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Lomonosov Gold Medal

The Lomonosov Gold Medal, named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, is awarded each year since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 1967, two medals are awarded annually: one to a foreign scientist, it is the Academy's highest accolade. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa: cumulatively, for works in physics of low temperatures. Aleksandr Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov: accumulatively for works in chemistry. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga: for substantial scientific contributions to the development of physics. Hideki Yukawa: for outstanding merits in the development of theoretical physics. Sir Howard Walter Florey: for an outstanding contribution in the development of medicine. Nikolai Vasilevich Belov: accumulatively for works in crystallography. Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm: for outstanding achievements in the theory of elementary particles and other domain of theoretical physics Cecil Frank Powell: for outstanding achievements in the physics of elementary particles.

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Engelgardt: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and molecular biology. István Rusznyák: for outstanding achievements in medicine. Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov: for outstanding achievements in chemical physics. Giulio Natta: for outstanding achievements in the chemistry of polymers Ivan Matveevich Vinogradov: for outstanding studies in mathematics. Arnaud Denjoy: for outstanding achievements in mathematics. Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian: for outstanding achievements in astronomy and astrophysics. Hannes Alfvén: for outstanding achievements in physics of plasma and astrophysics. Nikoloz Muskhelishvili: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics. Max Steenbeck: for outstanding achievements in the physics of plasma and applied physics. Aleksandr Pavlovich Vinogradov: for outstanding achievements in geochemistry. Vladimír Zoubek: for outstanding achievements in geology. Aleksandr Ivanovich Tselikov: for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology.

Angel Balevski: for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology. Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and space research. Maurice Roy: for outstanding achievements in mechanics and its applications. Semyon Isaakovich Volfkovich: for outstanding achievements in chemistry and the technology of phosphorus and the development of scientific foundations of chemicalization of agriculture in the USSR. Herman Klare: for outstanding achievements in the chemistry and technology of man-made fibers. Mikhail Alekseevich Lavrentiev: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and mechanics. Linus Carl Pauling: for outstanding achievements in chemistry and biochemistry. Anatolii Petrovich Aleksandrov: for outstanding achievements in nuclear science and technology. Alexander Robertus Todd: for outstanding achievements in organic chemistry. Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry. Béla Szőkefalvi-Nagy: for outstanding achievements in mathematics.

Boris Yevgenevich Paton: for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology. Jaroslav Kožešník: for outstanding achievements in applied mathematics and mechanics. Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kotelnikov: for outstanding achievements in radiophysics, radio engineering and electronics. Pavle Savić: for outstanding achievements in chemistry and physics. Julii Borisovich Khariton: for outstanding achievements in physics. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry and crystal chemistry. Andrei Lvovich Kursanov: for outstanding achievements in physiology and biochemistry of plants. Abdus Salam: for outstanding achievements in physics. Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogolyubov: for outstanding achievements in mathematics and theoretical physics. Rudolf Mössbauer: for outstanding achievements in physics. Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sadovsky: for outstanding achievements in geology and geophysics. Guillermo Haro: for outstanding achievements in astrophysics. Svyatoslav Nikolaevich Fyodorov: for outstanding achievements in ophthalmology and eye microsurgery.

Josef Říman: for outstanding achievements in biochemistry. Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov: for outstanding achievements in physics. John Bardeen: for outstanding achievements in physics. Sergei Lvovich Sobolev: for outstanding achievements in mathematics. Jean Leray: for outstanding achievements in mathematics. Nikolai Gennadievic


Iconology Inc. d/b/a ComiXology, is a cloud-based digital distribution platform for comics, with over 200 million comic downloads as of September 2013. It offers a selection of more than 100,000 comic books, graphic novels, manga across Android, iOS, Kindle Fire, Windows 8, the Internet. In April 2014, ComiXology became a subsidiary of ComiXology's digital platform with Guided View reading technology is used in the company's own branded applications, is the engine used by most major comic book publishers in the United States, including Marvel Comics and DC Comics for their branded digital services. With the release of the third generation iPad and its Retina Display, ComiXology released a high-definition comic format dubbed CMX-HD; the company provides tools for brick-and-mortar comic book retailers to participate in digital comic sales. was launched July 2007 as an online community for comic book fans. The website displays weekly listings of new titles that can be viewed by issue: displaying cover art, description, page count, other information.

