click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lonnie Johnson (musician)

Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson was an American blues and jazz singer, guitarist and songwriter. He was a pioneer of jazz guitar and jazz violin and is recognized as the first to play an electrically amplified violin. Johnson was born in New Orleans and raised in a family of musicians, he studied violin and guitar as a child and learned to play various other instruments, including the mandolin, but he concentrated on the guitar throughout his professional career. "There was music all around us," he recalled, "and in my family you'd better play something if you just banged on a tin can."Johnson pioneered the single-string solo guitar styles that have become customary in modern rock and jazz music. By his late teens, he was playing guitar and violin in his father's family band at banquets and weddings, alongside his brother James "Steady Roll" Johnson, he worked with the jazz trumpeter Punch Miller in the Storyville district of New Orleans. In 1917, Johnson joined a revue that toured England, returning home in 1919 to find that all of his family, except his brother James, had died in the 1918 influenza epidemic.

He and his brother settled in St. Louis in 1921. Lonnie worked on riverboats and in the orchestras of Charlie Creath and Fate Marable. In 1925 Johnson married, his wife, soon began a blues career of her own, performing as Mary Johnson and pursuing a recording career from 1929 to 1936; as with many other early blues artists, information on Mary Johnson is contradictory and confusing. Various online sources give her name before marriage as Mary Smith and state that she began performing in her teens. However, the writer James Sallis gave her original name as Mary Williams and stated that her interest in writing and performing blues began when she started helping Lonnie write songs and developed from there; the two never recorded together. They had six children before their divorce in 1932. In 1925, Johnson entered and won a blues contest at the Booker T. Washington Theatre in St. Louis, the prize being a recording contract with Okeh Records. To his regret, he was tagged as a blues artist and found it difficult to be regarded as anything else.

He said, "I guess I would have done anything to get recorded – it just happened to be a blues contest, so I sang the blues." Between 1925 and 1932 he made about 130 recordings for Okeh. He was called to New York to record with the leading blues singers of the day, including Victoria Spivey and the country blues singer Alger "Texas" Alexander, he toured with Bessie Smith, a top attraction of the Theater Owners Bookers Association. In December 1927, Johnson recorded in Chicago as a guest artist with Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five, paired with the banjoist Johnny St. Cyr, he played on the sides "I'm Not Rough", "Savoy Blues", "Hotter Than That." In an unusual move, he was invited to sit in with many OKeh jazz groups. In 1928, he recorded "Hot and Bothered", "Move Over", "The Mooche" with Duke Ellington for Okeh, he recorded with a group called the Chocolate Dandies. He pioneered the guitar solo on the 1927 track "6/88 Glide", on many of his early recordings he played 12-string guitar solos in a style that influenced such future jazz guitarists as Charlie Christian and Django Reinhardt and gave the instrument new meaning as a jazz voice.

He excelled in purely instrumental pieces, some of which he recorded with the white jazz guitarist Eddie Lang, with whom he teamed in 1929. These recordings were among the first to feature black and white musicians performing together, although Lang was credited as Blind Willie Dunn to disguise the fact. Much of Johnson's music featured experimental improvisations that would now be categorized as jazz rather than blues. According to the blues historian Gérard Herzhaft, Johnson was "undeniably the creator of the guitar solo played note by note with a pick, which has become the standard in jazz, blues and rock". Johnson's style reached both the Delta bluesmen and urban players who would adapt and develop his one-string solos into the modern electric blues style. However, the writer Elijah Wald declared that in the 1920s and 1930s Johnson was best known as a sophisticated and urbane singer rather than an instrumentalist: "Of the forty ads for his records that appeared in the Chicago Defender between 1926 and 1931, not one mentioned that he played guitar."

Johnson's compositions depicted the social conditions confronting urban African Americans. In his lyrics he captured the nuances of male-female love relationships in a way that went beyond Tin Pan Alley sentimentalism, his songs displayed an ability to understand the heartaches of others, which Johnson saw as the essence of his blues. After touring with Bessie Smith in 1929, Johnson moved to Chicago and recorded for Okeh with the stride pianist James P. Johnson. However, with the temporary demise of the recording industry in the Great Depression, he was compelled to make a living outside music, working at one point in a steel mill in Peoria, Illinois. In 1932 he moved again, to Cleveland, where he lived for the rest of the decade. There he performed on radio programs and intermittently played with the band backing the singer Putney Dandridge. By the late 1930s, he was recording and performing in Chicago for Decca Records, working with Roosevelt Sykes and Blind John Davis, among others. In 1939, during a session for Bluebird Records with the pianist Joshua Altheimer, Johnson used an electric guitar for

Dupath Well

Dupath Well is a holy well house and chapel dedicated to St. Ethelred, constructed over a spring, it is a Grade I listed building, having been added to the register on 21 July 1951. Dupath Well is located at grid reference SX 374 693, just outside the town of Callington in east Cornwall, United Kingdom, it is under the guardianship of Historic England, managed by the Cornwall Heritage Trust. Dupath Well is a nearly intact well-house, built over a spring. Built of Cornish granite ashlar, it has a steeply pitched corbelled roof, built from courses of granite slabs that run the length of the building. There are badly weathered pinnacles at each corner and a small bell turret with a elaborate canopy a addition, over the entrance. Next to the well house is a circular trough that collects the spring water; the small chapel-like building was built in about 1510 by the Augustinian canons of the nearby priory of St Germans, to whom the site belonged. The architecture of the well-house is typical of the late 15th and early 16th centuries in a notably'Celtic' style bearing comparison with similar well houses and ancient chapels in Brittany and Ireland, albeit in a late medieval elaborated form.

