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Local government in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes. In Northern Ireland, local councils do not carry out the same range of functions as those in the rest of the United Kingdom, their functions include planning and recycling services and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. The collection of rates is handled centrally by the Land and Property Services agency of the Northern Ireland Executive. Based on the 2019 Northern Ireland local elections. Last updated 4 May 2019 The current pattern of 11 local government districts was established on 1 April 2015, as a result of the reform process that started in 2005; the previous pattern of local government in Northern Ireland, with 26 councils, was established in 1973 by the Local Government Act 1971 and the Local Government Act 1972 to replace the previous system established by the Local Government Act 1898. The system was based on the recommendations of the Macrory Report, of June 1970, which presupposed the continued existence of the Government of Northern Ireland to act as a regional-level authority.

From 1921 to 1973, Northern Ireland was divided into six administrative counties and two county boroughs. The counties and county boroughs continue to exist for the purposes of shrievalty; this system, with the abolition of rural districts, remains the model for local government in the Republic of Ireland. Councillors are elected for a four-year term of office under the single transferable vote system. Elections were last held on May 2nd, 2019. To qualify for election, a councillor candidate must be: at least 18 years of age, a Commonwealth of Nations or European Union citizenIn addition, he or she must either: be a local elector for the district, or have, during the whole of the 12-month period prior to the election, either owned or occupied land in the district, or else resided or worked in the district The districts are combined for various purposes. In the Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, Northern Ireland is divided into five parts at level 3 There were five education and library boards in Northern Ireland.

As part of the Review of Public Administration process, the library functions of the ELBs were taken over by a new body, the Northern Ireland Library Authority in April 2009. The education and skills functions were centralised into a single Education Authority for Northern Ireland in April 2015; the boards were as follows: There were four health and social services boards which were replaced by a single Health and Social Care Board in April 2009. The former health and social services boards were as follows: In June 2002, the Northern Ireland Executive established a Review of Public Administration to review the arrangements for the accountability, development and delivery of public services. Among its recommendations were a reduction in the number of districts. In 2005 Peter Hain, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, announced proposals to reduce the number of councils to seven; the names and boundaries of the seven districts were announced in March 2007. In March 2008 the restored Northern Executive agreed to create eleven new councils instead of the original seven.

The first elections were due to take place in May 2011. However, by May 2010 disagreements among parties in the executive over district boundaries were expected to delay the reforms until 2015. In June 2010 the proposed reforms were abandoned following the failure of the Northern Ireland Executive to reach agreement. However, on 12 March 2012, the Northern Ireland Executive published its programme for government, which included a commitment to reduce the number of councils in Northern Ireland to 11. List of districts in Northern Ireland by area List of districts in Northern Ireland by population density List of districts in Northern Ireland by religion or religion brought up in List of districts in Northern Ireland by national identity Political make-up of local councils in Northern Ireland ISO 3166-2:GB, subdivision codes for the United Kingdom Local government in England Local government in Scotland Local government in Wales Local government in the Republic of Ireland List of districts in Northern Ireland by national identity List of districts in Northern Ireland by population Local councils in Northern Ireland NI Direct NI Local Government Association Review of Public Administration NI Local Government Boundaries Commissioner for Northern Ireland Local Government DOE NI Macrory Report CAIN Web Service Local Government Act 1971 CAIN Web Service Northern Ireland Councillor's Handbook Local Government Staff Commission for Northern Ireland Map of all UK local authorities Office for National Statistics, 2009

Leslie Ludy

Leslie Ludy is an American Christian author and editor. She and her husband Eric Ludy wrote When God Writes Your Love Story, which spent 18 months on the Christian best-sellers list and is one of the top selling Christian relationship books, she has been a speaker at hundreds of conferences and events, as well as a guest on many well-known media venues. She is a director of an online Christian magazine for young women. Leslie married Eric Ludy, in December 1994 in Denver, Colorado, their story garnered much attention from the Christian community and was detailed in their popular books When Dreams Come True and When God Writes Your Love Story, the latter of which spent 18 months on the Christian bestsellers list and remains one of the top selling Christian relationship books written. Leslie Ludy's first book was published. From that point forward Ludy began traveling the world, speaking to various Christians on the principles of the Christian life. Over a three-year period from 2005 to 2008, along with her husband, wrote 11 books.

It was in this prolific season that Ludy fine-tuned her articulation of what she terms "set-apart femininity". She serves as the executive director of Set-Apart Girl, an organization that provides books, resources and training for Christian young women, her book, Set-Apart Femininity, published by Harvest House, garnered much acclaim and was a finalist for the Retailer’s Choice Award in 2009, in the Women’s Non-Fiction category. Upon reviewing Set-Apart Femininity, Paula Friedrichsen of the Christian Broadcasting Network said, "Leslie Ludy is a fresh voice in an age of compromise, a passionate leader of young women everywhere; this book will appeal to those who believe that the lines have become blurred between the church and the world — and would be perfect for a discussion group or book club."In 2009, the Ludys launched Ellerslie Leadership Training, a collegiate-level discipleship training program designed for Christian men and women who seek to live out the Christian life in a world-impacting way.

