Mörlenbach is a community in the Bergstraße district in southern Hesse, Germany. The community lies in the Odenwald some 25 km north of Heidelberg and about 30 km northeast of Mannheim, as well as lying 8 km southeast of Heppenheim, it is found on Bundesstraße 38 and through it flow the Weschnitz and the community’s namesake, the Mörlenbach. → Odenwald#Geology Mörlenbach borders in the north on the community of Rimbach, in the east on the communities of Wald-Michelbach and Abtsteinach, in the south on the community of Birkenau, in the west on the town of Hemsbach and the community of Laudenbach, in the northwest on the town of Heppenheim. Mörlenbach’s Ortsteile are Mörlenbach-Mitte, Bonsweiher, Ober-Mumbach, Großbreitenbach, Vöckelsbach, Ober-Liebersbach, Rohrbach and Juhöhe. Owing to its location on the Bergstraße, a mild climate prevails in Mörlenbach, which leads to what, in Germany, is a early blossoming of the almond trees. In 795, Mörlenbach had its first documentary mention. In the 13th century, Mörlenbach gained strategic importance because it lay between Electorate of the Palatinate and the Archbishopric of Mainz.
In 1995, Mörlenbach celebrated its 1,200 year jubilee. In the course of municipal reform, the outlying centres were amalgamated into Mörlenbach in 1970 and 1971; the municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results: The mayor is chosen in a direct election for a term of six years. Since 1991, Lothar Knopf has been Mörlenbach’s mayor. Since 2015, Jens Helmstädter is Mörlenbach’s mayor; the community’s arms might be described thus: Gules three bells argent in triangle inverted. The three bells are the subject of a local legend, according to which they were plunged into a pond during the Thirty Years' War lest they be stolen by invaders sacking the community; however after an intensive search, they were not found again. Großbreitenbach, Thuringia Aszófő, Veszprém, Hungary Gárdony-Agárd, Fejér, Hungary Gondreville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France On the marketplace with its village fountain are found the Old and New town halls, the Catholic church and a restored remnant of a defensive wall from the 13th century.
The Old Town Hall comes from the year 1504, according to the lintel, although the timber framing was modified in the late 17th century. Until 1930 or 1931 it was used as a school and a teacher’s house, but was built into the mayor’s administrative seat, moved to the newly built New Town Hall in 1978. Now renovated both inside and outside, it is now used for, among other things, performing civil marriages; the Catholic Saint Bartholomew’s Parish Church from the 12th and 13th centuries houses among other artworks three altars, among them one by Michel Erhart from 1494 and a 400-year-old organ from the chapel of the Friedrichsbau, a Renaissance building at Heidelberg Castle. In Mörlenbach are found several crosses made of red sandstone, like the one before the Catholic Church’s southern transept from 1822; the community centre, completed in 1994 offers room for up to 900 persons and is used for a broad spectrum of events. Each year on the last weekend in August, the Mörlenbach church consecration festival, whose centre forms the “festival village”, is held.
On the first weekend in Advent each year, the Mörlenbach Advent Market is held at the Town Hall. Every other year, in the centre of Mörlenbach, trade and industry stage the Krämermarkt, as much a performance as it is the upholding of old customs. 6 kindergartens 1 primary school 1 school for help with learning Owing to Mörlenbach’s central location in the Weschnitz valley, it is a transport hub. Through Mörlenbach runs Bundesstraße 38, the main traffic artery in the Rhine-Neckar agglomeration. In the heart of the community, the L 3120, coming from the Überwald, meets the B 38 and runs farther on to Heppenheim; the Saukopftunnel, dedicated in 1999, links Mörlenbach directly to the Autobahn network. The B 38a bypass is in planning and should lead to a lightening of the traffic load within the community; the planning was however delayed by discrepancies between the supporters of different alternatives for realizing the project, with environmental groups favouring a tunnel under the community and the community itself advocating a detour around the community.
