Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels
Lock and Two Smoking Barrels is a 1998 British crime comedy film written and directed by Guy Ritchie, produced by Matthew Vaughn and starring an ensemble cast featuring Jason Flemyng, Dexter Fletcher, Nick Moran, Jason Statham, Steven Mackintosh, Vinnie Jones, Sting. The story is a heist involving a self-confident young card sharp who loses £500,000 to a powerful crime lord in a rigged game of three card brag. To pay off his debts, he and his friends decide to rob a small-time gang who happen to be operating out of the flat next door; the film brought Ritchie international acclaim and introduced actors Jones, a former Wales international footballer, Statham, a former diver, to worldwide audiences. Based on a $1.35 million budget, the film had a box office gross of over $28 million, making it a commercial success. A television series, Stock... followed in 2000, running for seven episodes including the pilot. Long-time friends and small-time criminals Eddy, Tom and Bacon put together £100,000 so that Eddy, a genius card sharp, can buy into one of "Hatchet" Harry Lonsdale's high-stakes three card brag games.
The game is rigged however, the friends end up massively indebted to Harry for £500,000. Harry sends his debt collector Big Chris, accompanied by his beloved son, Little Chris, to ensure that the debt is honoured within a week. Harry is interested in a pair of expensive antique shotguns that are up for auction, gets his enforcer Barry "the Baptist" to hire a couple of thieves and Dean, to steal them from a bankrupt lord; the two turn out to be incompetent and unwittingly sell the shotguns to Nick "the Greek", a local fence. After learning this, an enraged Barry threatens the two into getting the guns back. Eddy returns home one day and overhears his neighbours — a gang of robbers led by a brutal man called "Dog" — planning a heist on some cannabis growers loaded with cash and drugs. Eddy relays this information to the group, intending for them to rob the neighbours as they come back from their heist. In preparation for the robbery, Tom buys the antique shotguns from Nick the Greek; the neighbours' heist gets under way, despite a gang member being killed by his own Bren gun, an incriminating encounter with a traffic warden, the job is a success.
Eddy and his friends ambush them as planned, return to stash their loot next door. They have Nick fence the drugs to Rory Breaker, a gangster with a reputation for violence. Rory agrees to the deal, but learns that the drugs were stolen from his own growers. Rory threatens Nick into giving him Eddy's address, brings along one of the growers, Winston, to identify the robbers. Eddy and his friends spend the night at Eddy's father's bar to celebrate. Meanwhile, Dog's crew accidentally learns that their neighbours are the ones who robbed them, set up an ambush in Eddy's flat. Rory and his gang arrive instead and a shootout ensues, resulting in the deaths of all but Dog and Winston. Winston leaves with the drugs. Gary and Dean, having learned who bought the shotguns and not knowing that Chris works for Harry, follows Chris to Harry's place. Chris delivers the money and guns to Harry, but when he returns to his car he finds Dog holding Little Chris at knife point, demanding the money be returned to him.
Chris starts the car. Meanwhile and Dean burst into Harry's office, starting a confrontation that ends up killing them both, Harry and Barry as well. Returning to see the carnage at their flat and their loot missing and his friends head to Harry's, but when they discover Harry's corpse they decide to take the money for themselves. Before they are able to leave, Chris crashes into their car to disable Dog, brutally bludgeons him to death with his car door, he takes the debt money back from the unconscious friends, but allows Tom to leave with the antique shotguns after a brief standoff in Harry's office. The friends are arrested, but declared innocent of recent events after the traffic warden identifies Dog and his crew as the culprits. Back at the bar, they send Tom out to dispose of the only evidence connecting them to the case: the antique shotguns. Chris arrives to give back the duffel bag, from which he has taken all the money for himself and his son, and, empty except for a catalogue of antique weapons.
