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London Philharmonic Orchestra

The London Philharmonic Orchestra is a British orchestra and one of five permanent symphony orchestras based in London. It was founded by the conductors Sir Thomas Beecham and Malcolm Sargent in 1932 as a rival to the existing London Symphony Orchestra and BBC Symphony Orchestra; the founders' ambition was to build an orchestra the equal of any American rival. Between 1932 and the Second World War the LPO was judged to have succeeded in this regard. After the outbreak of war, the orchestra's private backers withdrew and the players reconstituted the LPO as a self-governing cooperative. In the post-war years, the orchestra faced challenges from two new rivals. By the 1960s the LPO had regained its earlier standards, in 1964 it secured a valuable engagement to play in the Glyndebourne Festival opera house during the summer months. In 1993 it was appointed resident orchestra of the Royal Festival Hall on the south bank of the Thames, one of London's major concert venues. Since 1995 the residency has been jointly held with the Philharmonia.

In addition to its work at the Festival Hall and Glyndebourne, the LPO performs at the Congress Theatre and the Brighton Dome, tours nationally and internationally. Since Beecham, the orchestra has had ten principal conductors, including Sir Adrian Boult, Bernard Haitink, Sir Georg Solti, Klaus Tennstedt and Vladimir Jurowski; the orchestra has been active in recording studios since its earliest days, has played on hundreds of sets made by EMI, Decca and other companies. Since 2005 the LPO has had its own record label, issuing live recordings of concerts; the orchestra has played on numerous film soundtracks, including Lawrence of Arabia and the Lord of the Rings trilogy. In the 1920s the London Symphony Orchestra was the city's best-known concert and recording orchestra. Others were the Royal Albert Hall Orchestra, the orchestra of the Royal Philharmonic Society, the BBC's Wireless Symphony Orchestra and Sir Henry Wood's Queen's Hall Orchestra. All except the last of these were ad hoc ensembles, with little continuity of personnel, none approached the excellence of the best continental and American orchestras.

This became obvious in 1927 when the Berlin Philharmonic, under Wilhelm Furtwängler, gave two concerts at the Queen's Hall. The chief music critic of The Times commented, "the British public... was electrified when it heard the disciplined precision of the Berlin Philharmonic... This was how an orchestra could, therefore, ought to sound". After the Berliners, London heard a succession of major foreign orchestras, including the Amsterdam Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra under Willem Mengelberg and the Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York under Arturo Toscanini. Among those determined that London should have a permanent orchestra of similar excellence were Sir John Reith, director-general of the British Broadcasting Corporation, the conductor Sir Thomas Beecham. In 1928 they opened discussions about jointly setting up such an ensemble, but after 18 months of negotiations it became clear that the corporation and the conductor had irreconcilable priorities. Beecham demanded more personal control of the orchestra and repertoire than the BBC was willing to concede, his priorities were the opera house and the concert hall rather than the broadcasting studio.

The BBC went ahead without him, under its director of music, Adrian Boult, launched the BBC Symphony Orchestra in October 1930, to immense acclaim. In 1931 Beecham was approached by the rising young conductor Malcolm Sargent with a proposal to set up a permanent, salaried orchestra with a subsidy guaranteed by Sargent's patrons, the Courtauld family. Sargent and Beecham envisaged a reshuffled version of the LSO, but the orchestra, a self-governing body, balked at weeding out and replacing underperforming players. In 1932 Beecham agreed with Sargent to set up a new orchestra from scratch; the BBC having attracted a large number of the finest musicians from other orchestras, many in the musical world doubted that Beecham could find enough good players. He was fortunate in the timing of the enterprise: the depressed economy had reduced the number of freelance dates available to orchestral players. Moreover, Beecham himself was a strong attraction to many musicians: he commented, "I always get the players.

Among other considerations, they are so good they refuse to play under anybody but me." In a study of the foundation of the LPO, David Patmore writes, "The combination of steady work higher than usual rates, variety of performance and Beecham's own magnetic personality would make such an offering irresistible to many orchestral musicians."Beecham and Sargent had financial backing from leading figures in commerce, including Samuel Courtauld, Robert Mayer and Baron Frédéric d'Erlanger, secured profitable contracts to record for Columbia and play for the Royal Philharmonic Society, the Royal Choral Society, the Courtauld-Sargent Concerts, Mayer's concerts for children, the international opera season at Covent Garden. During his earlier negotiations with the BBC Beecham had proposed the title "London Philharmonic Orchestra", now adopted for the new ensemble. With the aid of the impresario Harold Holt and other influential and informed contacts he recruited 106 players, they included a few young musicians straight from music college, many established players from provincial orchestras, 17 of the LSO's leading members.