Mörlenbach lies in the area of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar. Mörlenbach railway station is on the Weschnitztalbahn and is served hourly – half-hourly at weekday peak times – by DB Regio AG Regionalbahn trains; the station is the former junction where the now disused Überwaldbahn branched off for Wald-Michelbach. Official website Mörlenbach at Curlie
Wald-Michelbach is a community in the Bergstraße district in Hesse, Germany. Through Wald-Michelbach runs the now disused Überwaldbahn; the community lies in the Odenwald, 12 km east of Weinheim. → Odenwald#Geology In the area of Wald-Michelbach’s outlying centre of Siedelsbrunn is found the Hardberg, at 593 m above sea level the Odenwald’s third highest mountain. On the Hardberg’s peak is a 135 m-tall Hessischer Rundfunk radio and television transmission mast. From each side of the Hardberg there is a unique view over the Rhine valley. Wald-Michelbach borders in the north on the community of Grasellenbach, in the east on the community of Mossautal, the town of Beerfelden and the community of Rothenberg, in the south on the town of Eberbach and the communities of Heddesbach and Heiligkreuzsteinach and in the west on the communities of Abtsteinach, Mörlenbach and Rimbach. Wald-Michelbach’s Ortsteile are Siedelsbrunn, Affolterbach, Aschbach, Ober-Schönmattenwag, Unter-Schönmattenwag, Kocherbach, Ober-Mengelbach and Wald-Michelbach On 1 December 1970, Hartenrod was amalgamated with Wald-Michelbach.
Gadern and Kreidach Aschbach on 1 October of the same year. On 1 January 1972, Ober-Schönmattenwag and Unter-Schönmattenwag became parts of Wald-Michelbach, with Affolterbach and Kocherbach joining them on 1 August 1972; the municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results: Since 2000, the community’s mayor has been Joachim Kunkel. Montmirail, France Hassocks, West Sussex, United Kingdom The community’s and surrounding area’s biggest employer is the firm Coronet. Wald-Michelbach has at its disposal two primary schools, one special school, one Hauptschule-Realschule and one Gymnasium. Since 2007 there has been an open private school based on Maria Montessori’s methodology. Adam-Karrillon-Schule Mary-Anne-Kübel-Schule Eugen-Bachmann-Schule Überwald-Gymnasium Drachenschule Odenwald - open school Grundschule Unter-Schönmattenwag Wald-Michelbach has an outdoor swimming pool, renovated in 2003. Furthermore, the community has at its disposal an artificial-turf football pitch, which in 2000 replaced the former cinder pitch.
It is used by SV Eintracht Wald-Michelbach. There is a sport hall used by both men and women team handball players from SG Wald-Michelbach and TV 02 Siedelsbrunn as well as the ÜSC Wald-Michelbach women volleyball players. In autumn 2007, the Überwald-Gymnasium opened its new library MIZ; this may be used not only by students, but as of April 2008 by all citizens of the surrounding municipalities. The Heimatmuseum has been housed since 1988 at the old town hall right in the heart of the community; the building was built in 1594. On display here are not only items from Wald-Michelbach’s historical development but sometimes special exhibits; the Stoewermuseum was opened in 2002 and is housed in the building that housed the old savings bank, near the heart of the community. On show here is a collection of products from the Stoewer works in Stettin; the museum’s centrepiece is the array of cars on display on the ground floor. Most are in operating condition. Furthermore, more of the Stoewer company’s products, such as sewing machines and bicycles, can be seen.
The museum is run by a collector, born in Stettin. In 2005, in honour of the owner and his dedication, a street in the main community was christened Stoewerstraße; the Überwälder Einhaus was completed in 2005 by the Überwälder Museums- und Kulturverein and unpaid help. The name Einhaus refers to how such buildings were used: a single building contained a dwelling, a storage cellar, a stable and a barn. Today, this one houses a civil wedding venue and a sizeable multipurpose room used by the community’s clubs for social occasions. In 2006, the Bücherbrunnen was built before the Einhaus. On that spot, until the 19th century, when it was torn down, once stood a town tower in which, in Adam Karrillon’s novel Michael Hely was the hero’s home; the books displayed at the fountain are meant to remind one of the spot’s literary importance. Fumaba Gassenmarkt Heimatfest Kerwe Kommunales Kino Weihnachtsmarkt On the Hardberg’s slope in outlying centre of Siedelsbrunn lies the Buddhist monastery "Buddhas Weg".
It offers a variety of traditional Vietnamese therapies as well as spiritual seminars. The "Systelios" clinic for people suffering from the Burnout syndrome is located in Siedelsbrunn. Adam Karrillon and physician Lothar Mark, SPD politician Heinrich Schlerf, founder of the Coronet works Dr. Rudolf Wünzer, honorary citizen: 16 September 1913 Karl Kübel, founder of the Karl Kübel-Stiftung. Eugen Bachmann, Member of the Landtag and former mayor of Wald-Michelbach Jürgen Gerlach, National Chairman of The Animal Welfare Party Peter W. Sattler: Festschrift zur 750-Jahrfeier der Gemeinde Wald-Michelbach am 28. Mai 1988. Gemeindevorstand Wald-Michelbach, Wald-Michelbach 1
The United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter, it is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 11 associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage and to preserve human rights, attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.
