The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1926 and merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995; the founder, Allan Lockheed, had earlier founded the named but otherwise unrelated Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company, operational from 1912 through 1920. Allan Loughead and his brother Malcolm Loughead had operated an earlier aircraft company, Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company, operational from 1912 to 1920; the company built and operated aircraft for paying passengers on sightseeing tours in California and had developed a prototype for the civil market, but folded in 1920 due to the flood of surplus aircraft deflating the market after World War I. Allan went into the real estate market while Malcolm had meanwhile formed a successful company marketing brake systems for automobiles. In 1926, Allan Lockheed, John Northrop, Kenneth Kay and Fred Keeler secured funding to form the Lockheed Aircraft Company in Hollywood; this new company utilized some of the same technology developed for the Model S-1 to design the Vega Model.
In March 1928, the company relocated to Burbank, by year's end reported sales exceeding one million dollars. From 1926 to 1928 the company produced over 80 aircraft and employed more than 300 workers who by April 1929 were building five aircraft per week. In July 1929, majority shareholder Fred Keeler sold 87% of the Lockheed Aircraft Company to Detroit Aircraft Corporation. In August 1929, Allan Loughead resigned; the Great Depression ruined the aircraft market, Detroit Aircraft went bankrupt. A group of investors headed by brothers Robert and Courtland Gross, Walter Varney, bought the company out of receivership in 1932; the syndicate bought the company for a mere $40,000. Allan Loughead himself had planned to bid for his own company, but had raised only $50,000, which he felt was too small a sum for a serious bid. In 1934, Robert E. Gross was named chairman of the new company, the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, headquartered at what is now the airport in Burbank, California, his brother Courtlandt S. Gross was a co-founder and executive, succeeding Robert as chairman following his death in 1961.
The company was named the Lockheed Corporation in 1977. The first successful construction, built in any number was the Vega first built in 1927, best known for its several first- and record-setting flights by, among others, Amelia Earhart, Wiley Post, George Hubert Wilkins. In the 1930s, Lockheed spent $139,400 to develop the Model 10 Electra, a small twin-engined transport; the company sold 40 in the first year of production. Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, flew it in their failed attempt to circumnavigate the world in 1937. Subsequent designs, the Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior and the Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra expanded their market; the Lockheed Model 14 formed the basis for the Hudson bomber, supplied to both the British Royal Air Force and the United States military before and during World War II. Its primary role was submarine hunting; the Model 14 Super Electra were sold abroad, more than 100 were license-built in Japan for use by the Imperial Japanese Army. At the beginning of World War II, Lockheed – under the guidance of Clarence Johnson, considered one of the best-known American aircraft designers – answered a specification for an interceptor by submitting the P-38 Lightning fighter aircraft, a twin-engined, twin-boom design.
The P-38 was the only American fighter aircraft in production throughout American involvement in the war, from Pearl Harbor to Victory over Japan Day. It filled ground-attack, air-to-air, strategic bombing roles in all theaters of the war in which the United States operated; the P-38 was responsible for shooting down more Japanese aircraft than any other U. S. Army Air Forces type during the war; the Lockheed Vega factory was located next to Burbank's Union Airport which it had purchased in 1940. During the war, the entire area was camouflaged to fool enemy aerial reconnaissance; the factory was hidden beneath a huge burlap tarpaulin painted to depict a peaceful semi-rural neighborhood, replete with rubber automobiles. Hundreds of fake trees, shrubs and fire hydrants were positioned to give a three-dimensional appearance; the trees and shrubs were created from chicken wire treated with an adhesive and covered with feathers to provide a leafy texture. Lockheed ranked tenth among United States corporations in the value of wartime production contracts.