Users can comment on individual comic books. As of July 24, 2014, ComiXology offers DRM-free downloads for the comics available from selected publishers on its online store. Pull List, a mobile comic book store locater providing readers with a digital Pull List tool, allowing fans to pre-order comics for pick up from local stores through the app; this app has been replaced by the Comics by comiXology app and the web app has the retail store locator included. Retailer Tools, a suite of out-of-the-box web solutions for brick-and-mortar comic book retailers to optimize their presence online. Numerous retailers worldwide have integrated comiXology's Retailer Tools into their operations, representing about 2% of all pre-orders in the market. Comics by ComiXology, a digital comic book reader and store for mobile devices, including iOS, Windows 8, the Internet, that allows users to access their digital comic collection across multiple devices; the company was founded in 2007 by CEO David Steinberger, CTO John D. Roberts, Peter Jaffe.

Subsequent to winning the business plan competition at New York University, the company received seed financing from Kit McQuiston, New York Angels and Rose Tech Ventures. In May 2016, the company launched "comiXology Unlimited," a subscription service that gives access thousands of comics to read from most major publishers for a monthly fee of $5.99, however Marvel and DC are not included. ComiXology Unlimited, is an online subscription service by ComiXology, a cloud-based platform for digital comics The service offers more than four thousand issues to its subscribers and launched on May 24, 2016. ComiXology Unlimited contains a selection of titles from Image Comics, Dark Horse, IDW Publishing, BOOM! Studios, Dynamite Entertainment, Kodansha Comics, Oni Press, Valiant Entertainment, Archie Comics, Fantagraphics Books, Action Lab Entertainment, Aspen Comics, Magnetic Press, Zenescope Entertainment and more. According to the company, ComiXology Unlimited offers the widest subscription selection of digital comics in the world.

ComiXology Unlimited is available in the U. S. and ComiXology plans to expand to other regions in the future. ComiXology updates the content included in the program on a monthly basis. ComiXology's patent-pending Guided View technology allows readers to read through comics in full screen or from panel-to-panel, mimicking the natural movement of the eye as though readers were experiencing reading a print comic book. In June 2018, the company announced ComiXology Originals, an initiative to publish creator-owned titles. ComiXology holds exclusive distribution rights on iOS to DC Comics digital content through branded apps and comics by comiXology. ComiXology holds exclusive digital distribution rights to: All of Robert Kirkman's titles - including The Walking Dead Youngblood and Armageddon Now from Rob Liefeld, original co-founder of Image Comics. ComiXology’s first original digital title, Box 13, has been acquired by Red 5 Comics for print distribution. ComiXology commissioned a sequel to the comic, titled The Pandora Project.

Both Box 13 titles were created by the Harvey Award-winning team behind the Zuda Comics title High Moon - David Gallaher and Steve Ellis Moon Girl is an original comic published by ComiXology, based on a public domain comics character. The creative team on Moon Girl is Tony Trov, Johnny Zito, Rahzzah. In 2018, ComiXology launches the ComiXology Originals banner. ComiXology Originals launched with four titles. New titles would follow in 2018 with the launches of Goliath Girls, Grave Danger, Hit Reblog: Comics That Caught Fire, Teenage Wasteland, The Dark and The Stone King. In March 2019 they launched Stone Star and picked up the second volume of the independent series The Pride. In March 2013 during SXSW, an issue arose when Marvel Comics attempted to distribute over 700 comics for free via ComiXology for the Marvel #1 promotion; the ComiXology servers were unable to keep up with user demand, preventing users from obtaining the promotional comics, as well as from reading comics they had purchased.

This led to the promotions being delayed. Soon afterward, the promotion was offered again and was reported to have "worked flawlessly". In the aftermath of th

Aurora HDR

Aurora HDR is photographic software developed by Macphun Software for Mac OS X and Windows. MacPhun changed its name to Skylum in early 2018. Aurora HDR is a High Dynamic Range editing and processing tool released in November, 2015, it was made through a collaboration between software developer Macphun and HDR photographer Trey Ratcliff. HDR image editing techniques are designed to overcome difficult lighting situations where highlights and shadows are prevalent in the same image, but have been used to create processed, fanciful images as well. By automatically aligning and merging multiple exposures of photos, Aurora HDR can create a single tone-mapped image. A collection of powerful editing and processing tools allow for layered compositions and targeted areas of photo and graphic processing. Aurora HDR comes in five different versions for two different operating systems. Versions and current, include: Aurora HDR; the software runs as a standalone or as a plug-in to host applications like Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Photoshop Lightroom, Adobe Photoshop Elements, Apple Aperture.