After leafing through the catalogue, the friends learn that the shotguns are quite valuable, call Tom. The film ends with Tom's mobile phone, stuffed in his mouth, ringing as he hangs over the side of a bridge, preparing to drop the shotguns into the River Thames. Nick Moran as Eddie Jason Flemyng as Tom Dexter Fletcher as Soap Jason Statham as Bacon Steven Mackintosh as Winston Vinnie Jones as Big Chris Nicholas Rowe as J Lenny McLean as Barry "the Baptist" P. H. Moriarty as "Hatchet" Harry Lonsdale Frank Harper as Dog Sting as JD Huggy Leaver as Paul Stephen Marcus as Nick "the Greek" Vas Blackwood as Rory Breaker Vera Day as Tanya Alan Ford as Alan Danny John-Jules as Barfly Jack Victor McGuire as Gary Rob Brydon as the traffic warden Steve Collins as boxing gym bouncer The soundtrack to the film was released in 1998 in the United Kingdom by Island Records. Madonna's Maverick Records label released the soundtrack in the United States in 1999 but omitted nine tracks from the UK release.
"Hundred Mile High City" by Ocean Colour Scene "It's a Deal, It's a Steal" by Tom, Nick & Ed* "The Boss" by James Brown "Truly, Deeply" by Skanga* "Hortifuckinculturist" – Winston "Police and Thieves" by Junior Murvin "18 With a Bullet" by Lewis Taylor & Carleen Ander
A model is a person with a role either to promote, display or advertise commercial products, or to serve as a visual aid for people who are creating works of art or to pose for photography. Modelling is considered to be different from other types of public performance, such as acting or dancing. Although the difference between modelling and performing is not always clear, appearing in a film or a play is not considered to be "modelling". Types of modelling include: fashion, fitness, fine art, body-part and commercial print models. Models are featured in a variety of media formats including: books, films, newspapers and television. Fashion models are sometimes featured in films. Celebrities, including actors, sports personalities and reality TV stars take modelling contracts in addition to their regular work. Modelling as a profession was first established in 1853 by Charles Frederick Worth, the "father of haute couture", when he asked his wife, Marie Vernet Worth, to model the clothes he designed.
The term "house model" was coined to describe this type of work. This became common practice for Parisian fashion houses. There were no standard physical measurement requirements for a model, most designers would use women of varying sizes to demonstrate variety in their designs. With the development of fashion photography, the modelling profession expanded to photo modelling. Models remained anonymous, poorly paid, until the late 1950s. One of the first well-known models was Lisa Fonssagrives, popular in the 1930s. Fonssagrives appeared on over 200 Vogue covers, her name recognition led to the importance of Vogue in shaping the careers of fashion models. In 1946, Ford Models was established by Gerard Ford in New York. One of the most popular models during the 1940s was Jinx Falkenburg, paid $25 per hour, a large sum at the time. During the 1940s and 1950s, Wilhelmina Cooper, Jean Patchett, Dorian Leigh, Suzy Parker, Evelyn Tripp, Carmen Dell'Orefice, Lisa Fonssagrives dominated fashion. Dorothea Church was among the first black models in the industry to gain recognition in Paris.
However, these models were unknown outside the fashion community. Compared to today's models, the models of the 1950s were more voluptuous. Wilhelmina Cooper's measurements were 38"-24"-36" whereas Chanel Iman's measurements are 32"-23"-33". In the 1960s, the modelling world began to establish modelling agencies. Throughout Europe, secretarial services acted as models' agents charging them weekly rates for their messages and bookings. For the most part, models were responsible for their own billing. In Germany, agents were not allowed to work for a percentage of a person's earnings, so referred to themselves as secretaries. With the exception of a few models travelling to Paris or New York, travelling was unheard of for a model. Most models only worked in one market due to different labor laws governing modelling in various countries. In the 1960s, Italy was in dire need of models. Italian agencies would coerce models to return to Italy without work visas by withholding their pay, they would pay their models in cash, which models would have to hide from customs agents.
It was not uncommon for models staying in hotels such as La Louisiana in Paris or the Arena in Milan to have their hotel rooms raided by the police looking for their work visas. It was rumoured; this led many agencies to form worldwide chains. By the late 1960s, London was considered the best market in Europe due to its more organised and innovative approach to modelling, it was during this period. Models such as Jean Shrimpton, Tania Mallet, Celia Hammond, Penelope Tree, dominated the London fashion scene and were well paid, unlike their predecessors. Twiggy became The Face of'66 at the age of 16. At this time, model agencies were not as restrictive about the models they represented, although it was uncommon for them to sign shorter models. Twiggy, who stood at 5 feet 6 inches with a 32" bust and had a boy's haircut, is credited with changing model ideals. At that time, she earned £ 80 an hour. In 1967, seven of the top model agents in London formed the Association of London Model Agents; the formation of this association changed the fashion industry.