At one time the spring at Dupath was believed to cure whooping cough, it has been suggested that, in addition to its role in healing the sick, the spring may have been used on occasion for baptisms. One grim tale associated with Dupath recounts that two Saxons – Colan and Gottlieb – fought a duel there for a lady’s hand, but the maiden went unmarried: Colan was killed outright and Gottlieb fatally wounded, though some versions say he died of ‘impatience’. History on Dupath Well: English Heritage

Purple-throated cuckooshrike

Gary Jeter

Gary Michael Jeter was a professional American football defensive end in the National Football League. An All-American at the University of Southern California in 1976, Jeter was drafted by the New York Giants in the first round in the 1977 NFL Draft. After his graduation from Cathedral Latin School, Ohio, Jeter started every game at Defensive end for USC from his 3rd game in 1974 until his final game in the Rose Bowl in 1977 and was a member of 1974 National Championship team. In 1976 First-team All-American and while at USC he started in three Rose Bowls, he was a three-time All-Conference First-team and won USC's Defensive Player of the Year Award in 1975. Jeter played in 13 NFL seasons from 1977 to 1989 for the New York Giants, Los Angeles Rams and New England Patriots. During his professional career, he amassed 79 sacks, he was a starter with the Giants through the 1981 season and was a back-up in 1982. As a rookie in 1977 he was an All-Rookie selection and recorded 3 sacks, a number he matched in 1978.

In 1979, he had 4 sacks. In 1980, he was an alternate to the Pro Bowl. In 1981, he had 7 sacks as the resurgent Giants defense led by Lawrence Taylor, made the play-offs for the first time in Jeter's career. In 1982, slowed by a left-knee injury and by the player's strike, Jeter played only four games and did not record a sack. On April 9, 1983, he was traded to the Los Angeles Rams. Jeter spent the 1983 season as a backup and as a designated pass rusher——who would come in to rush the quarterback on passing downs, he recorded 6½ sacks in that role. In 1984 Jeter missed most of the season. In 1985, he came back healthy and resumed the "designated" role for the Rams totaling 11 sacks, which again was second on the team, he was voted Comeback Player of the Year after the 1985 season. In 1986, 1987 and 1988 Jeter performed exceptionally well in his role, getting a career-high 11½ sacks in 1988, including 5 in one game against the Los Angeles Raiders on September 18, 1988, for which he was awarded the NFC Player of the Week.

After the 1988 season the Rams left Jeter an unprotected "Plan B" free agent and the New England Patriots signed him to do the same job he'd been doing in Los Angeles—to come off the bench on third down and rush the quarterback. He ended the 1989 season with 7 sacks. Jeter was released by the Patriots August 29, 1990; the Los Angeles Rams agreed to terms with him, however, he failed the team physical due to a chronic back problem. Jeter resided in New Jersey, he was the Manager of Business Development for Motivated Security Services, Inc. in Somerville, New Jersey, a certified WBENC Company. Jeter died on March 2016 at the age of 61 of an apparent heart attack, he was survived by his wife Leslie, four daughters − Ayisha, Denyse,Kayla,and Breana. Kayla was a standout volleyball player. Upon graduation Kayla earned her master's degree and played 2 years of professional volleyball in Helsinki, Finland, she is the assistant volleyball coach at the University of Cincinnati. Another daughter, attends the University of Tennessee

Simple group

In mathematics, a simple group is a nontrivial group whose only normal subgroups are the trivial group and the group itself. A group, not simple can be broken into two smaller groups, namely a nontrivial normal subgroup and the corresponding quotient group; this process can be repeated, for finite groups one arrives at uniquely determined simple groups, by the Jordan–Hölder theorem. The complete classification of finite simple groups, completed in 2004, is a major milestone in the history of mathematics; the cyclic group G = Z/3Z of congruence classes modulo 3 is simple. If H is a subgroup of this group, its order must be a divisor of the order of G, 3. Since 3 is prime, its only divisors are 1 and 3, so either H is G. On the other hand, the group G = Z/12Z is not simple; the set H of congruence classes of 0, 4, 8 modulo 12 is a subgroup of order 3, it is a normal subgroup since any subgroup of an abelian group is normal. The additive group Z of integers is not simple. One may use the same kind of reasoning for any abelian group, to deduce that the only simple abelian groups are the cyclic groups of prime order.