In early 2016, Aurora HDR was updated with support to run as an editing extension for Apple Photos for Mac. In 2016 Macphun released the next version of Aurora HDR - Aurora HDR 2017 along with a Windows version. In 2018 Skylum released Aurora 2018 for Windows operating systems. Aurora HDR works on single images or multiple exposures, initial merging options change depending on the number of images loaded. If a single image is provided to the software, only the "Chromatic Aberration Reduction" option is available. If multiple exposures are selected, "Alignment" and "Ghost Reduction" options are revealed. Alignment should be checked if the multiple images were recorded while holding the camera by hand vs. a tripod. Ghost Reduction relates to minimizing the effects of moving objects in a multi-exposure merging process. If you have moving objects, choose this function; the user interface of Aurora HDR consists of the following: Large preview window Open & Export/Share Zoom & navigation controls Comparison controls Undo/Redo Cropping tool Move tool Brush Layers Histogram Presets Advanced tools Presets are pre-installed one-click controls that apply a specific "style" to the tone-mapped image.

This style is created by the use and modification of the Advance tools containing in the software. The Preset panel in Aurora HDR Pro contains 7 separate categories applicable to all types of photos: Trey Ratcliff's Signature presets, Realistic HDR, Landscape, Architecture, each of which contain thumbnail graphics representing several or dozens of styles. In addition, users may create their own. Aurora HDR comes with an extensive list of tools and functionality designed to help photographers edit their images using HDR techniques; the tools range from those that can help reproduce a natural, realistic look to those that enhance images towards a more fantasy-like direction. Each tool listed below has a unique set of controls to modify its effects. Tone Mapping Tone Structure HDR Denoise Image Radiance Color Details Glow Top & Bottom Lighting Tone Curve Color Filter Color Toning Vignette Aurora HDR Pro features the ability to create up to 9 layers, provides brushing and masking functionality common in many image-editing software programs.

Layers can be automatically loaded with either the previous layer, a custom texture, the original tone-mapped image, or any one of the exposures in the bracketed set. Brushes and masking, including Gradient Masking are used to selectively apply or erase effects from the image. An advanced feature of the Pro version of Aurora HDR is to designate a layer as one that contains "Luminosity Masking." Aurora HDR opens a variety of popular image file formats, including RAW camera files that are the native to specific camera manufacturers. It saves in a native file format which allows for the resumption of editing after saving and closing the file; the software exports in the following file formats: JPG, PNG, GIF, JPG-2000, TIFF, PDF, can transfer images directly into Macphun's Creative Suite for further editing. The software permits sharing to image galleries like 500px, Smugmug and Flickr, plus social networks like Facebook and Twitter. Additionally Aurora HDR can send images via Apple Messages. Official Website

Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office

The Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office is a government-owned and controlled corporation of the Philippines under direct supervision of the Office of the President of the Philippines. It is mandated to do fund raising and provide funds for health programs, medical assistance and services, charities of national character; the raised collections goes to the President's Presidential Social Fund to improve the country's social welfare. Sweepstakes Draw National Lotteries Small Town Lotteries Scratchcard Online Keno Horse Racing Fifty-five percent shall be set aside as a prize fund for the payment of prizes, including those for the owners, jockeys of running horses, sellers of winning tickets. Prizes not claimed within one year from date of draw shall be considered forfeited, shall form part of the charity fund for disposition. Thirty percent shall be set aside as contributions to the charity/ social fund of the Office of the President. Fifteen percent shall be set aside as contributions to the operating expenses and capital expenditures of the PCSO.

All balances of any funds in the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office shall revert to and form part of the charity fund. The disbursements of these allocations are subject to state auditing regulations. Lotteries was started in the Philippines in 1833. Under the auspices of private enterprises called the Empresa de Reales Loterias Españolas de Filipinas, the Spanish Government conducted loterias to generate revenues. Dr. José Rizal won 6,200.00 in the draw of 1892. He donated his winnings to an educational project; the loteria was forced to stop operations during the outbreaks of the Philippine Revolution and the Spanish-American War. In 1932, the first Sweepstakes draw after the last loteria was conducted by the American Insular government to raise funds to support sports projects for the Filipino youth through the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation – the beneficiary of the first draw. After the success of the PAAF Sweepstakes, the government decided to conduct more draws for the benefit of the Philippine Anti-Tuberculosis Society, now the Philippine Tuberculosis Society.

