Amazon.com, Inc. is an American multinational technology company based in Seattle, Washington that focuses in e-commerce, cloud computing, artificial intelligence. Amazon is the largest e-commerce marketplace and cloud computing platform in the world as measured by revenue and market capitalization. Amazon.com was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994, started as an online bookstore but diversified to sell video downloads/streaming, MP3 downloads/streaming, audiobook downloads/streaming, video games, apparel, food and jewelry. The company owns a publishing arm, Amazon Publishing, a film and television studio, Amazon Studios, produces consumer electronics lines including Kindle e-readers, Fire tablets, Fire TV, Echo devices, is the world's largest provider of cloud infrastructure services through its AWS subsidiary. Amazon has separate retail websites for some countries and offers international shipping of some of its products to certain other countries. 100 million people subscribe to Amazon Prime.
Amazon is the largest Internet company by revenue in the world and the second largest employer in the United States. In 2015, Amazon surpassed Walmart as the most valuable retailer in the United States by market capitalization. In 2017, Amazon acquired Whole Foods Market for $13.4 billion, which vastly increased Amazon's presence as a brick-and-mortar retailer. The acquisition was interpreted by some as a direct attempt to challenge Walmart's traditional retail stores. In 1994, Jeff Bezos incorporated Amazon. In May 1997, the organization went public; the company began selling music and videos in 1998, at which time it began operations internationally by acquiring online sellers of books in United Kingdom and Germany. The following year, the organization sold video games, consumer electronics, home-improvement items, software and toys in addition to other items. In 2002, the corporation started Amazon Web Services, which provided data on Web site popularity, Internet traffic patterns and other statistics for marketers and developers.
In 2006, the organization grew its AWS portfolio when Elastic Compute Cloud, which rents computer processing power as well as Simple Storage Service, that rents data storage via the Internet, were made available. That same year, the company started Fulfillment by Amazon which managed the inventory of individuals and small companies selling their belongings through the company internet site. In 2012, Amazon bought Kiva Systems to automate its inventory-management business, purchasing Whole Foods Market supermarket chain five years in 2017; as of March 2019, the board of directors is: Jeff Bezos, President, CEO, Chairman Tom Alberg, Managing partner, Madrona Venture Group Rosalind Brewer, Group President, COO, Starbucks Jamie Gorelick, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale, Dorr Daniel P. Huttenlocher and Vice Provost, Cornell University Judy McGrath, former CEO, MTV Networks Indra Nooyi, former CEO, PepsiCo Jon Rubinstein, former Chairman, CEO, Inc. Thomas O. Ryder, former Chairman, CEO, Reader's Digest Association Patty Stonesifer, CEO, Martha's Table Wendell P. Weeks, President, CEO, Corning Inc.
In 2000, U. S. toy retailer Toys "R" Us entered into a 10-year agreement with Amazon, valued at $50 million per year plus a cut of sales, under which Toys "R" Us would be the exclusive supplier of toys and baby products on the service, the chain's website would redirect to Amazon's Toys & Games category. In 2004, Toys "R" Us sued Amazon, claiming that because of a perceived lack of variety in Toys "R" Us stock, Amazon had knowingly allowed third-party sellers to offer items on the service in categories that Toys "R" Us had been granted exclusivity. In 2006, a court ruled in favor of Toys "R" Us, giving it the right to unwind its agreement with Amazon and establish its own independent e-commerce website; the company was awarded $51 million in damages. In 2001, Amazon entered into a similar agreement with Borders Group, under which Amazon would co-manage Borders.com as a co-branded service, Borders pulled out of the arrangement in 2007, with plans to launch its own online store. On October 18, 2011, Amazon.com announced a partnership with DC Comics for the exclusive digital rights to many popular comics, including Superman, Green Lantern, The Sandman, Watchmen.
