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Alexander Haggerty Krappe

Alexander Haggerty Krappe was a folklorist and author. Along with Francis Peabody Magoun, he was the first translator of folktales collected by the Brothers Grimm into the English language, he was a linguist, translator of scientific and other materials, a Roman philologist, a comparative mythologist, a classicist and Scandinavianist. Despite his contributions and academic writing, his work has been overlooked in the modern Folklore discipline as he staunchly denied the existence of American Folklore. Alexander Haggerty Krappe was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1884, his childhood was said to be unhappy, after his parents divorced, he was taken back to Europe by his German-born father. Krappe received his education in the Leibniz und Siemen's Oberealschuel in Berlin. An accomplished student, he remained at the university until 1915 upon his decision to study modern languages, thus Krappe spent 1915-1916 studying medieval history and Romance languages at the University of Berlin. Krappe went on to enter the University of Iowa in Iowa City on a graduate fellowship, received his M.

A. with a major in French and a minor in Italian. The capstone of his M. A. his thesis was entitled "The Chronology of the old French Chanson de Geste." In January 1918, he began doctoral work at the University of Chicago on another graduate fellowship. In 1919, Krappe received a Ph. D, his work in university established his interest in epic and medieval literature. In 1919, Krappe married the daughter of Folklorist Grace Partridge Smith. Edith would go on to describe her husband as "brilliant, but troubled and enigmatic man when all of the sources are combined, it is the picture that emerges." Krappe died on November 30, 1947 in Iowa City, leaving three book-length manuscripts. The most significant of these, only one published, was a translation of Grimm's Collected Fairy Tales in conjunction with Francis Peabody Magoun. In his book The Science of Folklore he stated: Folklore is a historical science, having its own methods of research and admitting of the same system of checks and verifications as any other.

With its sister sciences it may combine to make up the cycle of our knowledge of man's past life. From this follows that it may assume the rank of an ancillary science to any or all of them, it has done so notably to the various philogies, history and the history of religion. Krappe's work extended into the field of folksong, his own scholarly definition "The folksong is a song, i.e a lyric poem with melody, which originated anonymously, among unlettered folk in times past and which remained in currency for a considerable time, as a rule for centuries... The American Kentucky Home, though it is supposed to have originated in circle of a somewhat darker hue than is popular in certain sections of the country, is a genuine folksong of both colored and white people" This serves as a prime example of Krappe's unpopularity among Folklorists and anthropologists, as Krappe's work many times shows him to be racist and sexist; the Ploughman King: a comparative study in literature and folklore, 1919 Alliteration in the Chanson de Roland and in the Carmen de Prodicione Guenonis, 1921 The Legend of Roderick, Last of the Visigoth Kings, the Ermanarich Cycle, 1923 Krappe, A.

H. The Science of Folk-lore Hispanic Notes & Monotitle = Hispanic Monographs. "Alexander Haggerty Krappe and his science of comparative folklore". Journal of the Folklore Institute. 19: 167–95. Krappe, Edith Smith. "A bibliography of works by Alexander Haggerty Krappe". Journal of the Folklore Institute. 19: 197–214

Diuris abbreviata

Diuris abbreviata known as the lemon doubletail, is a species of orchid, endemic to eastern Australia. It has a flowering stem with up to nine yellow flowers with darker markings. Diuris abbreviata is a tuberous, perennial herb with two or three linear leaves 120–250 mm long, 3–4 mm wide and folded in half lengthwise. There are between three and nine pale to bright yellow flowers with darker markings which lean forwards and are about 25 mm wide; the dorsal sepal is less erect. The lateral sepals are linear to lance-shaped, 11–16 mm long, 1–3 mm wide, turn downwards; the petals are erect, ear-like above the flower, 7–14 mm long and 4.5–9 mm wide on a brownish, stalk-like "claw" 3–6 mm long. The labellum has three lobes; the centre lobe is about 8 mm wide with a ridge along its mid-line. The lateral lobes are narrow linear to triangular in 2 -- 4 mm long and 1 -- 1.5 mm wide. There are two ridge-like calli about 5 mm long near the mid-line of the labellum. Flowering occurs from September to November.

Diuris abbreviata was first formally described in 1873 by George Bentham from a unpublished description by Ferdinand von Mueller and Bentham's description was published in Flora Australiensis. The specific epithet is a Latin word meaning "shortened"; the lemon doubletail grows in forest and grassland on the ranges and tablelands of New South Wales north of Barrington Tops to south-east Queensland

Boleslav Markevich

Boleslav Mikhailovich Markevich was a Russian writer, essayist and literary critic of Polish origin. Boleslav Markevich was born and died in Saint Petersburg, a member of a noble Russian family of Polish descent, he received good home education. In 1836 the family moved to Odessa where the boy studied first in the Richelieu Lyceum's gymnasium at the Lyceum's law faculty, it was there that he first started to write poetry, critical essays and translations from French, some of which were published by the Odessky Vestnik newspaper. Markevich started his state official career in Saint Petersburg in 1843 he moved to Moscow to join the local governor Arseny Zakrevsky's office, he became a stalwart at both Petersburg and Moscow's aristocracy saloons and had immense success, with women due to good looks, sense of humour, penchant for showmanship and a considerable dramatic talent. Markevich, close to government circles and was among the most ardent of Mikhail Katkov's right-wing allies, caused much controversy by depicting real life political and popular figures in his prose, the latter serving as a source of rumours, consumed avidly by the public.

