Lluís Domènech i Montaner was a Spanish architect, influential on Modernisme català, the Catalan Art Nouveau/Jugendstil movement. He was a Catalan politician. Born in Barcelona, he studied physics and natural sciences, but soon switched to architecture, he was registered as an architect in Barcelona in 1873. He held a 45-year tenure as a professor and director at the Escola d'Arquitectura, Barcelona's school of architecture, wrote extensively on architecture in essays, technical books and articles in newspapers and journals, his most famous buildings, the Hospital de Sant Pau and Palau de la Música Catalana in Barcelona, have been collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As an architect, 45-year professor of architecture and prolific writer on architecture, Domènech i Montaner played an important role in defining the Modernisme arquitectonic in Catalonia; this style has become internationally renowned due to the work of Antoni Gaudí. Domènech i Montaner's article "En busca d'una arquitectura nacional", published 1878 in the journal La Renaixença, reflected the way architects at that time sought to build structures that reflected the Catalan character.
His buildings displayed a mixture between rationalism and fabulous ornamentation inspired by Spanish-Arabic architecture, followed the curvilinear design typical of Art Nouveau. In the El castell dels 3 dragons restaurant in Barcelona, for many years the Zoological Museum, he applied advanced solutions, he developed this style further in other buildings, such as the Palau de la Música Catalana in Barcelona, where he made extensive use of mosaic and stained glass, the Hospital de Sant Pau in Barcelona, the Institut Pere Mata in Reus. Domènech i Montaner's work evolved towards more open structures and lighter materials, evident in the Palau de la Música Catalana. Other architects, like Gaudí, tended to move in the opposite direction. Domènech i Montaner played a prominent role in the Catalan autonomist movement, he was a member of the La Jove Catalunya and El Centre Català and chaired the Lliga de Catalunya and the Unió Catalanista. He was one of the organisers of the commission that approved the Bases de Manresa, a list of demands for Catalan autonomy.
He was a member of the Centre Nacional Català and Lliga Regionalista, was one of the four parliamentarians who won the so-called "candidature of the four presidents" in 1901. Though re-elected in 1903, he abandoned politics in 1904 to devote himself to archeological and architectural research, he was buried in the Sant Gervasi Cemetery in that city. Born in Carrer Avinyó in Barcelona, he was the second son of Pere Domènech i Saló, a prestigious publisher and book-binder, Maria Montaner i Vila, a member of a prosperous family from Canet de Mar, where Domènech i Montaner spent much time in his home/office, now converted into a museum. After having studied physics and mathematics, he studied as an architect in Barcelona and at the school of architecture of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid, from where he graduated on 13 December 1873. Having completed his studies, he travelled through France, Italy and Austria to gain experience of trends in architecture. In 1875, as soon as the Barcelona school of architecture opened, he joined it, along with his friend Josep Vilaseca, as a teacher of topography and mineralogy.
In 1877 he became professor of "Knowledge of materials and the application of physiochemical science to architecture". In 1899 he was appointed professor of "Architectural Composition" and project teacher. In 1900 he became director of the school of architecture, between 1901 and 1905 he was substituted by Joan Torras i Guardiola, Domènech at this time being in Madrid as a deputy in the Congress, he returned to the post from 1905 to 1920. His teaching career lasted 45 years, he exercised a considerable influence on what was to become Modernisme in Catalonia. With his colleague Antoni Maria Gallissà he subsequently set up a workshop for advanced work on the decorative arts applied to architecture. Domènech i Montaner's buildings combine structural rationality with extraordinary ornamentation inspired by Hispano-Arabic architectural tradition and by the curves typical of Modernisme, they were in the architectural vanguard at the time, with the use of structural steel and the total utilization of exposed brickwork, incorporated a profusion of mosaics and stained glass, arranged in exquisite harmony.
