Lorenzo Ghiberti

Lorenzo Ghiberti, born Lorenzo di Bartolo, was a Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise. Trained as a goldsmith and sculptor, he established an important workshop for sculpture in metal, his book of Commentarii contains important writing on art, as well as what may be the earliest surviving autobiography by any artist. Ghiberti was born in Pelago, a comune 20 km from Florence, it is said that Lorenzo was the son of Fiore Ghiberti. However, there is. At some point in their marriage, Fiore went to Florence and lived with a goldsmith by the name of Bartolo di Michele. Fiore and Bartolo maintained a common law marriage, so it is unknown who Ghiberti's biological father is. There is no documentation of Cione's death, but it is known that after his passing Fiore and Bartolo married in 1406. Regardless, Bartolo was the only father Lorenzo knew and they had a close and loving relationship.

Bartolo was a clever and popular goldsmith in Florence, trained Lorenzo in his trade. It was from this apprenticeship. Lorenzo did not confine himself to gold-working, he delighted in modeling copies of antique medals and in painting. Lorenzo received formal training as a painter from Gherardo Starnina, an Italian artist from Florence, he went to work in the Florence workshop of Bartolo di Michele, where Antonio del Pollaiolo worked. When the bubonic plague struck Florence in 1400, Ghiberti moved to Rimini. In Rimini he was fortunate enough to receive employment in the palace of Carlo Malatesta for the Lord of Pesaro, where he assisted in the completion of wall frescoes of the castle of Carlo I Malatesta. At the palace Ghiberti was given a room to paint in, he spent much of his time here, it is believed. However, shortly after his arrival he received word from his friends back in his home town of Florence that the governors of the Baptistery were holding a competition and sending for masters who were skilled in bronze working.

Despite his great appreciation for painting, Ghiberti asked Malatesta for leave. In 1401 he headed back to Florence to participate in a competition, being held for the commission to make a pair of bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Cathedral of Florence. Ghiberti's career was dominated by his two successive commissions for pairs of bronze doors to the Florence Baptistery, they are recognized as a major masterpiece of the Early Renaissance, were famous and influential from their unveiling. Ghiberti first became famous when as a 21-year-old he won the 1401 competition for the first set of bronze doors, with Brunelleschi as the runner up; the original plan was for the doors to depict scenes from the Old Testament, but the plan was changed to depict scenes from the New Testament instead. However, the trial piece made was of the sacrifice of Isaac. To carry out this commission, he set up a large workshop in which many artists trained, including Donatello, Michelozzo and Antonio Pollaiuolo; when his first set of twenty-eight panels was complete, Ghiberti was commissioned to produce a second set for another doorway in the church, this time with scenes from the Old Testament, as intended for his first set.

Instead of twenty-eight scenes, he produced ten rectangular scenes in a different style. These were more naturalistic, with a greater idealization of the subject. Dubbed "The Gates of Paradise" by Michelangelo, this second set remains a major monument of the age of Renaissance humanism; the Gates of Paradise had 10 panels with several episodes from a particular story from the Old Testament portrayed on each of them. The list below shows; the Story of Adam and Eve In the beginning, God created the Universe. Shown on the top of the picture; when he created the universe, he created “The Garden of Eden”. This is where he created the first humans Eve. Adam and Eve are eating an apple from the forbidden tree. Eve was tricked by Lucifer, God's fallen angel, the serpent from being told she would be like God if she ate the forbidden fruit. Shown on left middle side. Lucifer, his most beautiful angel, became the devil. Shown on the bottom left The Story of Cain and Abel Cain and Abel were the sons of Adam, the first man.

Abel was younger than Cain. Out of jealousy, Cain was enraged with God preferring Abel's sacrifice over his. Shown at the top of the photo. Abel is sitting peacefully with the herd. Shown on the middle left side. Cain tricks Abel to follow him and murders him. Shown on the bottom; the Story of Noah God did not like. He told Noah that he needed to build an Ark.. Shown by the waves in the photo, he was told to bring two of each kind of his family. Shown on the left, on the middle area. There is a Moses laying next to a barrel signifying the drunks. Shown on the bottom left. There is Moses offering a sacrifice. Shown on the bottom right; the Story of Abraham Three men came to Abraham. He clothed them, fed them, gave them drinks; the three men were angels and they revealed themselves as messengers of God. Shown at the bottom left, they told him his wife Sarah, 80 years old, would bear a child. Once they had the child God order Abr


