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Logic analyzer

A logic analyzer is an electronic instrument that captures and displays multiple signals from a digital system or digital circuit. A logic analyzer may convert the captured data into timing diagrams, protocol decodes, state machine traces, assembly language, or may correlate assembly with source-level software. Logic analyzers have advanced triggering capabilities, are useful when a user needs to see the timing relationships between many signals in a digital system. Presently, there are three distinct categories of logic analyzers available on the market: Modular LAs, which consist of both a chassis or mainframe and logic analyzer modules; the mainframe/chassis contains the display, control computer, multiple slots into which the actual data-capturing hardware is installed. The modules each have a specific number of channels, multiple modules may be combined to obtain a high channel count. While modular logic analyzers are more expensive, the ability to combine multiple modules to obtain a high channel count and the higher performance of modular logic analyzers justifies the price.

For the high end modular logic analyzers, the user must provide their own host PC or purchase an embedded controller compatible with the system. Portable LAs, sometimes referred to as standalone LAs. Portable logic analyzers integrate everything into a single package, with options installed at the factory. While portable logic analyzers have lower performance than their modular counterparts, they are used for general purpose debugging by cost conscious users. PC-based LAs; the hardware connects to a computer through a USB or Ethernet connection and relays the captured signals to the software on the computer. These devices are much smaller and less expensive because they make use of a PC's existing keyboard, display and CPU. A logic analyzer can be triggered on a complicated sequence of digital events capture a large amount of digital data from the system under test; when logic analyzers first came into use, it was common to attach several hundred "clips" to a digital system. Specialized connectors came into use.

The evolution of logic analyzer probes has led to a common footprint that multiple vendors support, which provides added freedom to end users. Introduced in April, 2002, connectorless technology has become popular; these probes provide a durable, reliable mechanical and electrical connection between the probe and the circuit board with less than 0.5 to 0.7 pF loading per signal. Once the probes are connected, the user programs the analyzer with the names of each signal, can group several signals together for easier manipulation. Next, a capture mode is chosen, either "timing" mode, where the input signals are sampled at regular intervals based on an internal or external clock source, or "state" mode, where one or more of the signals are defined as "clocks", data are taken on the rising or falling edges of these clocks, optionally using other signals to qualify these clocks. After the mode is chosen, a trigger condition must be set. A trigger condition can range from simple to the complex. At this point, the user sets the analyzer to "run" mode, either triggering once, or triggering.

Once the data are captured, they can be displayed several ways, from the simple to the complex. Some analyzers can operate in a "compare" mode, where they compare each captured data set to a recorded data set, halt capture or visually notify the operator when this data set is either matched or not; this is useful for long-term empirical testing. Recent analyzers can be set to email a copy of the test data to the engineer on a successful trigger. Many digital designs, including those of ICs, are simulated to detect defects before the unit is constructed; the simulation provides logic analysis displays. Complex discrete logic is verified by simulating inputs and testing outputs using boundary scan. Logic analyzers can uncover hardware defects; these problems are too difficult to model in simulation, or too time consuming to simulate and cross multiple clock domains. Field-programmable gate arrays have become a common measurement point for logic analyzers and are used to debug the logic circuit; as digital computing and integrated circuits emerged in the 1960s, new and difficult problems began to arise, problems that oscilloscopes had trouble handling.

For the first time in computing history, it became essential to view large numbers of signals. Early solutions attempted to combine hardware from multiple oscilloscopes into one package, but screen clutter, a lack of definite data interpretation, as well as probing constraints made this solution only marginally usable; the HP 5000A Logic Analyzer, introduced in the October 1973 issue of the Hewlett Packard Journal, was the first commercially available instrument to be called a "Logic Analyzer". However, the HP 5000A was limited to two channels and presented information by means of two rows of 32 LEDs; the first parallel instrument was the twelve channel HP 1601L, it was a plug-in for the HP 180 series oscilloscope mainframes and used the oscilloscope screen to present 16 rows of 12 bit words as 1s and 0s. It was introduced in the January 1974 Hewlett Packard Journal. Mixed-signal oscilloscopes combine the functionality of a digital storage oscilloscope with

Julian Doyle

Julian John Doyle was an Australian lawyer and civil servant. He served as a member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly for the seat of Gisborne from 1967 to 1971. Doyle was born in East Melbourne, the son of Victor and Phyllis Doyle. Doyle went to school at Xavier College in Melbourne, graduated in law at the University of Melbourne. Doyle joined the Liberal Party in 1958, became president of the South Yarra Branch, he was a Councillor for the City of Prahran from 1965 to 1967 and was a member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly from 1967 to 1971, representing the seat of Gisborne. Tom Reynolds, his successor in the seat of Gisborne, described the challenge of following in the footsteps of Doyle, in that he was an "illustrious man" with the "obvious talents" of "height, good looks, a law degree, being able to sing or to play the bass fiddle". Doyle started his legal career with Arthur Robinson and Co, from 1958 to 1962. Between 1965 and 1971 he was a sole practitioner in Toorak, became a partner with Ellison and Whitehead, solicitors, in Melbourne, during 1976 and 1977.

Between 1989 and 1996 he was a partner of Goulden's Solicitors London, predecessor of Jones Day Goulden, based in Brussels. Doyle served in a variety of Government positions in Australia and overseas, he was trade Commissioner in London, 1972–1973. Doyle had five children, he married Ann Clementson in 1964, Kate Baillieu in 1983, Sally Anne Roberts in 1989. He died in Melbourne in 2007. Julian Doyle Parliamentary Biography

Sarax

Sarax is a genus of amblypygids of the family Charinidae. There are 17 species in this genus. Sarax brachydactylus Simon, 1892 – Cambodia, Philippines Sarax buxtoni Gravely, 1915 – Malaysia, Singapore Sarax cavernicola Rahmadi and Kojima, 2010 – Borneo Sarax cochinensis Gravely, 1915 – India Sarax curioi Giupponi and Miranda, 2012 – Philippines Sarax davidovi Fage, 1946 – Cambodia, Vietnam Sarax huberi Seiter, Wolff and Hörweg, 2015 – Philippines Sarax javensis Gravely, 1915 – Java Sarax mardua Rahmadi and Kojima, 2010 – Borneo Sarax monodenticulatus Rahmadi and Kojima, 2010 – Waigeo Island Sarax newbritainensis Rahmadi and Kojima, 2010 – New Britain Sarax rimosus Simon, 1901 – Malaysia Sarax sangkulirangensis Rahmadi and Kojima, 2010 – Borneo Sarax sarawakensis Thorell, 1888 – Andaman Islands, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands Sarax singaporae Gravely, 1911 – Singapore Sarax willeyi Simon, 1892 – Papua New Guinea Sarax yayukae Rahmadi and Kojima, 2010 – Borneo

General Flagg

General Flagg is the code name as well as the rank and surname of two fictional characters from the toyline and comic series, G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero; the original Brigadier General Lawrence J. Flagg is a character, created for the comics to serve as the G. I. Joe Team's commanding officer during the early issues of the comic's run before he was killed off. Brigadier General James L. Flagg III, his son, was a character introduced for the toyline to serve a similar role. Lawrence J. Flagg was a Brigadier General in the US Army. Hailing from a long family line of soldiers, General Flagg served the better part of his life in the Armed Forces. In the 1970s, he was responsible for creating Special Counter-Terrorist Group Delta, in response to rising terrorist threats the evil Cobra Organization. Flagg dubbed the team G. I. Joe, in honor of the team, headed by Lt. Joseph Colton some years before. General Flagg led the team in more of an advisory capacity, choosing Colonel Clayton "Hawk" Abernathy as field leader, allowing Hawk to make most of the membership and operations decisions.

The general is featured early on in the Marvel Comics run. He was the first commander of the G. I. Joe appeared in the first issue, he sends the team in to a Cobra fortress to rescue Dr. Adele Burkhardt, a nuclear physicist and pacifist. In the second issue, he sends a four-man Joe team to the Arctic Circle, to investigate the deaths of military men stationed there. In both situations, he works with General Austin, who would be an ally of the Joe team for years to come, he has a cameo directing the disposition of related supplies. In issue #5, Flagg becomes involved in the action, when Cobra's role in a military parade is uncovered by several men under his command. Flagg goes after Cobra Commander personally; the Cobra Commander fires one shot, creasing Flagg's temple, fades into the crowd. When questioned by one of his men why he did not fire back, as he is known for his pistol skills, General Flagg looks at several nearby children, he had not fired. In issue # 19, Cobra forces attack The Pit. General Flagg is in the brig, which contains two prisoners, Major Bludd and a prominent Cobra Officer named Scar-Face.

Bludd escapes, killing Flagg in the process. General Flagg is buried with most of the Joes attending. Cobra tries to attack the funeral with a Rattler plane. Before anyone is hurt, two new Joes and Roadblock shoot the plane down, it explodes in an open field. In issue #42, the ill General Austin is misidentified as General Flagg. General Flagg is shown in the full G. I. Joe character roster, on the cover of the first issue of "World War III", along with his son; the America's Elite series had General Flagg in a flashback to the early days of G. I. Joe. An undercover operative is using a public payphone to report to General Flagg. In an alternate continuity, General Flagg starts the G. I. Joe Team in response to an alien robot attack on a Presidential press conference. General Flagg appeared in the Sunbow/Marvel G. I. Joe cartoon, he is shown in the first G. I. Joe animated mini-series "The MASS Device", but for the course of the series' run, he never appeared again; the character carries excess weight, his physical traits are more akin to General Aaron "Iron Butt" Austin, another character from the comics.

The original General Flagg did not receive his own action figure until 2004, when his figure was included in a "Comic Pack" release. Packaged with him was G. I. Joe member Steeler, a generic Cobra officer; this three-pack came with a reprint of the comic book G. I. Joe issue # 5. Flagg's dossier on the package used the same text as the earlier "General Flagg" figures, which represented his son. General Flagg was released as part of the "A Real American Hero" toyline in 1992. James Longstreet Flagg III, born in Alexandria, Virginia, is the son of General Lawrence Flagg, he is a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, in a short time, he is able to rise up to the rank of Brigadier General. The figure was repainted and released as part of the "Battle Corps" line in 1993, both figures came with an armored catapult that could shoot small projectiles. According to his filecard, he always liked to be "in the thick of it" instead of shouting orders from a comfortable position; when leading his troops into a fight, he needs "devastating personal weapons", why he prefers the G.

I. Joe "Brawler" vehicle, his strategies on battlefield have twice earned him the medal of valor and countless decorations, as he carries on his family's proud military tradition. His personal motto is: "I didn't reach the rank of general by standing in the shadows. I got out and earned it on the front lines", he holds an honorary position with the G. I. Joe Team, though his primary role tends to be behind the scenes, warding off any machinations of administrators who would interfere with G. I. Joe operations. In the few instances that have called for it though, General Flagg has demonstrated the tenacity and character of his father, risking his neck alongside the men and women he's leading, his only appearance in comics continuity was in the World War III event, from the G. I. Joe: America's Elite comic book series, he is shown in the full G. I. Joe character roster on the cover of issue #25, along with his father. General Flagg will be appearing in G. I. Joe: Ever Vigilant. General Flagg at JMM's G. I. Joe Comics Home Page

Lily Elise

Lily Elise is a singer, songwriter from Berkeley, California. Elise has worked with artists such as Dillon Francis, Twin Shadow, Felix Cartal, Audra Mae, Gigi Radics, Markus Feehily and Hayden Panettiere. On November 4, 2014, she released the lead single "Generator," from her debut EP Taken. Lily Elise is an alumnae of California based a cappella group, Til Dawn. Elise was a member of Team Christina in the first season on the America television vocal talent show The Voice. In 2012, Elise co-wrote "Vadonatúj érzés" aka "Daydream" for Hungarian singer and winner of season six of the Hungarian music show, Megasztár Gigi Radics; the song, released on November 26, 2012, reached number one on the Mahasz Rádiós Top 40 radio airplay chart, remaining at number 1 for ten weeks. Two years in April 2014, Elise had her own release with a song she co-wrote and featured on for Canadian electronic music producer and DJ Felix Cartal's single "Let It Go" off his Credits EP, released on April 29, 2014 via Steve Aoki’s imprint, Dim Mak Records.

On October 27, 2014, moobahton producer and DJ Dillon Francis released his debut album "Money Sucks, Friends Rule" on Columbia Records, with Elise featured on "Hurricane", the 12th and final track on the record. On November 4, 2014, Elise released the lead single "Generator," from her debut EP Taken which music blog, All Things Go declared a "stunning combination of pop and R&B that few can pull off." Following "Generator" Elise released the uptempo single "Suitcases", the second track off her "Taken" EP. During March 2015, Warner Bros. Records artist Twin Shadow released his third album, Eclipse featuring a duet with Elise on the song, "Alone". In 2015, Elise released her third single and title track, "Taken" which premiered on Billboard.com with the statement "If you're into any kind of edgy pop, R&B, or EDM, we've got a feeling you're going to dig this one."Alongside, co-writer Audra Mae and producer, Scott Effman, Elise co-wrote the debut single, "What If It's You," for fictional character, Juliette Barnes, played by actress Hayden Panettiere, which aired during the fourth season of ABC musical drama, Nashville in episodes 4-2.

"'Til the Pain Outwears the Shame" and 4-7. "Can't Get Used to Losing You." The song was additionally featured on "The Music of Nashville: Season 4, Volume 1." In addition, Elise co-wrote "Find My Way" alongside producer, Lester Mendez. "Find My Way" is on the deluxe release of, former Westlife member, Feehily's debut solo album, "Fire."

Elfrida, Arizona

Elfrida is a small unincorporated community and census-designated place in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Arizona in Cochise County. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 459. Elfrida is located on U. S. Route 191 6 miles north of McNeal. Elfrida has the ZIP code of 85610. Elfrida is home to Valley Union High School grades 9-12 and Elfrida Elementary School grades K-8. Chiricahua Community Health Centers was founded in Elfrida in 1986. Elfrida Community Center is north of the center crossroads. Elfrida gained a library c. March 2000; the Elfrida Library is part of the Cochise County Library District. The Elfrida Fire Department is south of the center crossroads. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elfrida has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps. Valley Union High School Elfrida Elementary School District Chiricahua Community Health Centers, Inc. Elfrida Library Elfrida Library History Elfrida Fire District