Locomotive U-127

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Locomotive U-127
Russian Class U locomotive Number U127.JPG
Locomotive U-127 4-6-0
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Putilov factory / Kirov Plant
Order number 1960
Build date 1910
Total produced 62
 • Whyte 4-6-0
Gauge 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Driver dia. 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in)
Axle load 15.2 tonnes (15.0 long tons; 16.8 short tons)
Adhesive weight 45.4 tonnes (44.7 long tons; 50.0 short tons)
Loco weight 72.1 tonnes (71.0 long tons; 79.5 short tons)
Fuel type Oil
 • Firegrate area
272 m2 (2,930 sq ft)
Boiler pressure 14kg/m2
Heating surface 182 m2 (1,960 sq ft)
Cylinder size 370mm / 580mm
Performance figures
Maximum speed 115 km/h (71 mph)
Numbers 127
Current owner Museum of the Moscow Railway
Disposition static display

Russian steam locomotive U-127 is a 4-6-0 locomotive of type Russian locomotive class U, preserved at the Museum of the Moscow Railway next to Paveletsky Rail Terminal in Moscow. The locomotive was the first Russian steam locomotive preserved.

Background and history[edit]

The Russian locomotive class U was a four-cylinder de Glehn compound locomotive, which first appeared in 1906. 62 class Us were built between 1906 and 1916 at the Putilov factory (later the Kirov Plant. By the beginning of 1940 the inventory still listed 47 class U locomotives.[1] The last locomotives were withdrawn in 1952.[1] U-127 is famous for being Vladimir Lenin's locomotive, hence its preservation. It was used to bring his body back to Moscow for his funeral. For this reason it has escaped the ravages of time and, much like Lenin himself, it was preserved in perfect condition. It has not moved since 1948.[2]

U-127 was the Soviet Union's first and, until the 1980s, only preserved Russian locomotive. The only other preserved locomotive was H2.293 at Finland Station in Leningrad/St. Petersburg, which brought Lenin back from exile.[2] However, H2.293 was built by Richmond Locomotive Works in the USA for the Finnish State Railways, and thus technically not a Russian locomotive.[2] U-127 was built in 1910 with builder's number 1960, and was destined for the Tashkent railway.[1]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c V. А. Rakov (1995). Locomotives of Domestic Railways 1845-1955 (2nd, revised and enlarged ed.). Transport. ISBN 5-277-00821-7. 
  2. ^ a b c A.J. Heywood and I.D.C. Button. Soviet Locomotive Types: the Union Legacy. 

External links[edit]