The London Borough of Bromley is the southeasternmost of the 32 London boroughs that make up Greater London along with the City of London. It is named after its principal town; the local authority is Bromley London Borough Council. The borough occupies 59 square miles; the majority of the borough is Metropolitan Green Belt, including nearly all of the land south of the A232-A21 route between West Wickham and Pratts Bottom. It is perhaps the most rural borough and contains more of the North Downs than any other, as that escarpment is broad between Bromley and Banstead; this is reflected in its population density, the lowest of the 32 London boroughs. Most of the population lives in the north and west of the borough, with an outlier at Biggin Hill in the far south; the borough shares borders with the London Boroughs of Lewisham and Greenwich to the north, Bexley to the north-east and Lambeth to the north-west, Croydon to the west. It borders the Sevenoaks District of Kent to the east and south, the Tandridge District of Surrey to the south-west.
Westerham Heights, the highest point in London at an altitude of 804 feet, is on the southern boundary. The Prime Meridian passes through Bromley. About 30% of the land in Bromley is farmland, the highest figure of a London Borough; the borough was formed on 1 April 1965 by the London Government Act 1963. It covered the areas of the Municipal Borough of Bromley, the Municipal Borough of Beckenham, Penge Urban District, Orpington Urban District and the Chislehurst part of Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District; the local government authorities that until had administered those other areas were abolished by the London Government Act on 1 April 1965. In 1969, after a local campaign, local government responsibility for the village of Knockholt was transferred to the neighbouring Sevenoaks Rural District: before 1965, it had been part of the Orpington Urban District; the borough is urban and rural, the former to the north and much part of the built-up area of suburban London. The principal parts of the northern section, from west to east, are Beckenham, which includes Eden Park and Elmers End.
The built-up area around Orpington not only encompasses its direct outskirts of Chelsfield, Derry Downs, Goddington and Petts Wood. Other smaller suburban areas include Anerley and nearby Crystal Palace. In addition, parts of Mottingham, Sydenham and Ruxley lie within the borough boundaries. There are two main built-up areas in the southern part of the borough: West Wickham. Biggin Hill and Keston with Leaves Green and Nash are separate, rural settlements. Local attractions include Down House, Chislehurst Caves, Holwood House, Crofton Roman Villa, the site of The Crystal Palace. Bromley is divided into 22 wards with a total of 60 council seats; these are represented by: Conservative: 50 Labour: 8 Independents: 2Bromley was under Conservative control from its creation until the local elections of 7 May 1998 when a Liberal Democrat/Labour coalition assumed power. After a number of by-elections and a defection, the Conservatives regained control on 5 July 2001; the 22 wards are shown on the accompanying map.
Ward names straddle the named settlements and suburban areas above: their boundaries are fixed, whereas the latter are not. In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 8,944; this rose throughout the nineteenth century, as the district became built up. When the railways arrived, the rate of population growth increased; the population peaked in the 1970s. In the 2011 UK Census, the borough had a population of 309,392. All major religions are represented, but of those stating a choice, 60.07% described themselves as Christian. In 2001, of the population, 43.47% were in full-time employment and 11.06% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 32.53% owning their house outright, a further 42.73% owning with a mortgage. Only 1.42% were in local authority housing, with a further 12.74% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord. A study in 2017 showed.
The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2011 census in Bromley. Bromley is one of only six London Boroughs not to have at least one London Underground station within its boundaries. However, the borough has many railway stations served by London Overground, Thameslink and Southern; the borough has several stops on the Tramlink network. It was reported that Boris Johnson plans to introduce either an extension of the Bakerloo Line to Hayes, in Bromley, passing through Beckenham Junction, or an extension of the DLR to Bromley North. One last option is the extension of the London Overground to Bromley North; the most is the extension of the Bakerloo Line, but would not be scheduled to begin till 2040, if accepted. Stations operated by London Overground: Anerley Crystal Palace Penge WestNational Rail stations: Birkbeck Beckenham Junction
Peter Howard Rheinstein is an American physician, lawyer and administrator. He was an official of the Food and Drug Administration 1974-1999. Rheinstein, a General Motors Scholar, received a B. A. with high honors from Michigan State University in 1963, an M. S. in mathematics from Michigan State University in 1964, an M. D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1967, a J. D. from the University of Maryland School of Law in 1973. At Michigan State University Rheinstein was noted for his facility in mathematics. Rheinstein was director of the Drug Advertising and Labeling Division and Drug Administration, Rockville, 1974-1982. While at FDA Rheinstein developed precedents for Food and Drug Administration regulation of prescription drug promotion, initiated FDA’s first patient medication information program. Judy Woodruff interviewed Rheinstein about generic drug safety on the McNeil-Lehrer NewsHour, 11 Dec 1985. Stone Phillips interviewed Rheinstein about drug labeling on Dateline NBC, March 31, 1992. From 1999 – 2004, Rheinstein was senior vice president for medical and clinical affairs, Cell Works, Inc. Baltimore.
Among other projects, Cell Works wanted to develop a blood test for anthrax, similar to a system for cancer cells it produced. "It's something that companies like ours can incorporate into our diagnostic technology," Rheinstein told the Washington Times. Biodefense projects "create new technologies, the spin-offs of which can be commercialized into some pretty good things." In 2000 Rheinstein became president of Severn Health Solutions in Maryland. In 2010 Rheinstein was named president of the Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research and in 2011 was named chairman of the American Board of Legal Medicine. Rheinstein was named chairman of the United States Adopted Names Council in 2012. Rheinstein is a member of Phi Kappa Phi, vice-president of the Intercultural Friends Foundation. Rheinstein is chairman of MedData Foundation, he is president-elect of the Academy of Medicine of Washington, DC. Co-author: Human Organ Transplantation: Societal, Medical-Legal and Reimbursement Issues. Health Administration Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan 1987.
Special editorial advisor, Good Housekeeping Guide to Medicines and Drugs, 1977–80 member editorial board Legal Aspects Medical Practice, 1981–89 member editorial board Drug Information Journal, 1982–86 publisher of Discovery Medicine, 2001- Peter Rheinstein on Avvo.com Peter Rheinstein's biography from Who's Who in America Peter Rheinstein's recent AMA House of Delegate Articles Peter Rheinstein publications on Google Scholar Peter Rheinstein publications on Google Books Peter Rheinstein publications on PubMed Judy Woodruff interviews Peter Rheinstein about generic drug safety on the McNeil-Lehrer NewsHour, 11 Dec 1985 Stone Phillips interviews Peter Rheinstein about drug labeling, Dateline NBC, March 31, 1992
The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress is one of the annual awards given by the National Society of Film Critics. This awards was given for the first time in 1967 to Marjorie Rhodes for her role in The Family Way. Meryl Streep won this award three times: in 1978 for The Deer Hunter, in 1979 for Kramer vs. Kramer, for Manhattan and for The Seduction of Joe Tynan and in 2006 for The Devil Wears Prada and for A Prairie Home Companion. Anjelica Huston, Dianne Wiest, Patricia Clarkson and Amy Adams each won the award two times. Winning the award at age 13 for Taxi Driver, Jodie Foster is the youngest winner in this category. In 2009, Mo'Nique became the first African-American to win in this category for her performance in Precious. † = Winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress ‡ = Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress ¥ = Winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress § = Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress 3 winsMeryl Streep 2 winsAmy Adams Patricia Clarkson Anjelica Huston Dianne Wiest National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress "Past Awards".
National Society of Film Critics. Retrieved 10 December 2016