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Lord's Prayer

The Lord's Prayer called the Our Father, is a venerated Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Pray in this way... When you pray, say... Two versions of this prayer are recorded in the gospels: a longer form within the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew, a shorter form in the Gospel of Luke when "one of his disciples said to him,'Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.'". Lutheran theologian Harold Buls suggested that both were original, the Matthean version spoken by Jesus early in his ministry in Galilee, the Lucan version one year "very in Judea"; the first three of the seven petitions in Matthew address God. The Matthew account alone includes the "Your will be done" and the "Rescue us from the evil one" petitions. Both original Greek texts contain the adjective epiousios, which does not appear in any other classical or Koine Greek literature. Protestants conclude the prayer with a doxology, a addendum appearing in some manuscripts of Matthew.

Initial words on the topic from the Catechism of the Catholic Church teach that it "is the summary of the whole gospel". The prayer is used by most Christian churches in their worship. Although theological differences and various modes of worship divide Christians, according to Fuller Seminary professor Clayton Schmit, "there is a sense of solidarity in knowing that Christians around the globe are praying together... and these words always unite us."In biblical criticism, the prayer's absence in the Gospel of Mark together with its occurrence in Matthew and Luke has caused scholars who accept the two-source hypothesis to conclude that it is a logion original to Q. There are several different English translations of the Lord's Prayer from Greek or Latin, beginning around AD 650 with the Northumbrian translation. Of those in current liturgical use, the three best-known are: The translation in the 1662 Anglican Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England The modernized form used in the 1928 version of the Prayer Book of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, corresponding to the version in use among English-speaking Catholics from an earlier date The 1988 translation of the ecumenical English Language Liturgical Consultation The square brackets in three of the texts below indicate the doxology added at the end of the prayer by Protestants and, in a different form, by the Byzantine Rite, among whom the prayer proper is recited by the cantors and congregation in unison, the doxology by the priest as the conclusion of the prayer.

The Anglican Book of Common Prayer adds it in some services but not in all. Older English translations of the Bible, based on late Byzantine Greek manuscripts, included it, but it is excluded in critical editions of the New Testament, such as that of the United Bible Societies, it is absent in the oldest manuscripts and is not considered to be part of the original text of Matthew 6:9–13. The Catholic Church has never attached it to the Lord's Prayer, but has included it in the Roman Rite Mass as revised in 1969, not as part of the Our Father but separated from it by a prayer called the embolism spoken or sung by the priest that elaborates on the final petition, "Deliver us from evil." For more information on this doxology, see Doxology, below. When Reformers set out to translate the King James Bible, they assumed that a Greek manuscript they possessed was ancient and therefore adopted the phrase "For thine is the kingdom, the power, the glory forever" into the Lord's Prayer. Scholarship demonstrated that the manuscript was a late addition based on Eastern liturgical tradition.

Other English translations are used. Though Matthew 6:12 uses the term debts, the older English versions of the Lord's Prayer uses the term trespasses, while ecumenical versions use the term sins; the latter choice may be due to Luke 11:4, which uses the word sins, while the former may be due to Matthew 6:14, where Jesus speaks of trespasses. As early as the third century, Origen of Alexandria used the word trespasses in the prayer. Although the Latin form, traditionally used in Western Europe has debita, most English-speaking Christians use trespasses; the Presbyterian Church, the Established Presbyterian Church of Scotland as well as the Congregational denomination follow the version found in Matthew 6 in the Authorized Version, which in the prayer uses the words "debts" and "debtors". All these versions are based on the text in Matthew, rather than Luke, of the prayer given by Jesus: Subheadings use 1662 Book of Common Prayer Our Father, which art in heaven "Our" indicates that the prayer is that of a group of people who consider themselves children of God and who call

Thomas von dem Knesebeck (the Elder)

Thomas von dem Knesebeck was a Privy Councillor and Landeshauptmann of the Altmark. Together with his father and grandfather he was a major figure in the introduction of protestantism to Brandenburg, he was born into one of the most prominent Brandenburg families as the son of Colonel Joachim von dem Knesebeck, who fought at the Siege of Vienna, Margarethe von der Schulenburg. In his youth he studied law and the humanities in Helmstedt and Frankfurt before the premature death of his father obliged him to return to the management of the family estates, his brother Hempo had been killed in 1581 as a Colonel in Spanish services during the Eighty Years' War, while another brother was killed during the Siege of Metz as an officer in imperial services. During this period he published a memorandum on the administration of the Altmark, which brought him the attention of the Chancellor of Brandenburg, Lampert Distelmeyer, subsequently appointments to the council and the courts. By 1602 he was raised to Privy Landeshauptmann.

