Pembroke Dock railway station
Pembroke Dock railway station serves the town of Pembroke Dock in Pembrokeshire, Wales. It is the terminus of the Pembroke Dock branch of West Wales Lines from Swansea, 27 1⁄4 miles southwest of Whitland, it was opened on 8 August 1864 by the Pembroke and Tenby Railway as an extension of their route from Pembroke to serve the Royal Navy dockyard in the town, though it was not until 1866 that the P&T route reached the main line at Whitland. The line was notable when constructed as it was built as standard gauge, not the 7-foot broad gauge used by the Great Western Railway at the time. In 1872, the GWR converted all of its lines in the area to standard gauge; the station had two platforms. Both remain. Part of the main building has been converted into a real ale pub. Carrying munitions, the freight branch ran past the station across local streets down to the actual dockside until 1969. Subsequently, albeit the track has been lifted. Transport for Wales Rail is the operator; the station canopies remain to provide a covered waiting area with bench seating.
There are no waiting rooms. Level access is available at the main entrance to the platform. There is a regular daily service to/from Swansea via Carmarthen and Whitland, with some through trains to/from Cardiff Central and further east. Connections are available at Swansea for mainline destinations at other times. Trains run every two hours Mon-Sat, with a less frequent service on Sundays. On summer Saturdays, the station is used by Great Western Railway who provide two InterCity 125s in each direction: two to London Paddington, one from London Paddington and one early morning HST starting its journey from Swansea. One through train in each direction is named the Pembroke Coast Express. Train times and station information for Pembroke Dock railway station from National Rail
Rosslare Europort is a modern seaport located at Rosslare Harbour in County Wexford, near the southeastern-most point of Ireland, handling passenger and freight ferries to and from Wales and France. The port called Rosslare Harbour, is operated by Iarnród Éireann, Ireland's national railway operator, which provides trains between Dublin Connolly and Rosslare Europort railway station, in the port, some timed to connect to/from ferries to Wales and France; the Rosslare Harbour/Europort ferry connection using Stena Line to Fishguard Harbour and by train operated by Transport for Wales to Carmarthen and Cardiff links into Great Western Railway services to Bristol Parkway and London Paddington. This is popular with Rugby fans going to the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff or Lansdowne Road in Dublin. Train and ferry connections across the Irish Sea are promoted as an alternative to air. Trains connect the port on the Rosslare Line via Wexford, Gorey, Wicklow, Bray to Dublin Connolly. Onward rail connecting trains from Dublin Connolly link with the Sligo Line with Mullingar and Sligo and the Belfast Line to Drogheda, Newry, Portadown and Belfast Central.
The harbour has four berths. Passenger ferries operate to and from Fishguard and Pembroke Dock in Wales, to Cherbourg and Roscoff in France. An all-weather RNLI lifeboat is on station, the Irish Coast Guard helicopter at Waterford Airport provides air-sea rescue cover. An automatic weather station is maintained adjacent to the port by Met Éireann; the port receives ships importing new cars into the country. The importer depot is in Rosslare Harbour Village; the port area is on reclaimed land. Reclamation work continued to the late 1990s, when the northwest part of the port was constructed using a dragline. Modernisation of facilities has continued to encourage the increase in cars carried on the ferries despite a drop in foot passengers. Facilities in the terminal building include a cafe with shop, ferry company desks, car rental and self-service left-luggage lockers. A viewing balcony and foot passenger lounge are to be found on the first floor. Railway services to Wexford and Dublin Connolly are located at the platform around a seven minute walk in the open air along a specially marked path.
Bus services to Wexford, Waterford leave from just outside. Bus and rail connections to Cork, County Kerry, Limerick, bus connections to County Clare and Galway are available from Waterford whereas connections to Dublin are available at Wexford; the bus service from the port to Dublin and Dublin Airport was discontinued in 2012. At Rosslare, Iarnród Éireann is an infrastructure provider and operator, providing port facilities and related services, including stevedoring, to shipping lines. Rosslare Europort is operated as a Common User Terminal, meaning that the port authority carries out all stevedoring activities on a common user basis for all shipping lines using the port. Rosslare has handled rolltrailer traffic in the recent past, when Cobelfret operated a service from Rosslare to Zeebrugge/Rotterdam. Rolltrailers enable the carriage of lift-on lift-off traffic on roll-on roll-off ships. Rosslare Europort is the second most strategically important seaport in the State after Dublin, it is the second-busiest port in terms of ship visits and gross tonnage, handles more unitised freight than any other Irish seaport except Dublin – in fact Rosslare handles more unitised freight than all other seaports in the State, excluding Dublin, put together.
Unitised freight is important because all of the high added-value exports on which Ireland's economic recovery depends are exported as unitised freight. West Wales Lines Official site
Great Western Railway (train operating company)
First Greater Western Limited, trading as Great Western Railway, is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup that operates the Greater Western railway franchise. It manages 197 stations and its trains call at over 270. GWR operates long-distance inter-city services along the Great Western Main Line to and from South West England and South Wales, as well as the Night Riviera sleeper service between London and Penzance, it provides commuter/outer-suburban services from its London terminus at Paddington to West London, the Thames Valley region including parts of Berkshire, parts of Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. GWR was due to begin operating the Heathrow Express service under a management contract on behalf of Heathrow Airport Holdings from August 2018; the company began operating in February 1996 as Great Western Trains, as part of the privatisation of British Rail. In December 1998 it became First Great Western after FirstGroup bought out its partners' shares in Great Western Holdings.
In April 2006, First Great Western, First Great Western Link and Wessex Trains were combined into the new Greater Western franchise and brought under the First Great Western brand. The company adopted its current name and a new livery in September 2015 to coincide with the start of an extended franchise, due to run until April 2020; as part of the privatisation of British Rail, the Great Western InterCity franchise was awarded by the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising to Great Western Holdings in December 1995 and began operations on 4 February 1996. Great Western Holdings was owned by some former British Rail FirstBus and 3i. In March 1998, FirstGroup bought out its partners' stakes to give it 100% ownership. In December 1998, the franchise was rebranded as First Great Western. On 1 April 2004, First Great Western Link commenced operating the Thames Trains franchise, it operated local train services from Paddington to Slough, Henley-on-Thames, Didcot, Newbury, Worcester, Hereford and Stratford upon Avon.
It operated services from Reading to Gatwick Airport, from Reading to Basingstoke. On 1 April 2006, the Great Western, Great Western Link and Wessex Trains franchises were combined into a new Greater Western franchise. FirstGroup, National Express and Stagecoach were shortlisted to bid for this new franchise. On 13 December 2005, it was announced. First planned to subdivide its services into three categories based on routes. Following feedback from staff and stakeholders, the decision was taken to re-brand and re-livery all services as'First Great Western'. In May 2011, FirstGroup announced that it had decided not to take up the option to extend its franchise beyond the end of March 2013. FirstGroup stated that, in the light of the £1bn plan to electrify the Great Western route from London via Bristol to Cardiff, it wanted to try to negotiate a longer-term deal. CEO Tim O'Toole said: "We believe we are best placed to manage these projects and capture the benefits through a longer-term franchise."By not taking up the option to extend its original franchise contract for a further three years, FirstGroup avoided having to pay £826.6m to the government.
In March 2012 Arriva, FirstGroup, National Express and Stagecoach were shortlisted to bid for the new franchise. The winner was expected to be announced in December 2012, with the new franchisee taking over in April 2013; the ITT ran from the end of July until October 2012. The winner would have been announced in March 2013, taken on the franchise from 21 July 2013 until the end of July 2028; the new franchise would include the introduction of new Intercity Express Trains, capacity enhancements and smart ticketing. The award of the franchise was again delayed in October 2012, while the Department for Transport reviewed the way rail franchises are awarded. In January 2013, the government announced that the current competition for the franchise had been terminated, that FirstGroup's contract had been extended until October 2013. A two-year franchise extension until September 2015 was agreed in October 2013, subsequently extended until March 2019. A further extension to April 2019 was granted in March 2015.