The draws were held under the auspices of an organization called the National Charity Sweepstakes. On March 1935 President Manuel L. Quezon approved Act No. 301 – the law passed by the Philippine Legislature in October 30, 1934 creating the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes, replacing the National Charity Sweepstakes. Under this law, the new organization was authorized to secure from the National Treasury a loan amounting to ₱250,000.00, the minimum amount required for organizing the office and printing the tickets for the draw. On September 8, 1935, the new agency held its first Sweepstakes draw; the loan was paid back in less than two months and shortly after the note was signed, proceeds from the sales started coming in. Among its beneficiaries were the Philippine Amateur Athletic Federation, the Philippine Tuberculosis Society, the National Federation of Women’s Clubs, the Asociación de Damas de Filipinas, the Gota de Leche, the Associate of Manila and the Provinces, the Philippine Islands Council of the Boy Scouts of America, the Asilo para Invalidos de los Veteranos de la Revolución, the Child Welfare Center and other institutions and organizations engaged in charitable and health work, or work for the improvement of the conditions of the indigent Filipino masses.

Its corporate charter was enacted into law under Republic Act No. 1169 on June 18, 1954 by Ramon Magsaysay. It repealed Act No. 430, as amended by Commonwealth Act Nos. 301 and 546 and by Republic Acts Nos. 72 and 574. In September 1979, Batas Pambansa Blg. 42 was enacted to raise the fund allocation for the agency’s Charity Fund and for the use of unclaimed prizes. On January 1995, during the incumbency of Chairman Manuel Morato, the PCSO launched the first online lottery in the Philippines known as Lotto, the first draw was held on March 8, 1995. Similar to lotteries in the U. S. Europe and Australia, the automated gaming the Lotto 6/42, the player chooses any set of 6 numbers from 1 to 42 and wins when these numbers are drawn in any sequence during the draw date. An equipment lease was signed with Malaysia's Berjaya Sports Toto Berhad. On March 20, 2006, through the advise of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, the PCSO launched the small-town lottery, it is intended to compete with jueteng, a popular but illegal numbers game, criticized as a major source of corruption in local government units.

On July 26, 2019, in a speech, President Rodrigo Duterte declared PCSO games as "illegal" due to corruption allegiations and closing down the lotto outlets by the PNP, temporarily suspending the gaming operations after the speech, Lotto operations was resumed on July 31, 2019 and small-town-lottery operations on August 22, 2019. On July 26 to August 26, 2019, President Rodrigo Duterte has suspended the STL operations around the country due to allegations of corruption. Official website Philippine Racing Club Manila Jockey Club Daily Lotto results website

Warner & Sons

For the bell-founding family, see John Warner & Sons. Warner & Sons was a British textile manufacturer specialising in silk for the furnishing industry, it wove the coronation robes for both Edward VII and Elizabeth II and had associations with some of the leading textile designers and artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. The firm was established in the historic silk weaving neighbourhood of Spitalfields, London in 1870 and was known under a variety of different names – including Warner, Sillet & Ramm – during its early years. Founder Benjamin Warner, a jacquard weaver, was from a family, in the silk industry since at least the 17th century. Warner wove high quality silks using traditional designs and began supplying royalty around 1880; some five years earlier, the company had diversified into popular fabrics such as worsted, lampas and velvet – the move into velvet production was useful for building its reputation. It acquired the company of Charles Norris & Co in 1885, which meant Warner held a royal warrant as supplier of silks and velvets to the royal households.

It became known formally as Warner & Sons in 1891, when Benjamin Warner's sons Alfred and Frank joined the business. Warner & Sons moved to Braintree, Essex in 1895, joining other well known companies located in the town such as Courtaulds, taking over buildings used by the silk industry. By the start of the 20th century, Warner & Sons' reputation for silk furnishing fabric was cemented, it expanded in the early decades, moving into powerweaving in 1919 and operating an office in Paris from 1919 to 1926, as well as taking its products into the United States. To meet demand for both modern and traditional designs, it acquired the textile block printing firm of Dartford Print Works in Dartford, Kent in 1926-7. In 1928, Frank Warner's son-in-law Ernest Goodale joined the board, becoming managing director in 1930. Two years Alec Hunter took charge of the design studio and extended the use of freelance designers as well as combining modern weaves with traditional skills, such as brocading. Fabrics for the Royal Institute of British Architects' headquarters and the University of London Senate House were among the major commissions during this period.