All told and its subsidiary Vega produced 19,278 aircraft during World War II, representing six percent of war production, including 2,600 Venturas, 2,750 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers, 2,900 Hudson bombers, 9,000 Lightnings. During World War II, Lockheed, in cooperation with Trans-World Airlines, had developed the L-049 Constellation, a radical new airliner capable of flying 43 passengers between New York and London at a speed of 300 mph in 13 hours. Once the Constellation went into production, the military received the first production models; the Constellations' performance set new standards which transformed the civilian transportation market. Its signature tri-tail was the result of many initial customers not
The Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia was the head of government of Zimbabwe Rhodesia. Like the country itself, it was never internationally recognized; the only Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia was Abel Muzorewa. The position was established on 1 June 1979, under the terms of the Internal Settlement negotiated between the government of Rhodesia and moderate African nationalists, it existed until, under the terms of the Lancaster House Agreement, control was turned over to The Lord Soames as Governor of Southern Rhodesia on 12 December 1979. Parties United African National Council President of Zimbabwe Rhodesia Government of Zimbabwe Rhodesia Prime Minister of Rhodesia Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
Tayeb Saddiki is a Moroccan dramatic artist and one of the most iconic and prominent arab artists, he is considered among the foremost arab dramatists of the twentieth century. Trained in classical Western theater, Saddiki embraced traditional Moroccan theatrical styles, fusing the two into a path-breaking combination of Western and traditional Moroccan theater. Known for staging spectacles played to large crowds in big arenas, Saddiki developed a style of festive theater that became a popular in the arab world, he is a pioneer of Arab theater and an actor and a film director, but an award winning author writing in both Arabic and French. From a family of scholars, he grew up in Casablanca. After training courses with André Voisin, at the age of 17 he went abroad to France to study theater at Comédie de l'Ouest - CDO, directed by Hubert Gignoux. Back in Morocco, together with the Union Marocaine du Travail he founded a Workers' theater / Al Masrah Al Oummali. After that, he returned to France to further study theater tecnics at the TNP -the National Popular Theater in Paris-, under the direction of Jean Vilar.
At 23 he became artistic director of the Mohamed V theater. After that he worked as director of the municipal theater of Casablanca from 1964 to 1977, he founded several theatre companies, Firqat Saddiki / Saddiki's troup, Al Masrah Al Jawal / Traveling theater, Masrah Ennas / People's Theater and his own cultural center at Casablanca, Espace Tayeb Saddiki at the boulevard Gandhi in Casablanca. 1953 - Stage of Dramatic Art at Maâmora, Interpretation Award / Direction André Voisin and Charles Nugue 1954 - First contract with Moroccan theater troupe / la troupe du théâtre marocain, the first professional troupe in Morocco 1956 - Workshop at Centre Dramatique de l’Ouest – C. D. O, Rennes - Direction Hubert Gignoux 1957 - Works at the National Popular Theater - T. N. P in Paris, Direction Jean Vilar 1957-1958 - Founder of the Workers' theater, Morocco 1959 - Training course at the Center Dramatique de l'Est - D. E, Direction Hubert Gignoux 1960 - Study Tour Berliner Ensemble - Germany, Direction Hélène Weigel - Bertolt Brecht's theatre company 1960 - Founder of The troupe of the Municipal Theater /, Morocco 1963 - Founder of Firqat Saddiki / Saddiki's troup, Morocco 1964 - Artistic director of the Mohamed V theater, Rabat 1967-1969 - Member of the executive committee of Institut International du Théâtre, I.
T. I – UNESCO 1964-1977 - Director of the municipal theater of Casablanca, Morocco 1970-1977 - Founder of Café-théâtre, Théâtre Municipal de Casablanca, Morocco 1970 - Founder of Masrah Ennas / People's Theater, Morocco 1974 - Founder of Al Masrah Al Jawal / Traveling theater, Morocco 1980 - Founder of Essaouira Festival Music first / la musique d'abord 1980 - 1982 - Responsible at the Ministry of Tourism, Morocco 1984-1986 - Television is moving, S. N. R. T, program to revamp Moroccan television programs, Morocco 1997 - Founder of the Espace Tayeb Saddiki, Morocco Theater director: more than eighty works Repertory: has written thirty two plays and adaptation of thirty-four dramatic works, eighteen co-written works Actor: in about fifty plays, a dozen movies and thirty five dramatic works and television shows Painter Calligrapher: Exhibitions in Morocco and Tunisia, Qatar, Sultanate of Oman, Canada, Algeria... Cinema: directed four short films and a movie and directed a dozen documentaries and played in a dozen films Television: produced and directed for television thirty shows Television is moving": program to redesign programs of the Moroccan television SNRT Other: Participated to the researches and writing of the book: Morocco and Traditional Islamic Crafts in Architecture - 2 volumes, Author: André Paccard, Edition: Workshop 74, 1986 Prefacier of the book: Mogador, my love, Author: Marcel Crespil, Illustrator: William Olegini, Edition: Casablanca: EDDIF, 1990 Illustrator of the book: Freshness of Islam, Author: Gabriel Bounoure, Edition: Saint-Clément-la-Rivière: Éditions Fata Morgana, 1995 Contributed to the writing of the book Moroccan Civilization and Cultures, under the direction of Mohamed Sijelmassi, editions OUM and Actes Sud / Sindbad, 1996 1955: Le Poulet, Jean Fléchet 1956: Le médecin malgré lui, Directed by Henry Jacques, adapted from Molière, presented at Cannes festival in 1956 1957: Brahim ou le collier de beignets, by Jean Fléchet, Presented at the Berlin Festival 1959: Loqmat Aïch, by Larbi Bennani 1960: Les fourberies Scapin, Cinema adaptation of Fourberies of Scapin of Molière, Mahieddine Bachtarzi 1962: Tartarin De Tarascon, Francis Blanche 1962: The children of the sun, Jacques Severac Cannes Film Festival of 1962 1962: Lawrence of Arabia, Devid Lean 1977: Arrissala, Mostapha Akkad 1984: Zeft, by Tayeb Saddiki 1986: The child of the sand, Hamid Bénani 1995: The Prayer of the Absentee, Hamid Bénani 2001: Assir Al Matrouz (t