The classification of nonabelian simple groups is far less trivial. The smallest nonabelian simple group is the alternating group A5 of order 60, every simple group of order 60 is isomorphic to A5; the second smallest nonabelian simple group is the projective special linear group PSL of order 168, it is possible to prove that every simple group of order 168 is isomorphic to PSL. The infinite alternating group, i.e. the group of finitely supported permutations of the integers, A ∞ is simple. This group can be written as the increasing union of the finite simple groups A n with respect to standard embeddings A n → A n + 1. Another family of examples of infinite simple groups is given by P S L n, where F is an infinite field and n ≥ 2, it is much more difficult to construct finitely generated infinite simple groups. The first existence result is non-explicit. Explicit examples, which turn out to be finitely presented, include the infinite Thompson groups T and V. Finitely presented torsion-free infinite simple groups were constructed by Burger-Mozes.

There is as yet no known classification for general simple groups, no such classification is expected. The finite simple groups are important because in a certain sense they are the "basic building blocks" of all finite groups, somewhat similar to the way prime numbers are the basic building blocks of the integers; this is expressed by the Jordan–Hölder theorem which states that any two composition series of a given group have the same length and the same factors, up to permutation and isomorphism. In a huge collaborative effort, the classification of finite simple groups was declared accomplished in 1983 by Daniel Gorenstein, though some problems surfaced. Finite simple groups are classified as lying in one of 18 families, or being one of 26 exceptions: Zp – cyclic group of prime order An – alternating group for n ≥ 5 The alternating groups may be considered as groups of Lie type over the field with one element, which unites this family with the next, thus all families of non-abelian finite simple groups may be considered to be of Lie type.

One of 16 families of groups of Lie type The Tits group is considered of this form, though speaking it is not of Lie type, but rather index 2 in a group of Lie type. One of 26 exceptions, the sporadic groups, of which 20 are subgroups or subquotients of the monster group and are referred to as the "Happy Family", while the remaining 6 are referred to as pariahs; the famous theorem of Feit and Thompson states. Therefore, every finite simple group has order unless it is cyclic of prime order; the Schreier conjecture asserts that the group of outer automorphisms of every finite simple group is solvable. This can be proved using the classification theorem. There are two threads in the history of finite simple groups – the discovery and construction of specific simple groups and families, which took place from the work of Galois in the 1820s to the construction of the Monster in 1981; as of 2010, work on improving the proofs and understanding continues. Simple groups have been studied at least since early Galois theory, where Évariste Galois realized that the fact that the alternating groups on five or more points are simple, which he proved in 1831, was the reason that one could not solve the quintic in radicals.

Galois constructed the projective special linear group of a plane over a prime finite field, PSL, remarked that they were simple for p not 2 or 3. This is contained in his last letter to Chevalier, are the next

Still Alive and Well

Still Alive and Well is an album by blues rock guitarist and singer Johnny Winter. It was his fifth studio album, his first since Johnny Winter And three years earlier, it was released by Columbia Records in 1973. Many of the songs on the album have a more rock-oriented power trio sound, with Randy Jo Hobbs playing bass and Richard Hughes on drums. Rick Derringer, who produced, plays guitar on three tracks. Still Alive and Well features two Rolling Stones songs — "Silver Train" and "Let It Bleed". In Rolling Stone, Tony Glover wrote, "Yes, he is. In this long-awaited return album, Johnny Winter takes up, his fingers are fleet and sure as his vocals have bite and growl, the flash and power of yore are hanging right in there."On AllMusic, James Chrispell said, "Still Alive and Well proved to the record-buying public that Johnny Winter was both. This is a enjoyable album, chock-full of great tunes played well."Robert Christgau wrote, "Winter will never be an personable singer, but I like what's he's putting out on this monkey-off-my-comeback: two late-Stones covers, plenty of slide, a good helping of nasty."

LP side one:"Rock Me Baby" - 3:49 "Can't You Feel It" - 3:01 "Cheap Tequila" - 4:05 "All Tore Down" - 4:30 "Rock & Roll" - 4:43LP side two:"Silver Train" - 3:35 "Ain't Nothing to Me" - 3:06 "Still Alive & Well" - 3:43 "Too Much Seconal" - 4:22 "Let It Bleed" - 4:10Bonus tracks on remastered release:"Lucille" - 2:45 "From a Buick 6" - 2:38 MusiciansJohnny Winter – guitar, slide guitar, vocals Randy Jo Hobbs – bass Richard Hughes – drums Rick Derringer – slide guitar on "Silver Train", pedal steel guitar and click guitar on "Ain't Nothing to Me", electric guitar on "Cheap Tequila" Jeremy Steigflute on "Too Much Seconal" Todd RundgrenMellotron on "Cheap Tequila" Mark Klingmanpiano on "Silver Train"ProductionProducer: Rick Derringer Reissue Producer: Bob Irwin Digitally Remastered: Vic Anesini Cover Design: John Berg, Ed Lee New York hard rock band Circus of Power and released the Derringer song Still Alive and Well on their 1989 live EP Still Alive