Loretta Lynn is an American country music singer-songwriter with multiple gold albums in a career spanning 60 years. She is famous for hits such as "You Ain't Woman Enough", "Don't Come Home A-Drinkin'", "One's on the Way", "Fist City", "Coal Miner's Daughter" along with the 1980 biographical film of the same name. Lynn has received numerous awards and other accolades for her groundbreaking role in country music, including awards from both the Country Music Association and Academy of Country Music as a duet partner and an individual artist, she is the most awarded female country recording artist and the only female ACM Artist of the Decade. Lynn has scored 11 number one albums. Lynn continues to appear at the Grand Ole Opry and release new albums. Lynn was born Loretta Webb on April 14, 1932, in Kentucky, she is the eldest daughter and second child born to Melvin "Ted" Webb. Ted was a coal subsistence farmer, she was named after the film star Loretta Young. The other Webb children: Melvin "Junior" Webb Herman Webb Willie "Jay" Lee Webb Donald Ray Webb Peggy Sue Wright Betty Ruth Hopkins Crystal Gayle Loretta's father died at the age of 52 of black lung disease a few years after he relocated to Wabash, with his wife and younger children.
Through her matriline, Lynn is a cousin to country singer Patty Loveless, to Venus Ramey, Miss America of 1944. On January 10, 1948, 15-year-old Loretta Webb married Oliver Vanetta "Doolittle" Lynn, better known as "Doolittle", "Doo", or "Mooney", they had met only a month earlier. The Lynns left Kentucky and moved to the logging community of Custer, when Loretta was seven months pregnant with the first of their six children; the happiness and heartache of her early years of marriage would help to inspire Lynn's songwriting. In 1953, Doolittle bought her a $17 Harmony guitar, she taught herself to play the instrument, over the following three years, she worked to improve her guitar playing. With Doolittle's encouragement, she started her own band and the Trailblazers, with her brother Jay Lee playing lead guitar, she appeared at Bill's Tavern in Blaine and the Delta Grange Hall in Custer, with the Pen Brothers' band and the Westerneers. She cut her first record, "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl", in February 1960.
She became a part of the country music scene in Nashville in the 1960s. In 1967, she had the first of 16 No. 1 hits, out of 70 charted songs as a solo artist and a duet partner. Her hits include "Don't Come Home A-Drinkin'", "You Ain't Woman Enough", "Fist City", "Coal Miner's Daughter". Lynn focused on blue-collar women's issues with themes about philandering husbands and persistent mistresses, her music was inspired by issues. She pushed boundaries in the conservative genre of country music by singing about birth control, repeated childbirth, double standards for men and women, being widowed by the draft during the Vietnam War. Country music radio stations refused to play her music, banning nine of her songs, but Lynn pushed on to become one of country music's legendary artists, her best-selling 1976 autobiography, Coal Miner's Daughter, was made into an Academy Award–winning film of the same title in 1980, starring Sissy Spacek and Tommy Lee Jones. Spacek won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role as Lynn.
Her album Van Lear Rose, released in 2004, was produced by the alternative rock musician Jack White. Lynn and White won two. Lynn has received numerous awards in American music, she was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1983, the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988, the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2008, she was honored in 2010 at the Country Music Awards. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2013. Lynn has been a member of the Grand Ole Opry since joining on September 25, 1962, her debut appearance on the Grand Ole Opry was on October 15, 1960. Lynn has recorded 70 albums, including 54 studio albums, 15 compilation albums, one tribute album, Lynn began singing in local clubs in the late 1950s, she formed her own band, the Trailblazers, which included her brother Jay Lee Webb. Lynn won a wristwatch in a televised talent contest in Tacoma, hosted by Buck Owens. Lynn's performance was seen by Canadian Norm Burley of Zero Records, who co-founded the record company after hearing Loretta sing.
Zero Records president, Canadian Don Grashey, arranged a recording session in Hollywood, where four of Lynn's compositions were recorded, including "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl", "Whispering Sea", "Heartache Meet Mister Blues", "New Rainbow". Her first release featured "Whispering Sea" and "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl". Lynn signed her first contract on February 1960, with Zero, her album was recorded at United Western Recorders in Hollywood, engineered by Don Blake and produced by Grashey. Musicians who played on the songs were steel guitar player Speedy West, fiddler Harold Hensely, guitarist Roy Lanham, Al Williams on bass, Muddy Berry on drums. Lynn commented on the different sound of her first record: "Well, there is a West Coast sound, not the same as t
Henry Edward Joseph Horatio Nelson, 7th Earl Nelson, was a British peer, having inherited the earldom in June 1957 on the death of his older brother, The 6th Earl Nelson. Henry Nelson was born in the son of The Hon. Edward Agar Horatio Nelson and Geraldine, he was educated at Downside School and Maredsous Abbey in Belgium and served in the First World War in the Australian Imperial Force and with the Merchant Navy. He served during the Second World War, when he gained the rank of Major in the Indian Army. A tea planter at Madeira, on his death at his home in Spain the title passed to his younger brother, George Nelson, who became the 8th Earl Nelson. In his will, Lord Nelson left £13,199
Kalofer Peak is a 300 m sharp rocky peak in the Levski Ridge, Tangra Mountains on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. The peak is named after the town of Kalofer in Central Bulgaria; the peak is located at 62°41′23.4″S 60°01′03.7″W, 960 m south of Radichkov Peak, 410 m northwest of M'Kean Point, 2.19 km southeast of Serdica Peak and 2.15 km northeast of Christoff Cliff. L. L. Ivanov et al. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Sofia: Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, 2005. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2009. Kalofer Peak. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Kalofer Peak. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission