Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use
Chillicothe is a city in and the county seat of Livingston County, United States. The population was 9,515 at the 2010 census; the name "Chillicothe" is Shawnee for "big town", was named after their Chillicothe, located since 1774 about a mile from the present-day city. This territory was settled by indigenous peoples of the Americas; the Osage and Missouri were in the territory at the time of earliest European contact, by French explorers and traders. By 1800 the Shawnee and Iowa had migrated here; the Shawnee came from the Ohio Country, where they had been under pressure before the American Revolution from aggressive Iroquois and encroaching European Americans. Displacing the Osage, the Shawnee had a major village known as Chillicothe about a mile from the present-day city. Chillicothe was the name of a major band of the tribe. Other Native American tribes in the area were the Sac and Fox, Pottawatomi, all of whom hunted in the area. In the early 19th century, European-American migration to Missouri increased.
The original survey of Chillicothe by United States citizens was filed for record August 31, 1837, a resurvey of the same was filed August 5, 1859. Chillicothe was incorporated as a city by an act of the General Assembly, approved March 1, 1855, it was selected as the County seat by commissioners and the first term of the county court began on May 7, 1838. In August of that year an order was made to erect the first Court House, the cost not to exceed $5,000, in the Public Square. Livingston was settled by emigrants from the older counties and others from the Upper South states of Kentucky and Tennessee, as well as Ohio and other "Old Northwest" states, as the westward migration continued. Prior to completion of the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad in 1859, the city was minimally developed with cheap frame houses, with little pretense of architectural beauty or design; the building materials being hewed and sawed from the oak and walnut timber surrounding the town, as timber covered the site. The railroad gave an impetus for town improvements.
Soon two and three-story brick business buildings were constructed in place of the former frame structures. From 1865 to 1870, the city improved then a lull lasted until 1875, when the erection of the beautiful three-story, $36,000 school building was started, now known as "Middle School." From that time on Chillicothe made a slow, steady growth up to 1886, when the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad was built through here; that year saw the introduction of the "Water Works" and electric lights. The city continued to modernize in the early 20th century; the Missouri Training School for Girls was the correctional facility of the Missouri Division of Youth Services. It opened in 1889. In 1956, the school received all of the black girls after the Missouri Training School for Negro Girls in Tipton closed; the school closed in 1981. Chillicothe is located in central Livingston County; the Grand River flows past one mile south of the city and the confluence of the Thompson River with the Grand is about three miles to the southwest.
The city is served by U. S. Route 36, U. S. Route 65 and Missouri Route 190. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.03 square miles, of which 7.02 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Chillicothe lies near the Grand River; as of the census of 2010, there were 9,515 people, 3,612 households, 2,146 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,355.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,108 housing units at an average density of 585.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 3.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population. There were 3,612 households of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.6% were non-families.
35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 21.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 41.3% male and 58.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,968 people, 3,608 households, 2,197 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,370.9 people per square mile. There were 4,060 housing units at an average density of 620.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 93.86% White, 3.69% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.35% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population. There were 3,608 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families.
35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. School districts; the average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 21.1% who were 65 years of age
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
U.S. Route 65 in Missouri
U. S. Route 65 is a north–south U. S. highway that runs from Louisiana to Albert Lea, Minnesota. In Missouri, the highway enters the state from Arkansas, just south of Branson; the highway exits the state into Iowa near South Lineville. US 65 enters Missouri between the towns of Omaha and Ridgedale, Missouri; the road is a four-lane expressway, traveling through both Branson and Hollister towards Springfield. Through the Branson area, it is a freeway. North of Branson, the highway intersections with both Route 465 and U. S. Route 160. All the way to Highlandville, U. S. 160 is the old alignment of U. S. 65. Just south of Route EE at the Highlandville exit, U. S. 65 returns to freeway status. The freeway is called "Schoolcraft Freeway" in Springfield, named in honor of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. In Springfield, the highway has junctions with U. S. Route 60 and Interstate 44; the I-44 interchange includes a flyover ramp connecting northbound U. S. 65 with westbound I-44. Construction is completed that added two at U.
