The London School of Economics is a public research university located in London, a member institution of the federal University of London. Founded in 1895 by Fabian Society members Sidney Webb, Beatrice Webb, Graham Wallas, George Bernard Shaw for the betterment of society, LSE joined the University of London in 1900 and established its first degree courses under the auspices of the University in 1901. LSE started awarding its own degrees in its own name in 2008, prior to which it awarded degrees of the University of London; the LSE is located in Westminster, central London, near the boundary between Covent Garden and Holborn. The area is known as Clare Market; the LSE has more than 11,000 students, just under seventy percent of whom come from outside the UK, 3,300 staff. It had an income of £ 415.1 million in 2018/19. One hundred and fifty-five nationalities are represented amongst the LSE's student body and the school has the second highest percentage of international students of all world universities.
Despite its name, the school is organised into 25 academic departments and institutes which conduct teaching and research across a range of pure and applied social sciences. The LSE is a member of the Russell Group, Association of Commonwealth Universities, European University Association and is sometimes considered a part of the "Golden Triangle" of universities in south-east England. For the subject area of social science, LSE places second in the world in the QS Rankings, seventh in THE Rankings, eighth in the Academic Ranking of World Universities. LSE is ranked among the top twenty universities nationally by all three UK tables, while internationally LSE is ranked in the top 50 by two of the three major global rankings. In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, the School had the highest proportion of world-leading research among research submitted of any British non-specialist university; the LSE has produced many notable alumni in the fields of law, anthropology, philosophy, business, literature and politics.
Alumni and staff include 55 present heads of state or government and 18 Nobel laureates. As of 2017, 26% of all the Nobel Memorial Prizes in Economics have been awarded or jointly awarded to LSE alumni, current staff or former staff, making up 16% of all laureates. LSE alumni and staff have won 3 Nobel Peace Prizes and 2 Nobel Prizes in Literature. Out of all European universities, LSE has educated the most billionaires according to a 2014 global census of U. S dollar billionaires; the London School of Economics was founded in 1895 by Beatrice and Sidney Webb funded by a bequest of £20,000 from the estate of Henry Hunt Hutchinson. Hutchinson, a lawyer and member of the Fabian Society, left the money in trust, to be put "towards advancing its objects in any way they deem advisable"; the five trustees were Sidney Webb, Edward Pease, Constance Hutchinson, W. S. de Mattos and William Clark. LSE records that the proposal to establish the school was conceived during a breakfast meeting on 4 August 1894, between the Webbs, Louis Flood and George Bernard Shaw.
The proposal was accepted by the trustees in February 1895 and LSE held its first classes in October of that year, in rooms at 9 John Street, Adelphi, in the City of Westminster. The School joined the federal University of London in 1900, was recognised as a Faculty of Economics of the university; the University of London degrees of BSc and DSc were established in 1901, the first university degrees dedicated to the social sciences. Expanding over the following years, the school moved to the nearby 10 Adelphi Terrace to Clare Market and Houghton Street; the foundation stone of the Old Building, on Houghton Street, was laid by King George V in 1920. The 1930s economic debate between LSE and Cambridge is well known in academic circles. Rivalry between academic opinion at LSE and Cambridge goes back to the school's roots when LSE's Edwin Cannan, Professor of Economics, Cambridge's Professor of Political Economy, Alfred Marshall, the leading economist of the day, argued about the bedrock matter of economics and whether the subject should be considered as an organic whole.
The dispute concerned the question of the economist's role, whether this should be as a detached expert or a practical adviser. Despite the traditional view that the LSE and Cambridge were fierce rivals through the 1920s and 30s, they worked together in the 1920s on the London and Cambridge Economic Service. However, the 1930s brought a return to disputes as economists at the two universities argued over how best to address the economic problems caused by the Great Depression; the main figures in this debate were John Maynard Keynes from Cambridge and the LSE's Friedrich Hayek. The LSE Economist Lionel Robbins was heavily involved. Starting off as a disagreement over whether demand management or deflation was the better solution to the economic problems of the time, it embraced much wider concepts of economics and macroeconomics. Keynes put forward the theories now known as Keynesian economics, involving the active participation of the state and public sector, while Hayek and Robbins followed the Austrian School, which emphasised free trade and opposed state involvement.
Secret of the Solstice is a Free-to-play MMORPG developed and published by DNC Entertainment in Korea and hosted by Outspark in the international English market. It is the second MMO published by Outspark. Secret of the Solstice features a anime-inspired visual style. Player characters and non-player characters are represented as 2D sprites while environments and background elements are rendered in 3D. US Secret of the Solstice was subsequently shut down by its publisher'Outspark' for'undisclosed reasons'. Any and all time and real money that players put into the game was lost; however outspark offered a character merge to'Solstice Reborn' a beta of a new release of Solstice. On October 24, 2011 the Beta was released for 1 week until it closed and Outspark removed all traces of its existence. Outspark shut down their forums for comments on'Solstice'. To avoid complaints about player's loss of time and money. However, there are still rumours that Secret of the Solstice may be released again in the future, either by Outspark or by another publisher.