The refurbishment of first class carriages in 2014 included interiors that featured a new GWR logo and no First branding. The whole company was rebranded as Great Western Railway on 20 September 2015 and introduced a green livery in recognition of the former Great Western Railway; the new livery was introduced when HST interiors were refurbished, on sleeper carriages and Class 57/6 locomotives. Great Western Railway is the primary train operator in Devon, Somerset, Berkshire, Wiltshire and Oxfordshire. Great Western Railway operates commuter services between London and destinations such as Slough, Reading, Oxford, Bedwyn, Hereford and Banbury. There are services between Reading and Basingstoke. Trains run on various north-south routes from Cardiff and Worcester to Taunton, Salisbury, Southampton and Brighton. Many of these run via Bristol; the company runs trains on local routes including branch lines in Devon and Cornwall, such as the Looe, Newq
West Wales lines
The West Wales lines are a group of railway lines from Swansea through Carmarthenshire to Pembrokeshire, West Wales. The main part runs from Swansea to Carmarthen and Whitland, where it becomes three branches to Fishguard, Milford Haven and Pembroke Dock. Before the rail cuts of the 1960s, there were routes to Cardigan, Newcastle Emlyn and via Lampeter, cross-country from Carmarthen to Aberystwyth; the cities and villages served by the route are listed below. Towns in italics are served by InterCity express services. Swansea connection with South Wales Main Line Gowerton Llanelli connection with Heart of Wales line and Swansea District line Pembrey and Burry Port Kidwelly Ferryside Carmarthen Whitland All stations on this line are served by at least one of the two Intercity services that run down this line on Summer Saturdays. Narberth Kilgetty Saundersfoot Tenby Penally Manorbier Lamphey Pembroke Pembroke Dock Clunderwen. Former junction for the North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway. Clarbeston Road Haverfordwest Johnston Milford Haven former connection with the North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway.
It closed in May 1949. Fishguard and Goodwick Fishguard Harbour The railway to west Wales was first projected in 1844, the proposal was for a line to run from the Great Western Railway near Gloucester to Fishguard, with a branch from Whitland to Pembroke; the railway was called the South Wales Railway, although it was in theory independent of the G. W. R, in practice it was closely linked; this was shown by the fact that Isambard Kingdom Brunel was the engineer, the line was laid to the 7 ft broad gauge. Construction began in 1847. In addition, the Irish potato famine reduced the prospective revenue from Anglo-Irish traffic; as a result, instead of completing the line to the proposed port at Fishguard, the Haverfordwest branch was extended to Neyland, where a harbour could be provided more cheaply. The line from Swansea opened as far as Carmarthen on 11 October 1852. At first, the railway was leased to the G. W. R, but in 1863 the two companies were amalgamated. The original powers for the branch to Pembroke lapsed, so in 1859 the Pembroke and Tenby Company was authorised to build a 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in, standard gauge, line from Pembroke Dock to Tenby.
The line opened from Tenby to Pembroke on 30 July 1863, to Pembroke Dock on 8 August 1864. The extension from Tenby to the G. W. R. Line at Whitland opened on 4 September 1866. There were two adjoining stations at Whitland with no physical connection between the two lines because they operated on different gauges; the line was engineered by Sir James Szlumper. It had its own police force until 1897, due to the high-security of the Naval Dockyard at Pembroke Dock, the munitions transported; the Pembroke & Tenby Company obtained powers in 1866 to extend their standard-gauge line from Whitland to Carmarthen. This would have enabled the Pembroke & Tenby to link up with the standard-gauge network through the Llanelly Railway, the Vale of Towy Railway and the Central Wales line. Through a series of inter-company working agreements, this would have had the effect of giving the London & North Western Railway unrestricted access to west Wales. Within the Act for the extension to Carmarthen was a Schedule which allowed either party to request the Great Western for running powers to the Pembroke company.
In doing this the cost of adding a rail to mix the gauge and installing the necessary junctions at Whitland and Carmarthen was £20,000 to be paid to the Great Western within 18 months of the request. The request was made by the Pembroke company and the Great Western converted the up line to standard gauge leaving the down line purely as broad; this had to live with it. The Great Western maintained a crossing loop at St Clears for the broad gauge and this caused some hindrance to the Pembroke company; the conversion is noted as the first pure broad to standard gauge for the Great Western. The Pembroke & Tenby ran the first goods trains to Carmarthen on 1 June 1868, passenger services in August 1869; the Pembroke & Tenby was leased by the G. W. R on 1 July 1896 and finally'amalgamated' with it a year later. In 1895, the Rosebush line was opened from Clynderwen to Letterston along the old Maenclochog line, construction started on extending it to Goodwick and the proposed new harbour at Fishguard. A Bill was approved by Parliament for the railway to extend eastwards to Carmarthen, although this was stopped when the line was bought out by the Great Western Railway in 1898.