With a more professional attitude towards modelling, models were still expected to have their hair and makeup done before they arrived at a shoot. Meanwhile, agencies took responsibility for a model's promotional materials and branding; that same year, former top fashion model Wilhelmina Cooper opened up her own fashion agency with her husband called Wilhelmina Models. By 1968, FM Agency and Models 1 were established and represented models in a similar way that agencies do today. By the late 1960s, models were making better wages. One of the innovators, Ford Models, was the first agency to advance models money they were owed and would allow teen models, who did not live locally, to reside in their house, a precursor to model housing; the innovations of the 1960s flowed into the 1970s fashion scene. As a result of model industry associations and standards, model agencies b
Richard Stanley Thorp was an English actor. He was best known for portraying Alan Turner in the ITV soap opera Emmerdale from 1982 to 2013, he appeared in films such as The Dam Busters and The Barretts of Wimpole Street. Thorp was born in Surrey. Thorp's leading television roles included Dr. John Rennie in Emergency – Ward 10 from 1957 to 1961, Doug Randall in Crossroads in 1975, he appeared in a 1982 episode of Strangers. He was the longest-serving member of Emmerdale since the death of Clive Hornby in 2008. While he was happy to stay in the role of Alan Turner for so long, he complained that his character was not used as much any more. Thorp appeared as Lovejoy, a British Railways official, in an episode of To the Manor Born centred on the proposed closure of the local railway station, he appeared on Lily Savage's Blankety Blank. Thorp was one of Emmerdale's most private actors, although he gave an interview in 1995 with The People and revealed that he was separated from his wife, but they still lived in the same house together.
Thorp was good friends with Lorraine Chase, who played his Emmerdale daughter, Sheree Murphy, who played his Emmerdale granddaughter. Thorp took a break from Emmerdale in July 2009 to have his right knee replaced, he returned in April 2010. In October 2010, he revealed he was selling his large house in Mid Wales to move closer to the Emmerdale studios in Leeds. Thorp died in Shrewsbury on 22 May 2013. Emmerdale producer Kate Oates stated: "Richard's death is a sad loss to Emmerdale, of which he was at the heart for so many wonderful years. Richard had a brilliant sense of humour and he will be missed by every single member of our production whose lives he touched." Richard Thorp on IMDb
Little Shop of Horrors (musical)
Little Shop of Horrors is a horror comedy rock musical with music by Alan Menken and lyrics and a book by Howard Ashman. The story follows a hapless florist shop worker who raises a plant that feeds on human blood and flesh; the musical is based on the low-budget 1960 black comedy film The Little Shop of Horrors. The music, composed by Menken in the style of early 1960s rock and roll, doo-wop and early Motown, includes several well-known tunes, including the title song, "Skid Row", "Somewhere That's Green", "Suddenly, Seymour"; the musical premiered Off-Off-Broadway in 1982 before moving to the Orpheum Theatre Off-Broadway, where it had a five-year run. It received numerous productions in the U. S. and abroad, a subsequent Broadway production. Because of its small cast and simple orchestrations, it has become popular with community theatre and other amateur groups; the musical was made into a 1986 film of the same name, directed by Frank Oz. An offstage voice recalls a time when the human race "suddenly encountered a deadly threat to its existence".