The partnership has caused well-known bookstores like Barnes & Noble to remove these titles from their shelves. In November 2013, Amazon announced a partnership with the United States Postal Service to begin delivering orders on Sundays; the service, included in Amazon's standard shipping rates, initiated in metropolitan areas of Los Angeles and New York because of the high-volume and inability to deliver in a timely way, with plans to expand into Dallas, New Orleans and Phoenix by 2014. In June 2017, Nike confirmed a "pilot" partnership with Amazon to sell goods directly on the platform; as of October 11, 2017, AmazonFresh sells a range of Booths branded products for home delivery in selected areas. In September 2017, Amazon ventured with one of its sellers JV Appario Retail owned by Patni Group which has recorded a total income of US$ 104.44 million in financial year 2017–18. In November 2018, Amazon reached an agreement with Apple Inc. to sell selected products through the service, via the company and selected Apple Authorized Resellers.
As a result of this partnership, only Apple Authorized Resellers may sell Apple products on Amazon effective January 4, 2019. Amazon.com's product lines available at its website include several media, baby products, consumer electronics, beauty products, gourmet food, groceries and perso
Thomas Del Ruth
Thomas Del Ruth, A. S. C. is a retired American cinematographer. Del Ruth was born in 1942 in Beverly Hills, California, as the son of film director Roy Del Ruth, actress Winnie Lightner, he was educated at Van Nuys High School and the University of Southern California and began working as a commercial print model and actor after serving as a paratrooper in the US Army. Del Ruth switched from being in front of the camera to being behind it in 1966 and was promoted to director of photography in 1979 by Universal Studios. Del Ruth has received two Emmy Awards for outstanding cinematography as well as five additional Emmy nominations. In addition, he has won four American Society of Cinematographers Outstanding Cinematography Awards as well as an additional six ASC nominations, he has experience as film producer and director. Del Ruth retired in 2009 to California. 1994 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for The X-Files 2000 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for The West Wing 2003 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Episodic TV series for The West Wing 2004 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Episodic TV series for The West Wing 2005 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Episodic TV series for The West Wing 2006 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for Code Breakers 2007 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip 1995 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for ER 1995 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Regular Series for ER 1999 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for The West Wing 2002 - Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Movies of the Week/Pilots for The West Wing 1995 - Outstanding Individual Achievement in Cinematography for a Miniseries or a Special for My Brother's Keeper 2002 - Outstanding Cinematography for a Single Camera Series for The West Wing 2003 - Outstanding Cinematography for a Single Camera Series for The West Wing 2004 - Outstanding Cinematography for a Single Camera Series for The West Wing 2007 - Outstanding Cinematography For a Single-camera Series for Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip 2000 - Outstanding Cinematography for a Single Camera Series for The West Wing 2001 - Outstanding Cinematography for a Single Camera Series for The West Wing As cinematographer unless otherwise specified Flipped Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip The Book of Daniel TV series Code Breakers Heartless The West Wing It Came from the Sky Down Will Come Baby Charmed Kissing a Fool Leave It to Beaver When the Cradle Falls Asteroid... a.k.a.
Asteroid: The Sky is Falling - Philippines The Underworld Full Circle Chasing the Dragon JAG Courthouse - Pilot TV episode Abandoned and Deceived My Brother's Keeper One Christmas... a.k.a. Truman Capote's One Christmas - USA ER - Next Door Royce Shattered Image House of Secrets Donato and Daughter The X Files... a.k.a. The X-Files - USA... a.k.a. X-File - Japan - Pilot TV episode Barbarians at the Gate Amore! T Bone N Weasel The Mighty Ducks Little Sister Kuffs Look Who's Talking Too Look Who's Talking Wolf Dream Breakers... a.k.a. In Evil's Grasp - USA Ladykillers Satisfaction... a.k.a. Girls of Summer - Canada The Running Man Cross My Heart Spies TV series Outlaws - Outlaws TV episode Who Is Julia? Stand by Me Blind Justice Quicksilver Code of Vengeance The Breakfast Club Fandango Impulse Best Kept Secrets Get Crazy Blue Thunder Intimate Agony... a.k.a. Doctor in Paradise - USA Hysterical Who Will Love My Children? Simon & Simon Pirate's Key: Part 1 TV episode Pirate's Key: Part 2 TV episode Details at Eleven TV episode In Love with an Older Woman Paper Dolls Death Wish II... a.k.a.
