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A lollipop is a type of sugar candy consisting of hard candy mounted on a stick and intended for sucking or licking. Different informal terms are used in different places, including lolly, sticky-pop, etc. Lollipops shapes. Lollipops are available in a number of colors and flavors fruit flavors. With numerous companies producing lollipops, the candy now comes in dozens of flavors and many different shapes, they range from small ones which can be bought by the hundred and are given away for free at banks and other locations, to large ones made out of candy canes twisted into a circle. Most lollipops are eaten at room temperature, but "ice lollipops", "ice lollies", or "popsicles" are frozen water-based lollipops. Similar confections on a stick made of ice cream with a flavored coating, are not called by this name; some lollipops contain fillings, such as soft candy. Some novelty lollipops have more unusual items, such as mealworm larvae, embedded in the candy. Other novelty lollipops have non-edible centers, such a flashing light, embedded within the candy.

In the Nordic countries and the Netherlands, some lollipops are flavored with salmiak. Lollipops can be used to carry medicines; some lollipops have been marketed for use as diet aids, although their effectiveness is untested, anecdotal cases of weight loss may be due to the power of suggestion. Flavored lollipops containing medicine are intended to give children medicine without fuss. Actiq is a powerful analgesic lollipop; this makes for fast action. The idea of an edible candy on a stick is simple, it is probable that the lollipop has been invented and reinvented numerous times; the first confectioneries that resemble what we call lollipops date to the Middle Ages, when the nobility would eat boiled sugar with the aid of sticks or handles. The invention of the modern lollipop is still something of a mystery but a number of American companies in the early 20th century have laid claim to it. According to the book Food For Thought: Extraordinary Little Chronicles of the World, they were invented by George Smith of New Haven, who started making large hard candies mounted on sticks in 1908.

He named them after a racehorse of the time, Lolly Pop - and trademarked the lollipop name in 1931. The term'lollipop' was recorded by English lexicographer Francis Grose in 1796; the term may have derived from the term "lolly" and "pop". The first references to the lollipop in its modern context date to the 1920s. Alternatively, it may be a word of Romany origin being related to the Roma tradition of selling toffee apples sold on a stick. Red apple in the Romany language is loli phaba; the main ingredient in a standard lollipop is sugar. Sugars are hydrated carbon chains meaning that there is a water molecule attached to each carbon. Sugars come in two forms; when sugars are in straight-chain form and ketone groups are open which leaves them susceptible to reaction. In this state, sugars are unstable. In ring form, sugars therefore exist in this form in most foods, including lollipops. Sugar is a versatile ingredient and is used in many of food and products we consume every single day. What makes sugar different is the way it interacts with the other ingredients and systems within the food as well as how it is treated.

When it is heated enough to break the molecules apart, it generates a complex flavor, changes the color, creates a pleasing aroma. Sugar can form two types of solids in foods. Crystalline solids can be found in food products like fondant and butter creams. Glassy amorphous solids can be found in products like lollipops and caramels. Glassy amorphous solids result when moderate sugar concentrations are heated to high temperatures which nearly eliminates all moisture; the final moisture content is around 1%-2%, whereas the final moisture content in crystalline candies is 8%-12%. The non-crystalline nature of glassy amorphous solids is due to the presence of inhibitors in the solution. Without an inhibitor, crystallization would occur spontaneously and as sugar cools due to its high concentration; some common inhibitors used in lollipop production are corn syrup, cream of tartar and butter. The second most important ingredient in lollipop production is water. Though at the end of the lollipop making process, the moisture content falls to less than 2%, the starting process involves water.

All other ingredients used in the process of lollipop production are optional. The use of inhibitors is dependent on the type of sugar used; the amount of inhibitor in the lollipop is small in comparison to the amount of sugar used. On top of that, additional flavors and inclusions can be added to the final product, but are not a part of the main structure of a simple lollipop. Although the main functional ingredients of a lollipop are quite simple, the actual process of making this product is where things start to get complicated, it has been stated that a glassy amorphous structure is a non-crystalline solid. However, the formation and physical state of this glass has a lot of chemistry and physics behind it; the first step in making lollipops after mixing the main ingredients is the heating process. During heating, the molecules increase in their translational mobilit

Torben Tryde

Torben Tryde was a Danish lieutenant colonel, olympian, resistance fighter and the last person to be appointed kammerjunker by the Danish Court. Torben Tryde was son of Edith Mathilde née Lohse. Torben Tryde had a twin sister Elin Tryde, he graduated from Sankt Jørgens High School in 1935. He went on to graduate from the Danish military Academy in 1939, chose to continue his military career as a cavalry officer. Tryde married Agnete Toussieng, they had four children. Tryde was company leader in the resistance fight during the German occupation of Denmark, but was captured on 1 March 1945, he was held as a prisoner at Vestre Fængsel, was interrogated by the Gestapo at the Shellhus only days before it was bombed by the British in Operation Carthage on 21 March 1945. Tryde was transferred from Vestre Fængsel to Frøslev Prison Camp on 2 May 1945, where he was a prisoner for the remaining part of the war. Tryde was won several championships, he participated in the 1948 Summer Olympics on his horse Attila.