It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication; the broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals —underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities. UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be traced back to a League of Nations resolution on 21 September 1921, to elect a Commission to study feasibility; this new body, the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation was indeed created in 1922.
On 18 December 1925, the International Bureau of Education began work as a non-governmental organization in the service of international educational development. However, the onset of World War II interrupted the work of these predecessor organizations. After the signing of the Atlantic Charter and the Declaration of the United Nations, the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education began meetings in London which continued from 16 November 1942 to 5 December 1945. On 30 October 1943, the necessity for an international organization was expressed in the Moscow Declaration, agreed upon by China, the United Kingdom, the United States and the USSR; this was followed by the Dumbarton Oaks Conference proposals of 9 October 1944. Upon the proposal of CAME and in accordance with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, held in San Francisco in April–June 1945, a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization was convened in London 1–16 November 1945 with 44 governments represented.
The idea of UNESCO was developed by Rab Butler, the Minister of Education for the United Kingdom, who had a great deal of influence in its development. At the ECO/CONF, the Constitution of UNESCO was introduced and signed by 37 countries, a Preparatory Commission was established; the Preparatory Commission operated between 16 November 1945, 4 November 1946—the date when UNESCO's Constitution came into force with the deposit of the twentieth ratification by a member state. The first General Conference took place from 19 November to 10 December 1946, elected Dr. Julian Huxley to Director-General; the Constitution was amended in November 1954 when the General Conference resolved that members of the Executive Board would be representatives of the governments of the States of which they are nationals and would not, as before, act in their personal capacity. This change in governance distinguished UNESCO from its predecessor, the ICIC, in how member states would work together in the organization's fields of competence.
As member states worked together over time to realize UNESCO's mandate and historical factors have shaped the organization's operations in particular during the Cold War, the decolonization process, the dissolution of the USSR. Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism, for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists and other scientists in 1950 and concluding with the 1978 Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. In 1956, the Republic of South Africa withdrew from UNESCO saying that some of the organization's publications amounted to "interference" in the country's "racial problems." South Africa rejoined the organization in 1994 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela. UNESCO's early work in the field of education included the pilot project on fundamental education in the Marbial Valley, started in 1947; this project was followed by expert missions to other countries, for example, a mission to Afghanistan in 1949.
In 1948, UNESCO recommended that Member States should make free primary education compulsory and universal. In 1990, the World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtien, launched a global movement to provide basic education for a
World Heritage Site
A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization as having cultural, scientific or other form of significance, is protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance, it may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet. The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones; the list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 "states parties" that are elected by their General Assembly.
The programme catalogues and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund; the program began with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. Since 193 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most recognized international agreements and the world's most popular cultural program; as of July 2018, a total of 1,092 World Heritage Sites exist across 167 countries. Italy, with 54 sites, has the most of any country, followed by China, France, Germany and Mexico. In 1954, the government of Egypt decided to build the new Aswan High Dam, whose resulting future reservoir would inundate a large stretch of the Nile valley containing cultural treasures of ancient Egypt and ancient Nubia. In 1959, the governments of Egypt and Sudan requested UNESCO to assist their countries to protect and rescue the endangered monuments and sites.
In 1960, the Director-General of UNESCO launched an appeal to the member states for an International Campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia. This appeal resulted in the excavation and recording of hundreds of sites, the recovery of thousands of objects, as well as the salvage and relocation to higher ground of a number of important temples, the most famous of which are the temple complexes of Abu Simbel and Philae; the campaign, which ended in 1980, was considered a success. As tokens of its gratitude to countries which contributed to the campaign's success, Egypt donated four temples: the Temple of Dendur was moved to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, the Temple of Debod was moved to the Parque del Oeste in Madrid, the Temple of Taffeh was moved to the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in the Netherlands, the Temple of Ellesyia to Museo Egizio in Turin; the project cost $80 million, about $40 million of, collected from 50 countries. The project's success led to other safeguarding campaigns: saving Venice and its lagoon in Italy, the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan, the Borobodur Temple Compounds in Indonesia.
UNESCO initiated, with the International Council on Monuments and Sites, a draft convention to protect the common cultural heritage of humanity. The United States initiated the idea of cultural conservation with nature conservation; the White House conference in 1965 called for a "World Heritage Trust" to preserve "the world's superb natural and scenic areas and historic sites for the present and the future of the entire world citizenry". The International Union for Conservation of Nature developed similar proposals in 1968, they were presented in 1972 to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Under the World Heritage Committee, signatory countries are required to produce and submit periodic data reporting providing the World Heritage Committee with an overview of each participating nation's implementation of the World Heritage Convention and a "snapshot" of current conditions at World Heritage properties. A single text was agreed on by all parties, the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972.