During the early years, the orchestra was led by Paul Beard and David McCallum, included leading player

Energy Task Force

The Energy Task Force the National Energy Policy Development Group, was a task force created by then-U. S. President George W. Bush in 2001 during his second week in office. Vice President Dick Cheney was named chairman; this group's stated objective was to “develop a national energy policy designed to help the private sector, and, as necessary and appropriate and local governments, promote dependable and environmentally sound production and distribution of energy for the future." The final report was released on May 16, 2001. The Bush Transition Energy Advisory Team shaped the administration’s supply-side energy policy administration and was a precursor to the Energy Task Force. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham told a National Energy Summit on March 19, 2001 that America was going to face an energy supply crisis in the next 20 years, he believed that if America was not adequately prepared for those demands the foundations for the prosperity of the country would be threatened. The Energy Task Force was developed to decrease American dependency on foreign petroleum, which the National Energy Policy deemed would have a negative effect on the US economy, standards of living and national security.

The Task Force was composed of Vice President Dick Cheney and the Secretaries of State, Interior, Commerce and Energy, as well as other cabinet and senior administration-level officials. According to the GAO, these members held ten meetings over the course of three and a half months with petroleum, nuclear, natural gas, electricity industry representatives and lobbyists. None of the meetings were open to the public and no non-federal participants were involved; the first phase of the project was to inform the President of current energy supply problems and changes needed to the economic policy. This was completed on March 19, 2001, while the second phase, the presentation of the National Energy Policy, was completed on May 16, 2001; the US General Accounting Office stated that "the National Energy Policy report was the product of a centralized, top-down, short- term, labor-intensive process that involved the efforts of several hundred federal employees governmentwide". This meant that the cabinet officials members held the authority in developing the report, while working groups drafted sample reports and findings for them.

The National Energy Policy Development Group completed its report in the beginning of 2001. The 169- page report, released on May 17, 2001, was titled the National Energy Policy. Included in the proposed policy is the importance of energy efficiency and conservation. Using energy wisely is cited as the first challenge for the nation, as this will lessen the burden on our finances and the environment; the second listed challenge was to repair and add to the existing network of refineries, pipelines and transmission lines. It was stated that the refining and distribution of natural gas were affected by an inefficient and inadequate infrastructure and that this issue could be remedied by 38,000 miles of new pipeline and 255,000 miles of distribution lines; the third challenge is "increasing energy supplies while protecting the environment". This section states that although renewable energy is a hope for the future, it will be many years until this energy is sufficient for the nations current needs, therefore the requirements must be met using the available means.

One of the disputed aspects of the proposed National Energy Policy is the how the plan suggests balancing needs for future sources of renewable energy with the immediate reliance on petroleum. In Chapter Six of the policy, titled "Nature’s Power: Increasing America’s Use of Renewable and Alternative Energy", domestic energy sources such as wind, geothermal and bio-fuel are cited as necessary to stabilize and protect the United States' interests. Future energy sources such as hydrogen and fusion are cited as long term projects. However, the Policy states the necessity for plans to improve and expand the current pipeline systems within the US, implying that reliance on oil and natural gas will exist for years to come; the plan goes on to detail American interests in foreign energy resources. In a section titled "Diversity of Supply", the policy explains why diversifying dependence on foreign oil is a key factor in securing short term stability. Canada, South America and the Caribbean, Africa and Asia were all detailed as having supplies of oil that could add to the supply of resources available to US consumption.

Since Barack Obama has come into presidency, there has been a dramatic increase in oil production. It was high in the year of 2011, the highest it has been since the last decade. Nonetheless, the Obama Administration has taken steps to ensure that America’s need for oil would safeguard the protection of the environment as well. Although oil production has increased, America’s dependency on foreign oil has decreased; the total consumption of imported oil has decreased from 57% in 2008 to 45% in 2011, the lowest it has been for about 20 years. Furthermore, President Obama made certain strict guidelines in regards to standardizing fuel economy in vehicles the passenger vehicles. Statistically, it proves that this would help consumers save money on fuel as well as help the environment; the Obama Administration has finalized a new regulation that would require commercial trucks and buses produced in the years 2014-2018 to be tested for national fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards. Barack Obama has made investments to manufacture efficient batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles.

