1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Russellville is a home rule-class city in Logan County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county; the population was 6,947 at the time of the 2010 U. S. Census. Local historian Alex C. Finley claimed the area was first settled by Gasper Butcher, as a frontier settlement of the Transylvania Colony of Virginia, around 1780, but others have questioned this claim. Although the area is known to have been called Big Boiling Spring, Gasper Butcher's Spring, Butcher's Station, W. R. Jillson was unable to find written records of any habitation before 1790; that year William Cook and his wife erected Cook's Cabin, accompanied by eighteen-year-old William Stewart. Known as Cook's Station, the community was located about 1 mile east of the present city, it was renamed as Logan Court House when it was chosen as the seat of newly formed Logan County in 1792. General William Russell was given a 2,000-acre grant here for his military service during the American Revolution, he donated part of this property, in 1795, as a platted section for the county seat, known as Logan Court House.
The town was renamed in Russell's honor in 1798. It was formally established by the state legislature on January 15, 1810, it was incorporated as a city on February 19, 1840. In the early 19th century, the community had leaders. Four homes in the city still stand which were residences of future governors of Kentucky: John Breathitt, James Morehead, John J. Crittenden, Charles S. Morehead. During the Civil War, the Kentucky General Assembly declared its neutrality and declined to secede with the rest of the South. Kentucky was a slave state and Confederate sentiment was strong in the Blue Grass region and the west, but the residents of the mountainous eastern section were small farmers and pro-Union. In the summer of 1862, when Confederate troops had occupied the area, 116 prominent pro-Confederates from 43 counties met as the Russellville Convention and created a rival Confederate government for Kentucky. George W. Johnson was elected as the state's Confederate governor. Despite de facto Union control over the rest of Kentucky, the government was recognized and Kentucky admitted to the Confederacy.
Kentucky was represented by the thirteenth star on the Confederate flag. After the war, Kentucky struggled for some years with insurgent unrest. A gang made up of the former Confederate guerrillas Cole Younger, George Shepard, Oliver Shepard, along with Confederate veterans John Jarrett and Arthur McCoy, robbed the Nimrod Long Bank or the Southern Deposit Bank in Russellville on March 20, 1868. Brothers Frank and Jesse James, who had their own outlaw gang based in western Missouri, may have taken part. A Russellville bank on the city square displays a large mural painted depicting the robbery. A reenactment is performed annually during the city's Heritage Festival. Several downtown homes have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places Including the Victorian Mansion at 224 Cornelius Ave, a house that boasted the state's first indoor bathroom. Major Renovations were conducted in the late 1860's by Clyde Rutheford, an Ex-Confederate cavalry officer, due to the mansions foundation suffering flood damage.
Russellville is located at 36°50′33″N 86°53′34″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.6 square miles, all land. Russellville is served by U. S. Routes 68, 79 and 431; the nearest limited-access highway is 20 miles to the east. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,149 people, 3,064 households, 1,973 families residing in the city; the population density was 672.1 people per square mile. There were 3,458 housing units at an average density of 325.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.64% White, 18.62% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.58% of the population. There were 3,064 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,647, the median income for a family was $31,448. Males had a median income of $27,529 versus $20,032 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,654. About 17.1% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.0% of those under age 18 and 20.4% of those age 65 or over. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Russellville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. News Democrat & Leader City of Russellville Home Page
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Robertson County, Tennessee
Robertson County is a county located on the central northern border of Tennessee in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 66,283, its county seat is Springfield. The county was named for James Robertson, an explorer, founder of Nashville, a state senator, called the "Father of Middle Tennessee". Robertson County is a component of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2002 current Mayor Howard Bradley became the mayor of Robertson County; this was part of the Miro District, named after the Spanish Governor Esteban Rodríguez Miró of what was Louisiana on the west side of the Mississippi River. Miró had served with Spanish troops. James Robertson, the explorer for whom this county was named, was trying to create an alliance with Miró that would allow free movement on the Mississippi River to settlers on the Cumberland frontier; this territory was first known as Tennessee County before statehood. It was organized as Robertson County in 1796, at the same time as Montgomery County, part of that district.
The county seat of Springfield, Tennessee was laid out in 1798. Although most settlers did not hold slaves, by the 1820s planters began to cultivate tobacco, a commodity crop, labor intensive and depended on enslaved African Americans; the planters bought slaves to work their plantations, as well as to care for the livestock they bred - thoroughbred horses and cattle. By the time of the Civil War, African-Americans comprised about one-quarter of the area's population, typical for Middle Tennessee, where tobacco and hemp were commodity crops. During the Civil War, Tennessee was occupied by the Union from 1862, which led to a breakdown in social organization in Middle Tennessee. During the Reconstruction era after the war, Confederate veterans in Pulaski, Tennessee started the Ku Klux Klan, a secret, insurgent paramilitary group. Chapters developed throughout the South, they attacked freedmen and their sympathizers, working to suppress teachers of black students, the mobility of blacks and, after enfranchisement of African-American men, Republican voting by freedmen and whites.
