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Lord High Treasurer

The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707. A holder of the post would be the third-highest-ranked Great Officer of State, below the Lord High Steward and the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain; the Lord High Treasurer functions as the head of Her Majesty's Treasury. Since the 18th century, the office has been held, not by a single person, but placed in commission, so that a board of individuals jointly exercise the powers of the Lord High Treasurer; such persons are known as Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. The office has been in commission continuously since the resignation of Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury in 1714. Although the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was created in 1801, it was not until the Consolidated Fund Act 1816 that the separate offices of'Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain' and Lord High Treasurer of Ireland were united into one office as the'Lord High Treasurer of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland' on 5 January 1817.

The office continued in commission and the commissioners of the old office of'Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain' continued as the commissioners of the new combined office. In modern times, by convention, the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury include the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom serving as the'First Lord of the Treasury', the Chancellor of the Exchequer, serving as the'Second Lord of the Treasury'. Other members of the government whips in the House of Commons, are appointed to serve as the junior Lords Commissioners of the Treasury; the English Treasury seems to have come into existence around 1126, during the reign of Henry I, as the financial responsibilities were separated from the rest of the job that evolved into Lord Great Chamberlain. The Treasury was a section of the Royal Household with custody of the King's money. In 1216, a Treasurer was appointed to take control of the Treasury in Winchester; the Treasurer was an officer of the Exchequer, supervised the royal accounts.

By Tudor times, the Lord High Treasurer had achieved a place among the Great Officers of State, behind the Lord Chancellor and above the Master of the Horse. Under the Treason Act 1351 it was treason to kill him. During the sixteenth century, the Lord High Treasurer was considered the most important official of the government, became a de facto Prime Minister. Exemplifying the power of the Lord High Treasurer is William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, who served in the post from 1572 to 1598. During his tenure, he dominated the administration under Elizabeth I. Since a system has evolved which has hardly varied. Today, the First Lord of the Treasury is as a rule the Prime Minister, the Second Lord of the Treasury is the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who has inherited most of the functional financial responsibilities. Next rank the "Junior Lords of the Treasury" who, though theoretically members of the Treasury Board, in practice serve as Government Whips under the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury.

List of Lord High Treasurers List of Lords Commissioners of the Treasury

List of awards and nominations received by Robyn

Organized by the American Society of Composers and Publishers, the ASCAP Music Awards program honors the most-performed and outstanding songs written by their members. The Antville Music Video Awards are online awards for the best music video and music video directors of the year, they were first awarded in 2005. Robyn has received two nominations; the Berlin Music Video Awards are an annual festival that puts filmmakers and the art behind music videos in the spotlight. Supporting both unknown and famous artists, it is a primary networking event for the video and music industries in Europe. Filled with a vast selection of music video marathons, professional judges, live performances, filmmaking workshops and networking events, the festival is not only a meeting ground for filmmakers, but for musicians as well as all music enthusiasts; the Billboard Music Video Awards is an annual awards show, founded by the music magazine Billboard and first held in 1989. Robyn have won one award in 1997; the Brit Awards are the British Phonographic Industry's annual pop music awards.

Robyn has received one awards nomination. Classic Pop is a monthly British music magazine, which launched in October 2012; the Danish Music Awards is a Danish award show. The show has been arranged by IFPI since 1989, was called IFPI-prisen until 1991, when it changed its name to Dansk Grammy; the current name was given in 2001, after the American Grammy Awards registered the name Grammy as their trademark. In 2011 IFPI joined together with KODA to present the awards ceremony. Delivered since 1991; the GAFFA Awards are a Danish award. Delivered since 2010; the GAFFA Awards are a Swedish award. The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by The Recording Academy of the United States for outstanding achievements in the music industry. Considered the highest music honour, the awards were established in 1958; the Grammis Awards is the Swedish music awards. The awards are considered by many in Sweden as the Swedish equivalent of the Grammy Awards; the awards ceremony is held each year in February in Stockholm.

