Big Sandy, Texas
Big Sandy is a town in Upshur County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town's population was 1,343. A lake of the same name is cut nearly in half by U. S. Highway 80, the main thoroughfare of Big Sandy, it lies directly west of the larger cities of Longview. The Sabine River flows just south of Big Sandy. In the 19th century, Walters' Bluff Ferry operated on the Sabine, with passage across costing 40 cents per person and up to 75 cents for wagons. Big Sandy is located at 32°35′5″N 95°6′44″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.7 square miles, of which, 1.6 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,288 people, 532 households, 342 families residing in the town; the population density was 786.8 people per square mile. There were 595 housing units at an average density of 363.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the town was 81.75% White, 12.89% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 2.95% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% of the population. There were 532 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.11. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,284, the median income for a family was $34,107. Males had a median income of $26,083 versus $21,071 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,989. About 16.4% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
Big Sandy is about 14 miles southwest of Gilmer, Texas, at the intersection of U. S. Highway 80 and Texas State Highway 155 in Upshur County, it was established shortly after the American Civil War. The settlement was first known as Big Sandy Switch because a stretch of the Texas and Pacific Railroad was built through the area and intersected with a narrow-gauge railroad called the Tyler Tap. A post office was followed by a newspaper and churches. In 1926 the settlement was incorporated as Big Sandy, with a population of about 850. During the 1950s, Big Sandy became linked to a religious movement that would influence the community for four decades. Local resident Buck Hammer was a member of the Radio Church of God, a California-based, Sabbatarian movement headed by radio evangelist Herbert W. Armstrong. Hammer donated a small parcel of land to the church, which built a meeting hall and began holding annual church conventions there by the middle 1950s; the church in subsequent years bought hundreds more acres adjacent to the original site.
Thousands of church members converged on Big Sandy and surrounding communities for the week-long Feast of Tabernacles each year, creating a significant economic impact. In the mid-1960s Armstrong developed more of the property and established a second campus of Ambassador College, the original campus of which continued to operate at the church's headquarters facility in Pasadena, California; the presence of the college, along with the annual convention operation, influenced hundreds of church members to relocate to Big Sandy and the surrounding area over the years. Although Ambassador ceased operations in 1997, many families once affiliated with it and the church chose to remain in the Big Sandy area. In March 2000, the campus was sold to the Green Family Trust, which leased it to the Institute in Basic Life Principles, it was developed as the International ALERT Academy, the home of the Air Land Emergency Resource Team, a Christian program training young men in disaster relief and emergency services.
The Academy serves as a camp and conference center, holds four-week summer programs for boys and girls. In the late 1970s, local residents Jerry Gentry and Annie Potter began a mail-order business from their home in Big Sandy and called it Annie's Attic; the business grew into a multimillion-dollar enterprise, publishing magazines and catalogs for needlecraft enthusiasts. After the couple divorced in the early 1980s, Annie continued to preside over Annie's Attic, while Jerry launched a near-replicate business called The Needlecraft Shop in Big Sandy. By the 1990s, both businesses had been purchased in separate transactions by Dynamic Resource Group, a publishing company in Berne, Indiana. DRG management moved both companies' operations to Indiana. Before doing so it established a new company, Strategic Fulfillment Group, on the southwest edge of Big Sandy. SFG, which handles mailing and subscription fulfillment for DRG and other clients, is now Big Sandy's and Upshur County's largest employer.
Big Sandy is served by Austin Bank and First National Bank. Local restaurants include Circle M Crawfish, StewBebe's Grill, Subway and Sno, Taqueria and Uncle Mike's Italian Cafe. Other businesses in and around Big Sandy include Certified Electrical LLC, Dollar General, Hill Insurance, Sandy Center Market, Valero. On July 10–11, 1986, more
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
Northeast Texas is a region in the northeast corner of the U. S. state of Texas. It is geographically centered on two metropolitan areas strung along Interstate 20: Tyler in the west and Longview/Marshall to the east. Mount Pleasant, Sulphur Springs and Texarkana in the north along Interstate 30, Jacksonville and Palestine to the south are major cities within the region. Most of Northeast Texas is included in the inter-state region of the Arklatex, its climate is wetter than most of Texas and its geography is more hilly and forested. Its culture does not have as much of a Cajun influence. Many of the largest cities in Northeast Texas still follow a rural Southern way of life in dialect, mannerisms and cuisine; the geography is composed of the Piney Woods, a mixed forest of deciduous and conifer flora. The Piney woods cover 23,500 sq mi of rolling or hilly forested land; these woods are part of a much larger region of pine-hardwood forest that extends into Louisiana and Oklahoma. Northeast Texas lies within the Gulf Coastal Plain and receives more rainfall, 35 to 50 inches, than the rest of Texas.