The KKK was suppressed in the early 1870s, but other insurgent groups arose in many areas of the South. This county and much of the region continued to have an agricultural economy during the late 19th century and into the 20th century, with tobacco the chief crop. Although white conservative Democrats had political control over Robertson County, violence against freedmen continued after Reconstruction to enforce white supremacy. According to Goodspeed's History of Tennessee, whites arrested nine black men and lynched seven of them in retaliation for the murder on August 30, 1880 of L. S. La Prade, a white man living alone near Sadlersville. Jack Bell and Arch Jamison were arrested and taken to the Robertson County jail in Springfield, Tennessee. Without trial, the two African Americans were taken by a white mob on September 11, 1880 and hanged in a nearby grove; the sheriff soon arrested seven more African-American men for La Prade's murder. They were scheduled for trial at the circuit court in February 1881.
Two men, William Murphy and Andrew Duffy, were released. During the trial, on February 14, 1881, a mob of 25-30 white men threatened to take the five remaining defendants from jail but were dissuaded. Four days however, while the prisoners were being taken from the courtroom, a white mob overcame the guards, took the men and hanged them from the east side of the courthouse balcony. Jim Elder, Jim Higgins, Bob Thweat, Lum Small, Sock Mallory were all murdered without benefit of trial. There were four additional lynchings of blacks in the county around the start of the 20th century. Robertson County had the fourth highest number of lynchings in the state. By 1910 the county’s population was 25,466, including 6,492 black citizens, who continued to make up one-quarter of the total. Most of the residents were still involved in farm work, tobacco was the primary commodity crop, but agricultural mechanization was reducing the need for laborers. White conservative Democrats had tried to restrict black voting.
Many African Americans left rural Robertson County and other parts of Tennessee in the Great Migration to northern and midwestern cities for employment and social freedom. Combined with in-migration of whites to the county, in the 21st century African Americans comprise less than 10 percent of the county population. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 476 square miles, of which 476 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Logan County, Kentucky Simpson County, Kentucky Sumner County Davidson County Cheatham County Montgomery County Todd County, Kentucky Cedar Hill Swamp Wildlife Management Area Port Royal State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 54,433 people, 19,906 households, 15,447 families residing in the county; the population density was 114 people per square mile. There were 20,995 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.13% White, 8.62% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, 0.80% from two or more races.
2.66% of the p
Kentucky's 1st congressional district
Kentucky's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Kentucky. Located in Western Kentucky, the district takes in Henderson, Madisonville and the college town of Murray; the district is represented by Republican James Comer who won a special election to fill the seat of Rep. Ed Whitfield who resigned September 2016. Comer won election to the regular term to begin January 3, 2017. Although Democrats have an 2-to-1 edge in registration and still hold most local offices in the district, they tend to be conservative on social issues, a trend which favors Republicans at the federal level; as of September 2013, there were 505,870 registered voters: 302,406 Democrats, 174,137 Republicans, 29,327 "Others". All of the "Others" included 21,711 unclassified Others, 7,011 Independents, 419 Libertarians, 93 Greens, 65 Constitutionalists, 19 Reforms, 9 Socialist Workers; until January 1, 2006, Kentucky did not track party affiliation for registered voters who were neither Democratic nor Republican.
The Kentucky voter registration card does not explicitly list anything other than Democratic Party, Republican Party, or Other, with the "Other" option having a blank line and no instructions on how to register as something else. Kentucky counties within the 1st Congressional District: Adair, Ballard, Calloway, Casey, Clinton, Cumberland, Graves, Hickman, Livingston, Lyon, Marion, McCracken, McLean, Monroe, Ohio, Simpson, Todd, Trigg and Webster; as of June 2017, there are two living former members of the House from the district. The most recent to die was Thomas Barlow on January 31, 2017. Kentucky's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Lincoln County, Kentucky
Lincoln County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,742, its county seat is Stanford. Lincoln is a prohibition or "dry county." Lincoln County is part of KY Micropolitan Statistical Area. Lincoln County—originally Lincoln County, Virginia—was established by the Virginia General Assembly in June 1780, named in honor of Revolutionary War general Benjamin Lincoln, it was one of three counties formed out of Virginia's Kentucky County, is one of Kentucky's nine original counties. The county's original seat was at Harrodsburg. Afterward, Stanford became Lincoln County's permanent seat. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 337 square miles, of which 334 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. Lincoln County is located in South Central Kentucky in the southern part of the ring of Knobs around the Bluegrass region, it includes the headwaters of the Green River. Boyle County Garrard County Rockcastle County Pulaski County Casey County As of the census of 2000, there were 23,361 people, 9,206 households, 6,729 families residing in the county.
The population density was 70 per square mile. There were 10,127 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.12% White, 2.53% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.38% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,206 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.90% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.95. By age, 25.70% of the population was under 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 13.10% were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,542, the median income for a family was $32,284. Males had a median income of $26,395 versus $20,517 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,602. About 16.40% of families and 21.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.10% of those under age 18 and 22.90% of those age 65 or over. Crab Orchard Eubank Hustonville Stanford McKinney Kings Mountain Waynesburg Highland Preachersville National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Kentucky Lincoln County Kentucky Web Site The Kentucky Highlands Project