As director of the School of Architecture he promoted a style, adopted by many of his pupils. Puig i Cadafalch regarded him as "a man of a certain period and of a certain artistic school, a sounding-board for developments in other countries, adapting them to his own character in an innovative way"; as the years went by, unlike many Modernista architects, Domènech i Montaner's buildings tended to become lighter, reducing the amount of structural material but retaining ornamentation as a primary element. No sooner had Domènech graduated than he set out on a tour of Europe in the company of Josep Vilaseca, was attracted by Prussian architecture. This, as well as Vilaseca's personality, had an influence on his subsequent work; this influence can be seen in a number of Domènech's works from before 1878: the Clavé family tomb and the Casa Montaner on the Ronda de la Universitat, as well as a project for the provi
Maria Newell Gützlaff was an English missionary and translator. Maria was born at Stepney, Middlesex, in England, the child of Samuel Newell, tallow chandler, Mary Duchesne. Maria studied Chinese under Robert Morrison during his furlough in the 1820s, was appointed the first female missionary of the London Missionary Society; the plan was. Before this time sending unmarried female missionaries was unheard of, she sailed from England on 11 April 1827 and reached Malacca, Straits Settlements, on 26 August 1827. On 26 November 1829 she was married to Karl Gutzlaff, after their marriage she went with her husband to Siam on 11 February 1830. "These two devoted themselves to studying Siamese and translating, hardly allowing themselves time to eat or sleep, daily employing a number of copyists. Thus they succeeded in evolving a imperfect translation of the whole Bible in Siamese, a considerable portion of it into the Lao and Cambodian languages, preparing a dictionary and grammar of the Siamese and Cambodian.
These translations were delivered by Mr. Gutzlaff to Mr. Robinson of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the dictionary was taken over by Mr. Jones of the Baptist Board and became the foundation of the dictionary prepared by Eliza Grew Jones."On 16 February 1831 Maria gave birth to twin daughters at Bangkok, Siam. She died a few hours later. One child died at birth, the other was left for a time with her Siamese nurse when it became possible she was put in the care of a Mrs. Thomson in Singapore, she lived about four months. Maria and the small children were buried by special permit at the upper side of the Portuguese Consulate gate; this plot continued to be the burial ground of the missionaries and others until King Mongkut made a grant for this purpose in 1853, in 1893 this earliest cemetery, bought by the Baptist Mission, was sold and the graves moved to the new Protestant Cemetery. Valerie Griffiths, Not Less Than Everything: The Courageous Women Who Carried the Christian Gospel to China, Kregel Publications, 2004.
Elizabeth "Liz" Adams is a fictional character that appeared in the seasons of the popular American television series Dallas, played by actress Barbara Stock from 1990 to 1991. She first appeared in the season 13 episode "The Southfork Wedding Jinx" and remained in the series during the final season. Liz arrives in Dallas as an old friend of meets Cliff Barnes. Liz's deceased brother left her an oil company and she wishes to sell it. Cliff has her meet with WestStar boss Carter McKay. Liz and Carter recognize each other and Liz tells Cliff she knew Carter when she lived in New York but his name wasn't Carter McKay. McKay and Liz mutually agree to not discuss their past now that they are both in Dallas, it transpires that Carter knew a dangerous criminal known as Johnny Dancer. Liz was a government agent and acting as his girlfriend. Liz is pressured by her former employer to continue their plan. Liz obeys but Johnny is murdered and Liz and Cliff becomes suspects; when Carter is arrested and charged with Johnny's murder, Cliff admits he killed Johnny in self-defense.
Liz sells her oil company to J. R. Ewing in exchange for getting Cliff the Energy Czar job in Washington. However, when Cliff discovers this he breaks up with Liz and she disappears from Dallas. Barbara Stock appeared in Dallas playing Heather Wilson in two season 5 episodes. Curran, Barbara A.. Dallas: The Complete Story of the World's Favorite Prime-Time Soap. Cumberland House Publishing. ISBN 978-1581824728
Until 2010, Ann Davis was an award-winning Houston-based senior special writer for The Wall Street Journal. She covered the global energy industry and markets, energy infrastructure, natural resources investing. Prior to moving to Houston in early 2006, she covered the “Wall Street” securities industry beat in New York for several years. In early 2010, she founded Reservoir Research Partners, an independent research firm in Houston that provides customized, in-depth intelligence to institutional investors and other clients. Reservoir Research combines interviews, record searches, analysis in exclusive reports on companies and trends, it affiliated with an investment advisor. She publishes occasional reports for investors, including “Frac Attack: Risks and Financial Reality of Hydraulic Fracturing in the Shale Plays,” co-published July 8, 2010 with energy investment bank Tudor Pickering Holt & Co; the report inspected claims by opponents and proponents of unconventional oil and gas drilling, handicapped the outcome of federal and regional regulatory reviews, quantified the cost of doing business as regulation increases.