The Community of Royalist People's Party was a Cambodian political party that lasted from March 2014 until January 2015. It was founded and led by Norodom Ranariddh, ousted from FUNCINPEC back in 2006. Ideologically a royalist party, the CRPP drew its inspiration from the political legacy of the former King of Cambodia, Norodom Sihanouk, competed for its voter base with both FUNCINPEC and the Cambodia National Rescue Party. In January 2015, the CRPP was dissolved when Ranariddh returned to FUNCINPEC. On 25 February 2014, former First Prime Minister of Cambodia Norodom Ranariddh, ousted from FUNCINPEC in 2006, announced plans to return to politics and lead the formation the Community of Royalist People's Party; the Cambodian Interior Ministry received a request from the party to be formally registered as a political party. In March 2014, Ranariddh hosted the party's official launching ceremony at the Phnom Penh Sunway Hotel, where he revealed the party logo and signed registration papers for the party.
In April 2014, the CRPP's registration was approved by the Interior Ministry. A month CRPP appointed a new chief-of-cabinet Nop Sothearith, the party made an in-advance registration with the Interior Ministry to run for general elections scheduled to be held in 2018. In June 2014, the CRPP held a party to mark its official launch, opened its headquarters at the Russey Keo District in Phnom Penh. In October 2014, a public spate arose between Ranariddh and his personal secretary, Noranarith Anandayath. Ranariddh accused Noranarith of badmouthing him, which prompted the latter to resign from the CRPP. Two months in December 2014, the Phnom Penh Post reported that several high-ranking FUNCINPEC officials defected to the CRPP, which included a former secretary of state, former provincial governor and former deputy national police chief. On 2 January 2015, Ranariddh announced his plan to return to FUNCINPEC, after being ousted from the party in 2006; the announcement was made after a private meeting with Prime Minister Hun Sen who had urged Ranariddh to rejoin his former party.
The CRPP was subsequently dissolved when Ranariddh returned to FUNCINPEC in the latter part of January 2015. The CRPP was a royalist party, Ranariddh stated in February 2015 that the party aligns itself to the political legacy of Norodom Sihanouk; the CRPP stated that it directly competed for the voter base from the CNRP and FUNCINPEC, but not with the Cambodian People's Party. At the party's launching ceremony in March 2014, Ranariddh added that the CRPP would not seek to align itself with the CPP or CNRP. Ranariddh expressed interest to resolve socioeconomic problems such as poverty, low wages and corruption, which he claimed were worsened by the effects of the political protests as a result of political differences between the CPP and CNRP. In June 2014, Ranariddh outlined several reform proposals at a party meeting for youths, such as reviewing 99-year land leases to identify illegal land concessions and helping more youths to seek employment locally; the CRPP maintained frosty relations with FUNCINPEC, which had earlier ousted Ranariddh as its president in 2006.
When Ranariddh announced plans to form the party in February 2014, several FUNCINPEC leaders including Nhek Bun Chhay, Keo Puth Rasmey and Sisowath Sirirath questioned Ranariddh's leadership abilities and past political track record. Ranariddh was critical of the CNRP and in March 2014, he denied accusations by CNRP leader Sam Rainsy that the CRPP was formed with the aim of splitting the opposition voter base. Ranariddh charged that the Rainsy would end Cambodia's status as a constitutional monarchy if they were elected to power. In May 2014, Ranariddh called on the CPP and CNRP to form a unity government and proposed that the CRPP was keen to act as a mediator between the two parties; the CRPP's party logo had a circular design, bears Ranariddh's initials in the Khmer language. The logo includes the number "9", which represents power according to brahmin tradition. Around the logo were three circles. On Ranariddh's return to the party in January 2015, FUNCINPEC adopted a new logo, inspired by that of the defunct CRPP's party logo
Olds was a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada. The district was mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1909 to 1963; the district was combined with the Didsbury electoral district to form Olds-Didsbury. The district was named after the town of Alberta; the electoral district of Olds was created and first contested for the 1909 Alberta general election. The electoral district included much of the area of the Rosebud electoral district contested in the 1905 election; the first election was won by Liberal candidate Duncan Marshall, who would roll up a large majority in his first win. Marshall was appointed to the cabinet as Minister of Agriculture and Provincial Secretary shortly after the election. Marshall was confirmed in a Ministerial by-election romping to an easy win over Socialist Candidate Samuel Welsh that year, he lost his portfolios as the Alexander Rutherford government fell in 1910 due to the Alberta and Great Waterways Railway scandal.
Premier Sifton re-appointed him to that post. Marshall nearly lost his seat in the 1913 general election and won by a bigger majority in 1917, he was defeated by Nelson Smith a candidate for the United Farmers of Alberta in a hotly contested race in the 1921 general election, that saw the United Farmers form their first majority government. Spencer was re-elected to his second term in 1926 and retired from the legislature in 1930, he was replaced by Frank Grisdale. Grisdale was served in portfolio for one year. Social Credit swept to power in the 1935 general election, Grisdale would be defeated by Social Credit candidate Herbert Ash. Ash would serve a single term in office, he was removed from caucus by the Aberhart controlled Social Credit Advisory Board that nominated candidates and not allowed to run under the Social Credit banner for the 1944 general election. He ran anyway; the 1944 general election would see Grisdale both run as Independents. They were defeated by Social Credit candidate Norman Cook.
Cook held the district for three terms before dying in 1950. Social Credit would field candidate Frederick Niddrie, he was re-elected in the 1952 and 1955 general elections before dying and vacating the seat in 1959. In the third by-election held in the riding Social Credit fielded Roderick Macleod who retained the district for his party, he would be re-elected for the second time in a year in the 1959 general election and kept his seat until the district was abolished in 1963. Duncan Marshall having just been elected to the Legislature was appointed to the cabinet as Minister of Agriculture and Provincial Secretary by Premier Alexander Rutherford. Under election laws in force at the time, a ministerial confirmation by-election had to be called. Marshall was the only new appointment to the Rutherford cabinet after the 1909 general election. Marshall was unanimously confirmed as the Liberal candidate for the by-election and his portfolio endorsed by the membership at a nomination meeting attended by over 100 delegates on November 3, 1909.
Speakers at the meeting included Senator Peter Talbot. The Conservatives decided not to oppose Duncan Marshall, but the Socialist Party led by Charles O'Brien, who had just won their first seat in the 1909 general election decided to run a candidate in Olds to oppose Marshall. O'Brien managed and ran the campaign of candidate Samuel Welsh; the Socialists campaigned a platform of nationalizing all farms to be controlled by the state. They promoted abolishing wages and private property; the Socialists termed their campaign and supporters as "The Red Revolutionaries". On election day, the riding saw a significant reduction in voter turnout with a light vote being polled compared to the 1909 general election. Marshall was re-elected with a landslide super majority taking 87% of the vote to keep his seat and ministerial post. On October 30, 1957 a stand-alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the current provincial electoral districts in Alberta; the government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature.
The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws. The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments. Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Olds voted against the proposal by a wide margin; the voter turnout in the district was well below the province wide average of 46%. Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957; the Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding. However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an new Liquor Act. Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite such as Olds were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.
Fellesaksjonen mot gasskraftverk is a former environmental organisation that functioned as a binding between various NGOs who were opposed to the construction of fossile gas thermal power plants in Norway. It was created in all secrecy in 1997 and was able to collect about 3,000 people willing to use civil disobedience to hinder the construction, before going public to announce this resistance; the organization was disestablished in 2002. The organization was established by the Norwegian Society for the Conservation of Nature and Natur og Ungdom, it was led by former leader of NU, leader of NNV, Lars Haltbrekken. The background for the organization was that Naturkraft had permission to build two gas-powered thermal power plants at Kårstø and Kollsnes, though these would be built without carbon sequenciation. At the congress of NU in January 2007 there had been made a decision to use civil disobedience, a network to organize this was needed; the rhetorics of the organization were based on threatening Cabinet Jagland with a new Alta controversy demonstrations just before the 1997 election.
The strategy worked, in the spring of 1997 Thorbjørn Jagland delayed the permissions of the power plants. After the election, the First cabinet Bondevik, who were opposed to gas power plants, enter cabinet. Fellesaksjonen managed to hinder the building of gas power plants during its existence, with the full climax coming in 2000 when the First cabinet Bondevik left office to hinder their building. By 2002 there was no longer use for Fellesaksjonen, who closed down, though the work still continued in other environmental organizations. Official website