In 1906, the railway was extended from Letterston to Fishguard & Goodwick, followed in 1909 with Fishguard Harbour. The Rosebush line was stopped during World War I, in 1917, the line is removed to provide rails for the army in France; the line was relaid in 1923, but passenger services stopped in 1937, the line closed in 1949. The first freight line to the Oil Refineries was built in 1960 when Esso opened their first refinery in Milford Haven. Passenger services stopped on The Whitland and Cardigan branch in 1962, followed by freight in 1963; the line to Neyland followed in 1964. Pembrokeshire escaped from the 1963 Beeching Report as none of the remaining three branches - to Fishguard, Milford Haven, Pembroke Dock via
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot is a railway facility or area where trains stop to load or unload passengers or freight. It consists of at least one track-side platform and a station building providing such ancillary services as ticket sales and waiting rooms. If a station is on a single-track line, it has a passing loop to facilitate traffic movements; the smallest stations are most referred to as "stops" or, in some parts of the world, as "halts". Stations elevated. Connections may be available to intersecting rail lines or other transport modes such as buses, trams or other rapid transit systems. In British English, traditional usage favours railway station or station though train station, perceived as an Americanism, is now about as common as railway station in writing. In British usage, the word station is understood to mean a railway station unless otherwise qualified. In American English, the most common term in contemporary usage is train station. In North America, the term depot is sometimes used as an alternative name for station, along with the compound forms train depot, railway depot, railroad depot, but applicable for goods, the term depot is not used in reference to vehicle maintenance facilities in American English.
The world's first recorded railway station was The Mount on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, which began passenger service in 1807, although the trains were horsedrawn rather than by locomotives. The two-storey Mount Clare station in Baltimore, which survives as a museum, first saw passenger service as the terminus of the horse-drawn Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on 22 May 1830; the oldest terminal station in the world was Crown Street railway station in Liverpool, built in 1830, on the locomotive hauled Liverpool to Manchester line. As the first train on the Liverpool-Manchester line left Liverpool, the station is older than the Manchester terminal at Liverpool Road; the station was the first to incorporate a train shed. The station was demolished in 1836 as the Liverpool terminal station moved to Lime Street railway station. Crown Street station was converted to a goods station terminal; the first stations had little in the way of amenities. The first stations in the modern sense were on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, opened in 1830.
Manchester's Liverpool Road Station, the second oldest terminal station in the world, is preserved as part of the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. It resembles a row of Georgian houses. Early stations were sometimes built with both passenger and goods facilities, though some railway lines were goods-only or passenger-only, if a line was dual-purpose there would be a goods depot apart from the passenger station. Dual-purpose stations can sometimes still be found today, though in many cases goods facilities are restricted to major stations. In rural and remote communities across Canada and the United States, passengers wanting to board the train had to flag the train down in order for it to stop; such stations were known as "flag stops" or "flag stations". Many stations date from the 19th century and reflect the grandiose architecture of the time, lending prestige to the city as well as to railway operations. Countries where railways arrived may still have such architecture, as stations imitated 19th-century styles.
Various forms of architecture have been used in the construction of stations, from those boasting grand, Baroque- or Gothic-style edifices, to plainer utilitarian or modernist styles. Stations in Europe tended to follow British designs and were in some countries, like Italy, financed by British railway companies. Stations built more often have a similar feel to airports, with a simple, abstract style. Examples of modern stations include those on newer high-speed rail networks, such as the Shinkansen in Japan, THSR in Taiwan, TGV lines in France and ICE lines in Germany. Stations have staffed ticket sales offices, automated ticket machines, or both, although on some lines tickets are sold on board the trains. Many stations include a convenience store. Larger stations have fast-food or restaurant facilities. In some countries, stations may have a bar or pub. Other station facilities may include: toilets, left-luggage, lost-and-found and arrivals boards, luggage carts, waiting rooms, taxi ranks, bus bays and car parks.
Larger or manned stations tend to have a greater range of facilities including a station security office. These are open for travellers when there is sufficient traffic over a long enough period of time to warrant the cost. In large cities this may mean facilities available around the clock. A basic station might only have platforms, though it may still be distinguished from a halt, a stopping or halting place that may not have platforms. Many stations, either larger or smaller, offer interchange with local transportation. In many African, South American countries, Asian countries, stations are used as a place for public markets and other informal businesses; this is true on tourist routes or stations near tourist destinations. As well as providing services for passengers and loading facilities for goods, stations can sometimes have locomotive and rolling stock depots (usually with facilities for storing and refuelling rolling stock an
Carmarthenshire is a unitary authority in southwest Wales, one of the historic counties of Wales. The three largest towns are Llanelli and Ammanford. Carmarthen is administrative centre. Carmarthenshire has been inhabited since prehistoric times; the county town was founded by the Romans, the region was part of the Principality of Deheubarth in the High Middle Ages. After invasion by the Normans in the 12th and 13th centuries it was subjugated, along with other parts of Wales, by Edward I of England. There was further unrest in the early 15th century, when the Welsh rebelled under Owain Glyndŵr, during the English Civil War. Carmarthenshire is an agricultural county, apart from the southeastern part which at one time was industrialised with coal mining, steel-making and tin-plating. In the north of the county the woollen industry was important in the 18th century; the economy depends on agriculture, forestry and tourism. With the decline in its industrial base, the low profitability of the livestock sector, West Wales was identified in 2014 as the worst-performing region in the United Kingdom along with the South Wales Valleys.
