Heworth Interchange serves the Heworth area of Gateshead, England. There is a station here on the Yellow and the Green Lines of the Tyne and Wear Metro as well as one on the Carlisle to Middlesbrough rail line operated by Northern. Heworth opened in 1981 as the terminus of the Wear Metro. In 1984, the line extended eastwards to South Shields; the railway station had opened on 5 November 1979, with the closure of Felling and Pelaw railway stations. Prior to that, BR passenger trains had run on the southern pair of tracks, now used by Metro services, for a short period they ran through the completed Metro platforms. For much of the time Heworth was a Metro terminus, trains reversed in the platforms, using the crossovers west of the station in passenger service. Reversals took place at the new sidings at Pelaw once they had been completed. Above the four platforms there is a bus station; the services that operate there are operated by Go North East. This interchange provides connections from the Tyne and Wear Metro to South Tyneside and Washington as well as other areas of Gateshead.
The National Rail side of the station is unstaffed and the Nexus Travel Shop closed in 2014. Other facilities available include an newsagents and public telephone. Train running information is offered via timetable posters, digital CIS displays and automated announcements. Step-free access to both Metro and heavy rail platforms is available via ramps. There are one for short-stay and one long-stay. Both sites are on Nexus land and are operated by Gateshead Council Northern run hourly services westbound to Newcastle and eastbound to Middlesbrough via Sunderland and Hartlepool. Most westbound trains continue through to MetroCentre and Hexham, with a few running all the way to Carlisle; the majority of eastbound trains are extended to Nunthorpe. On Sundays, there is an hourly service between Middlesbrough & MetroCentre, plus three through trains to/from Whitby. Northern services serving this station are used by British Rail Class Class 156 trains. From 2019, Northern will withdraw British Rail Class 142 trains, replacing them with refurbished Class 158 trains.
Heworth is served by both Yellow line and Green Line routes - each run every 12 minutes during the daytime and 15 minutes in the evenings and all day Sunday, with extra trains running at peak times between Pelaw and Regent Centre/Monkseaton. Train times and station information for Heworth Interchange from National Rail
South Gosforth Metro station
South Gosforth Metro station is located in a suburb of Newcastle upon Tyne in England. It is a busy interchange station on the Tyne and Wear Metro where many passengers change between Green line services to/from the airport and Yellow line services to/from the coast. During peak periods the station sees an intensive service with trains operating up to every three minutes to and from Newcastle city centre; the station houses the Metro Control Centre, located on platform 2 and on the site of the former station buildings. The station was opened in 1864 as Gosforth station and was renamed to South Gosforth in 1905; this was due to the opening of the West Gosforth station, located near to the modern Regent Centre. An original North Eastern Railway footbridge remains in use at South Gosforth. A similar footbridge removed from Percy Main station has been preserved by the National Railway Museum in York; the Metro rolling stock depot is located close by, in the triangle of land between South Gosforth, Regent Centre and Longbenton stations.
The depot is by the side of a triangle of the depot being on the north side. To the north of the depot is a house's estate. A number of Metro services terminate at South Gosforth at the end of rush hour and close of service, due to its proximity to the depot; the station was used by 1.15 million passengers in the period 2008/2009. Train times and station information for South Gosforth Metro station from Nexus
Tyne and Wear Metro
The Tyne and Wear Metro, referred to locally as the Metro, is a rapid transit and light rail system in North East England, serving Newcastle upon Tyne, South Tyneside, North Tyneside and Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. It has been described as the first modern light rail system in the United Kingdom; the initial network opened between 1980 and 1984, using converted former railway lines, linked with new tunnel infrastructure. Extensions to the original network were opened in 1991 and 2002. In 2017/18 over 36 million passenger journeys were made on the network, which spans 77.5 kilometres and has two lines with a total of 60 stations, nine of which are underground. It is the second-largest of the four metro systems in the United Kingdom, after the London Underground; the system is operated by the local transport authority Nexus. Between 2010 and 2017 it was operated under contract by DB Regio Tyne & Wear Limited, a subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains. On 1 April 2017, this contract ended, Nexus took over direct operation of the system for a planned period of two years.
