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Lord William Bentinck

William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, known as Lord William Bentinck, was a British soldier and statesman. He served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835, he has been credited for significant social and educational reforms in India including abolishing sati, suppressing female infanticide and human sacrifice and ending lawlessness by eliminating thuggee – which had existed for over 450 years – with the aid of his chief captain, William Henry Sleeman. Along with Thomas Babington Macaulay he introduced English as the language of instruction in India. Bentinck was born in Buckinghamshire, the second son of Prime Minister William Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Lady Dorothy, only daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire. On the marriage the family name became Cavendish-Bentinck, he was educated at Westminster School. In 1783, at the age of 9, he was given the sinecure of Clerk of the Pipe for life. Bentinck joined the Coldstream Guards on 28 January 1791 at the age of 16, purchasing an ensign's commission.

He was promoted to captain-lieutenant in the 2nd Regiment of Dragoons on 4 August 1792, to captain in the 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons on 6 April 1793. He was promoted to major in the 28th Foot on 29 March 1794 and to lieutenant-colonel in the 24th Dragoons that July. On 9 January 1798, Bentinck was promoted to colonel. In 1803 he was, to some surprise, appointed Governor of Madras, was promoted to major-general on 1 January 1805. Although his tenure was moderately successful, it was brought to an end by the Vellore Mutiny in 1806, prompted by Bentinck's order that the native troops be forbidden to wear their traditional attire. Only after serious violence was order restored and the offending policy rescinded, Bentinck was recalled in 1807. After service in the Peninsular War, Bentinck was appointed commander of British troops in Sicily, he was brevetted to lieutenant-general on 3 March 1811. A Whig, Bentinck used this position to meddle in internal Sicilian affairs, effecting the withdrawal from government of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies in favour of his son, Francis I of the Two Sicilies, the reactionary Queen's disgrace, an attempt to devise a constitutional government for the troubled island, all of which ended in failure.

In 1814, Bentinck landed with British and Sicilian troops at Genoa, commenced to make liberal proclamations of a new order in Italy which embarrassed the British government, led, once again, to his recall in 1815. As conditions in Sicily began to deteriorate at the beginning of the 19th century, England began worrying about its interests in the Mediterranean. Internal dissensions in the Sicilian government and an ever-increasing suspicion that Queen Maria Carolina was in correspondence with the French Occupation of Sicily as its object led to the appointment of Bentinck as British representative to the Court of Palermo in July 1811. At the beginning of his time at the head of Sicilian affairs, politicians in London opposed the Bourbon rule and appealed for Sicilian annexation. Bentinck was sympathetic to the cause and plight of the Sicilians and "was convinced of the need for Britain to intervene in Sicilian affairs, not so much for Britain's sake as for the well-being of the Sicilians." He was one of the first of the dreamers to see a vision of a unified Italy.

The English, were content to support the Bourbons if they were willing to give the Sicilians more governmental control and a greater respect of their rights. Bentinck saw this as the perfect opportunity to insert his ideas of a Sicilian constitution. Opposition to the establishment of a constitution continued to surface, Maria Carolina proving to be one of the toughest, her relationship with Bentinck can be summed up in the nickname that she gave him: La bestia feroce. Bentinck, was determined to see the establishment of a Sicilian Constitution and shortly thereafter exiled Maria Carolina from Palermo. On 18 June 1812 the Parliament assembled in Palermo and, about a month on 20 July 1812 the constitution was accepted and written on the basis of 15 articles, on the drafts prepared by Prince Belmonte and other Sicilian noblemen. With the establishment of the constitution the Sicilians had now gained an autonomy they had never experienced before; the constitution set up the separation of the legislative and executive powers and abolished the feudalistic practices, established and recognised for the past 700 years.

Bentinck's success in establishing a Sicilian constitution lasted only a few years. On 8 December 1816, a year after Ferdinand IV returned to the throne of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the constitution was abolished and Sicily was reunited with Naples; the constitutional experiment was deemed a failure. The Sicilian nobles were inexperienced and in the face of the difficulties of 1814 and 1815 could not sustain a constitution without British support, withdrawn in the wake of the end of the Napoleonic wars; the British no longer had an invested interest in the internal affairs of Sicily now that the threat of French invasion had been removed. The establishment of a Sicilian constitution, facilitated by Bentinck was not to be soon forgotten; the ideas found therein and the small taste of freedom lingered in the memories of the Sicilians and had an influence on the desire for autonomy, at the base of the Sicilian revolutions of 1820 and 1848. Sailing from Sicily on 30 January 1814, Bentinck first made for Naples.