Carmarthenshire, as a tourist destination, offers a wide range of outdoor activities. Much of the coast is flat. Further west are the sandy beaches at Llansteffan and Pendine, Dylan Thomas' boathouse at Laugharne. There are a number of medieval castles and standing stones in the county. Stone tools found in Coygan Cave, near Laugharne indicate the presence of hominins neanderthals, at least 40,000 years ago, though, as in the rest of the British Isles, continuous habitation by modern humans is not known before the end of the Younger Dryas, around 11,500 years BP. Before the Romans arrived in Britain, the land now forming the county of Carmarthenshire was part of the kingdom of the Demetae who gave their name to the county of Dyfed; the Romans established two forts in South Wales, one at Caerwent to control the southeast of the country, one at Carmarthen to control the southwest. The fort at Carmarthen dates from around 75 AD, there is a Roman amphitheatre nearby, so this makes Carmarthen the oldest continually occupied town in Wales.
Carmarthenshire has its early roots in the region known as Ystrad Tywi and part of the Kingdom of Deheubarth during the High Middle Ages, with the court at Dinefwr. After the Normans had subjugated England they tried to subdue Wales. Carmarthenshire was disputed between the Normans and the Welsh lords and many of the castles built around this time, first of wood and stone, changed hands several times. Following the Conquest of Wales by Edward I, the region was reorganized by the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 into Carmarthenshire. Edward I made Carmarthen the capital of this new county, establishing his courts of chancery and his exchequer there, holding the Court of Great Sessions in Wales in the town; the Normans transformed Carmarthen into an international trading port, the only staple port in Wales. Merchants imported food and French wines and exported wool, leather and tin. In the late medieval period the county's fortunes varied, as good and bad harvests occurred, increased taxes were levied by England, there were episodes of plague, recruitment for wars removed the young men.
Carmarthen was susceptible to plague as it was brought in by flea-infested rats on board ships from southern France. In 1405, Owain Glyndŵr captured Carmarthen Castle and several other strongholds in the neighbourhood. However, when his support dwindled, the principal men of the county returned their allegiance to King Henry V. During the English Civil War, Parliamentary forces under Colonel Roland Laugharne besieged and captured Carmarthen Castle but abandoned the cause, joined the Royalists. In 1648, Carmarthen Castle was recaptured by the Parliamentarians, Oliver Cromwell ordered it to be slighted; the first industrial canal in Wales was built in 1768 to convey coal from the Gwendraeth Valley to the coast, the following year, the earliest tramroad bridge was on the tramroad built alongside the canal. During the Napoleonic Wars there was increased demand for coal and agricultural goods, the county prospered; the landscape changed as much woodland was cleared to make way for more food production, mills, power stations and factories sprang up between Llanelli and Pembrey.
Carmarthenshire was at the centre of the Rebecca Riots around 1840, when local farmers and agricultural workers dressed as women and rebelled against higher taxes and tolls. On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Carmarthenshire joined Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire in the new county of Dyfed. Twenty-two years this amalgamation was reversed when, under the Local Government Act 1994, the original county boundaries were reinstated; the county is bounded to the north by Ceredigion, to the east by Powys, Neath Port Talbot and Swansea, to the south by the Bristol Channel and to the west by Pembrokeshire. The surface is upland and mountainous. Fforest Fawr and the Black Mountain range extend into the east of the county and the Cambrian Mountains into the north; the south coast contains sandy beaches. The highest point is Fan Brycheiniog, 2,631 feet (although
Cardiff Central railway station
Cardiff Central railway station is a major station on the South Wales Main Line in Cardiff, the capital of Wales, one of two hubs of the city's urban rail network. Cardiff Central is in Central Square in the city centre, it is a Grade II listed building managed by Transport for Wales. It is the busiest station in Wales. Cardiff Central is one of 20 train stations in the city and one of two in the centre, the other being Cardiff Queen Street, both of which are hubs for the Valleys & Cardiff Local Routes, it is an interchange for services between South and West Wales, other major British cities. Great Western Railway runs intercity services to London Paddington via Bristol and to Swansea, regional services to Bath and Portsmouth via Southampton. In the early 1840s the South Wales Railway was trying to find a suitable site for a railway station, but the area, now Cardiff Central railway station was prone to flooding, it was Isambard Kingdom Brunel's solution to divert the River Taff to the west, creating a larger and safer site for the station.