Death Wish 2 - USA Million Dollar Infield Help Wanted: Male Elvis and the Beauty Queen This House Possessed Underground Aces The Wonderful World of Phillip Malley Mark, I Love You Motel Hell She's Dressed to Kill The Last Convertible TV mini-series Mrs. Columbo Crash Big Wednesday Wheels TV mini-series It Happened One Christmas Three Warriors (camera oper
TriStar Pictures, Inc. is an American film studio, a division of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group and part of Sony Pictures, owned by Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation. The concept for TriStar Pictures was the brainchild of Victor Kaufman, a senior executive of Columbia Pictures, who convinced the studio, HBO, CBS to pool resources and split the ever-growing costs of making movies, creating a new joint venture in 1982. On May 16, 1983, it was given the name Tri-Star Pictures, it was the first new major Hollywood studio to be established since RKO Pictures was founded in 1928. The studio's first produced film in 1984 was The Natural starring Robert Redford, their first release however, was the film, Where the Boys Are'84. During this venture, many of Tri-Star's releases were released on VHS by either RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video, CBS/Fox Video and HBO/Cannon Video. In addition, HBO would gain exclusive cable distribution rights to these films, broadcast television licenses would go to CBS.
CBS dropped out of the venture in 1985, though they still distributed some of TriStar's films on home video until at least 1992. In 1986, HBO dropped out of the Tri-Star venture as well and sold half of its shares to Columbia Pictures; the same year, Tri-Star entered into the television business as Tri-Star Television. It was formed when the studio joined forces with Stephen J. Cannell Productions and Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions and created a television distribution company called TeleVentures. On December 21, 1987, Tri-Star Pictures, Inc. was renamed to Columbia Pictures Entertainment, Inc. when Coke sold its entertainment business to Tri-Star for $3.1 billion. Both studios continued to distribute films under their separate names. On April 13, 1988, CPE spun off Tri-Star Pictures, Inc. as a reformed company of the Tri-Star studio. In 1989, Columbia Pictures Entertainment, Inc. was acquired by Sony Corporation of Japan, who merged Columbia and Tri-Star, but continued to use the separate labels.
On July 11, 1990, Tri-Star Pictures dissolved and sold its venture in TeleVentures to Stephen J. Cannell Productions and TeleVentures became Cannell Distribution Co. Most of the series and the Tri-Star film packages that were distributed by TeleVentures were transferred to Columbia Pictures Television Distribution; the Tri-Star film packages were transferred to Columbia Pictures Television Distribution. Sony Pictures Entertainment revived TriStar Television as a television production banner in 1991 and merged with its sister television studio Columbia Pictures Television to form Columbia TriStar Television on February 21, 1994. Both studios continued to operate separately until TriStar folded in 1999 and CPT in 2001. In addition to its own slate, TriStar was the theatrical distributor for many films produced by Carolco Pictures. TriStar theatrically distributed some FilmDistrict movies. Around summer 1998, SPE merged Columbia and TriStar to form the Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group, but just like Columbia Pictures Entertainment, both divisions continued producing and distributing films under their own names.
TriStar was relaunched on May 13, 2004 as a marketing and acquisitions unit that had a "particular emphasis on genre films". Screen Gems' executive vice president Valerie Van Galder was tapped to run the revived studio after being dormant. However, the release of its 2013 film Elysium represents the label's first big-budget release since The Mask of Zorro in 1998; the same year, former 20th Century Fox co-chairman Tom Rothman joined Sony Pictures and created TriStar Productions as a joint venture with existing Sony Pictures executives. The new TriStar will develop and produce up to four films per year, as well as television programming and acquisitions, starting on September 1. Sony's TriStar Pictures unit will be retained for "other product, including titles from Sony Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions", will distribute product from the new TriStar. TriStar's logo of Pegasus, introduced in 1984, has become something of a cultural icon; the idea came about his family's interest in riding horses.
