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London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham

The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham is a London borough in west London and in southwest London. Traversed by the east-west main roads of the A4 Great West Road and the A40 Westway, many international corporations have offices in the borough; the local council is Fulham London Borough Council. The borough is amongst the four most expensive boroughs for residential properties in the United Kingdom, along with Kensington and Chelsea, the City of Westminster and Camden; the borough is unique in London in having three professional football clubs: Chelsea and Queens Park Rangers. The borough was formed in 1965 by merging the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith and the much more ancient Metropolitan Borough of Fulham.. It was known as the "London Borough of Hammersmith" until its name was changed on 1 January 1979 by the borough council; the two had been joined together in the parish of Fulham until 1834 as the hamlet of Hammersmith had no church until much later. They were joined together again under the Fulham District from 1855 to 1886.

Fulham saw vigorous industrialisation and urbanisation from the start of the 19th-century, with the establishment of the world's first energy utility company, at Sands End in 1824, followed by rapid road and rail transport development to the east of the borough. Vacant land by the new railway sidings on the boundary with Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council led to the development of the internationally recognised Earls Court Exhibition Centre, visited by the reclusive Queen Victoria in 1879 when she attended Bill Cody's Wild West Show at West Brompton. There followed numerous international fairs and exhibitions for a century until the construction of Earls Court II in the borough in the 1980s; this was dismantled after the 2012 Olympics. Meanwhile, at the other end of today's borough, in 1908, the Franco-British Exhibition and Olympic Games were hosted in Hammersmith, at White City, but the site took many decades to be redeveloped. In 1960, the BBC opened the BBC Television Centre, in 2008, Westfield London, a large development with new transport links and a shopping centre completed the redevelopment after one hundred years.

The borough includes the areas: Brook Green Chelsea Harbour College Park East Acton Fulham Hammersmith Old Oak Common Parsons Green Sands End Shepherd's Bush Walham Green West Kensington White Citysee parks and open spaces in Hammersmith and Fulham Since 1964 political control of the council has been held by the following parties: According to the 2001 census Hammersmith and Fulham has a population of 165,242. 60% of the borough's population is White British, 20% white non-British, 5% black Caribbean, 8% black African with various other ethnicities making up the remaining 11 percent. The borough has the second-highest proportion of single adults of any borough in England and Wales, a higher than average proportion for the London area of young adults aged 20–29. Around 50% of households are owner–occupiers, 22% of households were listed as "other" – that is, not single persons living alone or families; these are two or more unrelated adults living together, such as students or cohabiting couples.

The borough comprises a patchwork of affluent as well as some less affluent neighbourhoods. The unemployment rate is well below average at under 5%, although of these, 29% were listed as long-term unemployed. See external links below for more census information from the borough. Virgin Group operates its headquarters at 50 Brook Green. Sony Mobile Communications has its headquarters in the borough. Iberia operates the Iberia House in the borough. All Nippon Airways operates the London Office on the fourth floor of Hythe House. South African Airways has its United Kingdom office in the South African Airways House. CE Europe, a subsidiary of Capcom, has its head office in the George House in Hammersmith in the borough; as of May 2011 it will be relocating to the Metro Building in Hammersmith. Iran Air's London offices are located in the borough; the airline moved there by Wednesday 4 January 2012. Coca-Cola, Disney and L'Oréal all have UK headquarters in Hammersmith, as well as a number of other major businesses.

For a 15-year period Air France had its Ireland office in Hammersmith. In 2006 the UK and Ireland office was moved to London Borough of Hounslow. TAP Portugal runs an administrative office in the Borough, near to Hammersmith Bus Station. Hammersmith & Fulham is administered by 46 councillors; the Labour Party won control of the borough at the 2014 council elections held on 22 May with 26 councilors to the Conservative Party's 20 councilors, following Conservative control of the council since the 2006 council election. The council leader is Stephen Cowan; the borough is divided into all bar two electing three councillors apiece. These are: Addison Askew Avonmore & Brook Green College Park & Old Oak Fulham Broadway Fulham Reach Hammersmith Broadway Munster North End Palace Riverside Parson's Green & Walham Ravenscourt Park Sands End Shepherd's Bush Green Town Wormholt & White CityFormer councillors for Hammer


Midilinae is a subfamily of the lepidopteran family Crambidae. It was described by Eugene G. Munroe in 1958. Cacographis Lederer, 1863 Dismidila Dyar, 1914 Dolichobela Turner, 1932 Eupastranaia Becker, 1973 Gonothyris Hampson, 1896 Hositea Dyar, 1910 Midila Walker, 1859 Phryganomima Hampson, 1917 Styphlolepis Hampson, 1896 Hayden, J. E. 2012: Revision of Odilla noralis Schaus and Transfer of Erupini to Midilinae. Annals of Carnegie Museum 80: 309-322. Abstract: doi:10.2992/007.080.0402 Regier, J. C. et al. 2012: A molecular phylogeny for the pyraloid moths and its implications for higher-level classification. Systematic Entomology 37: 635-656. Abstract: doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00641.x


LeanIX is a software vendor that provides tools and services in the areas of Enterprise Architecture and Application Portfolio Management for small and large enterprises. The company's headquarters is in Bonn and it has a subsidiary in the US with an office in Boston, MA. LeanIX is mentioned in the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture Tools 2019 as a Visionary. LeanIX was founded by Jörg Beyer and André Christ in 2012. Prior to founding LeanIX, Jörg Beyer and André Christ have both worked in various IT Management Positions i.e. as CIO at Deutsche Post. In the first 3 years the company was bootstrapped and grew without external funding thanks to the first product "LeanIX", first released in October 2012. In February 2015 Capnamic Ventures and Iris Capital invested USD 2.5 Mio in a Series A financing round. In 2018, Jörg G. Beyer retired as Managing Director, André Christ stays as sole CEO. LeanIX raised $30 million in December 2018 in a round led by Insight Venture Partners. Since its founding the company focusses on providing software.

The product "LeanIX" is used by customers as a web-based information platform, to store information about the IT applications and architecture of a company. The company reports that leanIX is being employed by media, logistics, manufacturing and e-commerce enterprises with anywhere between 100 and 100,000 employees. Customers include Axel Springer SE, Inc. Helvetia Insurance, Kühne + Nagel, RUAG, RWE, Zalando; as one major use case the market leading publishing company in Germany, Axel Springer, describes the usage of LeanIX as part of their Digital Transformation, where the organization is building a Bi-modal IT architecture to support both traditional IT and fast IT. As another use case, Zalando uses LeanIX as a central platform for their Enterprise Architecture in an environment, where information about many Microservices are gathered automatically and injected into the LeanIX platform using the open REST API; the product is available as Software as a Service in the Cloud. In September 2015 the company received a data privacy certificate.

LeanIX has a global network of partners in order to provide specialised support in the areas of Integrations and Consulting. The company has a partnership program in place to train partners and give them access to knowledge and resources, certified partners include for example Enzyme Consulting based in Spain; the Berlin based company Signavio was among one of the first out-of-the box integrations with their product for Business Process Management. Besides other integrations with tools like Jira or Confluence, LeanIX has a partnership with OneLogin for Single-Sign On via SAML. Customers can build their own integrations using Open Source SDKs for Java, PHP, Python or C#. LeanIX is mentioned in the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture Tools 2015 as "out-of-the-box, cloud-based EA tool suitable for midsize and smaller organizations". Companies from different industries have written testimonials about LeanIX in the Gartner Peer Insights, mentioning LeanIX as "Great portfolio management tool with some APM features".

In 2015 LeanIX has been awarded 2nd place of the innovation award "Digital Transformation"

Efficient frontier

In modern portfolio theory, the efficient frontier is an investment portfolio which occupies the'efficient' parts of the risk-return spectrum. Formally, it is the set of portfolios which satisfy the condition that no other portfolio exists with a higher expected return but with the same standard deviation of return; the efficient frontier was first formulated by Harry Markowitz in 1952. A combination of assets, i.e. a portfolio, is referred to as "efficient" if it has the best possible expected level of return for its level of risk. Here, every possible combination of risky assets can be plotted in risk–expected return space, the collection of all such possible portfolios defines a region in this space. In the absence of the opportunity to hold a risk-free asset, this region is the opportunity set; the positively sloped top boundary of this region is a portion of a hyperbola and is called the "efficient frontier". If a risk-free asset is available, the opportunity set is larger, its upper boundary, the efficient frontier, is a straight line segment emanating from the vertical axis at the value of the risk-free asset's return and tangent to the risky-assets-only opportunity set.

All portfolios between the risk-free asset and the tangency portfolio are portfolios composed of risk-free assets and the tangency portfolio, while all portfolios on the linear frontier above and to the right of the tangency portfolio are generated by borrowing at the risk-free rate and investing the proceeds into the tangency portfolio. Markowitz model Modern portfolio theory Critical line method, an optimization algorithm developed by Markowitz for this problem

Half Nelson (album)

Half Nelson is a compilation album of duets performed by country singer Willie Nelson along with various other artists, released in 1985. It includes a few never-before released hits as well. Willie Nelson – Guitar, vocals Ray CharlesPiano, vocals Carlos Santana – Guitar Julio Iglesias – Vocals Lacy J. Dalton – Guitar, vocals Merle Haggard – Guitar, vocals George Jones – Guitar, vocals Mel Tillis – Guitar, vocals Hank Williams – Guitar, vocals Neil Young – Guitar, Vocals Leon Russell – Piano, vocals

13th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 13th Indian Infantry Brigade was an Infantry formation of the Indian Army during World War II. The brigade was formed in October 1940, at Campbellpore and assigned to the 7th Indian Infantry Division, it was transferred to the 1st Burma Division in July 1941, after the withdrawal to India renamed the 113th Indian Infantry Brigade in June 1942. In August 1943, the brigade became a dedicated jungle warfare training brigade until the end of the war. 1st Battalion, 18th Royal Garhwal Rifles October 1940 to June 1942 2nd Battalion, 7th Rajput Regiment October 1940 to March 1942 5th Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment October 1940 to March 1942 1st Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers April to June 1942 5th Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment April to June 1942 12th Battalion, Burma Rifles April to May 1942 1st Battalion, 18th Royal Garhwal Rifles June 1942 to August 1943 2nd Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry June 1942 to July 1943 5th Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment June 1942 to August 1943 2nd Battalion, 13th Frontier Force Rifles April to August 1943 29th Gurkha Rifles Training Battalion from August 1943 7th Battalion, 9th Jat Regiment from August 1943 7th Battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment from September 1943 17/18 Combined Training Unit from October 1943 Indian State Forces Training Unit From December 1943 List of Indian Army Brigades in World War II