Montresta is a comune in the Province of Oristano in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 140 kilometres northwest of Cagliari and about 50 kilometres north of Oristano. As of 31 December 2004, it had an area of 23.8 square kilometres. In 1746 about fifty Greek families of Maniot descent residing in Cargèse emigrated to Sardinia, where they obtained from Carlo Emanuele III territories in the area of the Villa of San Cristoforo di Montresta to establish their new settlement. However, nearly all the inhabitants of the village had been killed off by the natives. Montresta borders the following municipalities: Bosa, Villanova Monteleone, Padria

Punjabi kabaddi

Punjabi kabaddi called circle style kabaddi, is a contact sport that originated in the Punjab region, in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. There are a number of traditional Punjabi kabaddi styles traditionally played in the Punjab region. Like standard kabaddi, circle style kabaddi is played at state and international levels, through various governing bodies such as Kabaddi World Cup; the term kabaddi may be derived from the Punjabi word "kauddi", chanted to play kabaddi or, it is derived from "katta" and "vaddi" which together has become kabaddi. In lambi kauddi there are 15 players with a circular pitch of 15–20 feet. There is no outer limit; the players can run as far. There is no referee; the raider will say "kauddi, kauddi" throughout the attack. Saunchi kauddi can best be described as being similar to boxing, it is popular in the Malwa area of Punjab. It is unlimited players with a circular playing pitch. A bamboo with red cloth is dug into the ground, paraded by the winner. In sauchi kabaddi, the raider will hit the defender but only on the chest.

The defender will hold the raiders wrist. A foul is declared. If the defender holds the raiders wrist and restricts his movement, he will be declared the winner. If the raider loses the grip of the defender the raider will be the winner. A popular style is Goongi kabaddi where a raider player does not speak and say the word kabaddi but just touches the opponent's team player and the whom he touches only that player will try to stop the player; the struggle will continue till he reaches the starting line or acknowledge the defeat and loses a point, or if he safely reaches the starting line, he will get the point. Chhe handhi. Kabaddi is the regional sport of the Punjab region and was referred to as Punjabi kabaddi in India and Pakistan. However, with the formation of the states of Haryana and Punjab in India, the same game was referred to as Punjab kabaddi and Haryana kabaddi; this caused confusion and therefore, in 1978, the Amateur Circle Kabaddi Federation of India was formed and the syle of kabaddi played in the Punjab region was named circle kabaddi.

Punjab circle kabaddi known as "diarey wali kabaddi" incorporates the kabaddi styles of the Punjab region. In the Punjab region, kabaddi is played on a circular pitch of a diameter of 22 meters and an inner circle with a line through the middle of the pitch: the pitch is called "kaudi da bharha". There are two teams of 8 players. If 2 stoppers attack a player, a foul is declared. Punjab style kabaddi does not require the raider saying "kabaddi" throughout the raid; the game lasts for 40 minutes with a change in sides after 20 minutes. In the Punjab Circle Style form of Kabaddi, whenever any player is touched, he does not go out of the court, but stays inside, one point is awarded to the team that touched him; this game is played on a time basis, i.e. the time is 30 sec. The circle style Kabaddi World Cup, is an international kabaddi competition administrated by the government of Punjab contested by men's and women's national teams; the competition has been contested every year since the inaugural tournament in 2010, except for 2015 due to the 2015 Guru Granth Sahib desecration controversy.

The women's tournament was introduced in 2012. The current Champion 2020 of Punjabi Kabaddi is Pakistan who won the final against India in February.. Super Kabaddi League is a professional-level kabaddi league in Pakistan, its inaugural season was played from May 1 to May 2018 in Lahore. This league follows a city-based franchise model. More than a 100 Kabaddi players from Pakistan and abroad were presented in the players' draft, which took place on 23 April 2018, in Lahore. International players from Sri Lanka, Iran and Malaysia participated in the inaugural edition; the first Women's Kabaddi World Cup was held in Patna, India in 2012. India won the championship. India retained the title in 2013; the Asia Kabaddi Cup has been held twice in consecutive years. The inaugural tournament was held in 2011 in Iran. In 2012, the Asia Kabaddi Cup was held in Lahore, from 1 to 5 November. In the 2012 ASIA Kabaddi Cup, Pakistan won against India with a technical win after the Indian team forfeited the match following a dispute.

Kabaddi received major recognition in the United Kingdom during the 2013 UK Kabaddi Cup. It featured the national kabaddi teams from India, Pakistan, the United States, a local club team sponsored by SGPC; the UK Kabaddi Cup hosts the Punjab circle style of kabaddi. World Kabaddi League was formed in 2014; the league includes eight teams from four countries – Canada, England and the United States – and plays the Punjabi circle style of kabaddi. Some of the teams are owned or part o