The original logo was created with the assistance of Sydney Pollack, an adviser at Tri-Star. The horse in that logo was the same one used in Pollack's film The Electric Horseman; the horse in that film was dark, so Pollack had the image altered it to look white in the logo. The second logo was painted by Alan Reingold and debuted in 1992, along with sister studio Columbia Pictures, with both logos sharing a background of clouds; the theatrical version was animated by Intralink Creative in 1993. The white stallion was shot in a hangar at the Santa Monica Airport, The wings were done by combining real white feathers and computer-generated-imagery merged with Pegasus by computer morphing; the background is nighttime blue. The clouds were shot from the Haleakala Crater on Maui. In 2015, a new TriStar Pictures logo was debuted in The Walk; this time it was animated by JAMM VFX. The clouds are white in this new logo
An accountant is a practitioner of accounting or accountancy, the measurement, disclosure or provision of assurance about financial information that helps managers, tax authorities and others make decisions about allocating resource. In many jurisdictions, professional accounting bodies maintain standards of practice and evaluations for professionals. Accountants who have demonstrated competency through their professional associations' certification exams are certified to use titles such as Chartered Accountant, Chartered Certified Accountant or Certified Public Accountant; such professionals are granted certain responsibilities by statute, such as the ability to certify an organization's financial statements, may be held liable for professional misconduct. Non-qualified accountants may be employed by a qualified accountant, or may work independently without statutory privileges and obligations. Cahan & Sun used archival study to find out that accountants’ personal characteristics may exert a significant impact during the audit process and further influence audit fees and audit quality.
The Big Four auditors are the largest employers of accountants worldwide. However, most accountants are employed in commerce and the public sector. In the Commonwealth of Nations, which include the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong pre-1997, several other states recognised accounting qualifications are Chartered Certified Accountant, Chartered Accountant, Chartered Management Accountant and International Accountant. Other qualifications in particular countries include Certified Public Accountant, Chartered Professional Accountant, Certified Management Accountant, Certified Practising Accountant and members of the Institute of Public Accountants, Certified Public Practising Accountant; the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland received its Royal Charter in 1854 and is the world's first professional body of accountants. A Chartered Accountant must be a member of one of the following: the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland Chartered Accountants Ireland a recognised equivalent body from another Commonwealth country A Chartered Certified Accountant must be a member of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants.
A Chartered Management Accountant must be a member of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. A Chartered Public Finance Accountant must be a member of the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy. An International Accountant is a member of the Association of International Accountants. An Incorporated Financial Accountant is a member of the Institute of Financial Accountants. A Certified Public Accountant may be a member of the Association of Certified Public Accountants or its equivalent in another country, is designated as such after passing the Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination. A Public Accountant may be a member of the Institute of Public Accountants. Registered Qualified Accountant may be a member of Accountants Institute, based in SloveniaExcepting the Association of Certified Public Accountants, each of the above bodies admits members only after passing examinations and undergoing a period of relevant work experience. Once admitted, members are expected to comply with ethical guidelines and gain appropriate professional experience.
Chartered, Chartered Certified, Chartered Public Finance, International Accountants engaging in practice must gain a "practising certificate" by meeting further requirements such as purchasing adequate insurance and undergoing inspections. The ICAEW, ICAS, ICAI, ACCA and AAPA are five Recognised Supervisory Bodies in the UK. A member of one of them may become a Statutory Auditor in accordance with the Companies Act, providing they can demonstrate the necessary professional ability in that area and submit to regular inspection, it is illegal for any individual or firm, not a Statutory Auditor to perform a company audit. The ICAEW, ICAS, ICAI, ACCA, AIA and CIPFA are six recognised qualifying bodies statutory in the UK. A member of one of them may become a Statutory Auditor in accordance with the Companies Act, providing they are a member of one of the five Recognised Supervisory Bodies RSB mentioned above. All six RQBs are listed under EU mutual recognition directives to practise in 27 EU member states and individually entered into agreement with the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
Further restrictions apply to accountants. In addition to the bodies above, technical qualifications are offered by the Association of Accounting Technicians, ACCA and AIA, which are called AAT Technician, CAT and IAT. In Australia, there are three recognised local professional accounting bodies which all enjoy the same recognition and can be considered as "qualified accountant": the Institute of Public Accountants, CPA Australia and the Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand
Olympia Dukakis is a Greek American actress. She started her career in theater, won an Obie Award for Best Actress in 1963 for her Off-Broadway performance in Bertolt Brecht's Man Equals Man, she transitioned to film acting, in 1987, she won an Academy Award, a Golden Globe, a BAFTA nomination for her performance in Moonstruck. She received another Golden Globe nomination for Sinatra, Emmy Award nominations for Lucky Day, More Tales of the City, Joan of Arc. Dukakis was born in Lowell, the daughter of Alexandra "Alec" and Constantine "Costa" S. Dukakis, her parents were Greek emigrants, her father from Anatolia and her mother from the Peloponnese. She has a brother named Apollo and is a cousin of Michael Dukakis, former Governor of Massachusetts and the Democratic nominee for President in 1988, for whom she was a delegate from New Jersey at the 1988 Democratic National Convention, she is an alumna of Arlington High School in Arlington and was educated at Boston University. Dukakis has appeared in a number of films, including Steel Magnolias, Mr. Holland's Opus, Jane Austen's Mafia!, The Thing About My Folks, Moonstruck, for which she won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress.