The Sabine River is the major river in Northeast Texas, flows through Longview and several other cities. The Red River flows through the region and forms the northern border with Oklahoma and a portion of Arkansas. In Northeast Texas and the rest of the South, small rivers and creeks collect into swamps called "bayous" and merge with the surrounding forest. Bald cypress and Spanish moss are the dominant plants in bayous; the most famous of these bayous in Northeast Texas is the Cypress Bayou surrounding the Big and Black Cypress rivers around Jefferson. They flow east into the adjoining wetlands cover the rim and islands of the lake. Interstate 20 Interstate 30 U. S. Highway 59 U. S. Highway 67 U. S. Highway 69 U. S. Highway 79 U. S. Highway 80 U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 84 U. S. Highway 175 U. S. Highway 259 U. S. Highway 271 U. S. Highway 287 According to the Northeast Texas Genealogical Society, the following 23 counties comprise Northeast Texas: Culturally Northeast Texas is more akin to Arkansas and Mississippi than it is with West Texas.
Northeast Texas is in the Bible Belt creating a strong Fundamentalist Christian sentiment. Though 35 percent of Texas's population is now Hispanic, African-Americans are still the most populous minority in Northeast Texas. During the Civil Rights Movement several communities clashed over integration. In presidential elections since 1950 both Smith County, Gregg County have been reliably Republican. Much of modern Northeast Texas culture has its roots in traditions. First Monday Trade Days is a monthly flea market held in Texas; the market is held on the Thursday through Sunday preceding the first Monday of each month. It purports to be the largest and oldest continually operated flea market in the United States, is a popular event in the area; the East Texas Oil Museum, located on the campus of Kilgore College in Kilgore, Texas. It houses the authentic re-creation of oil discovery and production in the early 1930s from the largest oil field inside U. S. boundaries. Tyler, Texas has a rich culture and has been nicknamed the "Rose Capital of America" because of its large role in the rose-growing industry.
S. are grown in Tyler and Smith County and more than half of the rose bushes are packaged and shipped from the area. It boasts the nation's largest municipal rose garden and hosts the Texas Rose Festival each October, which draws more than 100,000 spectators annually; the Northeast Texas Children's Museum is located in Texas. The museum provides playful and creative learning experiences for children in the Northeast Texas area. Many school districts from the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex and the Northeast Texas area take field trips to the museum. Northeast Texas is home to many lakes; some of the major lakes in the area include: Jim Chapman Lake, Lake Tawakoni, Lake Fork, Cedar Creek Reservoir, Pat Mayse Lake, Lake Palestine, Caddo Lake, Lake O' the Pines, Wright Patman Lake Northeast Texas has a number of higher education institutions including The University of Texas at Tyler, Texas A&M University at Commerce, Texas A&M University at Texarkana, Stephen F. Austin State University located in Nacogdoches, East Texas Baptist University, LeTourneau University, eight public and two private community colleges, a branch of the Texas State Technical College at Marshall, three black colleges, a number of church affiliated private institutions.
The public colleges and universities of the region collaboratively provide degree and course opportunities through the Northeast Texas Consortium of Colleges and Universities. The community colleges of Northeast Texas share a history of emerging from the "junior college" movement of schools focused on providing the first two years of the college degree. Although most added technical programs with Associate of Applied Science Degrees following the community college movement of the 1960s, the schools still place a strong emphasis on liberal arts and the academic Associate of Arts and Associate of Science degree programs, they include the full range of college sports, including football, host dormitories, are known for their "high kicking" drill teams. Community Colleges in the region include Kilgore College, home of the world-famous Kilgore College Rangerettes, Paris Junior College, Northeast Texas Community College near Mt. Pleasant, Texarkana College, Panola College in Carthage, Tyler Junior College, Trin
New London, Texas
New London is a city in Rusk County, United States. The population was 998 at the 2010 census. New London was known as just "London". However, as the US Post Office had established a station at London, Texas in Kimble County, the town changed its name to "New London" in 1931. On March 18, 1937, the London School Explosion killed 294 people; as a result of the disaster, Texas passed laws requiring natural gas to be mixed with a malodorant to provide early warning of any leak. Other states followed; the legal requirement for malodorant in natural gas became a legal requirement in the United States. New London is located at 32°15′22″N 94°55′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles, of which, 8.6 square miles of it is land and 0.12% is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 987 people, 352 households, 268 families residing in the city; the population density was 114.3 people per square mile. There were 388 housing units at an average density of 44.9/sq mi.
