London Stansted Airport is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the district of Uttlesford in Essex, 42 mi northeast of Central London. London Stansted serves 200 destinations across the Middle East and Africa. Stansted is a base for a number of major European low-cost carriers, being the largest base for low-cost airline Ryanair, with over 130 destinations served by the airline. In 2015 it was the fourth busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow and Manchester. Stansted's runway is used by private companies such as the Harrods Aviation, Titan Airways and XJet terminals which are private ground handlers who are able to handle private flights, charter flights and state visits. Owned and operated by BAA, since February 2013 the airport has been owned Manchester Airports Group following a March 2009 ruling by the Competition Commission. London Stansted Airport has one main passenger terminal, near the village of Stansted Mountfitchet. There are three passenger satellites.
The terminal building was designed by Foster Associates with input from the structural engineer Peter Rice, features a "floating" roof, supported by a space frame of inverted-pyramid roof trusses, creating the impression of a stylised swan in flight. The base of each truss structure is a "utility pillar", which provides indirect uplighting illumination and is the location for air-conditioning, telecommunications and electrical outlets; the layout of the airport was designed to provide an unobstructed flow for passengers to arrive at the short-stay car park, move through the check-in hall, go through security and on to the departure gates all on the same level. From 1997 to 2007, Stansted saw rapid expansion of passenger numbers on the back of the boom in low-cost air travel, peaking at 24 million passengers in the 12 months to October 2007, but passenger numbers declined in the next five years to 2012. Passenger totals increased, in 2016 recorded an annual increase of 8.0% to 24.3 million and numbers have since continued to rise.
The airfield opened in 1943 and was used during the Second World War as RAF Stansted Mountfitchet by the Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces as a bomber airfield and as a major maintenance depot. Although the official name was Stansted Mountfitchet, the base was known as Stansted in both written and spoken form; the station was first allocated to the USAAF Eighth Air Force in August 1942 as a heavy bomber airfield. As well as an operational bomber base, Stansted was an Air Technical Services Command maintenance and supply depot concerned with major overhauls and modification of B-26s. After D-Day, these activities were transferred to France, but the base was still used as a supply storage area for the support of aircraft on the continent. After the withdrawal of the Americans on 12 August 1945, Stansted was taken over by the Air Ministry and used by No. 263 Maintenance Unit, RAF for storage purposes. In addition, between March 1946 and August 1947, Stansted was used for housing German prisoners of war.
In November 1946, the established british cargo airline, London Aero and Motor Services, equipped with ex-RAF Handley Page Halifaxes, moved into Stansted, using it as a base for its operations, until it was wound up in July 1948. The Ministry of Civil Aviation took control of Stansted in 1949 and the airport was used as a base by several UK charter airlines; the US military returned in 1954 to extend the runway for a possible transfer to NATO. The transfer to NATO was never realised and the airport continued in civil use, ending up under BAA control in 1966. During the 1960s, 1970s and early 1980s the Fire Service Training School was based on the eastern side of the airfield under the auspices of the Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation, now the Civil Aviation Authority; the school was responsible for the training of all aviation fire crews for British airfields as well as those of many overseas countries. Beginning in 1966, after Stansted was placed under BAA control, the airport was used by holiday charter operators wishing to escape the higher costs associated with operating from Heathrow and Gatwick.
Stansted had been held in reserve as a third London airport since the 1950s. However, after a public inquiry at Chelmsford In 1966-67 the Government set up the Roskill Commission to review the need afresh; the Commission for the Third London Airport of 1968-71 did not include Stansted as one of its four short-listed sites and recommended that Cublington in Buckinghamshire should be developed as London's third airport. However, the Conservative Government under Ted Heath agreed with a minority recommendation that a site at Foulness in the Thames Estuary renamed Maplin, should be developed. But, in 1974, the incoming Labour Government under Harold Wilson cancelled the Maplin project because of the economic situation. Stansted was considered as an option for long term development in the Advisory Committee on Airports Policy and the Study Group on South East Airports and was selected from a short list of six by the Conservative Government in December 1979; the proposal, for a new terminal associated with the existing runway and the safeguarding of land for a second runway, was considered at the Airports Inquiries of 1981-83.