The initial part of the South Wales Railway between Chepstow and Swansea through Cardiff was opened on 18 June 1850, with all trains operated by the Great Western Railway under a lease agreement. Through services from Cardiff to London Paddington began on 19 July 1852, when the Chepstow Railway Bridge was opened, completing the connection between the South Wales Railway and the Great Western Railway; the South Wales Railway was absorbed into the GWR in 1863. The South Wales Railway had been built as a broad-gauge railway, but on the weekend of 11–12 May 1872, the entire South Wales system was converted to standard gauge. Cardiff to London trains ran via the circuitous route via Gloucester and took an average of five hours; this was reduced to around four hours from 1886 when the Severn Tunnel was opened creating a shorter route. From 1903 another shortcut, the Badminton railway line was opened and this reduced the Cardiff-London journey times by another hour. By the 1930s, the fastest Cardiff-London trains took around 2 hours 40 minutes, this remained static until 1961, when the diesel Blue Pullman service reduced the fastest journey time to 2 hours 7 minutes.
The biggest change came from October 1976 when the current InterCity 125 service was introduced reducing the fastest journey times to 1 hour 53 minutes. The original'Cardiff' station as it was known had four through tracks running through the site, consisted of two through platforms each with its own bay platform. During the 1890s the station underwent considerable expansion, in 1896 a flying junction was constructed connecting the station to nearby Cardiff Queen Street station, extra platforms were added to accommodate the new Taff Vale services, bringing the total number up to six. Named Cardiff, the station was renamed Cardiff General in July 1924 and Cardiff Central by British Rail in May 1973. Between 1931 and 1934, the station underwent a major rebuild, designed by the GWR's architects department under their chief architect Percy Emerson Culverhouse, the centrepiece of this was a new Art Deco entrance building faced in Portland stone, containing a booking hall and concourse with noted Art Deco light fittings, all topped by a clock cupola.
The current Art Deco lamps in the booking hall are replicas of the originals, installed in 1999, having been funded by the Railway Heritage Trust. A GWR war memorial is located at the eastern end of the concourse; the Great Western Railway has its full name carved onto the façade. The rebuild saw a number of other improvements including the lengthening of the platforms, the widening of the Taff River railway bridge to allow the approach lines to the station to be quadrupled, the installation of colour-light signalling; the rebuild of the station cost the GWR £820,000, was formally opened by the Minister of Transport Oliver Stanley on 26 February 1934. In July 1934, the GWR began a pioneering diesel railcar service with a buffet between Cardiff General and Birmingham Snow Hill which had only two stops at Newport and Gloucester; this was the first long distance diesel express service in Britain, covering the 117.5 miles between Cardiff and Birmingham in 2 hours 20 minutes. It proved so successful that larger railcars with more seating and no buffet had to be introduced to cope with demand, this had to be augmented by a normal locomotive hauled service.
During the Second World War, two such trains ran to and from Cardiff daily. At this time it consisted of a three car train consisting of a standard carriage sandwiched between two railcars, a stop at Stratford-upon-Avon was introduced; as a result of representations by the GWR, a nearby working-class district, Temperance Town, was cleared during the late 1930s in order to improve the outlook of the rebuilt station. In 1992, the station, its entrances and platforms, became. On 14 August 1893 the GWR opened the adjacent Cardiff Riverside Junction station which had two platforms located to the south of and adjacent to the main Cardiff station which curved away to the south on the Cardiff Riverside Branch, which ran to its terminus at Clarence Road about one mile to the south. Riverside station was rebuilt as an island platform with two platform faces in the early 1930s at the same time as Cardiff General was being rebuilt. On 28 October 1940 Riverside station was formally incorporated into Cardiff General station with its platforms being designated 8 and 9.
The Riverside pla