The present system uses much former railway infrastructure constructed between 1834 and 1882, with one of the oldest parts being the Newcastle & North Shields Railway which opened in 1839. In 1904, in response to tramway competition, taking away passengers, the North Eastern Railway started electrifying parts of their local railway network north of the River Tyne with a 600 V DC third-rail system, forming one of the earliest suburban electric networks, known as the Tyneside Electrics. In 1938, the line south of the Tyne between Newcastle and South Shields was electrified. In the 1960s under British Rail, the decision was made to de-electrify the Tyneside Electric network, convert it to diesel operation due to falling passenger numbers, the cost of renewing end of life electrical infrastructure and rolling stock; the Newcastle-South Shields line was de-electrified in 1963, the north Tyneside routes were de-electrified in 1967. This was viewed as a backward step, as the diesel trains were slower than the electric trains they replaced.
In the early 1970s, the poor local transport system was identified as one of the main factors holding back the region's economy, in 1971 a study was commissioned by the created Tyneside Passenger Transport Authority into how the transport system could be improved. This new system was intended to be the core of a new integrated transport network, with buses acting as feeders to purpose-built transport interchanges; the plans were approved by the Tyneside Metropolitan Railway Bill, passed by Parliament in July 1973. Around 70% of the funding for the scheme came from a central government grant, with the remainder coming from local sources. Three railway lines, totalling 26 miles were to be converted into Metro lines as part of the initial system; the converted railway lines were to be connected by around six miles of new infrastructure, built both to separate the Metro from the existing rail network, to create the new underground routes under Newcastle and Gateshead. Around four miles of the new infrastructure was in tunnels, while the remainder was either at ground level or elevated.
The elevated sections included the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge. Construction work began in October 1974, it was intended to be opened in stages between 1979 and 1981, however the first part of the original network opened in August 1980, the remainder opened in stages until March 1984. The final cost of the project in 1984 prices was £265 million; some extensions to the original system have since been built. A short 3.5 km extension from Bank Foot to Newcastle Airport was opened in 1991, using a further part of the former Ponteland branch. In 2002 an 18.5 km extension was opened from Pelaw to South Hylton via Sunderland. Costing £100 million, this extension used part of the existing Durham Coast Line to Sunderland, but did not take it over. Three intermediate stations on the route were rebuilt, three new ones were added. Within Sunderland, 4.5 km of a former freight line, abandoned in 1984 was reused for the route between Sunderland station and South Hylton, becoming the second Metro segment to be built on a disused line.
The opening dates of the services and stations are as follows: The Tyne and Wear Metro was the first railway in the UK to operate using the metric system
St James Metro station
St James Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro, in the west end of the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England. The station is situated next to St James' Park, the stadium of Newcastle United F. C.. The station, which opened in 1982, is one of two terminals of the Yellow line of the Metro system; the interior of the station is distinct, as the walls are decked out in black and white stripes and depicts Newcastle United players and managers past and present. However, when it was first opened, it was finished in the same colours as the other underground stations on the system, it has two platforms. In 2008-9, the station was used by around 246,000 passengers. Train times and station information for St James Metro station from Nexus
North Tyneside Loop
The North Tyneside Loop refers to the railway lines in North Tyneside from Newcastle upon Tyne via Wallsend, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Backworth and South Gosforth back to Newcastle. Since the 1980s, it has formed part of the Wear Metro, albeit in modified form; the loop emerged from two competing railways which were built from Newcastle to Tynemouth, was not completed until 1909: the southern leg of what became the loop was built by the Newcastle and North Shields Railway in 1839 from Newcastle Central via Wallsend. The northern leg was built by the Blyth and Tyne Railway in 1861 from Newcastle New Bridge Street to Tynemouth via Benton, although the original Blyth & Tyne route ran on a more inland course to Tynemouth from Monkseaton. Both railways had separate terminus stations at Tynemouth, but both lines had been taken over by the North Eastern Railway by the 1870s. In 1882, the NER built a new coastal route from Monkseaton to Tynemouth via Whitley Bay, abandoning the original Blyth and Tyne inland route, this allowed both legs of the route to join head on at Tynemouth, where a new through station was opened.
However the loop was still not completed, as the northern and southern legs of the route still ran into separate unconnected termini at Newcastle. The line was electrified by the NER in 1904 to fight competition from the newly-built electric tramways. In 1909 the loop was completed when the original Blyth & Tyne terminus at New Bridge Street was closed and a line built to connect the northern leg of the route to an extended Manors station.. However the route was de-electrified in 1967, converted to diesel multiple unit operation. In the late 1970s the loop was converted to form part of the Tyne and Wear Metro, which opened in stages beginning in 1980. Both the northern and southern legs of the loop were diverted onto new underground routes on the approach to Newcastle, so that both legs of the loop now intersect at the underground Monument Metro station. In order for the Metro to have its own independent route into Newcastle, the southern leg of the line via Wallsend was diverted just east of Heaton Junction onto a new route which runs parallel to the East Coast Main Line, serving two new stations at Chillingham Road and Byker before running underground via Monument to a new terminus at St James, no longer serves Central Station.