After the war Tryde served as an officer af the Danish Guard Hussar Regiment, but worked at the Danish Department of Defence. He was awarded the UNMOGIP medal, he was editor at the Danish military's Kentaur Magazine. Tryde retired as a lieutenant colonel. Tryde was the last person to be appointed kammerjunker, because the appointments ceased after the death of Christian X of Denmark in 1947. Tryde was appointed a Knight First Class of the Order of the Dannebrog; the French president René Cotys was in Denmark in 1956, used to occasion to appoint Tryde a member of the Légion d'honneur. Tryde was awarded the Medal of Merit by the Danish Court. After his retirement Tryde wrote two books about the genealogy of the Tryde family: Slægten Tryde, published in 1990 and Tryde Kirke og Slægten Tryde, published in 1995. Torben Trydes record at the Danish archive of resistance fighters

Arrow Rock Historic District

Arrow Rock Historic District is a National Historic Landmark District encompassing the village of Arrow Rock and the adjacent Arrow Rock State Historic Site. The Arrow Rock area was where the historic Santa Fe Trail crossed the Missouri River, was thus a key stopping point during the settlement of the American West; the 260-acre historic district was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1963. Arrow Rock is named for a stone formation, a recognized landmark on the Missouri River since the 18th century prized by local Native Americans as a source of stone for tools and weapons. A ferry was established in the area in 1815, providing westward access to settlers passing through Franklin on the eastern bank. In the 1820s this route became known as the Santa Fe Trail, became a major route by which settlers traveled west; the town of Arrow Rock provided services to these travelers, with a tavern and a fresh-water spring among the amenities. By the mid-19th century the town had a population of 1,000.

As the trail declined in importance, so did the town's population. Since 1912, Arrow Rock has transformed from a small river town into a major heritage-tourism center thanks to an active historic preservation movement. In 1963 it was recognized as a National Historic Landmark site, in 2006 the National Trust for Historic Preservation listed it as one of its "Dozen Distinctive Destination" sites, in 2008 it was recognized as a "Preserve America Community." For most of the 20th century and interpretation activities focused exclusively on the upscale white, male components, ignoring the role of the majority population. Beginning in 1996, Arrow Rock redefined has utilized public history and archaeology to emphasize new interpretive programs that Pay much more attention to the African American heritage. Preservationists and historians are eager to involve this marginalized descendant community; the historic district includes both the incorporated village of Arrow Rock, the grounds of the adjacent state historic site, which overlap each other.

The village includes a significant number of surviving pre-Civil War buildings, including the tavern, a courthouse and several churches. Within the bounds of the state park is the George Caleb Bingham House, a modest brick structure, the home of frontier artist George Caleb Bingham. List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri National Register of Historic Places listings in Saline County, Missouri Baumann, Timothy E. "An Historical Perspective of Civic Engagement and Interpreting Cultural Diversity in Arrow Rock, Missouri." Historical Archaeology: 114-134. Online All of the following Historic American Buildings Survey documentation is filed under Arrow Rock, Saline County, MO: HABS No. MO-221, "George Caleb Bingham House, Arrow Rock State Park", 6 photos, 4 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-222, "Houston Tavern, Arrow Rock State Park", 16 photos, 5 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-223, "William B. Sappington House", 25 photos, 5 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No.

MO-223-A, "William B. Sappington Cemetery", 4 photos, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-230, "Price House", 7 photos, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-231, "Old Seminary Building", 5 photos, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-232, "Old City Jail, Arrow Rock State Park", 2 photos, 2 data pages HABS No. MO-1680, "Digges House", 1 photo, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1681, "Thompson-McQuire House", 3 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1682, "Dr. J. W. Bradford House", 3 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1683, "Woods House", 1 photo, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1684, "Arrow Rock Lutheran Church", 1 photo, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1685, "Orear-Blakey House, State Route 41", 2 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1686, "Locke-Hardeman House", 3 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No. MO-1688, "House, State Route 41", 3 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page HABS No.

MO-1687, "R. L. Thompson House", 4 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page

Clone Church

Clone Church is a Romanesque medieval church and National Monument in County Wexford, Ireland. Clone Church is located 2.6 km south on the south side of the River Bann. Clone Church is built on the site of an earlier monastic foundation by Máedóc of Ferns, it was built in the 13th century in Romanesque style. The sundial was moved to Tintern Abbey in 2001. A Romanesque window from this church was incorporated into St. Peter's, the Church of Ireland parish church of Ferns. Face corbels from the church were incorporated into the wellhouse built over St Mogue's Well; the church ruins consist of the west part of the south wall. The west door jambs have chevron carvings on the architrave moulding. Five carved heads, a greyhound and a stone with dog-tooth decoration are over the door; the graveyard contains two bullaun stones. An stone sundial was in the graveyard of Clone Church, a remnant of the old monastery where a clock was needed so that the Liturgy of the Hours could be recited at the correct times.