Eric and Leslie live in Colorado with their six children. His Perfect Faithfulness. Harvest Books. ISBN 0965625117. Romance God’s Way. Makarios Publishing. ISBN 0965625109; when God Writes Your Love Story. Multnomah Publishers. ISBN 1929125003; when Dreams Come True. Multnomah Publishers. ISBN 1590523539. Authentic Beauty Multnomah Publishers. ISBN 159052991X; when God Writes Your Life Story. Multnomah Publishers. ISBN 1590523393. Teaching True Love to a Sex-at-13 Generation. Thomas Nelson Publishers. ISBN 084994256X. A Perfect Wedding. Harvest House Publishers. ISBN 0736915664; the First 90 Days of Marriage. Thomas Nelson Publishers. ISBN 0849905249. Authentic Beauty, Going Deeper: A Study Guide for the Set-Apart Young Woman Multnomah Publishers. ISBN 1590529758. Meet Mr. Smith. Thomas Nelson Publishers. ISBN 0849905435. Set-Apart Femininity Harvest House Publishers. ISBN 0736922865 Sacred Singleness Harvest House Publishers. ISBN 0736922881 Answering the Guy Questions Harvest House Publishers. ISBN 0736922873 Wrestling Prayer.

Harvest House Publishers. ISBN 0736921656; the Lost Art of True Beauty Harvest House Publishers. ISBN 0736922903. About Leslie Ludy at the Set-Apart Girl website Eric and Leslie's love story Leslie and Eric Ludy at Ellerslie Mission Society

Tropical Storm Charley (1998)

Tropical Storm Charley was the third named storm of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season. Charley was the first of two tropical storms to make landfall in Texas during that season; the storm originated with a tropical wave that moved off the West African coast on August 9. The wave moved west-northwestward, producing occasional bursts of convection arriving in the southeastern Gulf of Mexico by August 19, when animated satellite images began to indicate it had developed a low pressure center. Hurricane Hunter investigations into the system the next day revealed; the system lingered for two days, lacking an organized low level center of circulation until early on the morning of August 21, when advisories were initiated on the tropical depression, 185 miles east of Brownsville, Texas. The depression became a tropical storm that day, as it moved west-northwestward and weakening again before making landfall the next morning around Port Aransas, Texas; the storm moved inland and dissipated on the morning of the August 24 near the town of Del Rio, Texas.

Charley's impacts in Texas and Mexico were locally severe. In Texas, over 2000 homes were destroyed by the locally severe flooding, 13 people died. In Mexico, over 12 inches of rain fell in northern areas near the Texas-Mexico border, seven people were killed. Charley originated with a large swirl of clouds which parted off of the west coast of Africa on August 9. Lacking deep convection or a well defined center, the wave continued west-northwestward without developing. Ten days on August 19, satellite images indicated the disturbance was beginning to rotate cyclonically over the southeastern Gulf of Mexico. A reconnaissance aircraft flew into the system the next day. While strong winds were recorded, no circulation center was present; the following morning, a second flight reported that a center had formed, the disturbance was designated a tropical depression. The center was disorganized. However, convection over the depression blossomed concentrated over the northern semicircle. During the evening of August 21, the system was named Tropical Storm Charley.

As the system continued west-northwestward, more organized banding features developed, the storm began to intensify. On August 22, it reached its peak intensity of 70 miles per hour. Subsequent reconnaissance reports indicated that winds had decreased, the storm made landfall near Corpus Christi, Texas early on August 23, with maximum sustained winds of 45 miles per hour. Within hours, Charley was downgraded to tropical depression status. By August 24, Charley had dissipated over the Rio Grande near Texas. Although surface winds had diminished and a closed surface circulation no longer existed, a slow-moving remnant circulation aloft persisted in the Del Rio area and generated flooding rains that were most devastating in that area on August 23 and the 24. Tropical storm warnings were issued by the National Hurricane Center coincidentally with the first advisory on the depression, from High Island, Texas to Brownsville. Six hours these were extended eastward to Cameron, Louisiana. At landfall on August 22, the warnings north of Sabine Pass, Texas were expired, the rest were dropped that day.

In advance of the storm, thousands of oil workers were evacuated from Gulf of Mexico oil rigs. In Del Rio, some highways and roads were closed after the initial flooding, in anticipation of more flooding as the system stalled over the area. Of the 2000 Laredo, Texas residents ordered to leave their homes in anticipation of the Rio Grande overflowing its banks, only 600 did so. Being weak, the storm's main impact was its heavy rainfall. Prolific, sometimes record amounts fell over much of northern Mexico. Few areas received sustained tropical storm force winds, the storm surge was insignificant. There were no confirmed tornadoes. Twenty people died, all from drowning, the storm caused $50 million in damage; the storm's major impact was its heavy rain. A 90 mile wide swath of over 3 inches of rainfall extended from the Middle Texas Coast west to the Texas-Mexico border. Charley produced 17 inches of rain in Del Rio in a 24-hour period, a new record daily rainfall for the city. Refugio, Texas received 7.2 inches of rain, Woodsboro, Texas recorded 5 inches.

The storm surge on areas of the Texas coast was small. Port O'Connor recorded a storm surge of 2.3 feet, while Pleasure Pier was subjected to a 4.5 feet surge. There were two reports of sustained tropical storm force winds, 41 miles per hour and 39 miles per hour from Rockport and Galveston, Texas respectively; the maximum wind gust was 63 miles per hour at Texas. No tornadoes were confirmed by any NWS offices, although one suspected tornado did prompt a tornado warning. Damage from the storm, while light, was severe locally. In Val Verde County, which took the vast majority of the damage 2000 houses, mobile homes, apartments combined were destroyed by flooding. At one point, two-thirds of Del Rio was underwater after a natural dam broke in the San Felipe Creek, flooding the city with a sudden surge of water; the coastal storm surge destroyed several of the dunes on San Mustang Islands. There was slight damage on Matagorda Island, where two shelters were destroyed by the surge flooding. Four people, including two toddlers, died when their truck was swept away by floodwaters and nine more drowned in flooding along the San Felipe Creek.

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