Born in Asheville, N. C. Ms. Davis received a bachelor's degree from Princeton University, Summa Cum Laude and Phi Beta Kappa, received a master's degree, with honors, in print journalism from the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. Ms. Davis resides in Houston with her husband, Richard Vaughan. Ms. Davis joined the Journal in 1996 as a staff reporter in its legal affairs group and covered the tobacco industry legal wars and white-collar crime. From 2000 to 2001, she held an investigative/special projects post examining financial and health-care companies' pursuit of the elder-consumer market, revealing abuses in the long-term care insurance field and fraud in the use of Medicaid annuities. After 9/11, she took on a terrorism and civil liberties beat, describing flaws in FBI and federal aviation terrorist watch lists. In 2003, she began the "Wall Street" beat. For much of 2005, she covered the ongoing story of executive-suite upheaval at Morgan Stanley. From 2006 to early 2010, she covered global commodity markets, the energy industry, natural-resources investing.
Prior to joining the Journal, Ms. Davis was a staff reporter for The Miami Herald from 1992 to 1994, where she covered metro news and local business and real-estate development. From 1994 to 1996, she was a staff writer for The National Law Journal, where she covered the legal profession and professional ethics. Ms. Davis is the recipient of a 2007 Gerald Loeb Award in Deadline Writing for her page-one account of how a 32-year-old trader's risky natural-gas bets triggered more than $6 billion in losses at high-flying hedge fund Amaranth Advisors, the day after its troubles first hit the markets, she won a 2005 “Business Journalist of the Year Award” from the World Leadership Forum in London, in the mergers category, for her story about how a UBS investment banker carved out a rich niche by raising money for health-care companies as investors fared poorly. She contributed two parts to the paper's “Open Secrets” series, exposing conflicts of interest in the securities industry, that won the 2005 Business Award from the New York Press Club.
2004. In 1997, Ms. Davis was the recipient of the American Society of Business Publication Editors Award “1st Place, News Series, Under 100,000 Circulation” for her three-part series in 1996 in The National Law Journal on the ease with which some disbarred lawyers gain readmission to practice law. In 1996, she received a National Headliner Award from the Press Club of Atlantic City in the “Consistently Outstanding Feature Writing by an Individual on a Variety of Subjects” category for articles in 1995 in The National Law Journal
Growing Up Straight: What Every Thoughtful Parent Should Know About Homosexuality is a 1968 guide for parents, by Peter and Barbara Wyden, on how to prevent their children from becoming homosexual. Growing Up Straight received a negative review from James Colton in Tangents. Colton ridiculed the Wydens' advice on how to prevent homosexuality, accused them of making contradictory and inconsistent claims and of citing experts such as Evelyn Hooker and Judd Marmor only when it served their purposes to do so. In Homosexual: Oppression and Liberation, the gay rights activist Dennis Altman compared Growing Up Straight to the journalist and social critic Vance Packard's The Sexual Wilderness, Patricia Sexton's The Feminized Male, Hendrik Ruitenbeek's The Male Myth, he described them as part of a trend to attack the collapse of American masculinity and femininity and connect it to "an alleged growth in homosexuality." He wrote that the book, "makes explicit the connection between the fear of a declining sex role dichotomy and increased homosexuality.
Ernesto Pérez Balladares González-Revilla, nicknamed El Toro, was the President of Panama between 1994 and 1999. Educated in the United States, Pérez Balladares worked as a banker before becoming part of the government of military ruler Omar Torrijos, he was elected president in 1994 as the candidate of the Democratic Revolutionary Party, in a close three-way race with Arnulfista Party candidate Mireya Moscoso and salsa singer Ruben Blades. Pérez Balladares' term was notable for free-market reforms and the privatization of government services, he rehabilitated a number of officials from the Noriega years and sought a closer alliance with the United States than the previous administration of Guillermo Endara. Following a failed constitutional referendum to allow him a second term in office, Pérez Balladares was succeeded by Moscoso in 1999. In 2009, prosecutors opened an investigation into charges of corruption dating to Pérez Balladares' time in office, he was placed under house arrest the following year, making him the first former Panamanian president to be arrested, in October 2010 was charged with money laundering.
