SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Los Altos, California

Los Altos is a city in Santa Clara County, California, in northern Silicon Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. Los Altos means "the heights" in Spanish; the population was 28,976 according to the 2010 census. Most of the city's growth occurred between 1950 and 1980. An agricultural town with many summer cottages and apricot orchards, Los Altos is now a town in Silicon Valley. Los Altos has commercial zones limited to the downtown area, as well as small shopping and office parks lining Foothill Expressway and El Camino Real; the area was called Banks and Braes. Paul Shoup, an executive of the Southern Pacific Railroad, his colleagues formed the Altos Land Company in 1906 and started the development of Los Altos; the company acquired 140 acres of land from Sarah Winchester. Shoup wanted to link Los Gatos by making Los Altos a commuter town, it continued a train-a-day operation to and from San Francisco. In 1908, Southern Pacific Railroad began running steam train service through Los Altos with five trains per day.

Two freight cars served as train depot. The first commercial building, Eschenbruecher's Hardware, was built in downtown. In 1913, the craftsman-style Los Altos train station was built at 288 First Street. By 1949, many residents were dissatisfied with the zoning policy of Santa Clara county. There was a constant threat of being annexed by neighboring Palo Alto and Mountain View, so they decided to incorporate. Los Altos became the eleventh city in Santa Clara county on December 1, 1952. Train service stopped its operation in January 1964, the train track became Foothill Expressway. Los Altos may have a legitimate claim to having the first scientifically designed sound baffle in the year 1970. Santa Clara County undertook a seminal study to calculate the effects of alternate soundwall designs along Foothill Expressway; the resulting wall brought about the predicted reduction of seven to ten decibels in noise pollution levels experienced by adjacent homes. In 1976, Apple co-founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak built the first 50 Apple I computers in Jobs's garage in Los Altos.

In 2004, landlord Judy Fusco rented her Los Altos home known as'Casa Facebook', to Mark Zuckerberg where he and a few other associates scaled Facebook from 200,000 members to 2.5 million. Los Altos is bordered by Los Altos Hills to the west, Palo Alto to the north and west, Mountain View to the north and east, Sunnyvale to the east, Cupertino to the southeast. Los Altos is crossed by three creeks that flow north to San Francisco Bay, Adobe Creek on its western boundary, Stevens Creek on its eastern boundary and Permanente Creek in the middle. Hale Creek is tributary to Permanente Creek, Permanente Creek is now diverted to Stevens Creek by a diversion channel. All three creeks originate on the flanks of Black Mountain; the 2010 United States Census reported that Los Altos had a population of 28,976. The population density was 4466.8 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Los Altos was 20,459 White, 148 African American, 48 Native American, 6,815 Asian, 59 Pacific Islander, 195 from other races, 1,252 from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,132 persons. The Census reported that 28,749 people lived in households, 34 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 193 were institutionalized. There were 10,745 households, out of which 4,067 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,476 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 had a female householder with no husband present, 228 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 199 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 55 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,086 households were made up of individuals and 1,228 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 8,303 families; the population was spread out with 7,560 people under the age of 18, 1,006 people aged 18 to 24, 5,273 people aged 25 to 44, 9,353 people aged 45 to 64, 5,784 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

There were 11,204 housing units at an average density of 1727.1 per square mile, of which 9,002 were owner-occupied, 1,743 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%. 24,669 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,080 people lived in rental housing units. The median household income of Los Altos for 2013–2017 was $208,309; the average home listing price in 2014 was $1.96 million. In 2017, Forbes ranked Los Altos as the 3rd and 48th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States with median home prices of $7,755,000 and $3,431,615, respectively. In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that Los Altos was the fifth wealthiest city in the United States; as of the census of 2000, there were 27,693 people, 10,462 households, 8,024 families residing in the city. The population density was 4269 people per square mile. There were 10,727 housing units at an average density of 1653.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.35% White, 15.42% Asian, 0.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, 2.44% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino residents of any race constituted 3.76% of the p

Laurence de la Ferrière

Laurence de la Ferrière is a French mountaineer and writer. After breaking the woman's world record for altitude without oxygen on Mount Everest in 1992, in 1997 she became the first French woman to reach the South Pole alone, covering some 1,400 km in 57 days. More she has coordinated work at the French Antarctic station Dumont d'Urville. Born in Casablanca, Morocco, on 16 March 1957, de la Ferrière came from a well-established French family, her great-grandfather had been a banker, her grandfather an engineer and her father a salesman for a brick company. In 1965, as a result of upsets in Morocco and her family moved to the Lyon region in France. On qualifying from secondary school, she went on an Alpine mountaineering course in Courmayeur where she met her husband, Bernard Muller a seasoned climber. Together they climbed some of the world's highest mountains. In 1984, she broke the woman's record for altitude without oxygen on Nepal's Yalung Kang. After giving birth to two daughters, Céline and Charlotte, two years she again broke the altitude record, climbing Mount Everest.

During the European winter of 1996–97, de la Ferrière became the first French woman to reach the South Pole unassisted, covering the distance from the Weddell Sea to the Amundsen-Scott base at temperatures around -40 C while dragging a 150 kg sledge behind her. It was the moment. In her own words: It's as if you have infinity in front of you, the infinitely large, the infinitely beautiful, the infinitely white, infinite freedom. For me, it's the greatest sense of freedom; as I walked along, I would turn around, look at my tracks, they were endless, it was wonderful. De la Ferrière returned to Antarctica in 2009, this time to head the French Dumont d'Urville Station for a period of 15 months. With a team of 25 scientists and technicians, of whom a third were women, the objective was to measure the thickness of the ozone layer and analyse residues in the ice. In 2012, she coordinated renovation work at the Dumont d'Urville Station, built in the 1950s. No longer interested in feats of endurance or exploration, she now spends the remainder of her time lecturing in France and Europe, explaining how important it is to study the Antarctic in order to improve understanding of climate change.

