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Lluís Companys

Lluís Companys i Jover was a Catalan politician who served as president of Catalonia from 1934 and during the Spanish Civil War. Companys was a lawyer close to labour movement and one of the most prominent leaders of the Republican Left of Catalonia political party, founded in 1931, he had a key role in first steps of the Second Spanish Republic. Appointed president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in 1934, after the death of the previous president, Francesc Macià, his government tried to consolidate the acquired Catalan self-government and implement a progressive agenda, despite the internal difficulties. In disagreement with the accession of the right-wing party CEDA to the Spanish government in October 1934, he proclaimed a new Catalan State, for which he was imprisoned between 1934 and 1936, he was still in charge of the Catalan Government during the Spanish Civil War, remaining loyal to the Republic. Exiled in France after the war, he was captured and handed over by the Nazi secret police, the Gestapo, to the Spanish State of Francisco Franco, who had him executed by firing squad in 1940.

Born in El Tarròs, on June 21, 1882, into a peasant family with aristocratic roots, he was the second child of ten. His parents were Maria Lluïsa de Jover, his parents sent him to Barcelona. After obtaining his degree in law from the University of Barcelona, where he met Francesc Layret, Companys participated in the political life of Catalonia from a young age. In 1906, as a result of the military attack on the offices of Catalan newspapers Cu-Cut! and La Veu de Catalunya, after the passing of the Ley de Jurisdicciones, which made speech against Spain and its symbols a criminal offence, he participated in the creation of the successful coalition Solidaritat Catalana. He became affiliated with the ephemeral Republican Nationalist Federal Union, where he was president of the youth section, he was investigated for his intense youth activities and was jailed fifteen times, being classified after the Tragic Week of Barcelona as a "dangerous individual" in police records. With Francesc Layret, Companys represented the left-wing labour faction of the Partit Republicà Català, for which he was elected local councilor of Barcelona in 1916.

In November 1920, he was arrested together with Salvador Seguí, Martí Barrera and other trade unionists and he was deported to the Castell de la Mola in Mahón, Menorca. Shortly afterward, Layret was assassinated while preparing his defence by gunmen of the Sindicatos Libres. Despite having been deported, Companys was elected member of parliament for Sabadell in the 1920 Spanish legislative elections, taking the place of Layret, who would have taken that seat had he not been assassinated; this gave him parliamentary immunity. Companys was one of the founders of the peasants' trade union Unió de Rabassaires in 1922, where he worked as lawyer and director of the La Terra magazine during the years of the Primo de Rivera regime in the 1920s. Detained again, he was unable to attend the Conferència d'Esquerres held from March 12 to 19, 1931 that produced the political party Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya from the merging of Estat Català, the Partit Republicà Català itself and the group L'Opinió.

Thanks to the bonds between the Spanish labour movement and the Spanish trade union movement, the election of Companys to this position gave the ERC great prestige amongst left-wing public opinion as it would otherwise have been regarded as a party of the progressive petty bourgeoisie. In the 1931 Spanish local elections ERC won a surprise victory in Barcelona and other municipalities of Catalonia. After knowing the results, in April 14, elected a city representative, other ERC candidates together with the Party's leader Francesc Macià, decided to take over by surprise the office of Mayor and entered to the City Hall. After some dispute, the transitional Mayor of Barcelona was deposed and Companys was proclaimed new Mayor. Subsequently, he hung a tricolour Spanish Republican Flag from the City Hall's balcony and proclaimed the Republic. Shortly after, Francesc Macià proclaimed the Catalan Republic within the "Federation of Iberian Republics", a project, abandoned after gaining the promise of regional devolution and the restitution of the Catalan Generalitat from the new Republican government.

After controlling the Barcelona City Hall, Macià ordered Companys to take the office of "Gobernador Civil" of the Barcelona province, controlled by republican radicals during the process of the Republic proclamation. Macià wanted a less public office for Companys, whom he thought of as a political rival. Companys ran as a Barcelona provincial candidate in the December 1931 Spanish legislative election. After gaining a seat he led the ERC representation and the Catalan minority group in the new Republican Parliament, he described his political objectives in Madrid as: "We, the Catalan members of the Parliament, have come here not only to defend our Statute of Autonomy, the fraternal and democratic understanding of the members of Parliament.

Consulate-General of Japan, Atlanta

The Consulate-General of Japan, Atlanta is a diplomatic mission of Japan. It is located in the Buckhead area of Atlanta; the consulate's jurisdiction includes Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia. The consulate was established on February 15, 1974. At the time, 20 Japanese companies had operations in the Southeastern United States. In 1995 Yuji Miyamoto, the consul general, said that economic relations between Japan and Georgia and other economic states and "grassroots relationships" between those areas were increasing; that year, 200 unionists from several states in the Southern United States protested at Colony Square, the location of the consulate at the time, in Midtown Atlanta. They went to deliver a letter of appeal to the consulate regarding the replacement of over 2,000 Bridgestone/Firestone workers who were striking. Security officers from the complex intervened. In 2002 the consulate announced, it had signed a ten-year lease there for fewer than 26,000 square feet of space.

The consulate had over three years left in the lease of Colony Square. Because TrizecHahn Office Properties Inc. owned both office properties, the consulate was able to move to its new location. In 2005 there were 700 Japanese companies with operations in the Southeastern United States, employing over 89,500 people; the cumulative Japanese investment was over $20 billion that year. In 2005 20,000 Japanese nationals resided in that region, including 6,600 in the State of Georgia, it is located in Suite 850 of the Phipps Tower in the Buckhead area of Atlanta. The consulate was in Suite 1600 on the 16th floor of the One Alliance Center in Buckhead, the consul general's office had a northward panoramic view of the Kennesaw Mountain. In 2005 the consul general's mansion was in Buckhead. In a prior period the consulate was in Colony Square in Midtown Atlanta. Seigakuin Atlanta International School Consulate-General of Japan, Detroit Consulate-General of Japan, Honolulu Consulate-General of Japan, Houston Consulate-General of Japan, Nashville Diplomatic missions of Japan Consulate-General of Japan, Atlanta

Vatma Vall Mint Soueina

Vatma Vall Mint Soueina is a Mauritanian politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in 2015 and is Minister of Livestock. Soueina was born on 25 August 1977 in Ayoun el Atrous, she is a member of the blacksmith caste. She studied at the Lycée National in Nouakchott before obtaining a master's degree in English from the University of Nouakchott in 2001. Soueina was a high school English teacher from 2001 until 2005, before becoming Professor of American Studies and Literature at the University of Nouakchott in 2005. In 2014, she was Minister of Handicraft. Soueina was appointed Foreign Minister in January 2015, she presided over the 142nd session of the Arab League Council and the 26th session of the Executive Council of the African Union in Addis Ababa. In September 2015, in a cabinet reshuffle by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, she was replaced by Hamadi Ould Meimou and became Minister of Livestock. Soueina is married