A judge dismissed the charge against him in April 2011. In February 2012, Pérez Balladares was convicted of slandering comptroller Alvin Weeden by calling him a narcocriminal, sentenced to a $3,000 fine or a year in prison. Pérez Balladares received master's degrees in the US at the University of Notre Dame and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. From 1971 to 1975, he was credit officer of the City Bank for Central America, he is married to Dora Boyd de Pérez Balladares. Pérez Balladares served under military ruler Omar Torrijos as the Minister of Finances. In March 1979, he was one of the co-founders of the Democratic Revolutionary Party, he was picked to be the Secretary of the Party in 1982. However, in 1984, he clashed with new military leader Manuel Noriega, passed several months in exile in Spain. Pérez Balladares served as campaign manager for Carlos Duque, Noriega's chosen candidate for the 1989 presidential election; the opposition candidate, Guillermo Endara, was reported by international observers to be leading the vote by a 3-to-1 margin, but the results were annulled by the Noriega government before counting was complete.
During the December 1989 US invasion of Panama, Endara was certified the election's winner and sworn in as the next president of Panama. During the invasion, Pérez Balladares was detained and interrogated by US forces for his association with Noriega, but was released. Pérez Balladares himself stood as a candidate in the 1994 presidential election for the PRD, opposing Mireya Moscoso of the Arnulfista Party and the salsa singer Rubén Blades, president of the party Papa Egoro. Pérez Balladares' opponents sought to emphasize his connection with Noriega, broadcasting pictures of the two together. Pérez Balladares denied the link, describing the current PRD as "diametrically opposed" to Noriega's policies. Instead, he worked to position himself as a successor to Torrijos, regarded as a national hero; the incumbent Arnulfista Party, was seen as hobbled by dissatisfaction with the perceived incompetence and corruption of Endara's government. He won the election with 33% of the vote, with Moscoso receiving 29% and Blades receiving 17%.
Pérez Balladares's government was characterized by pro-free market policies. He included a number of free-market economists in his cabinet. Under his rule, both the electric and telephone companies were privatized and in 1997, Panama entered the World Trade Organization. In 1995, he reformed Panama's labor code, an action protested by 49 unions and causing his popularity to drop. Other unpopular actions by Pérez Balladares included giving $35 million in back pay to Noriega's paramilitary Dignity Battalions and doubling the salaries of his cabinet despite the country's ongoing poverty, he rehabilitated a number of former Noriega officials in his government, including his Housing Minister, a doctor accused of helping to torture political prisoners during Noriega's rule, his First Vice President, Tomas Altamirano Duque. Pérez Balladares pardoned more than 200 people for crimes committed during the Noriega years, calling it a step toward national reconciliation. Pérez Balladares forged closer ties with the US, agreeing with President Bill Clinton to take in 10,000 Cuban boat people at US military bases that Endara had refused to accept, as well as providing exile to Haitian former military ruler Raoul Cédras as part of a negotiated settlement.
Pérez Balladares pledged to join the US anti-drug effort and pass new laws to prevent money laundering. Peruvian reporter Gustavo Gorriti, working for the Panamanian newspaper La Prensa, reported in 1996 that an agent of Colombia's Cali Cartel had contributed US$51,000 to Pérez Balladares' presidential campaign. After threatening to sue for libel and calling the report "journalistic terrorism", Pérez Balladares stated that it had been correct, describing it as "the first time in my life, that I have had to swallow my words." When Gorriti's work visa expired the following year, the Panamanian government refused to renew it, triggering a storm of criticism from international press NGOs and domestic opposition parties. Under pressure, the Pérez Balladares government relented, Gorriti's visa was renewed. In 1998, Pérez Balladares organized a referendum to amend the constitution to allow him to serve a second consecutive term in office, stating that he needed another term to complete his reforms (the Panamanian Constitution only allows a former President