She played the role of Anna Madrigal in the Tales of the City television mini-series, which garnered her an Emmy Award nomination, appeared on Search for Tomorrow as Dr. Barbara Moreno, who romanced Stu Bergman, she appears as Dolly Sinatra in the mini-series of Frank Sinatra's life. Her Broadway theatre credits include Who's Who in Hell, Social Security, the one-woman play Rose, her theater and television work has won her an Obie Award, a Drama Desk Award, a Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Award, a Golden Globe. Dukakis won Academy Award and a Golden Globe for Moonstruck and was nominated for the Canadian Academy Award for The Event, she provided the voice of Grandpa's love interest for The Simpsons episode "The Old Man and the Key". In 2003, Dukakis published her national bestselling autobiography Ask Me Again Tomorrow: A Life in Progress. Recent films include 3 Needles, The Librarian: Return to King Solomon's Mines, In the Land of Women, Away From Her, the 2006 film which cast her alongside Gordon Pinsent as the spouses of two Alzheimers patients.
In 1998, she starred as Charlotte Kiszko in the British TV drama A Life for a Life, based on the real-life story of Stefan Kiszko, a man wrongfully imprisoned for seventeen years for the murder of a child, Lesley Molseed, after police suppressed evidence of his innocence. She directed the world premiere production of Todd Logan's Botanic Garden at Victory Gardens Theatre in Chicago, Illinois. In the 2008 season of Hartford Stage, Dukakis starred in the revival of Tennessee Williams' The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore, opposite Kevin Anderson. In 2008, Dukakis co-adapted and starred in the world-premiere of Another Side of the Island, based on Shakespeare's The Tempest, at Alpine Theatre Project in Whitefish, Montana, she executive-produced the 2013 film Montana Amazon, co-starring Haley Joel Osment. In 2011, Dukakis guest-starred on Order: Special Victims Unit, she played the role of an attorney. On May 24, 2013, she was honored with the 2,498th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 6233 Hollywood Boulevard, in the category of Live Theater.
2018 Olympia Dukakis stars in Eleftheromania, follows an Auschwitz survivor as she recites a true story about a group from the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. In 2019 Dukakis wil reprise the role of Anna Madrigal in a Netflix update of Armisted Maupin's Tales of The City. Dukakis was married to actor Louis Zorich from 1962 until his death on January 30, 2018, they have three children. She is the cousin of the 1988 Democratic nominee for president. Olympia Dukakis on IMDb Olympia Dukakis at the Internet Broadway Database Olympia Dukakis at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Olympia Dukakis at the TCM Movie Database
Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space. An interior designer is someone who plans, researches and manages such projects. Interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, space planning, site inspections, research, communicating with the stakeholders of a project, construction management, execution of the design. In the past, interiors were put together instinctively as a part of the process of building; the profession of interior design has been a consequence of the development of society and the complex architecture that has resulted from the development of industrial processes. The pursuit of effective use of space, user well-being and functional design has contributed to the development of the contemporary interior design profession; the profession of interior design is separate and distinct from the role of interior decorator, a term used in the US.