It is said. A great King and fair, ruled the land of Xen with responsibility entrusted to him by the gods before they left the mortal plane. With this trust came the Solstice Sphere, an ancient and mysterious artifact possessing great power. In time the king married and the union yielded twin daughters and Marian, they opposites but forever entwined with the future of Xen. Time passed and the princesses grew, reaching womanhood before the eyes of their people. Adeline became a shining beauty, like the sun with a heart of gold; the people of Xen adored her. Always at her father's side, she learned as the King went about his duties. With a thirst for knowledge, she learned from the greatest teachers in the land, it was her destiny to one day become the kingdom's future. While Adeline became like the sun, Marian grew to become the moon. In the shadow of her sister she became envious, the darkness of jealousy soaked her heart. While admirers heaped endless praise on Adeline, seeds of bitterness and resentment began to grow in Marian.
Hidden under the sheen of superficial happiness, they waited for the perfect moment to bloom. Years passed, the princesses approached the age of 18. On their birthday Adeline received a special gift from her parents—the Solstice Sphere! On that day the mysterious ancient relic passed from father to daughter, but it was far from a glorious occasion. A series of horrific events would soon take place and drench the land of Xen in the suffering it knows today. On each server of the game, players can have up to five characters; these characters can be either female. Both genders have three hair styles. Residents of Xen. All players specialize to another class later. Fighters train in the arts of the Akarinas sword, are awarded their class after qualifying to join a vigilance committee, they have strong melee attacks and high defensive capabilities but have weaker skills than the other classes. Squires can become Knights at level 66, Warriors at level 96 and Warlords at level 131. Magician apprentices, they can deal massive damage with their spells, but are vulnerable in melee combat as they have low armor and hit points.
Apprentices can become Mages at level 66, Wizards at level 96 and Archmages at level 131. Neophytes are known for their speed, they tend to have medium hit points and defense. Neophytes can class change to Rogue at 66, Assassin at 96 and to Shadow Master at 131. Well on their way to being a full cleric, acolytes focus on helping others with their protective, healing magic, they have supportive magic as well as decent melee skills. Acolytes become Clerics at level 66, Priests at level 96, Paladins at level 131 At level 45, both the Neophyte and Acolyte have the ability to move on to a different class called'Prestige Classes'; the Neophyte can become a Scout. At 80, these two can advance again. Scouts become Disciples become Templars. At level 112, they reach full potential and become a Ranger and Holy Avenger. Upon leveling up, players may customize their character; the six statistics are: Power, Intelligence, Wisdom and Mentality. Power increases a player's damage, weight capacity. Too much power decreases attack speed.
Agility increases dodge rate, attack speed, attack power. Intelligence is beneficial to ranged characters. While it increases a spell's damage, it does nothing for close ranged characters. Wisdom increases a player's maximum MP or Mana Points, increases magic defense. Stamina increases a player's maximum Health Points. Mentality increases accuracy rate, magic defense, skill casting speed. Players learn skills upon changing jobs. A Skill Book is required to learn skills. There are three skill types: single-target "General Skills", multi-target "Area of Effect Skills", "Buff Skills", which strengthen characters. Skills are limited according to the character's job. Secret of the Solstice supports a Party System which allows up to eight characters to team up for adventures. Experience is distributed to the participants depending on their levels. There is a bonus for variety in the party as well as a bonus for having a member of the starter class in your party Secret of the Solstice players have a three-tab inventory.
Brantano Footwear was a European chain of retail stores specialising in footwear for men and children, founded in Belgium. It went into administration in March 2017; the stores closed in June 2017 with the loss of over 900 jobs. The company originated from a small factory run by André Brantegem and his brother in Lede, East Flanders; the Brantegem brothers were sons of a cobbler. They specialised in ladies' shoes which they sold to retailers in Belgium; the brothers separated and in 1962 André initiated a retail outlet at the factory. This evolved into the Brantano chain of shoe shops. Brantano closed its Dutch and Danish stores in 2005, subsequently liquidated its French stores. In 2007, Dutch holding company Macintosh Retail Group took over ownership of Brantano. In 2015, Macintosh sold the Brantano UK subsidiary to Alteri Investors. Brantano Luxembourg SA, operates stores in Luxembourg. Brimmo NV and Muys NV, operates stores in Belgium. Media related to Brantano at Wikimedia Commons Official website Brantano's UK website