The Convention came into force on 17 December 1975. As of May 2017, it has been ratified by 193 states parties, including 189 UN member states plus the Cook Islands, the Holy See and the State of Palestine. Only four UN member states have not ratified the Convention: Liechtenstein, Nauru and Tuvalu. A country must first list its significant natural sites. A country may not nominate sites. Next, it can place sites selected from that list into a Nomination File; the Nomination File is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. These bodies make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee; the Committee meets once per year to determine whether or not to inscribe each nominated property on the World Heritage List and sometimes defers or refers the decision to request more information from the country which nominated the site. There are ten selection criteria – a site must meet at least one of them to be included on the list
Einhausen is a community in the Bergstraße district in Hesse, some 15 km east of Worms. Einhausen lies on the Bergstraße in the Hessisches Ried and belongs the northeast Rhine valley, which has a rather favourable climate. Surrounding the community, through which flows the Weschnitz, are woods and cultivated land. Einhausen borders in the north on the community of Groß-Rohrheim and the town of Gernsheim, in the east on the towns of Bensheim and Lorsch, in the south on the town of Bürstadt and in the west on the community of Biblis. Einhausen consists of only one Ortsteil; the community was donated in 768 under the name Husun to the Lorsch Abbey. In the course of the Reformation and the Counterreformation there arose two politically and ecclesiastically divided communities: Groß-Hausen, Klein-Hausen which contradictorily became the larger of the two. On 1 April 1937, the two communities were merged into the community of Einhausen; as mentioned earlier, the historical distinction between Groß-Hausen and Klein-Hausen is still heard in speech today by younger residents.
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results: The community’s arms might be described thus: Gules a brick house Or with roof, two chimneys, a door and two windows sable, the whole on an arched bridge Or. The bridge is symbolic of the merger of the two former communities, which were divided for centuries. Attichy, France Shoreview, Minnesota, USA Einhausen’s Kirchweih is held each year on the first weekend in October, it is staged by the Verein zur Erhaltung der Tradition Einhausen e. V. in collaboration with the three festival groups ADI, CHIEF and Ladännsche. Known well beyond Einhausen is the parade at this festival, run on the first Sunday in October; the float built in 2007 on the theme “North Korea” was featured in the November edition of the Carnival magazine Tusch!!! as Germany’s best political float of 2007. Known in this part of Germany as Fastnacht, this includes four of the Sitzungen that typify this celebration. Three are Narrengiggelsitzungen and one is a Kindersitzung.
They are staged by the Verein zur Erhaltung der Tradition Einhausen e. V.. Internetpräsenz der Community’s official webpage
Rimbach in the Odenwald is a community in the Bergstraße district in southern Hesse, Germany. The community lies in the Odenwald some 30 km north of Heidelberg and about 35 km northeast of Mannheim, it is found on Bundesstraße 38, through it flows the Weschnitz. Rimbach borders in the north on the community of Fürth, in the east on the community of Grasellenbach, in the southeast on the community of Wald-Michelbach, in the south on the community of Mörlenbach and in the west on the town of Heppenheim. Rimbach’s Ortsteile are Albersbach, Lauten-Weschnitz, Mitlechtern, Münschbach, Unter-Mengelbach and Zotzenbach. Owing to its location in Bergstraße district, a mild climate prevails in Rimbach, which leads to what in Germany is a early blossoming of the almond trees. In 795, Rimbach had its first documentary mention, in 1995 it celebrated its 1,200-year jubilee; the municipal election in 2011 yielded the following results: Mayor Holger Schmitt was elected in 2012 with 69.1% of the vote. Colwich-Haywood, England, United Kingdom since 1983 Thourotte, France since 1983 Rimbach lies on the Weschnitztalbahn from Weinheim to Fürth in the Odenwald.