In this capacity, which he held until his death, he was responsible for the reorganisation of Brandenburg case law and in particular regarding religious freedom. In 1612 Knesebeck made his conversion from the Lutheran confession to Calvinism public and was instrumental in bringing about the conversion of the Elector of Brandenburg, John Sigismund, a year later. Earlier under John Sigismund's father Joachim Frederick, he had still felt obliged to conceal this; when attempts by John Sigismund to introduce mass conversion met with significant resistance from the still Lutheran population, Knesebeck ensured that Lutheranism and Calvinism would be equal confessions, with broad tolerance for Catholicism and Judaism. He died in 1625, succeeded by his sons Thomas and Levin. Thomas inherited the position of Landeshauptmann, followed in turn by his brother Hempo. In 1901 he was honoured with inclusion among the statues of the Siegesallee, as a bust next to John Sigismund

Green-tailed warbler

The green-tailed warbler known as the green-tailed ground warbler, is a species of songbird endemic to the island of Hispaniola and adjacent islets. It has occurred as a vagrant on Caicos Islands; the bird is 12–14 cm long, with a long tail, olive green upper-parts, grayish head and throat. Under-parts are off-white; the eye, red in adults and brown in juveniles, is surrounded by an incomplete white eye-ring. Populations on higher ground tend to be darker than those in lowlands. Placed in the New World "warbler" family, Parulidae, as a monotypic genus Microligea, it has been shown to be too distant from the Parulidae proper to be included there. Instead, with good justification from DNA evidence, it has been included in the newly named family Phaenicophilidae along with its sister genus Xenoligea, the Phaenicophilus palm-tanagers; the bird is insectivorous and rummages close to ground level and in the underbrush. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, degraded former forest, ranging in altitude from sea level to montane highs of over 2,500 meters.

The population of Beata Island is thought to be an endemic subspecies: M. palustris vasta. S. Latta, et al. Aves de la República Dominicana y Haití. Princeton University Press, 2006. What is a wood-warbler? Molecular characterization of a monophyletic Parulidae. I. J. Lovette and E. Bremingham; the Auk, No. 119, 2002


Bernières-sur-Mer, in the arrondissement of Caen, is a commune in the Calvados department in the of la Basse-Normandie, in northwestern France. Administratively, in the Township of Douvres-la-Délivrande, along its coast the town is 2.1 km to Saint Aubin-sur-Mer, 2.5 km to Courseulles-sur-Mer, driving south is 4.7 to Beny-sur-Mer. Bernières-sur-Mer is one of the oldest cities of the Côte de Nacre. Gallo-Roman traces are scattered on the territory of the municipality, are visible in the cliffs of the "Cape Romain" east of the town; the Middle Ages saw the prosperity of Bernières - enjoying the magnificence of William the Conqueror. The Church of Bernière illustrates evolution of the region during the first half of the second millennium. In the early 20th century, served by the railway, its hotels and sandy beach, surrounded by dunes and the embankment welcomed visitors from across France; the town was liberated by The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada on the 6th of June, 1944 as part of the leading assault wave of D-Day Operation Overlord.

Le Régiment de la Chaudière, landed in reserve as part of the 8th Canadian Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division. The remains of the Atlantic Wall are still visible and are a place of remembrance where Berniérais honor each year the memory of the Canadians. Widerstandnesten WN 28 was located at North 49.335696 Degrees / West 00.419942 Degrees and in June 1944 for targeting purposes was at: LCC MR Grid 997855. The Resistance Nest at Bernières-sur-Mer was a reinforced platoon sized position, incorporating multiple concrete gun casemates, with additional observation and crewed fighting positions, located to dominate the beach exits, into town. A well prepared position, extending across much of the beach front, Hauptmann Rudolf Gruter, Kdr Kompanie 5./ Grenadier-Regiment 736./ Bataillon II. and his Ko Stab Gruppen located in Bernières, was well engaged, under naval bombardment, from before the Canadian H-Hr. Having a wider frontage, the crew served weapon sites were not joined together by an integrated network of trenches, but its rear was ‘protected’ by three fences of barbed wire.