A trio of 1960s street urchins named Crystal and Chiffon set the scene and comment on the action throughout the show. Seymour Krelborn is an orphan living in an urban skid row. Audrey is a pretty blonde with a fashion sense, they lament their stations in the urban blight in their neighborhood. They are co-workers at Mushnik's Skid Row Florists, a run-down flower shop owned and operated by the cranky Mr. Mushnik. Seymour has obtained a mysterious plant that looks like a large venus flytrap. While he was browsing the wholesale flower district, a sudden eclipse of the sun occurred, when the light returned, the weird plant had appeared. Seymour, secretly in love with Audrey, names the plant Audrey II in her honor; the plant appears to be dying. Seymour questions, he accidentally pricks his finger on a rose thorn, which draws blood, Audrey II's pod opens thirstily. Seymour realizes that Audrey II requires blood to survive and allows the plant to suckle from his finger; as Audrey II grows, it starts generating brisk business for Mushnik.
As the caretaker of the plant, the timid Seymour is regarded as a hero, while Audrey secretly longs to leave her abusive boyfriend. Her dream is to lead an ideal suburban life with Seymour, complete with a tract home, frozen dinners, plastic on the furniture. Meanwhile, the employees at Mushnik's are sprucing up the flower shop because of the popularity of the growing Audrey II and the revenue that it is bringing in. Orin Scrivello, a sadistic dentist, is Audrey's abusive boyfriend. Modeled after the "Leader of the pack" characters of the 1950s, Orin drives a motorcycle, wears leather, enjoys bringing other people pain. Orin encourages Seymour to get out of Skid Row. Realizing that his store's sudden profitability is dependent on the plant, Mushnik takes advantage of Seymour's innocence by offering to adopt him and make him a full partner in the business. Having always wanted a family, Seymour accepts though Mushnik has always yelled at him and treated him poorly. However, Seymour is having difficulty providing enough blood to keep Audrey II healthy.
When Seymour stops feeding the plant, Audrey II reveals. It demands blood and promises that, if fed, it will make sure that all of Seymour's dreams come true. Seymour refuses, but he witnesses Orin abusing Audrey; the plant presents this as a justification for killing Orin. Not realizing that he is being manipulated again, Seymour gives in to his baser instincts and agrees, he sets up a late-night appointment with Orin, intending to kill him. However, Seymour decides not to commit the crime. For Orin, getting high on nitrous oxide, the gas device is stuck in the "on" position, he overdoses while asking Seymour to save him. Seymour lets him die of asphyxiation. Seymour feeds Orin's body to the now huge Audrey II, the plant consumes it with ravenous glee; the flower shop is much busier, Seymour and Audrey have trouble keeping up with the onslaught of orders. Audrey confides to Seymour that she feels guilty about Orin's disappearance, because she secretly wished it; the two admit their feelings for one another, Seymour promises that he will protect and care for Audrey from now on.
The two plan to leave together and start a new life, although Seymour mistakenly attributes Audrey's feelings to his newfound fame, not realizing that she loved him before he found the plant. Before they can go, Mushnik confronts Seymour about Orin's death. Mushnik has put two and two together: the bloody dentist's uniform, the drops of blood on the floor, he has seen Seymour and Audrey kissing. Seymour denies killing Orin, but Mushnik wants him to give a statement to the police, who have begun investigating. Audrey II tells Seymour that he has to be rid of Mushnik or he will lose everything, including Audrey. Seymour tells Mushnik. Mushnik climbs inside the plant's gaping maw to search for the money, realizing the deception too late, screams as he is devoured. Seymour now runs the flower shop, reporters, salesmen, l
Simon Phillip Hugh Callow is an English actor, musician and theatre director. Callow was born in Streatham, the son of Yvonne Mary, a secretary, Neil Francis Callow, a businessman, his father was of English and French descent and his mother was of Danish and German ancestry. He was brought up Roman Catholic. Callow was educated at the London Oratory School and went on to study at Queen's University Belfast in Northern Ireland where he was active in the Northern Ireland civil-rights movement, before giving up his degree course to go into acting at the Drama Centre London. Callow's immersion in the theatre began after he wrote a fan letter to Sir Laurence Olivier, the Artistic Director of the National Theatre, received a response suggesting he join their box office staff, it was. Callow made his stage debut in 1973, appearing in The Thrie Estates at the Assembly Rooms Theatre, Edinburgh. In the early 1970s, he joined the Gay Sweatshop theatre company and performed in Martin Sherman's critically acclaimed Passing By.
In 1977, he took various parts in the Joint Stock Theatre Company's production of Epsom Downs and in 1979, he starred in Snoo Wilson's The Soul of the White Ant at the Soho Poly. Callow appeared as Verlaine in Total Eclipse, Lord Foppington in The Relapse and the title role in Faust at the Lyric Hammersmith, where he directed The Infernal Machine in 1986. In 1985, he played Molina in The Kiss of the Spiderwoman at the Bush London, he created the role of Mozart in the premiere of Peter Shaffer's Amadeus at the National Theatre appearing in the 1983 BBC radio production with its original cast. He wrote of having "discovered Mozart quite early: the operas, the symphonies, the concertos, the wind serenades were all much part of my musical landscape when I was asked to play the part of the composer in Peter Shaffer's Amadeus, he appeared at the National Theatre as Orlando in As You Like It and Fulganzio in Galileo. He made his first film appearance, as Schikaneder, in Amadeus in 1984; the following year, he appeared as the Reverend Mr. Beebe in A Room with a View, a role, meant to be supporting but ended up driving much of the action in the film.
His first television role was in Carry On Laughing episode "Orgy and Bess", in 1975, but it was cut from the final print. He starred in several series of the Channel 4 situation comedy Chance in a Million, as Tom Chance, an eccentric individual to whom coincidences happened regularly. Roles like this and his part in Four Weddings and a Funeral brought him a wider audience than his many critically acclaimed stage appearances. At the same time, Callow was successful both as a writer, his Being An Actor was a critique of'director dominated' theatre, in addition to containing autobiographical sections relating to his early career as an actor. At a time when subsidised theatre in the United Kingdom was under severe pressure from the Thatcher government, the work's original appearance caused a minor controversy. In 1992, he directed the play Shades by Sharman MacDonald and the musical My Fair Lady featuring costumes designed by Jasper Conran. In 1995, he directed a stage version of the classic French film Les Enfants du Paradis for the Royal Shakespeare Company.
The production was not a success. Among opera productions directed by Callow are a Così fan tutte in Lucerne, Die Fledermaus for Scottish Opera in 1988, Il tritico for the Broomhill Trust, Kent in August 1995, Menotti's The Consul at Holland Park Opera, London in 1999 and Le roi malgré lui by Chabrier at Grange Park Opera in 2003, he directed Carmen Jones at the Old Vic, London in 1991, with Wilhelmenia Fernandez in the title role. One of Callow's best-known books is Love Is Where It Falls, an analysis of his eleven-year relationship with Peggy Ramsay, a prominent British theatrical agent from the 1960s to the 1980s, he has written extensively about Charles Dickens, whom he has played several times: in a one-man show, The Mystery of Charles Dickens by Peter Ackroyd. He returned to Doctor. Callow appeared with Saeed Jaffrey in 1994 British television series Little Napoleons. In 1996, Callow directed Cantabile in three musical pieces composed by his friend Stephen Oliver. Ricercare No. 4 was commissioned by Callow for Cantabile.
He traitorous Wolfgang in Shoebox Zoo. In 2004, he appeared on a Comic Relief episode of Little Britain for charity causes. In 2006, he wrote a piece for the BBC1 programme This Week bemoaning the lack of characters in modern politics, he has starred as Count Fosco, the villain of Wilkie Collins's novel The Woman in White, in film and on stage. In December 2004, he hosted the London Gay Men's Chorus Christmas Show, Make the Yuletide Gay at the Barbican Centre in London, he is one of the patrons of the Michael Chekhov Studio London. Callow narrated the audiobook of Robert Fagles' 2006 translation of Virgil's The Aeneid. In July 2006, the London Oratory School Schola announced Callow as one of their new patrons. In November 2007, he threatened to resign the post over controve
Holby City is a British medical drama television series that airs weekly on BBC One. The series was created by Tony McHale and Mal Young as a spin-off from the established BBC medical drama Casualty, premiered on 12 January 1999, it is set in the same hospital as Casualty, in the fictional city of Holby, featured occasional crossovers of characters and plots with both Casualty and the show's 2007 police procedural spin-off HolbyBlue. Its first executive producers were Young and Johnathan Young, who were succeeded by Kathleen Hutchison from 2002 to 2004, Richard Stokes from 2004 to 2006, McHale from 2006 to 2010, Belinda Campbell from 2010 to 2011, Johnathan Young from 2011 to 2013, Oliver Kent from 2013 to 2017 and Simon Harper from 2017. Holby City airs once a week, all year round, each series now contains 52 episodes; the show follows the lives of ancillary staff at the fictional Holby City Hospital. It began with eleven main characters in its first series. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series since, with a core of around fifteen main actors employed on the serial at any given time.
