London County Council

London County Council was the principal local government body for the County of London throughout its existence from 1889 to 1965, the first London-wide general municipal authority to be directly elected. It was replaced by the Greater London Council; the LCC was the largest, most ambitious English municipal authority of its day. By the 19th century the City of London Corporation covered only a small fraction of metropolitan London. From 1855 the Metropolitan Board of Works had certain powers across the metropolis, but it was appointed rather than elected. Many powers remained in the hands of traditional bodies such as parishes and the counties of Middlesex and Kent; the creation of the LCC in 1889, as part of the Local Government Act 1888, was forced by a succession of scandals involving the MBW, was prompted by a general desire to create a competent government for the city, capable of strategising and delivering services effectively. While the Conservative government of the day would have preferred not to create a single body covering the whole of London, their electoral pact with Liberal Unionists led them to this policy.

It was established as a provisional council on 31 January 1889 and came into its powers on 21 March 1889. Shortly after its creation a Royal Commission on the Amalgamation of the City and County of London considered the means for amalgamation with the City of London. Although this was not achieved, it led to the creation of 28 metropolitan boroughs as lower tier authorities to replace the various local vestries and boards in 1900; the LCC inherited the powers of its predecessor the MBW, but had wider authority over matters such as education, city planning and council housing. It took over the functions of the London School Board in 1903, Dr C W Kimmins was appointed chief inspector of the education department in 1904. From 1899 the Council progressively acquired and operated the tramways in the county, which it electrified from 1903. By 1933, when the LCC Tramways were taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board, it was the largest tram operator in the United Kingdom, with more than 167 miles of route and over 1,700 tramcars.

One of the LCC's most important roles during the late 19th and early 20th century, was in the management of the expanding city and the re-development of its growing slums. In the Victorian era, new housing had been intentionally urban and large-scale tenement buildings dominated. Beginning in the 1930s, the LCC incentivised an increase in more suburban housing styles. A less-dense style of development, focusing on single family homes, was popular among London housing developers because it was believed that this would satisfy the working classes and provide insurance, "against Bolshevism," to quote one parliamentary secretary; the LCC set the standard for new construction at 12 houses per acre of land at a time when some London areas had as many as 80 housing units per acre. The passage of the Housing of the Working Classes Act in 1885 gave the LCC the power to compel the sale of land for housing development, a power, vital to the systematic rehousing that began under the council's early Progressive leadership.

The Totterdown Fields development at Tooting was the first large suburban-style development to be built under LCC authority, in 1903, was followed by developments at Roehampton and Becontree. By 1938, 76,877 units of housing had been built under the auspices of the LCC in the city and its periphery, an astonishing number given the previous pace of development. Many of these new housing developments were genuinely working-class, though the poorest could afford subsidised rents, they relied on an expanding London Underground network that ferried workers en masse to places of employment in central London. These housing developments were broadly successful, they resisted the slummification that blighted so many Victorian tenement developments; the success of these commuter developments constructed by the LCC in the periphery of the city is, "one of the more remarkable achievements in London government, contributed much to the marked improvement of conditions between the wars for the capital's working classes."

The MBW, the LCC undertook between 1857 and 1945 to standardise and clarify street names across London. Many streets in different areas of the city had similar or identical names, the rise of the car as a primary mode of transportation in the city made these names unworkable. In an extreme case, there were over 60 streets called "Cross Street" spread across London when the LCC began its process of systematic renaming; these were given names from an approved list, maintained by the LCC, containing only "suitably English" names. If street names were deemed un-English, they were slated for change. By 1939 the council had the following powers and duties: † Denotes a power administered by the City of London Corporation within the City; the LCC used the Spring Gardens headquarters inherited from the Metropolitan Board of Works. The building had been designed by Frederick Marrable, the MBW's superintending architect, dated from 1860. Opinions on the merits of the building varied: the Survey of London described it as "well balanced" while the architectural correspondent of The Times was less enthusiastic.

He summarised the building as "of the Palladian type of four storeys with two orders, Ionic above and Corinthian below as if its designer had looked rather hastily at the banqueting house of Inigo Jones." The most impressive feature was the curving or elliptical spiral staircase leading to the principal floor

Jack and Jill vs. the World

Jack and Jill vs. the World is a film by Vanessa Parise. It stars Freddie Prinze Jr. and Taryn Manning as Jack and Jill. Jack is a thirty-something New York City advertising executive, he is successful and stylish... and bored. Jack meets Jill by chance on a rooftop. Jill asks Jack for directions. Jack suggests Jill's name for an ad shoot, he drives Jill to her apartment and realizes the neighborhood may not be all that safe. He helps Jill move out of the two move in together by week's end; the pair pieces together a playful manifesto of "rules to live by." Jack's best friend and business partner, notices a more playful side to Jack's usual cynicism, wants to meet the cause. Jill's free-spirited nature causes some friction, however; when her long absences go unexplained, Jack forces Jill to confess that her disappearances are a result of the treatment she needs for cystic fibrosis, an terminal illness. Jack is furious with Jill for violating their pact of honesty, they break up. A talk with his father Norman incites Jack to find Jill.

Jack tracks down her wacky friend and pleads his case. Convinced that he loves Jill, Lucy admits that Jill is catching a Greyhound bus cross-country to Hollywood. Jack reevaluates his life, just as he quits his job, a bomb threat is called in at his work. Jack goes outside and George tells him that the bomb threat was called in by someone who wants to fight ugliness. Jack realizes; the two make up, with their new dog in tow, they hit the highway... with no destination in sight except for a life together. Rule 1 Be honestRule 2 Believe in fairy talesRule 3 Accept time as our friendRule 4 Make sure the nookie is goodRule 5 Promote beauty. Wage a sustained campaign against uglinessRule 6 Abandon the pursuit of happiness and its false promiseRule 7 Show compassion, except to piratesRule 8 Less TVRule 9 Always be willing to admit when you're wrong Freddie Prinze Jr. as Jack Taryn Manning as Jill Robert Forster as Norman Vanessa Parise as Lucy Kelly Rowan as Kate Peter Stebbings as George Ingrid Doucet as Sally Lisa Ciara as Amberly Darrin Brown as T-Bone Claudia Besso as Melony Krista Sutton as Emily Julian Richings as Mr. Smith Ethan Penner as Wyatt Hannah Lochner as Holly Charles Martin Smith as Carlin The film garnered a mixed reception from critics.

According to Reel Film reviews it "ultimately establishes itself as an affable endeavor that benefits from the charismatic work of its two leads." But Robert Abele of the Los Angeles Times concluded that it is "Blind to the fact that it should be rising up against its own formulaic kind." The soundtrack features music by Canadian indie rock band Stars. The DVD was released on June 14, 2008. Jack and Jill vs. the World on IMDb Jack and Jill vs. the World at Rotten Tomatoes Jack and Jill vs. the World at MySpace Official Website

Kuwait at the 2004 Summer Olympics

Kuwait competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, from 13 to 29 August 2004. Kuwaiti athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsWomen Track & road events Five Kuwaiti shooters qualified to compete in the following events: Men Kuwait at the 2002 Asian Games Official Report of the XXVIII Olympiad Kuwait Olympic Committee