After the war, Warner & Sons developed a reputation for innovation, thanks in part to the arrival of leading textile designer Marianne Straub in 1950 and her colleague Frank Davies in 1951. Straub was to remain with Warner until her retirement in 1970. One of her most famous early designs for Warner was Surrey, a textile that featured in the Festival of Britain in 1951 and was used in the Regatta Restaurant. Based on the crystalline structure of afwillite, it was chosen as representative of textiles of the early post-war period. During this era, Warner & Sons was still renowned for its high-quality silks and velvets – weaving the coronation robes for Queen Elizabeth II in 1953, as well as the Queensway Coronation Silk, hung from the balcony of Westminster Abbey during the coronation ceremony. Warner & Sons created many designs for the Ministry of Works destined for public spaces such as schools and polytechnics. From 1964, Warner & Sons wove designs created by Straub and Davies for Isabel Tisdall's Tamesa Fabrics.

Choosing Warner gave Tamesa the flexibility to create short runs, custom die to design briefs and add special finishes such as protective and fireproof coatings. With a focus on the vibrant commercial market, these designs were championed by influential architects of the time such as Milner Gray and Misha Black and were subsequently to appear on everything from seats on BEA's Trident aircraft to the interiors of the QE2. Weaving ceased at the company's Braintree location in 1971, but under the stewardship of John Tibbitts, Warner & Sons oversaw production of high-end chintz for London companies such as Colefax & Fowler and US firms such as Lee Jofa and Brunschwig and Fils. Warner & Sons closed at the end of March 1990. In the years leading up to this, Tibbitts had worked to save a vast archive of fabric samples, paper designs and other documentation. Archivists were employed in 1976 and various educational activities provided access to the archive. After transfers of the Warner & Sons brand and archive holdings to new ownership, a threat that the collection might be lost, it was saved by £2.7m funding that included support from local and national government, The Art Fund and the Clothworkers' Foundation, enabling it to pass into the ownership of Braintree District Museum Trust.

It is now housed in the original mill building in Braintree as the Warner Textile Archive. Designs in the archive span two centuries and, alongside the work of Marianne Straub, Frank Davies and Alec Hunter, it includes work by artists such as Augustus Pugin, William Morris, Walter Crane, Vanessa Bell, Howard Hodgkin, Edward Bawden, Hans Tisdall, Graham Sutherland and Lynton Lamb. British Pathé film showing Warner's staff weaving the Queen's coronation robes in 1952 BBC's A History of the World showing Queensway Coronation Silk designed by Robert Godden and woven by Warner & Sons Wellcome Trust interview with Mary Schoeser about Festival of Britain designs, featuring Warner & Sons design by Marianne Straub Warner & Sons' holding at Victoria & Albert Museum

Joey McCarthy

Joey McCarthy is a retired American stock car racing driver. The 1987 New Jersey State Champion in kart racing, he is a former competitor in the NASCAR Busch North series, the NASCAR Busch Series, the NASCAR Nextel Cup Series. Starting his racing career at age 10, McCarthy made a name for himself in kart racing, winning the 1987 New Jersey State Karting Championship, he moved to stock car competition in 1991, competing at Flemington Speedway, where he won the track's rookie championship. McCarthy made his debut in NASCAR touring series competition in 1994, competing in the Featherlite Modified Tour. In 1995 McCarthy moved to NASCAR's national touring series, making his first attempt to qualify in the Busch Series, he qualified for his first Busch Series race in 1996, competing at Nazareth Speedway and finishing 34th. McCarthy began his career in the Busch North Series, a New England-based regional series running cars similar to those in the Busch Grand National series, in 1998. McCarthy scored his first and only win in the Busch North Series in 2003, at Holland International Speedway in Holland, New York.

He returned to the Whelen Modified Tour in 2003, competing at New Hampshire International Speedway and finishing 41st. McCarthy competed in the Toyota All-Star Showdown between 2003 and 2006, representing the Busch North Series. In 2005, in addition to continuing to compete as a regular in the Busch North Series, McCarthy attempted to move up to the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series, he signed with Mach One, Inc. to drive the No. 34 Chevrolet on a limited schedule in the Nextel Cup Series. McCarthy returned to the Busch Series in 2006 for a single event, competing in the New England 200 at New Hampshire for Keith Coleman Racing and finishing 43rd. McCarthy tied his best career points finish in the renamed Busch East Series that year, finishing 6th in points. McCarthy is employed as a crew member for teams on the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series circuit. 1 Competed only in companion events with Busch North Series as BNS driver and ineligible for Busch Series points Joey McCarthy driver statistics at Racing-Reference Joey McCarthy at Driver Database