Lockheed C-5 Galaxy

The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy is a large military transport aircraft designed and built by Lockheed, now maintained and upgraded by its successor, Lockheed Martin. It provides the United States Air Force with a heavy intercontinental-range strategic airlift capability, one that can carry outsized and oversized loads, including all air-certifiable cargo; the Galaxy has many similarities to the smaller Lockheed C-141 Starlifter and the Boeing C-17 Globemaster III. The C-5 is among the largest military aircraft in the world; the C-5 Galaxy's development was complicated, including significant cost overruns, Lockheed suffered significant financial difficulties. Shortly after entering service, cracks in the wings of many aircraft were discovered and the C-5 fleet was restricted in capability until corrective work was completed; the C-5M Super Galaxy is an upgraded version with new engines and modernized avionics designed to extend its service life beyond 2040. The USAF has operated the C-5 since 1969. In that time, the airlifter supported US military operations in all major conflicts including Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as allied support, such as Israel during the Yom Kippur War and operations in the Gulf War.

The Galaxy has been used to distribute humanitarian aid and disaster relief, supported the US space program. In 1961, several aircraft companies began studying heavy jet transport designs that would replace the Douglas C-133 Cargomaster and complement Lockheed C-141 Starlifters. In addition to higher overall performance, the United States Army wanted a transport aircraft with a larger cargo bay than the C-141, whose interior was too small to carry a variety of their outsized equipment; these studies led to the "CX-4" design concept, but in 1962, the proposed six-engined design was rejected, because it was not viewed as a significant advance over the C-141. By late 1963, the next conceptual design was named CX-X, it was equipped with four engines, instead of six in the earlier CX-4 concept. The CX-X had a gross weight of 550,000 pounds, a maximum payload of 180,000 lb, a speed of Mach 0.75. The cargo compartment was 17.2 ft wide by 13.5 feet high and 100 ft long with front and rear access doors.

Meeting the power and range specifications with only four engines required a new engine with improved fuel efficiency. The criteria were finalized and an official request for proposal was issued in April 1964 for the "Heavy Logistics System". In May 1964, proposals for aircraft were received from Boeing, General Dynamics and Martin Marietta. General Electric, Curtiss-Wright, Pratt & Whitney submitted proposals for the engines. After a downselect, Boeing and Lockheed were given one-year study contracts for the airframe, along with General Electric and Pratt & Whitney for the engines. All three of the designs shared a number of features; the cockpit was placed well above the cargo area to allow for cargo loading through a nose door. The Boeing and Douglas designs used a pod on the top of the fuselage containing the cockpit, while the Lockheed design extended the cockpit profile down the length of the fuselage, giving it an egg-shaped cross section. All of the designs had swept wings, as well as front and rear cargo doors, allowing simultaneous loading and unloading.

Lockheed's design featured a T-tail, while the designs by Douglas had conventional tails. The Air Force considered Boeing's design to be better than that of Lockheed, but Lockheed's proposal was the lowest total-cost bid. Lockheed was selected the winner in September 1965 awarded a contract in December 1965. General Electric's TF39 engine was selected in August 1965 to power the new transport plane. At the time, GE's engine concept was revolutionary, as all engines before had a bypass ratio less than two-to-one, while the TF39 promised and would achieve a ratio of eight-to-one, which had the benefits of increased engine thrust and lower fuel consumption; the first C-5A Galaxy was rolled out of the manufacturing plant in Marietta, Georgia, on 2 March 1968. On 30 June 1968, flight testing of the C-5A began with the first flight, flown by Leo Sullivan, with the call sign "eight-three-oh-three heavy". Flight tests revealed that the aircraft exhibited a higher drag divergence Mach number than predicted by wind tunnel data.

The maximum lift coefficient measured in flight with the flaps deflected 40° was higher than predicted, but was lower than predicted with the flaps deflected 25° and with the flaps retracted. Aircraft weight was a serious issue during development. At the time of the first flight, the weight was below the guaranteed weight, but by the time of the delivery of the 9th aircraft, had exceeded guarantees. In July 1969, during a fuselage upbending test, the wing failed at 128% of limit load, below the requirement that it sustain 150% of limit load. Changes were made to the wing. A passive load-reduction system, involving uprigged ailerons, was incorporated, but the maximum allowable payload was reduced from 220,000 to 190,000 lb. At the time, a 90% probability was predicted that no more than 10% of the fleet of 79 airframes would reach their fatigue life of 19,000 hours without cracking of the wing. Cost overruns and technical problems of the C-5A were the subject of a congressional investigation in 1968 and 1969.

The C-5 program has the dubious distinction of being the first development program with a $1‑billion overrun. Due to the C-5's troubled development, the Department of Defense abandoned T


Template:Infobox musical artis = Nothini Nkosinathi Mankayi, professionally known as Nathi, is a South African singer-songwriter and artist. He shot to limelight upon the release of his critically acclaimed song titled "Nomvula" off his triple-platinum debut studio album Buyelekhaya, he released his second album titled Umbulelo Wam on 28 October 2016. He is presently signed under Ghetto Ruff/Muthaland Entertainment, a South African independent record label. Nkosinathi Mankayi was born among five siblings to a single mother in Mthatha, a small town in Eastern Cape, South Africa, he grew up in Maclear, Eastern Cape, South Africa where he had his education and developed an interest in music and drawing. In 2006, Nathi was sentenced to 8 years in prison for a 2002 robbery-related crime, he was however released after serving 4 years. With the aim of pursuing a career in music, Nathi competed and won a local music competition known as "Dare to Dream", he had his share of luck in November 2014 after Vusi Nova heard him sing and insisted on featuring him on a song titled "Noma Kanjani", a song, received and went on to receive massive airplay around South Africa.

He has one child born in 2017 and a sister, a singer. Nathi started recording his debut studio album titled Buyelekhaya in late 2014, releasing "Nomvula" as its lead single in 2015. Upon the release of the song, it became an instant hit, winning the "Best Selling Full-Track Download" at the 22nd South African Music Awards. On 10 March 2015, through Muthaland Entertainment, Nathi released Buyelekhaya to critical and commercial acceptance by going platinum within six weeks of its release, selling over 128,000 units. At the 22nd South African Music Awards, Nathi won five awards with Buyelekhaya winning the "Best-Selling Album of the Year" and "Best R&B / Soul / Reggae Album" categories. On 28 October 2016, he released a 12-track sophomore album titled Umbulelo Wam; the album charted on #2 on iTunes and sold over 35,000 units

Fredrik Svanström

Aadolf Fredrik Svanström was a Finnish middle distance runner, who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics in London. He won one medal at the Finnish Championships in Athletics: He broke a few Finnish records in middle-distance running, but only one of them was ratified: 1000 metres with the time 2:38.2 in Braunschweig, German Empire, in 1907. However, before 1923 only races in Finland were ratified as national records. 1500 metres, 4:22.0, Turku, 1 September 1907. Was ratified. Mile, 4:38.8, Sweden, 14 September 1907. Not ratified. 1500 metres, 4:19.6, Sweden, 15 September 1907. Not ratified. In 1911 he graduated as a veterinary physician from the University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover