Logistics is the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation. In a general business sense, logistics is the management of the flow of things between the point of origin and the point of consumption to meet requirements of customers or corporations; the resources managed in logistics may include tangible goods such as materials and supplies, as well as food and other consumable items. The logistics of physical items involves the integration of information flow, materials handling, packaging, transportation and security. In military science, logistics is concerned with maintaining army supply lines while disrupting those of the enemy, since an armed force without resources and transportation is defenseless. Military logistics was practiced in the ancient world and as modern military have a significant need for logistics solutions, advanced implementations have been developed. In military logistics, logistics officers manage how and when to move resources to the places they are needed.
Logistics management is the part of supply chain management and supply chain engineering that plans and controls the efficient, effective forward, reverse flow and storage of goods and related information between point of origin and point of consumption to meet customer's requirements. The complexity of logistics can be modeled, analyzed and optimized by dedicated simulation software; the minimization of the use of resources is a common motivation in all logistics fields. A professional working in the field of logistics management is called a logistician; the term logistics is attested in English from 1846, is from French: logistique, where it was either coined or popularized by military officer and writer Antoine-Henri Jomini, who defined it in his Summary of the Art of War. The term appears in the 1830 edition titled Analytic Table, Jomini explains that it is derived from French: logis, lit.'lodgings', in the terms French: maréchal des logis, lit.'marshall of lodgings' and French: major-général des logis, lit.'major-general of lodging': Autrefois les officiers de l’état-major se nommaient: maréchal des logis, major-général des logis.
The officers of the general staff were named: marshall of lodgings, major-general of lodgings. The term is credited to Jomini, the term and its etymology criticized by Georges de Chambray in 1832, writing: Logistique: Ce mot me paraît être tout-à-fait nouveau, car je ne l'avais encore vu nulle part dans la littérature militaire. … il paraît le faire dériver du mot logis, étymologie singulière … Logistic: This word appears to me to be new, as I have not yet see it anywhere in military literature. … he appears to derive it from the word lodgings, a peculiar etymology … Chambray notes that the term logistique was present in the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française as a synonym for algebra. The French word: logistique is a homonym of the existing mathematical term, from Ancient Greek: λογῐστῐκός, romanized: logistikós, a traditional division of Greek mathematics; some sources give this instead as the source of logistics, either ignorant of Jomini's statement that it was derived from logis, or dubious and instead believing it was in fact of Greek origin, or influenced by the existing term of Greek origin.
Jomini defined logistics as:... L'art de bien ordonner les marches d'une armée, de bien combiner l'ordre des troupes dans les colonnes, les tems de leur départ, leur itinéraire, les moyens de communications nécessaires pour assurer leur arrivée à point nommé...... the art of well ordering the functionings of an army, of well combining the order of troops in columns, the times of their departure, their itinerary, the means of communication necessary to assure their arrival at a named point... The Oxford English Dictionary defines logistics as "the branch of military science relating to procuring and transporting material and facilities". However, the New Oxford American Dictionary defines logistics as "the detailed coordination of a complex operation involving many people, facilities, or supplies", the Oxford Dictionary on-line defines it as "the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation"; as such, logistics is seen as a branch of engineering that creates "people systems" rather than "machine systems".
According to the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, logistics is the process of planning and controlling procedures for the efficient and effective transportation and storage of goods including services and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements and includes inbound, outbound and external movements. Academics and practitioners traditionally refer to the terms operations or production management when referring to physical transformations taking place in a single business location and reserve the term logistics for activities related to distribution, that is, moving products on the territory. Managing a distribution center is seen, therefore, as pertaining to the realm of logistics since, while in theory the products made by a factory are ready for consumption they still
The MRT 3, MRT Line 3 or MRT Circle Line was a proposed thirteenth rail transit line, the fifth automated and driverless rail system in Klang Valley area. If completed, this line would form the loop line of the Greater KL/Klang Valley Integrated Transit System; the director of this project is the former chief executive officer of Dato' Ir. Zohari Sulaiman, it was one of three planned rail lines under Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit Project by MRT Corp. Announcement of alignment and station locations was expected during the second quarter of 2011; the MRT Circle Line was expected to cover the hotspots surrounding the Bandar Malaysia, Ampang, KL Ecocity, Bukit Kiara and Sentul. Interest in building the line resurfaced in early 2015, but the project was shelved by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in May 2018. 12 August 2016 - MRT Corp announced that it is expected to submit the study on the MRT Line 3 to the government by year-end. 6 September 2017 - Transport Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai indicated that plans are being drawn up to fast-track the construction of MRT 3 for completion before 2027.
27 October 2017 - During Budget 2018 announced on 27 Oct 2017, Prime Minister Najib Razak indicated that plans are being drawn up to fast-track the construction of MRT 3 for completion before 2025. 3 January 2018 - The former CEO of Rapid Rail, Dato' Ir. Zohari Sulaiman, is appointed by MRTCorp to be the project director of this project. 30 May 2018 - Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad announced that the government would scrap the MRT 3 rail transit project. 23 December 2019 - Transport Minister Anthony Loke - Review of MRT3 under way. On 1 June 2018, Dato' Sri Shahril Mokhtar, the Chief Executive Officer of MRT Corp said that the cancellation of the project is not a mistake but it still needs to be done in the future. "We abide by the government’s decision but we acknowledge that the MRT line 3 is critical to close all the loop. We hope that one day in the future, once the government’s fiscal position gets better, the government will consider this.", he added. SSP22 Bandar Malaysia South - Interchange with SSP Line KJ18 Kerinchi - Interchange with KJ Line KJ5 Setiawangsa - Interchange with KJ Line KJ6 Jelatek - Interchange with KJ Line KB01 Mid Valley - Interchange with Seremban line Mass Rapid Transit Corporation Sdn Bhd Prasarana Malaysia Berhad Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat MRT Circle Line - mrt.com.my
Nitra Castle is a castle located in the Old Town of Nitra, Slovakia. It is a dominant of a national cultural monument, it is the seat of the Diocese of Nitra. The first fortified center on Castle Hill is dated to the Bronze Age. In the 1st century BCE, the hill was settled by the Celts. After its destruction, the location was abandoned until early Slavic period and at least from the turnover of the 8th/9th centuries, it was permanently occupied by the Slavs. In the first half of the 9th century, the top of the hill was protected by the wooden palisade. In the second half of the same century, the Slavs built massive rampart made of two outer drystone walls with an internal timber structure filled with earth; the original rampart was destroyed before early 11th century. The castle was built in the 11th century on the place of an earlier fort; the core of the castle is St. Emmeram's Cathedral with the Bishop's residence, with several different parts; the oldest surviving part is the Romanesque Church of St. Emmeram from the 11th century.
The other two parts of the cathedral are the Gothic Upper Church from the 14th century, the Lower Church from the 17th century. The Gothic Bishop's Palace got its present Late Baroque appearance in the 18th century. There are surviving parts of the castle fortifications, the majority of which were created in the 16th and 17th centuries and smaller part from the Middle Ages; the church is being remodeled. Turčan, Vladimír. Veľkomoravské hradiská. Bratislava: DAJAMA. ISBN 978-80-8136-013-8. Castle of Nitra at slovakia.travel