The Inspector's Report was published in 1984 and the decision, announced in a White Paper in 1985, was to approve a plan to develop Stansted in two phases, involving both airfield and terminal improvements that would increase the airport's capaci
The 2013 SaskPower Saskatchewan Scotties Tournament of Hearts, Saskatchewan's women's provincial curling championship, was held from January 23 to 27 at the Balgonie Stardome in Balgonie, Saskatchewan. The winning team represented Saskatchewan at the 2013 Scotties Tournament of Hearts in Kingston, Ontario. Twelve teams will qualify for the provincial tournament through several methods; the qualification process is as follows: January 23, 2:00 PM Martin 9-4 Barber Selzer 7-6 Miller-Jones January 23, 7:30 PM Shumay 9-5 Englot Eberle 7-5 Chisholm Lawton 8-5 Barker Paulsen 8-7 Holland January 24, 2:00 PM Eberle 10-4 Miller-Jones Selzer 4-1 Barker Holland 9-5 Martin Shumay 13-5 Barber January 24, 7:30 PM Paulsen 9-8 Barber Lawton 9-3 Miller-Jones Chisholm 8-1 Selzer Englot 7-5 Martin January 25, 10:00 AM Lawton 8-3 Selzer Paulsen 8-7 Martin Englot 7-4 Barber Chisholm 6-3 Miller-Jones January 25, 2:30 PM Englot 7-5 Paulsen Shumay 8-5 Holland Lawton 7-2 Chisholm Eberle 9-3 Barker January 25, 7:00 PM Holland 8-3 Barber Barker 10-2 Miller-Jones Eberle 5-3 Selzer Shumay 7-2 Martin January 26, 9:00 AM Barker 8-2 Chisholm Holland 8-4 Englot Shumay 8-4 Paulsen Lawton 7-5 Eberle January 26, 1:30 PM January 26, 5:30 PM January 26, 7:30 PM January 26, 7:30 PM January 27, 1:00 PM Sunday, January 27, 5:00 pm The 2013 SaskPower Women's Northern Playdown will take place from January 10 to 13 at the Twin Rivers Curling Club in North Battleford.
The format of play shall be an open-entry triple knockout, four teams will be qualify to the provincial playoffs. The 2013 SaskPower Women's Southern Playdown will take place from January 10 to 13 at the Melville Curling Club in Melville; the format of play will be an open-entry triple knockout, four teams will qualify to the provincial playoffs
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1902: The Wright brothers fly their No. 3 Glider, with assisted take off, on over 700 flights, results lead directly to the construction of the Flyer. The British Admiralty rejects a proposal to use captive balloons for submarine detection. On an unspecified Sunday in 1902, the Ezekiel Airship is claimed to have flown in Texas. According to these claims, the craft flew 160 feet at a height of between 10 feet and 12 feet in the presence of only a handful of witnesses. January – British Army Colonel James Templer visits the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont in Paris and compiles a report on Santos-Dumont's non-rigid airships; the British War Office approves his recommendation that the British Army begin experimenting with such airships. The first British airship will result from this program, will make its first flight in 1907. 10 January – German meteorologist and aerologist Arthur Berson and balloonist Hermann Elias set a German balloon distance record, covering 1,470 kilometers from Berlin, Germany, to Poltava in the Russian Empire in 30 hours.
17 January – Gustave Whitehead claims a circling 11 km flight over water in a 40 hp- 29.9-kW- engine-powered flying machine with wheels and an amphibious boat-shaped hull. He makes a water landing near his starting point, helpers pull him from the water. 4 February – First balloon flight in Antarctica when Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton ascend to 800 feet in a tethered hydrogen balloon to take the first Antarctic aerial photographs. March – Professor Erich von Drygalski's 1901–1903 German Antarctic Expedition uses a balloon to survey the Antarctic coast of Wilhelm II Land. 30 April – The St Louis Aeronautical Exposition opens in Missouri. 12 May – Brazilian Augusto Severo and French engineer Georges Saché fly the semi-rigid airship Pax, which Severo designed, over Paris for its maiden flight. When they begin to lose control of the airship, it catches fire and explodes 1,200 feet above Montparnasse Cemetery, killing both men instantly. 15 May – Lyman Gilmore, United States claims to have been the first person to fly a powered aircraft, on this date, but there were no witnesses.
13 October – Over Paris, Hungarian-born French diplomat Herlad de Bradsky and electrical engineer Paul Morin fly an airship of their own design on its first test flight. At an altitude of about 600 feet, the gondola separates from rest of the airship and the two men fall to their deaths. October 1902. – The Wright brothers complete development of the three-axis control system with the incorporation of a movable rudder connected to the wing warping control on their 1902 Glider. They subsequently make several controlled heavier than air gliding flights, including one of 622.5 ft in 26 seconds. The 1902 glider is the basis for their patented control system, still used on modern fixed-wing aircraft