The awards were established in 1969 and awarded until 1972 when they were cancelled, but subsequently revived in 1987. The International Dance Music Award was established in 1985, it is a part of a weeklong electronic music event held annually. Robyn has won one award from six nominations. KTH Royal Institute of Technology is a university in Stockholm, specialized in Engineering and Technology, that ranks highest in northern mainland Europe in its academic fields; the current King of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf is its High Protector. The MTV Europe Music Awards were established in 1994 by MTV Networks Europe to celebrate the most popular music videos in Europe; the MTV O Music Awards is one of the major annual awards established by MTV to honor the art, creativity and technology of music into the digital space. The Nordic Music Prize is an annual award for the Best Nordic Album of the Year. Nordic Music Video Awards is the only award show that focus on music videos from the Nordic countries. P3 Guld and P3 Gull is the name of three separate music prize awards arranged by Danmarks Radio P3, Sveriges Radio P3 and Norsk RK Radio P3 respectively.

The Rockbjörnen is a music award ceremony in Sweden, established in 1979 by the Aftonbladet, one of the largest newspapers in Nordic countries. Robyn has won a total of four awards; the Scandipop Awards are an annual British online music award. The UK Music Video Awards is an annual award ceremony founded in 2008 to recognise creativity, technical excellence and innovation in music videos and moving images for music; the Virgin Media Music Awards is an online music awards group. Robyn has received 1 nomination; the World Music Award is an international awards show founded in 1989 that annually honors recording artists based on worldwide sales figures provided by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry

Spotted-necked otter

The spotted-necked otter, or speckle-throated otter, is an otter native to sub-Saharan Africa. The spotted-necked otter is a small species, with males measuring 71 to 76 cm from nose to rump, weighing 5.7 to 6.5 kg, while females are 57 to 61 cm and 3.0 to 4.7 kg. The tail is muscular, measuring 39 to 44 cm in both sexes. Like many other otters, it has webbed paws for swimming. Females have two pairs of teats, while males have a large scrotum, the penis is hidden beneath the skin, to reduce drag while swimming. Although considerable variation exists among individuals, their fur is reddish to chocolate brown and marked with creamy or white blotches over the chest and throat; the head is broad with a short muzzle, small rounded ears, a hairless nose pad. The teeth are adapted for consuming fish, with large sharp upper canine teeth, curved lower canines, sharp carnassial teeth; the jaws are adapted, with the mandibular fossa fitting so snugly into the condyle on the lower jaw that the latter cannot move sideways, making it easier to capture and hold fish.

Although up to five subspecies have been identified, these most represent a natural variation in appearance between individuals, no subspecies are recognised. Spotted-necked otters are found in lakes and larger rivers throughout much of Africa south of 10°N, they are common in Lake Victoria and across Zambia, but for some unexplained reason are absent from what appear to be suitable habitats, such as the lakes and rivers of East Africa and the Zambezi below Victoria Falls. No evidence of spotted-necked otters venturing into salt water has been found. Spotted-necked otters feed on fish less than 20 cm in length, but eat frogs and small crustaceans when fish are in short supply, they are diurnal, appear to hunt by sight using short dives of less than 20 seconds each in clear water with good visibility. Larger prey. Known predators on the otters include African fish eagles; the otters are sometimes found in family groups, but appear to be social only under certain conditions. Males and females are separated for at least part of the year.

They hunt alone, except when mothers are training their young, are not territorial, sheltering through the night in short burrows, rock crevices, or patches of dense vegetation. On land, they travel by the use of regular paths, move more than 10 m from river or lake banks; as with many other otters, these paths are marked by "sprainting" sites in which they habitually defecate and urinate. Spotted-necked otters are vocal, uttering high, thin whistles and rapid, shrill chatters; the female bears a litter of up to three young after a gestation period around two months. The young are born blind and helpless, the mother cares for them for a year; the spotted-necked otter is in decline due to habitat destruction and pollution of its clear-water habitats. It is hunted as bushmeat. ITIS Standard Report Otter Specialist Group report


Year 465 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Basiliscus; the denomination 465 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Basiliscus, with the help of his sister Aelia Verina, becomes a consul in the Eastern Roman Empire. August 15 – Libius Severus, puppet emperor of the Western Roman Empire, dies after a 4-year reign. September 2 – A fire begins in Constantinople and, over the next six days, destroys the buildings in eight of the 14 sections into which the Eastern Roman Imperial capital had been divided. Ricimer, de facto ruler, establishes political control for 2 years from his residence in Rome. Battle of Wippedesfleot: The Saxons under command of Hengist and Aesc are defeated by the Britons near Ebbsfleet. During the battle 12 Welsh leaders are killed. King Remismund establishes a policy of friendship with the Visigoths, promotes the conversion of the Suebi into Arianism in Galicia.