In casting the first series, Young sought out actors who were well known in the television industry, something which has continued throughout the show's history, with cast members including Patsy Kensit, Jane Asher, Robert Powell, Ade Edmondson and John Michie. McHale was the show's lead writer for several years, was the first British writer to become the showrunner of a major prime time drama. Under his tenure as executive producer, attempts were made at modernising the programme and appealing to a younger audience by taking on the filmizing technique and introducing musical montage segments into each episode. Twenty series of Holby City have aired, the twenty-first began airing from 2 January 2019; the show has run for over 900 hour-long episodes. It is filmed at the BBC Elstree Centre in Hertfordshire, has featured special episodes filmed on location abroad. From October 2010, Holby City moved to high definition broadcasting. Holby City has attracted comparisons to other medical dramas unfavourable, figures within the television and entertainment industry including Broadcasting Standards Commission director Paul Bolt have accused the BBC of squandering the television licence fee on the programme.
The series employs a team of researchers to ensure medical accuracy, utilises surgeons from different disciplines to check scripts. Cast members are taught to perform basic medical procedures, given the opportunity to spend time on real hospital wards for research. Holby City has, been criticised for its lack of realism, with the British Medical Association denouncing its portrayal of organ donation and unrealistic impression of resuscitation, an accident and emergency nurse at the 2008 Royal College of Nursing conference accusing the show of fostering unrealistic expectations of the NHS and fuelling compensation culture. Holby City has been nominated for over 100 television awards, of which it has won ten: the 2008 British Academy Television Award for Best Continuing Drama, one BEFFTA Award, two Ethnic Multicultural Media Awards, two Music Video and Screen Awards, four Screen Nation Awards; the show's first series averaged 9.27 million viewers, but apart from a rise in its fifth series, ratings declined year-on-year until 2009, with the eleventh series averaging 5.44 million viewers.
The twelfth series saw a small rise to 5.62 million. Series have drawn over 4 million viewers per week; the show began with only eleven main characters in its first series, all of whom have since left the show. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series since, with a core of fifteen to twenty main actors employed on the serial at any given time. In casting the first series, Young sought out actors who were well known in the television industry, something which has continued throughout the show's history, with cast members including Patsy Kensit, Jane Asher, Robert Powell, Adrian Edmondson, Alex Walkinshaw and Jemma Redgrave. McHale was the show's lead writer for several years, was the first British writer to become the "showrunner" of a major prime time drama. Under his tenure as executive producer, attempts were made at modernising the programme and appealing to a younger audience by taking on the filmising technique and introducing musical montage segments into each episode.
Twenty complete series of Holby City have aired, an twenty-first began airing in January 2019. The show has run for over 600 hour-long episodes, it is filmed in studios at the BBC Elstree Centre in Hertfordshire, with the 1960s office building Neptune House being used for multiple exteriors and interiors in the series. It has featured special episodes filmed on location abroad. From October 2010, Holby City moved to high definition broadcasting. In September 2016, as part of the broadcaster's Compete Or Compare Strategy, the BBC confirmed the show would be one of the first put up for tender. In the tender released in October, it was confirmed the contract, open to independent producers and BBC Studios, would be for 3 series of a minimum 50 episodes per series, delivered from December 2017 with no break in transmission and produced from the existing production base at BBC Elstree Centre. BBC Studios was announced as the winning bidder and will continue to produce the show through to 2020. Holby City was created by Tony McHale and Mal Young as a spin-off from the BBC medical drama Casualty, set in the emergency department of the fictional Holby City Hospital.
Young wanted to explore what happened to patients treated in Casualty once t