The term is less common in the UK, where the profession of interior design is still unregulated and therefore speaking, not yet a profession. In ancient India, architects used to work as interior designers; this can be seen from the references of Vishwakarma the architect - one of the gods in Indian mythology. Additionally, the sculptures depicting ancient texts and events are seen in palaces built in 17th-century India. In medieval times wall art paintings in India have been a common feature of palace like mansions known as havelis. While most traditional homes are done away with modern buildings, there are around 2000 havelis in the Shekhawati region of Rajashtan that display wall art paintings. In ancient Egypt, "soul houses" or models of houses were placed in tombs as receptacles for food offerings. From these, it is possible to discern details about the interior design of different residences throughout the different Egyptian dynasties, such as changes in ventilation, columns, loggias and doors.
Throughout the 17th and 18th century and into the early 19th century, interior decoration was the concern of the homemaker, or an employed upholsterer or craftsman who would advise on the artistic style for an interior space. Architects would employ craftsmen or artisans to complete interior design for their buildings. In the mid-to-late 19th century, interior design services expanded as the middle class in industrial countries grew in size and prosperity and began to desire the domestic trappings of wealth to cement their new status. Large furniture firms began to branch out into general interior design and management, offering full house furnishings in a variety of styles; this business model flourished from the mid-century to 1914, when this role was usurped by independent amateur, designers. This paved the way for the emergence of the professional interior design in the mid-20th century. In the 1950s and 1960s, upholsterers began to expand their business remits, they framed their business more broadly and in artistic terms and began to advertise their furnishings to the public.
To meet the growing demand for contract interior work on projects such as offices and public buildings, these businesses became much larger and more complex, employing builders, plasterers, textile designers and furniture designers, as well as engineers and technicians to fulfil the job. Firms began to publish and circulate catalogs with prints for different lavish styles to attract the attention of expanding middle classes; as department stores increased in number and size, retail spaces within shops were furnished in different styles as examples for customers. One effective advertising tool was to set up model rooms at national and international exhibitions in showrooms for the public to see; some of the pioneering firms in this regard were Waring & Gillow, James Shoolbred and Holland & Sons. These traditional high-quality furniture making firms began to play an important role as advisers to unsure middle class customers on taste and style, began taking out contracts to design and furnish the interiors of many important buildings in Britain.
This type of firm emerged in America after the Civil War. The Herter Brothers, founded by two German emigre brothers, began as an upholstery warehouse and became one of the first firms of furniture makers and interior decorators. With their own design office and cabinet-making and upholstery workshops, Herter Brothers were prepared to accomplish every aspect of interior furnishing including decorative paneling and mantels and ceiling decoration, patterned floors, carpets and draperies. A pivotal figure in popularizing theories of interior design to the middle class was the architect Owen Jones, one of the most influential design theorists of the nineteenth century. Jones' first project was his most important—in 1851, he was responsible for not only the decoration of Joseph Paxton’s gigantic Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition but the arrangement of the exhibits within, he chose a controversial palette of red and blue for the interior ironwork and, despite initial negative publicity in the newspapers, was unveiled by Queen Victoria to much critical acclaim.
His most significant publication was The Grammar of Ornament, in which Jones formulated 37 key principles of interior design and decoration. Jones was employed by some of the leading interior design firms of the day. In 1882, the London Directory of the Post Of
Kirstie Louise Alley is an American actress and spokesmodel. She first achieved recognition in 1982, playing Saavik in the science fiction film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Alley is best known for her portrayal of Rebecca Howe on the NBC sitcom Cheers, for which she received an Emmy Award and a Golden Globe in 1991. From 1997–2000, she starred on the sitcom Veronica's Closet, earning additional Emmy and Golden Globe nominations. Alley received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1995. Alley has appeared in several movies, including Summer School, Shoot to Kill, Look Who's Talking and its two sequels, Sibling Rivalry, Village of the Damned, It Takes Two, Deconstructing Harry, For Richer or Poorer, Drop Dead Gorgeous, she won her second Emmy Award in 1994 for the television film David's Mother. In 1997, Alley received a further Emmy nomination for her work in the crime drama series The Last Don. In 2005, she played a fictionalized version of herself on Showtime's Fat Actress, she appeared on the reality show Kirstie Alley's Big Life, was a contestant on the twelfth season of Dancing with the Stars, finishing in second place.