The racial makeup of the city was 91.59% White, 4.86% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 2.33% from other races, 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.86% of the population. There were 352 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.6% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,984, the median income for a family was $36,979.
Males had a median income of $27,981 versus $15,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,009. About 13.5% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. The city of New London is served by the West Rusk Independent School District. A small portion of the town is within the Overton ISD; the 2015 historical novel Out of Darkness by Ashley Hope Pérez depicts 1930s New London. Media related to New London, Texas at Wikimedia Commons The Handbook of Texas Online article on New London, Texas New London's West Rusk Schools homepage Texas Bob's New London, Texas webpage The London Museum of New London, TX webpage Pictorial history of New London, Texas
Austin is the capital of the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 4th-most populous city in Texas, it is the fastest growing large city in the United States, the second most populous state capital after Phoenix and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States. As of the U. S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2017 estimate, Austin had a population of 950,715 up from 790,491 at the 2010 census; the city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,115,827 as of July 1, 2017. Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, Lake Walter E. Long. In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River. In 1839, the site was chosen to replace Houston as the capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name "Waterloo."
Shortly afterward, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin, the "Father of Texas" and the republic's first secretary of state; the city grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin. After a severe lull in economic growth from the Great Depression, Austin resumed its steady development, by the 1990s it emerged as a center for technology and business. A number of Fortune 500 companies have headquarters or regional offices in Austin including, 3M, Amazon.com, Apple Inc. Cisco, eBay, General Motors, Google, IBM, Oracle Corporation, PayPal, Texas Instruments, Whole Foods Market. Dell's worldwide headquarters is located in Round Rock. Residents of Austin are known as Austinites, they include a diverse mix of government employees, college students, high-tech workers, blue-collar workers, a vibrant LGBT community. The city's official slogan promotes Austin as "The Live Music Capital of the World," a reference to the city's many musicians and live music venues, as well as the long-running PBS TV concert series Austin City Limits.
The city adopted "Silicon Hills" as a nickname in the 1990s due to a rapid influx of technology and development companies. In recent years, some Austinites have adopted the unofficial slogan "Keep Austin Weird," which refers to the desire to protect small and local businesses from being overrun by large corporations. In the late 19th century, Austin was known as the "City of the Violet Crown," because of the colorful glow of light across the hills just after sunset. Today, many Austin businesses use the term "Violet Crown" in their name. Austin is known as a "clean-air city" for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all public places and buildings, including restaurants and bars. U. S. News & World Report named Austin the #1 place to live in the U. S. for 2017 and 2018. In 2016, Forbes ranked Austin #1 on its "Cities of the Future" list in 2017 placed the city at that same position on its list for the "Next Biggest Boom Town in the U. S." In 2017, Forbes awarded the South River City neighborhood of Austin its #2 ranking for "Best Cities and Neighborhoods for Millennials."
WalletHub named Austin the #6 best place in the country to live for 2017. The FBI ranked Austin as the #2 safest major city in the U. S. for 2012. Austin, Travis County and Williamson County have been the site of human habitation since at least 9200 BC; the area's earliest known inhabitants lived during the late Pleistocene and are linked to the Clovis culture around 9200 BC, based on evidence found throughout the area and documented at the much-studied Gault Site, midway between Georgetown and Fort Hood. When settlers arrived from Europe, the Tonkawa tribe inhabited the area; the Comanches and Lipan Apaches were known to travel through the area. Spanish colonists, including the Espinosa-Olivares-Aguirre expedition, traveled through the area for centuries, though few permanent settlements were created for some time. In 1730, three missions from East Texas were combined and reestablished as one mission on the south side of the Colorado River, in what is now Zilker Park, in Austin; the mission was in this area for only about seven months, was moved to San Antonio de Béxar and split into three missions.