In early 2000, de la Ferrière published an account of her Antarctic experiences in Seule dans le vent des glaces. Laurence de la Ferrière's website

Winx (horse)

Winx is a retired champion Australian Thoroughbred racehorse. Between May 2015 and her retirement in April 2019, she won 33 consecutive races including 25 Group 1s, at distances ranging from 1300 metres to 2200 metres. In the World's Best Racehorse Rankings, she was the second-ranked filly or mare in 2015, improving in 2016 to become both the world's top-ranked filly or mare and the world's top-ranked turf horse, she retained this ranking in 2018 was co-ranked as the best horse in the world. In 2017 she was inducted into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame, only the third horse to earn this honour while still in training. Over her career, she earned more than 26 million Australian dollars. Winx began her racing career with three straight wins but won only one race in her next seven starts. Towards the end of her three-year-old campaign, she rebounded to win two races in May 2015, including the Group 1 Queensland Oaks, to start her winning streak; as a four-year-old, she was named the 2015/6 Australian Horse of the Year and middle distance champion after a seven race campaign that included wins in the W.

S. Cox Plate and Doncaster Mile. In the 2016/7 season, she defended her 2015 Cox Plate win with a commanding eight length victory over rival Hartnell, she completed the season with a win in the Queen Elizabeth Stakes and was again named Horse of the Year. For the 2017/18 season, she earned her third Horse of the Year honour after recording seven straight wins, including her third victories in the Cox Plate, Chipping Norton and George Ryder and her second win in the Queen Elizabeth. In the 2018/19 season, Winx began her seven-year-old campaign on 18 August in a race renamed in her honour and in doing so extended her winning streak to an Australasian record of 26, since extended to 33. Winx became the first horse in history to win the prestigious Cox Plate four times, she won the 2018 Secretariat Vox Populi Award, the top choice among race fans in a record 60 countries. She finished her career on April 13 at Randwick racecourse by winning the Queen Elizabeth Stakes for the third time, she was retired to be a broodmare.

Winx is a bay mare bred in Australia by John Camilleri's Fairway Thoroughbreds. She was foaled on 14 September 2011 at Coolmore Stud, Jerrys Plains in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, she was sired by the Irish-bred Street Cry, who won the Dubai World Cup in 2002 before becoming a successful breeding stallion in North America and Australasia. His other progeny included Zenyatta, Street Sense and Whobegotyou. Winx's dam, Vegas Showgirl, was a stakes winner in New Zealand, bought by Fairway Thoroughbreds in 2008 as a broodmare prospect for A$455,000. Winx stood and nursed soon after foaling and stood out as "a leggy Elle Macpherson type", she was sold as a yearling for $230,000 at the 2013 Magic Millions Gold Coast sale. She was part of a draft of horses from Coolmore Stud and was selected by Mulcaster Bloodstock to be purchased "to a budget" by a partnership of Magic Bloodstock Racing, Richard Treweeke and Debbie Kepitis. Winx raced in Magic Bloodstock's silks: dark blue with white epaulettes and a large white "M", was trained by Chris Waller.

Unlike many elite racehorses, Winx does not have a long stride – her stride was measured at 6.76 metres compared to nearly 8.5 metres for Black Caviar and Phar Lap. Rather, her success has been attributed to a "freakish" cadence that allows her to take 14 strides every 5 seconds, compared to 12 for her rivals. "This means she can settle or accelerate at any time during a race," said Dr. Graeme Putt, who has studied the science of racehorse success. "I think this makes her unique." After two racecourse trials, Winx made her competitive debut on 4 June 2014 in a maiden race and won over 1100 metres at Warwick Farm Racecourse. That month, on her second and final race of the season, she won over 1400 metres at Rosehill Racecourse in Sydney. Winx suffered the only losses of her racing career as a three-year-old, a fact that connections attributed to her need to grow into herself. "For her first two years in training, she was just catching up with herself," said bloodstock manager Peter O'Brien. "Chris managed her beautifully — he never overtaxed her."

In ten starts that year, she finished second three times. Winx recorded her first major success when she won the Group 2 Furious Stakes over 1200 metres at Randwick Racecourse in Sydney on 6 September 2014, she finished second to First Seal in both the Tea Rose Stakes and the Flight Stakes before being given a summer break. She finished unplaced twice in February 2015 before winning the Group 2 Phar Lap Stakes against male opponents over 1500 metres at Rosehill on 14 March. Two weeks at the same track, she was stepped up in distance for the Vinery Stud Stakes against other fillies but finished unplaced behind Fenway, she started 9/5 favourite for the Australian Oaks over 2400 metres at Randwick on 11 April but was beaten by the 16/1 outsider Gust of Wind, the last race before her winning streak began. After having earned only one win in her last seven starts, Winx was dropped in class for the Group 3 Sunshine Coast Guineas on 16 May, she trailed the large field as they turned for home but found racing room and drew off to win by one and three quarter lengths from the colt Ulmann.

"At the 1000m I thought'This is not good.' At the 600m it was worse. I was in an i