There he reluctantly signed an armistice with Joachim Murat.

Harpoon reaction

Harpoon reactions are a type of chemical reaction between two substances: one prone to form a cation, the other prone to form an anion. Their main feature is that these reactions, unlike most reactions, have steric factors greater than unity, that is, they take place faster than predicted by collision theory; this is explained by the fact that the colliding particles have greater cross sections than the pure geometrical ones calculated from their radii, because when the particles are close enough, an electron "jumps" from one of the particles to the other one, forming an anion and a cation which subsequently attract each other. Harpoon reactions take place in the gas phase, but they are possible in condensed media; the predicted rate constant can be improved by using a better estimation of the steric factor. A rough approximation is that the largest separation Rx at which charge transfer can take place on energetic grounds, can be estimated from the solution of the following equation that determines the largest distance at which the Coulombic attraction between the two oppositely charged ions is sufficient to provide the energy ΔE0 − e 2 R x + Δ E 0 = 0 With Δ E 0 = I P − E A, where IP is the ionization potential of the metal and EA is the electron affinity of the halogen.

Generically: Rg + X2 + hν → RgX + X, where Rg is a rare gas and X is a halogen Ba... FCH3 + hν → BaF + CH3 K + CH3I → KI + CH3

Jenna Dear

Jenna May Dear is an English footballer who plays as a midfielder for FC Fleury 91 in the French Division 1 Féminine. Born in Hayes, Dear spent her early years at the Reading FC Girls' Centre of Excellence and played for Yiewsley Predators and Hayes & Yeading Youth, she joined Chelsea LFC at the age of 14, went on loan to Watford Ladies in March 2015 for the first half of that season. She joined Everton LFC in January 2016, before moving to Sheffield in April 2017, she has since mid-August 2018 played for Vålerenga Fotball Damer in Norway. Before this, she played for Sheffield F. C. Ladies. Dear has represented England at under-15 level, captaining the side at the age on 14, she made the move up to under-19 level, where she made her debut against Sweden on 15 July 2014, has since represented the under-20 team. Jenna Dear – UEFA competition record Jenna Dear at Soccerway Jenna Dear at Sheffield FC Ladies

Glenmore Distillery Company

Glenmore Distillery Company was a large distillery company based in Owensboro, Kentucky best known as a producer of Bourbon whiskey. In 2009, the company was acquired by the Sazerac Company, is still operated under the name "The Glenmore Distillery". Glenmore Distillery was the R. Monarch Distillery founded in 1849; the company entered bankruptcy proceedings in 1898. Monarch had long been producing brands that included Kentucky Tavern and Glenmore at their plant in Owensboro. In 1901 the company was acquired by James Thompson and his brother Francis P. Thompson for $30,000 and renamed the Glenmore Distillery Company. In 1903, the Kentucky Tavern trademark was first registered. In 1904, the Old Thompson brand was introduced under the guidance of the Thompson brothers; when James Thompson died in 1924, his sons, Col. Frank B. and James P. Thompson, assumed leadership, with Frank becoming chairman and president; the Thompsons maintained the Glenmore as a concentration warehouse and distributing medicinal whiskey during Prohibition.

Glenmore proved its main brand being Kentucky Tavern. In 1944 the firm purchased the Yellowstone Bourbon brand from the Taylor & Williams Distillery of Louisville. Glenmore followed the lead of other large firms and marketed imported whiskies and cordials through its subsidiaries, Mr. Boston, Foreign Vintages and Viking Distillery. In 1955 Glenmore barreled its 2 millionth barrel of Glenmore vodka was introduced. Glenmore introduced Glenmore Gin in 1959 and became the first distillery to break the self-imposed ban on using women to sell distilled spirits; the Thompson family maintained control of the company until 1991, at which time it was acquired by Guinness, which merged it with Schenley Industries and named the new entity United Distillers, which sold it in 1995 to Barton Brands. In March 2009, the Sazerac Company of New Orleans purchased the Barton distillery and many other brands owned by Constellation Brands as part of a $334 million transaction. Sazerac maintains the Glenmore distillery as a bottling plant, In 2016 Glenmore started distillation again of Rum.

