The Inheritance Trilogy (Douglas series)

The Inheritance Trilogy is a series of military science fiction books written by Ian Douglas that focus on the United Star Marine Corps. The trilogy is the sequel to the Legacy Trilogy. Star Strike Galactic Corps Semper Human; when the centuries-old refugee ship Argo is destroyed by a Xul sentry, Earth is in danger yet again. After conquering Alighan of the Islamic Theocracy, the United Star Marines must fight the Xul, but unlike previous encounters, the Marines are taking the offensive; the United Star Commonwealth sends the 1st Marine Interstellar Expenditionary Force to fight the Xul out in space so as to buy time for the rest of humanity. The 1MIEF decides to investigate a system. There they discover a race of aliens; the Marines use one of these weapons to destroy a Xul base. Ten years after the events of Star Strike, humans have located the homeworld of the Xul, deep within the Galactic Center; the 1MIEF wants to destroy the system, but misguided politics on Earth no longer support the war against the Xul and attempt to shut the mission down.

A compromise is reached with a peace mission going along with the 1MIEF. The humans arrive at the exact center of the galaxy and discover a dyson sphere around the black hole in the center of the galaxy. Worse, the Xul are developing a weapon that can rewrite nearby reality, making targets like starships no longer exist; the peace mission fails and the Marine forces cause a star to go off course toward the black hole destroying the Xul's dyson cloud. In the epilogue this awakens a trans-galactic intelligence unable to access the Milky Way due to the Xul's interference. Inheritance Trilogy series listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database

Ruth Tringham

Ruth Tringham is an anthropologist, focusing on the archaeology of Neolithic Europe and southwest Asia. She is a Professor of the Graduate School at the University of California and Creative Director and President of the Center for Digital Archaeology, a established non-profit organization. Before going to Berkeley, she taught at University College London. Tringham is best known for her work at Selevac and Opovo, Serbia, at the Eneolithic tell settlement of Podgoritsa, at the well-known site of Çatalhöyük, Turkey. Tringham was born on 14 October 1940 in the village of Aspley Guise in England, she was a younger brother and sister. When she was five years old, her family moved to London where she attended primary school until she was eleven. After she won a scholarship to an all-girls high school, part of the Girls Public Day School Trust in north London, her family moved to Hampstead. During high school she learned Latin and Greek and was active in children's clubs at the Natural History Museum in London, where she was introduced to proper research methods.

As she was growing up, her mother encouraged her to question authority and realize the contexts in which these authorities are based. This early advice would lead to some of her innovative methods, she kept playing until around the age of eighteen. Throughout her college career she played the guitar and sang folk songs that she had collected from the various countries she visited. On in life she began choral singing in Boston and sang in the California Bach Society. After a few years she joined the San Francisco Symphony Chorus in 1984 where she has helped record several CDs and a Grammy Award-winning song of Carl Orff's Carmina Burana. Other hobbies growing up included fencing, racquetball, skiing and oil painting. Having first excavated in the Natural History Club at age thirteen, she knew she wanted to be an archaeologist by the time she was sixteen, she received both her undergraduate and graduate degrees at the University of Edinburgh in the Department of Archaeology. She chose Edinburgh for its pan-European perspective.

The head of the department, Stuart Piggott, encouraged Tringham to excavate at an Iron Age bog site in Denmark. Following this excavation she surveyed along the Pasvik River in Norway, she was on her way to becoming specialized in Scandinavian archaeology. However, there was a major changing point in her career during her junior year as a result of a trip to do fieldwork in Czechoslovakia. While here, she excavated the Neolithic site of Bylany with Bohumil Soudsky, it was here where she became fascinated with the archaeology of Eastern Europe and her research interests, although altered to a certain extent, still remain in that region. She wrote both her senior B. A. thesis and Ph. D. dissertation on Eastern Europe. The former was on Neolithic clay figurines of Eastern Europe, while the latter was called The Earlier Neolithic in Central Europe: A Study of the Linear Pottery Culture and their Relationships with the Contemporary Cultures of South-East Europe, she received her Ph. D. in 1966. Five years she dedicated her first book, Hunters and Farmers: 6,000-3,000 B.

C, to V. Gordon Childe, Stuart Piggott, Bohumil Soudsky, Peter Ucko. Throughout her career, Tringham has brought many innovative ideas to archaeology and challenged its traditional perspectives, she attempts to influence the methods used by archaeologists, thus giving more identity to the past. Some of her specific interests include prehistoric archaeology, European prehistory and popular culture, architecture and gender aspects in prehistory, her research has been on the life history of buildings and the construction of built space. In her first book Hunters and Farmers: 6,000-3,000 B. C. she asserted. She argues one should stay away from formulating speculative social interpretations from the artifacts. However, she now feels that this strict scientific approach is a weakness and argues that one should utilize social theory to try and construct a prehistory. Tringham uses a feminist archaeological perspective when it comes to discussing her interests in gender relations and households. In her own words, "How to express the complexities of a feminist practice of archaeology-multiple interpretations of archaeological data at multiple scales, allowing multiple voices from past and present to be heard."

To her, the masculine standpoint in archaeology overlooks the microscale aspect, therefore devaluing the role of women in ancient societies. Earlier in her career she avoided defining gender relations, but now she states that studying the household in archaeology is crucial to not only gender relations, but archaeology as a whole. Although she has feminist views on certain things, such as emphasizing the importance of microscale aspects in prehistory, this does not mean that she loses her objectivity to other ideas. Margaret Conkey and Ruth Tringham have collaborated on a public multimedia device that challenges the Goddess movement, which tries to portray the past matricentrically. To them, the movement is based on a feminist agenda. Çatalhöyük, a 9,000-year-old site, is the best-preserved Neolithic site to date. Some archaeologists believe it to be the earliest town of mankind because of the complex artifacts located in this area and their social implications. Tringham is the Director of the Berkeley Archaeologists of Catalhoyuk, under the overall director of operations, Ian Hodder.