S. 60. In September 2011, U. S. 65 became a six-lane divided freeway in Springfield between Interstate 44 and U. S. 60. It was the first six-lane highway in Southwest Missouri. North of Springfield, it returns to a non-interstate highway. From Springfield to Buffalo, U. S. 65 has been upgraded as a four-lane non-interstate highway. This project began with the addition of a partial four-lane highway through the Fair Grove area to replace a dangerous traffic light intersection with an overpass, it culminated with the entire length of U. S. 65 becoming a four-lane highway from Springfield to just outside of Buffalo. The project was completed in summer 2010. Through Buffalo, the highway now becomes two lanes with a center left-turn lane; this part of the highway has seen upgrades in recent years, such as adding rumble strips and extending the middle turn lanes to just outside the city's northern portion. From Buffalo to Preston, entering Hickory County, U. S. 65 remains a two-lane highway and has a four-way intersection with U.
S. Route 54. At Warsaw, the highway crosses over the western end of the Lake of the Ozarks and again becomes a four-lane non-interstate highway at the intersection with Route 7. At Sedalia, it has an intersection with U. S. Route 50. At Marshall Junction, north of Sedalia in Saline County, U. S. 50 intersects with both Interstate 70 and U. S. Route 40. In Marshall, U. S. 65 returns to two-lanes and stays so all the way up to Iowa. At Waverly, the highway becomes concurrent with U. S. Route 24. In Waverly, U. S. 65 and U. S. 24 both cross the Missouri River on the Waverly Bridge. Further north, the road crosses U. S. Route 36 at Chillicothe and U. S. Route 136 at Princeton; the highway enters Iowa. The section of highway from Preston to Marshall Junction has been cited as a good drive for motorcyclists, with its sparsely populated areas and the hilly landscape. From 1922 to 1926, US 65 in Missouri was known as Route 3. US 65 followed Route 248 and US 160 between Branson and Springfield. Route 3 was planned on a shorter route between Springfield and Preston, with Route 71 on the longer alignment via Buffalo, but Route 3 was shifted east, absorbing Route 71.
All exits are unnumbered. Missouri portal U. S. Roads portal Media related to U. S. Route 65 in Missouri at Wikimedia Commons
Linn County, Missouri
Linn County is a county located in the northern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,761, its county seat is Linneus. The county was organized January 1, 1837 and named after U. S. Senator Lewis F. Linn of Missouri. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 621 square miles, of which 616 square miles is land and 5.8 square miles is water. Sullivan County Adair County Macon County Chariton County Livingston County Grundy County U. S. Route 36 Route 5 Route 11 Route 129 Route 139 As of the census of 2000, there were 13,754 people, 5,697 households and 3,760 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 6,554 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.98% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.15% from other races and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,697 households, out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present and 34.00% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64 and 20.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,242, the median income for a family was $36,134. Males had a median income of $25,635 versus $18,820 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,378. About 11.30% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.
Brookfield R-III School District – Brookfield Brookfield Elementary School Brookfield Middle School Brookfield High School Bucklin R-II School District – Bucklin Bucklin Elementary School Bucklin High School Linn County R-1 School District – Purdin Linn County Elementary School Linn County High School Marceline R-V School District – Marceline Walt Disney Elementary School Marceline Middle School Marceline High School Meadville R-IV School District – Meadville Meadville Elementary School Meadville High School Father McCartan Memorial School – Marceline – Roman Catholic Locust Creek Mennonite School – Laclede – Mennonite Brookfield Public Library Marceline Carnegie Library Linn County is split between two districts in Missouri’s House of Representatives, both of which are represented by Republicans. District 6 — Tim Remole. Consists of a thin slice of the eastern part of the county. District 7 — Rusty Black. Consists of the central and western parts of the county. All of Linn County is a part of Missouri’s 18th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Brian Munzingler.
All of Linn County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is represented by Sam Graves in the U. S. House of Representatives. Doris Akers, gospel singer and composer, was resided there until age five. Gene Bartow, Hall of Fame college basketball coach and NBA executive. Jeff Roe, Republican political consultant, was born in Brookfield and lived there until joining the army at age sixteen. Walt Disney and founder of the Disney corporation and Walt Disney World lived on a farm near Marceline as a young boy. General John J. Pershing, four-star General of the Armies and Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I, was born in Laclede. National Register of Historic Places listings in Linn County, Missouri USS Linn County A Compendium of History and Biography of Linn County Missouri online Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Linn County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census