Production was temporarily suspended in January 2019 after a fatal work accident. Glenmore Distillery at parent company Sazerac

In the Heat of the Night (Jeff Lorber album)

In the Heat of the Night is the second full-length studio album by jazz keyboardist Jeff Lorber. It was released in 1984 on Arista Records. A re-issue of the album was done in Japan on BMG International in 2004. Produced by Jeff Lorber and Maurice Starr Jeff Lorber – vocals, guitars, drum programming Maurice Starr – vocals, keyboards, drum programming Ronnie Lawssaxophone Marlon McClain, Lee Ritenour – guitars Nathan Eastbass Jimmy Johnsoncongas Paulinho Da Costapercussion In the Heat of the Night at discogs: link In the Heat of the Night at Lorber's website: link

Jingzhou

Jingzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Hubei, located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Based on the 2010 census, its total population was 5,691,707, 1,154,086 of whom resided in the built-up area comprising the two urban districts. Jingzhou's central urban area has grown out of Jingzhou Town. "Shashi" remains in the names of a number of local facilities, such as Shashi Airport and a railway freight station. Jingzhou occupies an area of 14,067 square kilometres with a topography rising from east to west, it is covered by a dense network of waterways, as well as lakes, is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River on the Jianghan Plain. Downstream to its east lies Wuhan, the provincial capital and to the west the city of Yichang, the Three Gorges, Chongqing Municipality. Jingmen City in Hubei, lies to the north. Jingzhou has a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers, damp, but drier winters. Monthly daily average temperatures range from 4.1 °C in January to 28.0 °C in July.

The area receives 1,800 to 2,000 hours of sunshine per year and has a frost-free period of 242−263 days annually. According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level city of Jingzhou has 5,691,707 inhabitants and a population density of 405 inhabitants per km²; the prefecture-level city of Jingzhou has jurisdiction over two districts, three county-level cities, three counties and one economic and technological development zone. The information here presented uses the metric system and data from the 2010 Census. Jingzhou has been a transportation commodity distribution center for 6,000 years. Situated in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, this has been a strategic location of military importance since ancient times. Ying, within the borders of present-day Jingzhou, was the capital of 20 kings over 411 years of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of the Zhou Dynasty; the city was lost to Eastern Wu by Guan Yu during the Three Kingdoms period leading to the modern phrase'大意失荆州', literally'carelessness lost Jingzhou'.

During the Southern and Northern Dynasties period, it was the capital of the Western Liang. In the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, it was the capital of Jingnan. Jingzhou was the site of one of the last major battles between Republican and Qing forces during the Xinhai Revolution in 1911. At the end of the Qing dynasty, Jingzhou had one of the largest Manchu populations, around half of the city, anywhere outside Beijing. Numerous sites have been preserved from the Chu State period, including the ruins of five Chu cities, 73 sites featuring Chu Culture and more than 800 ancient tombs, including those of 18 Chu kings. There are historical sites dating to the Three Kingdoms period, such as the Wulin Battlefield and the Huarong Path; the city walls were rebuilt in measure 9 metres high and 10 metres thick. The perimeter of the wall extends for 10.17 kilometres. The city walls, city gates and battlements have all been well maintained. Many of the towers on top of the majestic city gates have been damaged or rebuilt, leaving only the Chaozong Tower, rebuilt in 1838 on the Gongji Gate.

The Jingzhou Museum has on display a well-preserved 2,000-year-old male corpse. On display are silk and lacquerware from the Warring States period. G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway G55 Erenhot–Guangzhou Expressway China National Highway 207 China National Highway 318 Jingzhou Railway Station on the Wuhan-Yichang Railway, with frequent passenger service to Yichang and Wuhan Jingmen-Shashi Railway Shashi Airport in Shashi district Yanggu County, South Korea Port Chester, New York, United States 1954 Yangtze River Floods Official Jingzhou City Website