Moreover, Bundesstraße 38 runs through Rimbach. The Saukopftunnel, dedicated in 1999, made it possible to detour around Birkenau on Bundesstraße 38a, improving Rimbach’s road link with Weinheim and the Autobahn network. A new bottleneck, has cropped up at Mörlenbach, whose bypass is being planned. 5 kindergartens 1 daycare centre 3 primary schools 1 Hauptschule and Realschule 1 Gymnasium K. U. S. S. - Martin-Luther-Schule students’ theatre Jugendbühne - Martin-Luther-Schule students’ theatre Center Stage - English Theater - Martin-Luther-Schule students’ theatre Grünes Theater - KSG Mitlechtern Rimbescher Kerwe Rimbacher Pfingstmarkt Rimbacher Herbst Rimbacher Frühling Schwarzwurzelfastnacht in Rimbach Nikolausparty in Rimbach Katholische Junge Gemeinde St. Elisabeth Rimbach Christliche Pfadfinderschaft im CPD Jugendfeuerwehr Jugendrotkreuz Rimbach at Curlie
Bensheim is a town in the Bergstraße district in southern Hesse, Germany. Bensheim lies on the Bergstraße and at the edge of the Odenwald mountains while at the same time having an open view over the Rhine plain. With about 40,000 inhabitants, it is the district's biggest town; the town lies at the eastern edge of the Rhine rift on the slopes of the western Odenwald on the Bergstraße. The nearest major cities are Darmstadt, Heidelberg and Mannheim; the district seat of Heppenheim lies 5 km to the south. The Lauter flows through Bensheim, coming from the Lauter valley from the east, which after it passes through Bensheim is known as the Winkelbach. In the south of town runs the Meerbach coming from the Odenwald. Channelled underground and only coming above ground at the western edge of town is the Neuer Graben, or “New Channel”, which branches off the Lauter. Bensheim borders in the north on the town of Zwingenberg and the communities of Alsbach-Hähnlein und Seeheim-Jugenheim, in the east on the community of Lautertal, in the south on the town of Heppenheim and in the west on the town of Lorsch and the community of Einhausen.
Bensheim is subdivided thus: The main town east of the railway line with many modern town expansion developments. Bensheim is well known, like other places along the Bergstraße as well, for its mild and sunny climate with 2,000 hours of sunshine yearly and Germany's earliest onset of spring. Under the Odenwald's protection, almonds and peaches thrive here, giving the Bergstraße the nickname “Germany’s Riviera”; the town of Bensheim fosters almond tree cultivation, to name one example, in people's front gardens. Each year in Bensheim, there is a Blütenkönigin, she is put forth every year by the Bensheim Automobile Club and for decades has been Bensheim's hallmark both within the country and abroad. Bensheim has grown out of a village. In the 14th century, Bensheim was granted town rights. On 26 March 1945, much of the Old Town was destroyed by incendiary bombs; the South Hesse area was settled quite early on. The many finds from archaeological digs stretch back to the time of the Linear Pottery and Corded Ware cultures, peoples who raised crops and livestock.
In 765, Basinsheim had its first documentary mention in the Lorsch Abbey’s Codex Laureshamensis. Its founding may go back to a knight named Basinus; the name changed from Basinsheim to Basinusheim and to Besensheim becoming Bensheim. Noteworthy is that town rights were granted early on by Emperor Otto I on 5 March 956, it can be inferred from the document text that Otto I, on the occasion of his stay in Frankfurt am Main, with his wife Adelheid’s intervention, awarded the Lorsch Abbey’s oldest market privilege. The concept, called publicae mercationes in the original, indicates the community, where public buying and selling was allowed, it still can not be assumed that this led to weekly market. Great parts of the town were destroyed in the siege of 1301 by King Albrecht I; when Friedrich II enfeoffed the territory of the now derelict Lorsch Imperial Abbey to Archbishop Siegfried III of Eppstein, Bensheim became part of the Electorate of Mainz's domains and received town rights only a few decades which is, only proved by a certificate issued in 1320.
In today’s outlying centres of Auerbach and Schönberg, Bensheim borders on what were the Upper County – “Upper” here refers to geography, not rank – of the Counts of Katzenelnbogen and domains of the Schenken of Erbach. When the Katzenelnbogens died out in 1479, the Landgraviate of Hesse became a neighbour to the north. In 1532, the Erbachs were raised to counts and the County of Erbach became a neighbour to the east. In the time of the pledging to the counts palatine of the Rhine from 1461 to 1650, Bensheim experienced a boom, but as a Palatinate town, however, it was embroiled in the Bavarian-Palatine war of succession in 1504, for eleven days was unsuccessfully besieged by the Landgrave of Hesse, charged with the execution of the ban of the Empire, his confederates, the Dukes Henry of Brunswick and Henry of Mecklenburg. From this year, two yearly markets and one weekly can be established. With the introduction of the Reformation in the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1526 and in the County of Erbach in 1544, Bensheim got not only a territorial border with these neighbours, but a denominational one.
To all positive developments the Thirty Years' War put an end. On 20 November 1644, Bensheim was occupied by French and Swedish troops, who were driven out again on 2 December by Bavarian units; the legend of the Fraa vun Bensem arose. In 1650, after just under 200 years of being pledged to the Electorate of the Palatinate, Bensheim was once again redeemed by the Archbisho