Qian Fei Di Ming Di, becomes ruler of the Liu Song Dynasty after his nephew is assassinated. November 19 – Pope Hilarius convokes a synod at Rome's Church of Santa Maria Maggiore. Peter the Fuller becomes patriarch of Antioch. July 5 – Ahkal Mo' Naab' I, Maya ruler of Palenque Dubricius and saint Liberius, Roman aristocrat Procopius of Gaza, Christian sophist and rhetorician Severus, patriarch of Antioch May 5 – Gerontius, Archbishop of Milan June 20 – Wen Cheng Di, emperor of Northern Wei August 15 – Libius Severus, emperor of the Western Roman Empire Buliugu Li, official of the Northern Wei Dynasty Eógan mac Néill, king of Tír Eoghain Liu Chuyu, princess of the Liu Song Dynasty

SebastiĆ£o da Gama

Sebastião Artur Cardoso da Gama, was a Portuguese poet. Sebastião da Gama got a degree in Roman Philosophy by the Faculty of Letters at the University of Lisbon, he was professor at the Veiga Beirão Commercial and Industrial School in Lisbon in suburban Setúbal at the Commercial Industrial School and in Estremoz at the local Commercial and Industrial School, the city where a primary school would be named after, the modern Basic School. He published several reviews including Mundo Literário between 1946 and 1948, Árvore and Távola Redonda, his work was about Serra da Arrábida, where he lived and took a foreground poetic movement, his personal tragedy which he died of it, tuberculosis. He made a charter, sent on August 1947 with other personalities to protect Serra da Arrábida and formed a movement to create LPN Liga para a Protecção da Natureza in 1948, the first Portuguese ecologic association. In Diário, edited posthumously in 1958, he was interested on his experiences as a teacher and a valuable reflection on teaching.

He died at the age of 27 of renal tuberculosis. The parish administrations of São Lourenço and São Simão, now neighborhoods of Setúbal, was honored with his name in the Portuguese National Poetry Award. On June 1, 1999, Museu Sebastião da Gama was founded in his birthplace and preserves the memories of his work Poeta da Arrábida. Seven of his poems were featured along with Cape Verdean poems in Poesia de Cabo Verde e Sete Poemas de Sebastião da Gama, released as part of the Associação Música XXI in June 2007. Serra-Mãe. Lisboa: Portugália Editora, 1945 Loas a Nossa Senhora da Arrábida. Com Miguel Caleiro. Lisboa: Imprensa Artística, 1946 Cabo da Boa Esperança. Lisboa: Portugália Editora, 1947 Campo Aberto. Lisboa: Portugália Editora, 1951 A Região dos Três Castelos. Azeitão: Transportadora Setubalense, 1949. Pelo Sonho é que Vamos, 1953 Diário, 1958 Itinerário Paralelo, 1967. Compiled by David Mourão-FerreiraO Segredo é Amar, 1969 Cartas I, 1994 Martins, Engrácia da Glória Quintela Alves Sousa Varajão.

Educação e Doutrinamento: O pensamento educacional de Sebastião da Gama Santos, Alexandre Francisco Ferreira dos Sebastião da Gama: milagre de vida em busca do eterno Instituto Camões Editorial Presença - Sebastião da Gama - Biography Projecto Vercial]

Lexington, Minnesota

Lexington is a city in Anoka County, United States, is a northern suburb of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. The population was 2,049 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.69 square miles, all of it land. Lake Drive / County 23 serves as a main route in the community. Other routes include Lovell Road. Interstate 35W is in close proximity to the city; the city of Lexington borders Blaine, Circle Pines, Lino Lakes. The landscape in the area is uniformly flat because the city sits on the Anoka Sand Plain; the city of Lexington is served by the Centennial Lakes Police Department, the Lexington Fire Department and the Centennial School District. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,049 people, 787 households, 519 families living in the city; the population density was 2,969.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 861 housing units at an average density of 1,247.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 2.7% African American, 1.1% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7% of the population. There were 787 households of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.1% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.13. The median age in the city was 34.6 years. 25.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,214 people, 847 households, 553 families living in the city; the population density was 3,196.1 people per square mile. There were 879 housing units at an average density of 1,268.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.36% White, 1.49% African American, 0.95% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, 1.76% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.53% of the population. There were 847 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, 5.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $41,618, the median income for a family was $48,047. Males had a median income of $35,903 versus $27,147 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,944. About 9.6% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

Lexington, MN – Official City Website