Approaches into the position were protected by three K. V. Gruppe Courseulles minefields; the left front sea approach, beachfront, above the left seawall were protected by a large Beach Minefield: Mf 58. The right front land approach was protected Beach Minefield: Mf 57 and its rear and right flank by tactical minefield: Mf 55. A battalion heavy mortar detachment located 150 yards behind the beach, additionally supported the position, it protected by an anti-vehicle ditch, south of the railway line; the coastline on which NAN White was set out is low lying, from Courseulles to Bernieres sur Mer there was a sandy beach with short groynes to prevent lateral movement of sand by the current. Offshore all the way along the coast eastwards of Bernieres sur Mer there were rocky outcrops parts of which were exposed at low tide: les Iles de Bernieres. WN 28 began to take indirect fire, from the LCT embarked SP artillery of 14th Canadian Field Regiment, RCA from 07h44 BST, it having little effect on the defenders at MR 998852, as the position included five Unterstands Type R501/R502 Personnel Shelters.

For 35 minutes they fired a steady barrage onto the beaches, it not as tight as had been attained in some training exercises. As programmed two volleys of 5" Rocket Fire arrived, to disrupt any movement about the position, a volley of 60 lb Hedgerows fell about the flanks, cutting the wire entanglements and detonating the mines, securing the approaches onto the position and its casemates; because the tide was much was higher than expected and the beach narrow and congested, the assaulting companies did not benefit from direct fire support from ‘B’ Squadron, 10th Canadian Armoured Regiment, The Fort Garry Horse, as they did not arrive as planned. The Resistance Nest was overcome by two companies of The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, its ‘A’ Company landing at 08h12, west of WN 28a, on an ‘open’ left flank, an unguarded German flank to be found. Intending to land east of the town, between Bernières and St Aubin, ‘B’ Company landed directly on the edge of WN 28, at 08h15, taking 65 serious casualties, 200 yards east of their intended landing site.

‘A’ Company got off the beach taking heavy machine gun fire, over the grass fields, just east of WN 28, it reaching the railway line. Having been being pinned down by heavy mortar fire, by 08h45 BST, it'cleared' the road through the village at its southwest point. A weakened ‘B’ Company scaled the sea wall, got off the beach, outflanking the most serious threats, got into town by 09h00 BST, having seen some support from'B' Squadron engaging casements and weapon-pits from their beach positions.79 Armoured Division Assault Engineers, having landed two AVRE Teams it was 09h30 before the exits were open and'B' Squadron could move into town to support of'B' and'A' Companies. Between 09h10 and 09h30, the self-propelled guns of 14th Field Regiment, RCA landed onto a narrow and chaotic beach. Three batteries getting off the beach, they had 18 guns in action, to the right of Bernières by 11h30; the regiment spent most of the day in action in improvised gun areas close to Bernières, crest clearances hampering the action of the guns.

Receiving the worst battering of any Canadian unit on D-Day, the Queen's Own Rifles suffered 60 killed and 78 wounded, in the fight for Bernières-sur-Mer. German Crew Served Weapons at WN 28 Bernières-sur-Mer; the casements took innumerable direct hits, doing little more than denting

Rhode Island census statistical areas

The statistical areas of the United States of America comprise the metropolitan statistical areas, the micropolitan statistical areas, the combined statistical areas defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget. Most on December 1, 2009, the Office of Management and Budget defined 1067 statistical areas for the United States, including a combined statistical area and a metropolitan statistical area in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations; each of the five counties of Rhode Island are included in both these statistical areas. The table below shows the recent population of these statistical areas and their constituent counties; the table below describes the two United States statistical areas and five counties of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations with the following information: The combined statistical area as designated by the OMB. The CSA population as of April 2010, as enumerated by the 2010 United States Census; the core based statistical area as designated by the OMB.

The CBSA population as of April 2010, as enumerated by the 2010 United States Census. The county name; the county population as of April 1, 2010, as enumerated by the 2010 United States Census. State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Outline of Rhode Island Index of Rhode Island-related articles Book:Rhode Island Geography of Rhode Island Demographics of Rhode Island Rhode Island counties Rhode Island statistical areas Demographics of the United States United States Census Bureau List of US states and territories by population List of US cities by population Cities and metropolitan areas of the US United States Office of Management and Budget Statistical Area Primary Statistical Area List of the 725 PSAsCombined Statistical Area List of the 128 CSAsCore Based Statistical Area List of the 955 CBSAsMetropolitan Statistical Area List of the 374 MSAs List of US MSAs by GDP Micropolitan Statistical Area List of the 581 μSAs United States Government United States Census Bureau 2010 United States Census USCB population estimates United States Office of Management and Budget