The Administration is funding research that would help increase the use of natural gas and reduce oil consumption

1991 Speedway World Team Cup

April 22, 1991 DDR Leipzig ROUND 1April 28, 1991 YUG Krsko ROUND 2Yugoslavia to Group C. May 19, 1991 ITA Lonigo ROUND 1May 26, 1991 POL Tarnów ROUND 2Norway to Group B. July 7, 1991 GER Diedenbergen ROUND 1July 14, 1991 HUN Debrecen ROUND 2 M - exclusion for exceeding two-minute time allowance • T - exclusion for touching the tapes • X - other exclusion • E - retired or mechanical failure • F - fell Hungary to Group A. August 24, 1991 CSK Pardubice M - exclusion for exceeding two-minute time allowance • T - exclusion for touching the tapes • X - other exclusion • E - retired or mechanical failure • F - fell Sweden to Final. September 14, 1991 DEN Vojens, Speedway Center M - exclusion for exceeding two-minute time allowance • T - exclusion for touching the tapes • X - other exclusion • E - retired or mechanical failure • F - fell

John Duncan Lowe

John Duncan Lowe CB was a Scottish lawyer, Crown Agent for Scotland and Sheriff of Glasgow and Strathkelvin. Lowe was born at Alloa, Scotland, in 1948 and received his education at Hamilton Academy and the University of Glasgow, graduating MA, LLB. Following an apprenticeship with a firm of solicitors and a short period in local government, in 1974 Lowe joined the Procurator Fiscal Service and worked in Procurator Fiscal offices at Kilmarnock, Glasgow and at Edinburgh. Lowe was subsequently appointed Deputy Crown Agent for Scotland and in 1988 took up the post of Regional Procurator Fiscal at Edinburgh, a position he held till 1991. At the early age of 42, in 1991 Lowe was appointed Crown Agent for Scotland and in 1995 was invested CB, In 1997 Lowe was appointed Sheriff of Glasgow and Strathkelvin, a position he held until his death at Edinburgh the following year

Fairview, Gauteng

Fairview is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. It is a small suburb found on the eastern edge of the Johannesburg central business district, with the suburb of Troyeville to the north, Jeppestown to the south and Malvern to its east. Commissioner Street, the main street in the CBD, has its eastern end in the suburb, it is located in Region F of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality. The suburb is situated on part of an old Witwatersrand farm called Doornfontein; this small suburb has it origin in the year of 1895 or early 1896 and was known either as Fairview or Fawcus Township. The land was owned by a man called George E. Fawcus, married to a coloured woman and sometime after 1903, had made enough money off the land and so retired to Trinidad and Jamaica, he would sell the suburb to J. G. van Boeschoten and J. Lorenz. In the Johannesburg newspaper, The Star, stands were being advertised for sale during November 1896 for an average price of £300 but some were priced as high as £450.

On the return of Fawcus' wife from the Caribbean in 1912 after her husband's death, she attempted to have the suburb renamed to Fawcus Township but was not successful. There are several heritage sites in the suburb. In Commissioner Street, Fairview is the modern fire station in front of which stands the original fire station tower whose foundation stone was laid in 1906 by Julius Jeppe. Another heritage site is a Dutch Reformed Church in Op de Bergen Street and further down the same street, examples of early miners residences

Thomas Ulrich

Thomas Ulrich is a German former professional boxer who competed from 1997 to 2012. He challenged twice for a light-heavyweight world title: the WBC title in 2005, the WBO/lineal titles in 2006, he held the European light-heavyweight title three times from 2002 to 2008. As an amateur, he won a bronze medal at the 1996 Olympics in the light-heavyweight division. Ulrich was the German Light Heavyweight Champion 1994. Ulrich won the light heavyweight bronze medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics, just like he did a year before at the 1995 World Amateur Boxing Championships in Berlin. 1992 2nd place as a Middleweight at the Junior World Championships in Montreal, Canada. Results were: Defeated Jae-Yeul Uk RSC-3 Defeated Willard Lewis RSCI-2 Lost to Islam Arsangaliev RSC-1 1995 3rd place as a Light Heavyweight at the World Championships in Berlin, Germany. Results were: Defeated Yevgeny Makarenko PTS Defeated Mohammed Benguesmia PTS Defeated Timur Ibragimov WO Lost to Diosvani Vega PTS 1995 2nd place at the Military World Championships in Rome, Italy.

Results were: Defeated Um RSC-1 Defeated Sergey Krupenich PTS Lost to Pietro Aurino PTS 1996 competed at the European Championships in Vejle, Denmark. Results were: Defeated Zoltán Béres RSC-1 Lost to Yusuf Öztürk PTS 1996 Representing Germany, Ulrich won the Bronze Medal as a Light Heavyweight at the Atlanta Olympics. Results were: Defeated Rick Timperi PTS Defeated Ismael Kone PTS Defeated Daniel Bispo PTS Lost to Lee Seung-Bae PTS Ulrich turned pro 1997 and began his career 20-0 before getting stopped in the 6th round by future titlist Glen Johnson, he won his next eight bouts, setting up a shot at WBC Light Heavyweight Title holder Tomasz Adamek in 2005. Adamek won via 6th-round KO. In 2006, Ulrich lost a decision. News and Pictures of Thomas Ulrich Professional boxing record for Thomas Ulrich from BoxRec