He was acting vicar in Brevik from January to July 1879, worked in Skien until 1887, except for the years 1881 to 1886 when he was a sailors' padre in North Shields. In 1887 he became vicar in Brevik on a permanent basis, he was elected to the Norwegian Parliament from the city in 1895 and 1898. In 1900 he became vicar in Eidanger. On 22 October 1903, when the second cabinet Hagerup assumed office, Hauge was appointed Norwegian Minister of Education and Church Affairs; the cabinet resigned on 10 March 1905 as a part of the build-up for the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden. He did not return to Eidanger either, instead he became vicar in Skien.

He changed job to dean in 1918, retired in 1924. Hauge was appointed a Knight of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav and a Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog. Found the potato