The London Borough of Waltham Forest is a London borough in northeast London, England. The borough was formed in 1965 from the merger of the municipal boroughs of Leyton and Chingford. Epping Forest is a remainder of the former Waltham Forest and forms the eastern and northern fringe of the borough; the River Lea lies to the west where its associated marshes and parkland form a green corridor which, along the reservoir-lined reaches, separates north and east London. The north and south of the borough, split by the North Circular Road, contrast markedly in terms of demographic and socio-economic indicators. Chingford in the north, Walthamstow in the middle, Leyton in the south are the three major districts of the borough. Waltham Forest was one of the host boroughs of the London Olympics in 2012, with the Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre and part of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park providing an ongoing legacy in the UK and London; the area was in the territory of the Trinovantes tribe during the Iron Age and through the Roman period, when the tribal area was a unit of local government.
It subsequently became part of the Kingdom of the East Saxons a unit, to have its roots in the territory of the Trinovantes. After the Kingdom of Essex lost its independence, it evolved into the county of Essex; the Domesday book of 1086 records four manors in the area, Walthamstow and Leyton. At some point, before or after the Domesday survey these became parishes, with Higham becoming part of the parish of Walthamstow; these parishes had stable borders from which those of the Municipal Boroughs were derived, these are the basis of our understanding of the extent of these local areas today. The southern part of Epping Forest still extends into the south of the borough, 90% of it having been preserved by the Epping Forest Act of 1878; this not only assisted in preserving the forest, the attraction value helped stimulate urbanisation of nearby areas. Until the late Victorian era, the area that became the modern borough was rural in nature with a small dispersed population and a agricultural landscape.
Historic Ordnance Survey maps show that Leyton experienced rapid urbanisation in the 1870s, Walthamstow in the 1890s and Chingford in the 1930s. The pattern of development in what became the Borough of Waltham Forest was markedly different from that on the far side of the Lea, where the London Built Up Area extends much further, stretching several miles further north, beyond the boundaries of Greater London itself. Although the proximity of Epping Forest did encourage development, its protected status acted as a net constraint to urban sprawl, a further factor was that the railway influenced growth was more limited, as the local branch line only extends as far as Chingford. In 1892, a private citizen named Frederick Bremer built the first British motorcar in a workshop in his garden, at Connaught Road, Walthamstow; the vehicle is on display at the Vestry House Museum in Walthamstow. In 1909, the aviation pioneer A V Roe tested the first all-British aeroplane, the Roe I Triplane, on land at Walthamstow Marshes.
The area now known as Waltham Forest experienced at least two Zeppelin raids during World War I. On 17/18 August 1915, Airship L10 took a route following the Gospel Oak to Barking railway line, dropping incendiary and high-explosive bombs; the first bomb, an incendiary, fell on Hoe St, Walthamstow, at the junction of Orford and Queens Road. Ten people were killed in another 48 injured across the wider area. On 23/24 September 1916 the German Navy airship L 31 dropped around ten bombs along the line of Lea Bridge Road, killing eight there. On both occasions the Germans believed they were bombing the City, it is thought they mistook the Lee Valley Reservoir Chain for the Thames. During the most intense period of the Blitz, the area was hit by around 728 high explosive bombs, 17 parachute mines and an unknown, but much greater number of small incendiary bombs. Subsequent raids were lighter and less frequent, but 1944 and 1944 saw a number of V-1 ‘flying bombs’ and V-2 long-range ballistic missiles hit the area, including a V-1 which landed on central Walthamstow killing 22 and a V-2 which landed on Chingford Road, Walthamstow killing 8.