Praised by conservatives and hated by revolutionary democrats. Markevich made his mark in the history of 19th century Russian literature as a tendentious novelist, a friend of Katkov. He's found himself at the center of at least two scandals, the first caused by his publicised row with Ivan Turgenev, the second having to do with alleged bribery. Markevich's literary gift, has never been doubted. Marina from Aly Rog Two Masks A Quarter of a Century Ago Princess Tata The Forester The Turning Point The Void. Short Stories and Novellas The Complete Markevich in 11 volumes

Alfred Colpaert

Alfred Colpaert is professor in physical geography at the Department of Geographical and Historical Studies of the University of Eastern Finland. He studied physical geography at the University of Utrecht and geography at the University of Oulu, Finland, he has a Docentship in Geoinformatics. Colpaert has held various positions at the Department of Geography of the University of Oulu and the Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute. Since 2004 he has been full professor in physical geography at the University of Joensuu, University of Eastern Finland since 2010. From January 2011 he has been head of Department. Alfred Colpaert's main interests are in physical geography and geoinformatics, he has studied pastures and pastoral systems in northern Finland and the Caprivi area in Namibia. He was involved in mapping the reindeer pastures of northern Finland using satellite remote sensing. Various projects funded by the Finnish Academy of Sciences in Namibia and Lapland and the Arsgisip EU-funded project.

He took part in the Socrates GI Curriculum development project. Manderscheid, Angela & Alfred Colpaert. Workshop: Natural Pastures and Mobile Animal Husbandry Under Pressure; the Case of Lapland and the Tibetan Plateau. Editors, Rangifer Special Issue, No. 15 Kumpula, T. Remote sensing in inventory of high altitude pastures of the Tibetan plateau. Rangifer Special Issue, No. 15:53-63. Colpaert, Alfred. Muuttuva ilmasto. Poromies 5:32. Kumpula, Jouko. Metsänkäsittelyn ja lumiolosuhteiden vaikutus porojen laidunten käyttöön Ivalon paliskunnassa. Poromies 5:48. Kumpula, Jouko. Porohoitoalueen pohjoisimman osan talvilaidunten uusintainventointi vuosina 1999-2003. Poromies 5:50. Antikainen, Harri. Mobile Environmental Information Systems. Cybernetis and Systems: An International Journal, Vol 35:737-751 Colpaert, Alfred. Porolaidunten satelliittikuvapohjainen kartoitus. Riistatutkimuksen tiedote 198:12-13, Riista- ja kalatutkimus. Kaartinen, Salla. Finnish wolves avoid settlements. Ann. Zool. Fennici 42:in press. Autio, Jyrki & Alfred Colpaert.

The impact of elevation and snow load damage of trees on the position of the actual timberline on the fells in central Finnish Lapland. Fennia 183:1. Simo Kyllönen, Alfred Colpaert, Hannu Heikkinen, Mikko Jokinen, Jouko Kumpula, Mika Marttunen, Kari Muje & Kaisa Raitio. Conflict Management as a Means to the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources. Silva Fennica, 40: 687–728 Kumpula, J. Colpaert, A.. & Anttonen, M.. Does forest harvesting and linear infrastructure change the usability value of pastureland for semi-domesticated reindeer? Ann. Zool. Fennici 44:161-178. ISSN 0003-455X Kumpula, J. & A Colpaert. Snow conditions and usability value of pasture land for semi-domesticated reindeer in northern boreal forest area. Rangifer, 1:25-39. Korkalainen Timo, Pietiläinen Pekka and Colpaert Alfred; the effect of total peat nitrogen on the height and volume of Scots pine stands in three fertilized and drained peatlands in northern Finland. SUO 3-4:75:85 Colpaert, Alfred. Paikkatietojärjestelmien ja Kaukokartoituksen Integraatio.

Terra 120:115. Kumpula, J.. Porojen laidunten valinta muutuneessa metsä- ja maisemarakenteessa Keski-Lapissa. Suomen Riista, 54:69-82. Tragedy of the commons Personal pages


The Glomacze Golomacze or Dolomici - were Polabian Slavs inhabiting areas in the middle Elbe valley. Other West Slavic tribes such as the Milceni settled east of them. About 850 the Bavarian Geographer located a Talaminzi settlement area east of the Sorbs. According to chronicler Thietmar of Merseburg, the people called themselves Glomacze after a central cult site, a now dry lake near the present-day town of Lommatzsch; the first known account about the Glomacze is from 805 when they were raided by the troops of Frankish king Charles the Younger on his way to Bohemia. The actual conquest of the tribe started in early 929 by the German king Henry the Fowler who, as Widukind of Corvey reported and destroyed their main castle called Gana at the Siege of Gana, exterminated the defenders and had a fortress erected on the hill of Meissen, their settlement area was incorporated into the large Saxon Marca Geronis and in 965 became part of the Margraviate of Meissen. Bachrach, David. "Henry I of Germany's 929 military campaign in archaeological perspective".

Early Medieval Europe. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell. 21: 307–337. Doi:10.1111/emed.12020