Early in the 19th century, Spanish forts were established in what are now San Marcos. Following Mexico's independence, new settlements were established in Central Texas, but growth in the region was stagnant because of conflicts with the regional Native Americans. In 1835 -- 1836, Texans won independence from Mexico. Texas thus became an independent country with its own president and monetary system. After Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar visited the area during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 1837 and 1838, he proposed that the republic's capital in Houston, be relocated to the area situated on the north bank of the Colorado River. In 1839, the Texas Congress formed a commission to seek a site for a new capital to be named for Stephen F. Austin. Mirabeau B. Lamar, second president of the newly formed Republic of Texas, advised the commissioners to investigate the area named Waterloo, noting the area's hills and pleasant surroundings. Waterloo was selected, "Austin" was chosen as the town's new name.
The location was seen as a convenient crossroads for trade routes between Santa Fe and Galveston Bay, as well as routes between northern Mexico and the Red River. Edwin Wall
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Gregg County, Texas
Gregg County is a county located in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 121,730, its county seat is Longview. The county is named after John Gregg, a Confederate general killed in action during the American Civil War. Gregg County is part of the Longview, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall, TX Combined Statistical Area. Discovery of oil near Kilgore, Texas in October 1920 was the beginning of an oil boom that attracted workers to the county and expanded the population by more than 500% by 1940, according to the census. By that time, the economy had stabilized but the East Texas Oil Field, extending in five counties, has continued to be important to the county and region's economy; this area was among early sections settled by United States immigrants before Texas became an independent republic and, after 1848, a state of the United States. It was an area developed as cotton plantations dependent on slave labor of African Americans.
Lumbering of the pine forests was pursued in the early years of clearing the land for cultivation. Gregg County was organized in 1873 after the American Civil War from portions of existing counties; when the Texas State Legislature convened in January 1873, Democratic representative B. W. Brown of Upshur County introduced a bill to create a new county from parts of Harrison and Upshur counties, he was trying to break up the black majority that dominated county politics in Harrison County. Under Brown's proposal, the county was to be named Roanoke, Longview was to be the county seat; the proposed name was changed to honor Texas leader and Confederate General John Gregg, the county seat was determined by popular election. Harrison and Rusk counties resisted efforts to have portions of their territory assigned to Gregg County; when Gregg County was created, it first consisted of 143 square miles taken from Upshur County, the Sabine River was its southern boundary. In April 1874 about 141 square miles south of the Sabine River in Rusk County was added to Gregg County.
The third portion, of about 145 square miles to be taken from Harrison County, was never realized. Many of its voters continued to elect Republicans to county offices. By 1919 the county population was a total of 16,700, of which 8,160, or forty-eight percent, was black. Most were sharecroppers or tenant farmers raising cotton as a commodity crop. Members of the Negro Business League set up a cooperative store in Longview to compete with white merchants and offer African-American residents more choices for purchases. Beginning July 10, the town had a short-lived Longview Race Riot in which one black man was killed, several black homes and properties were burned, it was quelled when the sheriff asked for other law enforcement. They established military occupation. Agricultural work declined during the Great Depression of the 1930s, many African Americans continued to leave in the Great Migration north to find other work. In October 1930, oil was discovered in Texas near Kilgore; the county economy was booming, the East Texas Oil Field attracted so many workers that county population increased by more than 500% by 1940.
Growth stabilized. County demographics changed. In the early 21st century less than 20% of the population is African American. Texas Attorney General John Ben Shepperd, who served from 1953-1957, maintained a ranch in Gregg County near his native Gladewater, he served on the Gregg County Commissioners Court for a brief period in 1949. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 276 square miles, of which 273 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. Interstate 20 U. S. Highway 80 U. S. Highway 259 U. S. Highway 271 State Highway 31 State Highway 42 Upshur County Harrison County Rusk County Smith County As of the census of 2000, there were 111,379 people, 42,687 households, 29,667 families residing in the county; the population density was 406 people per square mile. There were 46,349 housing units at an average density of 169 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.89% White, 19.86% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.55% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races.
9.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 42,687 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.50% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,006, the median income for a family was $42,617. Males had a median income of $33,186 versus $21,432 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,449.
About 12.00% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over. The following school districts serve Gregg County: Gladewater ISD Kil