The London Government Act 1963 established the borough in 1965 from the combined areas of the former Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Leyton and Municipal Borough of Walthamstow, which all transferred to Greater London from the English county of Essex. A petition opposed calling the new borough "Walthamstow", so for that reason the new borough took its name from the former Waltham Forest, an institution responsible for managing deer in an area that stretched eastwards from the River Lea and included large areas of agricultural land as well as the wooded areas subsequently known as Epping Forest and Hainault Forest; the main centres of population in the borough are Chingford in the north, Walthamstow in the centre and Leyton and Leytonstone to the South. Waltham Forest has the third largest in London. Epping Forest and the green corridor along the River Lea provide some
Garden Making is an independent Canadian quarterly magazine for home gardeners published by Inspiring Media Inc. in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. The magazine was launched in 2010 by two longtime magazine professionals. Beckie, Garden Making's editor-in-chief, was on the editorial team of Canadian Gardening magazine for its first decade, from the launch in 1990 until becoming its editor, from 1999 to 2001, when it was owned by Avid Media. Michael, CEO and publisher of Garden Making, retired from Rogers Publishing in 2012, where he had worked in senior management for more than 30 years, he is the 2015 recipient of Outstanding Achievement from the National Magazine Awards Foundation. In 2016 Toronto Star columnist Sonia Day wrote that Garden Making "offers real, practical information about growing things with lovely pictures and an easy-to-read layout." In 2012 Garden Making was included as a recent example in an exhibition of British and Canadian gardening literature throughout the centuries at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto.
Gold Award for Best Overall Magazine, Fall 2016, Gold Award for Best Overall Magazine, Fall 2013, Association for Garden Communicators Awards. Official website
Cabaret is the thirteenth album by Das Ich. All tracks were written by Stefan Ackermann and the music, backing vocals, instruments were by Bruno Kramm. Cabaret is an edition of Cabaret that features remixes from several bands, including Stillste Stund, Adversus and Metallspürhunde. "Moritat"– 5:08 "Atemlos"– 4:32 "Macht"– 6:12 "Paradigma"– 4:53 "Fluch"– 5:04 "Opferzeit"– 4:47 "Schwarzes Gift"– 5:37 "Nahe"– 5:05 "Zuckerbrot & Peitsche"– 5:14 "Cabaret"– 8:04 Disc 1: Cabaret "Moritat"– 5:08 "Atemlos"– 4:32 "Macht"– 6:12 "Paradigma"– 4:53 "Fluch"– 5:04 "Opferzeit"– 4:47 "Schwarzes Gift"– 5:37 "Nahe"– 5:05 "Zuckerbrot & Peitsche"– 5:14 "Cabaret"– 8:04Disc 2: Varieté "Cabaret"– 5:25 "Paradigma"– 3:35 "Atemlos"– 4:42 "Fluch"– 4:35 "Zuckerbrot & Peitsche"– 3:59 "Opferzeit"– 4:16 "Macht"– 6:05 "Nahe"– 3:27 "Moritat"– 6:45 "Opferzeit"– 5:11 "Paradigma"– 4:22 "Paradigma"– 3:38 "Atemlos"– 4:41 "Atemlos"– 4:04 "Atemlos"– 4:08 "Atemlos"– 4:36Disc 3: Panopticum "Kaleidoskop-In 10 Minuten Licht" "Sehnsucht" "Der Schrei" "Kindgott" "Kain und Abel" "Garten Eden" "Sodom und Gomorra" "Fieber" Cabaret at MusicBrainz
Generaloberstabsarzt and Admiraloberstabsarzt are the top Joint Medical Service OF8-ranks of the German Bundeswehr. The equivalent to this ranks in the Heer is Generalleutnant and in the German Navy the Vizeadmiral. In accordance with traditions in German armed forces, both ranks might be used in Bundeswehr medical service; the Bundeswehr Surgeon General of the medical service, or the Chief of Medical Operation´s Command might be assigned. However, in future the Chief position might remain vacant, because the Deputy Surgeon General is mandated to command the Medical Operation´s Command. Equivalent to that three-star ranks are Generalleutnant of the Heer or Luftwaffe, the Vizeadmiral of the Marine; the manner of formal addressing of military surgeons with the rank Generalarzt, Generalstabsarzt or Generaloberstabsarzt is, „Herr/Frau Generalarzt“. At the other hand, military surgeons with the rank Admiralarzt, Admiralstabsarzt or Admiraloberstabsarzt is, „Herr/Frau Admiralarzt“. On the shoulder straps there are three golden stars in golden oak leaves and the career insignia as symbol of the medical standing, or course of studies.
Regarding the Marine, the career insignia is in the middle of both sleeves, three centimeters above the cuff strips, on the shoulder straps between strips and button. The General of the branch grade Generaloberstabsarzt was the most senior ranks of the medical service of the German Wehrmacht 1933 to 1945. Siegfried Handloser was assigned to Generaloberstabsarzt of the German Wehrmacht, he was simultaneous "Chief of the Wehrmacht´s Medical Service in Supreme Command of the Wehrmacht" as to July 28. 1942. Curt Schulze was Generaloberstabveterinär of the Wehrmacht. Generaloberstabsarzt of the Wehrmacht was comparable to the General of the branch, as well as to the Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS. In line to the so-called Reichsbesoldungsordnung, appendixes to the Salary law of the German Empire of 1927, the comparative ranks were as follows: C 1 General of the branch Admiral Generaloberstabsarzt, from 1934 Generaloberstabsveterinär, from 1934 See main article Ranks and insignia of the German Army Rank designations of the Kriegsmarine as to Match 30, 1934, are contained in the table below.
Surgeon General of the United States Surgeon General Surgeon-General Chief Medical Officer Chief Medical Officer Neumann, Alexander: Arzttum ist immer Kämpfertum - Die Heeressanitätsinspektion und das Amt "Chef des Wehrmachtsanitätswesens" im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 2005. ISBN 3-7700-1618-1 Süß, Winfried: Der "Völkskörper" im Krieg: Gesundheitspolitik, Gesundheitsverhältnisse und Krankenmord im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland 1939–1945, 2003. ISBN 3-486-56719-5
The European Drawer Rack is a single, six-post International Standard Payload Rack with seven Experiment Modules, each of which has separate access to power and cooling. A video management unit sends streaming video and science data to Earth via the Columbus module's high-rate data link and can temporarily store 72 GB of video; the experiments are autonomous to minimize data transfer requirements, though the EDR can be operated remotely via telescience or in real time by the crew via a dedicated laptop. The EDR has two different types of EMs: the standard International Space Station locker and the standard eight panel unit International Subrack Interface Standard drawer. EDR is a multi-user facility on board the International Space Station that accommodates a variety of science experiments, it is located in the Columbus Laboratory module and was developed for the European Space Agency by Alenia Spazio, a subsidiary of Thales Alenia Space. Like other payload racks in the station, the physical characteristics of EDR conform to the International Standard Payload Rack specification.
EDR provides accommodation for up to 3 ISIS Drawers, 4 ISS Lockers. These standardized ECMs can contain scientific experiments. EDR provides the following services to the ECMs: Stowage space Power supply Low Rate telecommand/telemetry Medium Rate telecommand/telemetry High Rate telemetry Analogue video acquisition Discrete commanding and temperature monitoring services Air cooling Water cooling Gaseous Nitrogen supply Vacuum service Waste gas service Timeline service Ancillary data and time services Laptop crew interfaceThe following ESA payloads are designed for use in EDR: PCDF. EDR is operated according to ESA's decentralised payload operation concept; the FRC for EDR is Erasmus USOC, located at ESTEC, The Netherlands. Scientific research on the ISS ESA - The European Drawer Rack. Retrieved 05-Aug-2011. ESA - Erasmus USOC. Retrieved 05-Aug-2011
Howard Lake-Waverly-Winsted High School is located just south of Howard Lake, United States. The Public High School enrolls 9th–12th Graders in the Howard Lake-Waverly-Winsted Public School District; as of 2019, the school had 315 students enrolled. The campus consists of the High School, complete with a Gymnasium, the Laker Theater, the Middle School, with a field house housing three full-court basketball courts, a walking track, a weight room; the previous building was located in the city of Howard Lake. It had additions built in 1947 and 1954, as well as the addition of Humphrey Hall in 1966. In its latter years it served as the middle school for the school district after the new high school was constructed, but due to the expensive repairs that were needed, a new middle school was built and the old complex demolished with the exception of the Humphrey Hall area, renovated. That portion of the school is now home to the Meeker and Wright Special Education Cooperative as well as the HLWW Alternative Learning Program.