Haymarket Metro station
Haymarket Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro in the north of the city centre of Newcastle upon Tyne. Like the other stations in the city centre, its platforms are located underground; the station is used by six million passengers every year. It is the nearest station to Newcastle University, Northumbria University's City Campus West, the Civic Centre, the major shopping area that surrounds Northumberland Street, it is adjacent to Haymarket bus station. It is the deepest station on the Metro system; the station has underground rooms, restricted from the public, which contain archives and various historical documents. The station was the terminus of the Metro system when the first stage from Haymarket to Tynemouth opened on 11 August 1980. Empty trains reversed using the trailing crossover between Monument. However, this was a temporary measure, as the system was extended southwards through the city centre to Heworth the following year. A number of buildings housing a Greenwood's clothes store, Nobles amusement arcade and the old Tatler cinema were demolished to make way for the station.
In August 2006, final plans for the complete reconstruction of the station, costing £20 million, were released. Initial plans for a £9 million facelift for the station had been announced in 2004. While work took place between 2007 and 2009 the station was closed at 19:45 Sunday to Thursday, but this restriction was lifted in September 2009. Nexus states £5 million of the total cost is being spent improving the station area for Metro passengers, including replacing two escalators and installing a new third escalator where there were stairs; the work on the station area was finished in late 2009. Tolent Construction was appointed as contractor for the project headed by the development vehicle, 42nd Street Haymarket Hub; this is a joint venture company, owned 50% by Tolent, 33% by 42nd Street Realty Ltd and 17% by Closegate. There had been plans to call the building and station the Haymarket Hub, however this now appears just to be the name of the building, with the station's Haymarket name remaining.
Reid Jubb Brown were architects, with Arup as consulting engineers. Newcastle-based creative communications agency Gardiner Richardson and artist Lothar Goetz, a lecturer at Sunderland University, worked on passenger areas. Gardiner Richardson's work centred on updating Metro brand elements in the station, including the colour palette and signage, Nexus sees this as a blueprint for other station modernisations within its £300 million Metro: All Change modernisation programme. Lothar Goetz created an artwork'Canon' using different coloured vitreous enamel panels in the concourse, escalator shaft and platform areas. Aside from the Nexus TravelShop, Haymarket includes other retail outlets including a Ladbrokes and Halifax; the building was nominated for the 2009 Carbuncle Cup, but was not completed in time to be considered. It was however one of six buildings to be shortlisted for the 2010 Carbuncle Cup; the Princess Royal opened Haymarket station on 29 March 2010 after riding on the Metro system from Jesmond.
Haymarket Hub Train times and station information for Haymarket Metro station from Nexus
Four Lane Ends Interchange
Four Lane Ends Metro station is a station on the Tyne and Wear Metro network. It forms part of a major transport interchange located on the boundary of North Tyneside and Newcastle upon Tyne in England; the station is located at the junction of Benton Park Road and Front Street. The crossroads has been important for traders, cattle drivers, those transporting local salts and lime towards the shipyards and factories in Newcastle. In 2008-9 the interchange was used by over 900,000 passengers, of which over 500,000 can be attributed to Metro journeys. Nearby employment sites such as the Benton Park View government complex at Longbenton, which houses DWP, HMRC offices and Quorum Business Park mean that the station is one of the most used on the Metro system. Regular bus services depart the interchange for destinations towards Killingworth, Newcastle city centre and Wallsend; the station was erected to service the Metro light rail system, opening in August 1980, although built at the location of the long-closed Longbenton station, opened in 1864 and closing at the start of 1871, the last remains of which disappeared when Four Lane Ends was built.
Whilst the Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Authority utilised existing stations where possible, such as at Whitley Bay and Tynemouth, new stations such as Four Lane Ends had a definite corporate look of rectangular blocks, light enamelled wall panels, black roofing. The interchange was redeveloped in 2004 to include improved facilities. Despite the redevelopment of the interchange the station concourse remains unchanged. Train times and station information for Four Lane Ends Interchange from Nexus