In 2013, she returned to acting with the title role on the sitcom Kirstie, in 2016 joined the second season of the Fox comedy horror series Scream Queens. In 2018, Alley finished as runner-up on season 22 of the British reality series Celebrity Big Brother. Kirstie Alley was born in Wichita, the daughter of Lillian Mickie, a homemaker, Robert Deal Alley, who owned a lumber company, she has two siblings and Craig. Alley attended Wichita Southeast High School, graduating in 1969, she attended college at Kansas State University. After moving to Los Angeles to pursue Scientology and work as an interior designer, Alley appeared as a contestant on the popular game show Match Game in 1979, she won both rounds, winning $5500 in the second round. She appeared on the game show Password Plus in 1980. In 1981, a car accident caused by a drunk driver killed her mother and left her father injured, her father recovered. Before becoming an actress, Alley was an interior designer, as she announced during her appearances as a contestant on the game shows Match Game and Password Plus.
She made her movie debut in 1982 in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, playing the Vulcan Starfleet officer Lieutenant Saavik, but chose not to reprise that role in the next two sequels, saying that she was offered less money than for Star Trek II. In the years following she starred in a number of smaller films, including One More Chance, Blind Date and Runaway. In 1985, she played Virgilia Hazard in the ABC miniseries North and South, books I and II. In 1987, Alley starred alongside Mark Harmon in the comedy film Summer School; the film was a box office success, grossing over $35 million in the United States. That year she joined the cast of NBC sitcom Cheers, replacing Shelley Long and remaining with the show until its eleventh and final season. In 1989, Alley starred with John Travolta in Look Who's Talking, the film grossed over $295 million worldwide, they went on to make two other films centered around the same theme, Look Who's Talking Too and Look Who's Talking Now! Alley has won two Emmy Awards during her career.
Her first two nominations for her work on Cheers did not win her the award, but her third, in 1991, did. In her speech, she thanked then-husband Parker Stevenson, calling him "the man who has given me the big one for the last eight years", she won her second Emmy for 1994 television film David's Mother. For her contributions to the film industry, Alley received a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard in 1995. From 1997 to 2000, Alley played the title character in the NBC sitcom Veronica's Closet, as well as serving as executive producers on the show, she served as the spokesperson for Pier One from 2000 to 2004, for Jenny Craig from 2005 to 2008. TV Land aired a sitcom that centered on Alley as a new parent, it was titled Kirstie, reunited her with former Cheers co-star Rhea Perlman and Seinfeld star Michael Richards. The series premiered on December 4, 2013, ran for one season before it was canceled, five months after ending its freshman run. In February 2011, Alley was announced as a contestant on Dancing with the Stars.
She was partnered with Maksim Chmerkovskiy. Their first dance, a cha-cha-cha, earned them the second-highest score, 23 points of a possible 30. In May and Chmerkovskiy performed their final dance a cha-cha-cha, which earned them a perfect score of 30 out of 30. Alley finished the competition behind NFL Super Bowl champion Hines Ward, she took part in the 15th season of Dancing with the Stars for a second chance to win the mirrorball trophy again with Maksim Chmerkovskiy. They were the seventh couple eliminated from the competition. Alley dated Bob Alley in high school, they married in 1970. Her husband had the same name as her father, they divorced seven years as their career paths diverged. Alley was married to her second husband, Parker Stevenson, on December 22, 1983, they divorced in 1997. Alley and Stevenson shared custody of William True and Lillie Price. In 2016, Alley became a grandmother, she has a house in Maine. Alley appeared on The Dr. Oz Show on September 17, 2012, where she admitted that she started gaining weight in late 2003.
Alley claimed she spent her whole life eating obsessively without gaining weight, only noticed a change i