It still possesses its gymnasium, attached to Humphrey Hall, used for the Laker gymnastics practices and home meets. The current building is located between Howard Lake and Winsted, Minnesota, it was constructed in 2006 and connected to the Middle School in 2016. HLWW is a member of the Central Minnesota Conference and will join the Wright County West Conference in 2021; the HLWW School District offers the following activities. Sports: Other activities: The Laker Theatre is an Auditorium located within the high school, which hosts the school district's band and choir concerts and musicals, as well as hosting community productions; the auditorium has a main floor which has a seating capacity of 458 seats, a balcony, only accessible by stairs which can seat an additional 130 persons. The auditorium was built with the school but was not finished until 2009, the balcony of, not finished until the Middle School was added to the complex; the Laker Gymnasium has a main court with basketball lines and a main volleyball court in the middle of two roll-out bleachers.
However, for some youth tournaments the gym can be converted to two courts by rolling back the bleachers and lowering a curtain, above the half court line of the main court. There are motorized basketball hoops situated on the ceiling that can be raised and lowered depending on the requirements; the gym has two Daktronics scoreboards which are used in tandem during main events but can be operated independently if the gym is separated to two courts. One of the scoreboards has additional side player panels which display additional information about active players during the game; the gymnasium located adjacent to the Laker Theatre in the High School hosts the Laker's home Basketball and Volleyball games, as well as Wrestling meets. It will occasionally be the host site of some playoff games however the location is not ideal because of a smaller seating capacity, therefore larger games are scheduled elsewhere; the Laker Football Field and Track is a prominent fixture on campus, as athletic events which occur here attract spectators.
It contains the football field encircled by the track, has bleacher seating, a press box on top of the bleachers, a Daktronics, football scoreboard which can be switched to displaying track results, stadium lighting, a basic loudspeaker system. Early in 2019, a new, permanent concession stand was installed below the bleachers replacing a temporary trailer, used since the high school was built; the natural grass football field on campus is a standard American football field, home to the Laker's Junior Varsity and Varsity home games. The field has irrigation lines; the football field's end zones and mid-field are painted with the Laker emblem with the help of volunteers. The team practices on a smaller field, directly south of the stadium field and is irrigated as well. Due to dwindling numbers in the football program, a proposal was brought forward to the school board August, 2018; this measure failed to pass as while it was approved by HLWW, Watertown-Mayer only approved a proposal which would have all the'home' games be played at their field, to which HLWW did not approve.
This created a large controversy among football parents and the activities department citing player safety concerns. The Laker Track is a standard 400m track with a black rubber surface; the track has an additional space spanning the circle on the north end for high jump, as an additional fenced-in area with three runways, two of which lead to triple and long jump pits, one which has pole-vault capabilities. There are sand traps for shot put in this area. Discus takes place on the football practice field on the northeast side of the campus; the track was resurfaced during the summer of 2016, during the subsequent spring it was discovered that due to improper drainage around the track combined with heavy precipitation, pockets had formed under the track surface and pushed different parts up. Due to the safety concerns, no home meets were held there that year and the school was faced with fixing the issue; the track was resurfaced during the summer of 2018, which involved complete removal and installation of a proper drainage system.