There are twelve hour-lines and a hole for the gnomon, another hole above it of unknown purpose

Legacy House

Legacy House is a non-profit assisted living facility managed by the Seattle Chinatown International District Public Development Association. It was built in 1998 in response to an increasing need for affordable, cultural diverse services in the neighborhood of the Seattle China-International District to accommodate its senior population. Legacy House is the only assisted living facility in Seattle that emphasizes serving one hundred percent Asian and Pacific Islander clientele, their staff speaks over 15 Asian languages in order to help its residents communicate better and services low-income members of Seattle's Asian communities exclusively. Many of their members have been pioneers of the Seattle Asian-American community. Legacy House offers adult day services, that caters to over a hundred seniors that come for part of the day. In addition, they run group activities such as bingo, group dancing class, tai chi. One major feature of this facility is that they serve traditional Asian cuisine on the daily basis and celebrate the festivities from all the residents' cultures.

Legacy house is a clinically advanced facility and provides occupational therapy for clients with strokes, gout and mental health counseling for clients who are physically and mentally unstable. Legacy House was built next to the Denise Early Childhood Education Center with the belief that developing inter-generational relationships will benefit both seniors and children. Seniors have the opportunity to associate with children next door through doing activities in order to facilitate inter-generational togetherness. SCIDpda official website Legacy House official website


Voices-Voix is a non-partisan Canadian coalition of organizations and individuals seeking to defend democracy and enable cvil society. Voices-Voix's work is at the federal level, is focused on the rule of law, free speech and equality. Working with allies, the Coalition tracks the independence and integrity of Parliamentary institutions, the role of the Canadian government in working with Canadian companies working overseas, the promotion of the role of public science and environmental protection, support for the rights of organized labour. In April 2010, more than 100 representatives of organizations from across Canada assembled in Ottawa to address the state of democracy under the Harper federal government; the Voices-Voix Coalition was formed in response to concerns about sustained attacks on civil society organizations working in international cooperation, women's equality, human rights and refugee settlement groups, Indigenous activism. The Coalition noted that open and healthy democracy in Canada requires tolerance for peaceful dissent.

The organizations that make up the coalition are diverse, but share goals of democracy, human rights - including minority and women's rights-, the environment and sustainable development and respect for the law. Under the Voices-Voix umbrella, the organizations are united in the belief that democracy, free speech and equality must be better respected and protected by the Canadian government. In 2013, Voices-Voix launched a national research network to curate and develop case studies documenting the state of civil society in Canada, the strength of free expression and the rights to dissent; the network's Editorial Board includes leading Canadian practitioners. Voices-Voix was among the first in Canada to adapt the concept of an enabling environment, used in the international development context and apply it domestically to civil society in Canada. By 2015, the Coalition had documented more than 125 case studies, its work has been cited in submissions to the United Nations, reports by the Special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of association and peaceful assembly, the international NGO CIVICUS, the CCPA publication The Harper Record 2008-2015 among others.

In 2015, shortly before the federal general election, the Coalition launched its report, Dismantling Democracy. Voices-Voix continues to document case studies under the Trudeau Liberal government. Voices-Voix is a non-partisan coalition that welcomes new members. Organizations who have their headquarters in Canada can become members of Voices-Voix after endorsing the Voices-Voix Declaration; the coalition is all-inclusive with the exception of political parties, who are prohibited from membership. Member-organizations become part of a dialogue related to the collective action necessary in order to achieve their common objectives; the communications coordinator is the coalition’s only staff member, an expense covered by donations from member-organizations. The coalition is based on the premise that Canadians elect representatives in order to have their voices heard - not ignored or silenced. Voices-Voix asserts that elected officials are morally obligated to respect the voices and to represent the will of the people.

Voices-Voix is seeking to raise awareness on issues of free speech and equality in Canada which they believe, are necessary elements of a more informed citizenry and a thriving democracy. The Voices-Voix declaration calls on the government of Canada to: firstly, respect the right to freedom of opinion and expression, secondly, to act in accordance with Canada’s democratic values and thirdly, to be transparent - which includes demonstrating accountability and keeping partisan agendas separate from funding decisions. Individuals who are looking to endorse the declaration are asked to do so by signing a petition. Voices-Voix Alternatives National Union of Public and General Employees Center for Equality Rights in Accommodation Ontario Humanist Society Amnesty International Canadian Council for International Cooperation The Walrus Public Service Alliance of Canada