Firemen's Association of the State of New York

The Firemen's Association of the State of New York, more known as FASNY, is an organization whose mission is to educate and support volunteer firefighters in New York State. FASNY was founded in 1872 and its main headquarters are in Albany, New York. FASNY has more than 40,000 members; the Firemen's Association maintains the FASNY Firemen's Home and the adjacent FASNY Museum of Firefighting in Hudson NY. FASNY provides information and training for the volunteer fire and emergency medical services throughout New York State. FASNY strives to recognize the true champions of these services through numerous awards programs, they recognize educators for their work in fire prevention education. Additionally, FASNY provides legislative representation that monitors and takes action on topics of importance to the services; the current president is permanent dead link] Pienkowski, the First Vice President is [ Steve Klien, the Second Vice President is John Farrell Jr..

Each year, FASNY provides education programs around the state on a variety of topics. Experts present training to thousands of emergency service providers across the State of New York; the purpose of the Training and Education Committee is threefold. First, the committee promotes FASNY as the voice of the volunteer fire service in New York State; the second purpose is to increase the membership of FASNY. The final and most important purpose is to reduce the number of injuries and deaths of fire and EMS responders by providing training in safety and other fire and EMS related topics; this training takes place via workshops and programs covering a wide range of fields: administration, Chaplain's, Fire Police, Haz-Mat and emergency response. The FASNY Legislative Committee confronts issues on behalf of its membership on a regular basis, striving to resolve them and provide solutions to future questions and concerns through advocacy; each year, FASNY recognizes achievements in firefighting, EMS, fire safety education and community service.

FASNY helps recognize those volunteer firefighters who have achieved 50 years of service in New York State. EMS Provider of the Year FASNY Gerard J. Buckenmeyer Volunteer Scholarship Firefighter of the Year Firefighter Recognition 50/100 Year Award Fire Safety Educator of the Year Fire Service Community Achievement Award Golden Trumpet Teacher of the Year Youth Group of the Year Chaplains Committee Fire Service Community Achievement Award Committee Scholarship Advisory Committee Emergency Medical Services Committee Fire Chiefs Committee Legislative Committee Standards and Codes Task Force Committee Membership Committee Training and Education Committee Firefighter of the Year Committee Member Services Committee Two Percent Tax Committee Fire Police Committee Public Relations Committee Ways and Means Committee Fire Prevention and Life Safety Committee Recruitment and Retention Committee Youth in the Fire Service Committee The FASNY Firemen’s Home is a 126,000-square-foot facility designed with the members’ comfort in mind.

Specialized rehabilitation for both younger and older members includes health care, the camaraderie of socializing with fellow firefighters, continued connections to firefighting activities. Licensed by the New York State Department of Health; the FASNY Federal Credit Union is chartered to serve the financial needs of members, immediate family members and employees of the Firemen's Association of the State of New York and the Firemen's Home, volunteer organizations such as fire departments, fire companies, EMS and ambulance squads. Included are members of LAFASNY, as well as employees, State and Personal members of the National Volunteer Fire Council; the FASNY Museum of Firefighting is home to years of firefighting history in New York State. At the 51st State Firemen's Convention held in Hudson in 1923, a resolution signed by the Presidents and Secretaries of both the Volunteer Firemen's Association and the Exempt Firemen's Association of the City of New York said that if the State Association of the Firemen's Home would authorize the erection of a suitable building for a museum, four fire engines, one built in England in 1725, a Gooseneck more than one hundred years old, a piano-style engine 63 years old and a double-deck engine, would all be donated as the first pieces.

So, amid much anticipation, the Museum was built with a center hall 49 feet long with two adjoining wings 24 feet long, amounting to 2,600 square feet of museum space. At 3 am on the morning of November 12, 1925, six large trucks brought the valuable collection up from New York City; the items were numbered and cataloged and placed on display. The Museum was dedicated on Memorial Day 1926 with appropriate ceremonies. In order to accommodate the numerous donations to the Museum, additions were necessary; the first addition was added in 31 years after the initial opening. The second addition came in 1972, with another expansion in 1989, yet another in 2000 adding to the current size, totaling more than 50,000 square feet. In August 1872 as the parade moved along the main street of Auburn, N. Y. a state convention of a benevolent organization had just concluded one of its annual meetings and the members were passing review of the town folk. A group of local volunteer firemen stood on the curb watching, when one of them, whose name history does not record, spoke up, asking: “Why not have a firemen’s convention?”

Little did any of those boys realize at the time that this chance remark would provide the incentive for the formation of what was to become one of the largest organizations in the state. Word was passed around in the various fire companies that they were to meet soon to consider o