Los Angeles Public Library
The Los Angeles Public Library system serves the residents of the City of Los Angeles. The system holds more than six million volumes, with over 18 million residents in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area, it serves the largest population of any publicly funded library system in the United States; the system is overseen by a Board of Library Commissioners with five members appointed by the mayor of Los Angeles in staggered terms in accordance with the city charter. Library cards are free to California residents. Circulating books, periodicals, computer access and audiovisual materials are available to patrons. Books and audiobooks are loaned for 3 weeks. Music cassettes, music CDs, documentary videos, documentary DVDs are loaned for 1 week. Entertainment videos and entertainment DVDs are loaned for 4 days. Fines are charged. There is a loan limit of 10 books, 10 magazines, 4 DVDs or videos at one time up to maximum of 30 items on the patron's record. Items checked out from Los Angeles Public Library may be returned to any of its 72 branches or to the Central Library.
Most items may be renewed a maximum of two times. Entertainment DVDs and videos may be renewed one time; the Los Angeles Public Library has many community support organizations which work with the library to raise funds and sponsor programs to enhance library service throughout the community. The Library's Rare Books Department is located in its downtown Los Angeles location. There is an extensive selection of databases covering a wide variety of topics, many of which are available to remote users who hold an LAPL library card. Examples include full-text databases of periodicals, business directories, language learning tools; the Central Library at 630 West 5th Street, between Grand Avenue and Flower Street in Downtown Los Angeles, remains an important research library, despite the development of accessible databases and public access to the Internet. The library offers an online program that allows adult patrons who have not completed high school to earn their high school diploma; the Los Angeles Library Association was formed in late 1872, by early 1873, a well-stocked reading room had opened under the first librarian, John Littlefield.
Aggressive expansion and growth of the system began in the 1920s. Under Library Board of Commissioners Chairman Orra E. Monnette, the system was improved with a large network of branch libraries with new buildings. Thelma Jackman founded the Business & Economics section of the library sometime prior to 1970; the historic Central Library Goodhue building was constructed in 1926 and is a Downtown Los Angeles landmark. The Central Library was designed by Bertram Goodhue; the Richard Riordan Central Library complex is the third largest public library in the United States in terms of book and periodical holdings. Named the Central Library, the building was first renamed in honor of the longtime president of the Board of Library Commissioners and President of the University of Southern California, Rufus B. von KleinSmid. The new wing of Central Library, completed in 1993, was named in honor of former mayor Tom Bradley; the complex was subsequently renamed in 2001 for former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan, as the Richard Riordan Central Library.
The Los Angeles Public Library received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service, the nation's highest honor given to museums and libraries for service to the community. City Librarian John F. Szabo and community member Sergio Sanchez accepted the award on behalf of the library from First Lady Michelle Obama during a White House Ceremony on May 20, 2015; the Los Angeles Public Library was selected for its success in meeting the needs of Angelenos and providing a level of social and cultural services unmatched by any other public institution in the city. The award recognizes the library's programs that help people on their path to citizenship, earn their high school diploma, manage personal finances and access health and well-being services and resources. Architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue designed the original Los Angeles Central Library with influences of ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Revival architecture; the central tower is topped with a tiled mosaic pyramid with suns on the sides with a hand holding a torch representing the "Light of Learning" at the apex.
Other elements include sphinxes and celestial mosaics. It has sculptural elements by the preeminent American architectural sculptor Lee Lawrie, similar to the Nebraska State Capitol in Lincoln, Nebraska designed by Goodhue; the interior of the library is decorated with various figures, statues and grilles, notably a four-part mural by illustrator Dean Cornwell depicting stages of the History of California, completed around 1933. The building is a designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, is on the National Register of Historic Places; the Central Library was extensively renovated and expanded in a Modernist/Beaux-Arts architecture, according to Norman Pfeiffer, the principal architect of the renovation by Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates from 1988 through 1993. It included an eight-story atrium wing dedicated to former mayor Tom Bradley. Now, the library contains an area of 538,000 square feet, has nearly 89 miles of shelves and seating for over 1,400 people; the building's limited access had caused a number of problems.
The accessible public stacks in the reading rooms only displayed about 10 to 20 percent of the actual collections of the Central Library. For anything else, a patron had to submit a request slip and a clerk would retrieve the desired material from the internal stacks. Internal stacks
James Kenneth Hahn is an American lawyer and politician. A Democrat, Hahn was elected the 40th mayor of Los Angeles in 2001, he served until 2005. Prior to his term as mayor, Hahn served in several other capacities for the city of Los Angeles, including deputy city attorney, city controller and city attorney. Hahn is the only individual in the city's history to have been elected to all three citywide offices, he is a sitting judge on the Los Angeles County Superior Court. As mayor, Hahn appointed Bill Bratton, the former NYPD commissioner, as police chief of Los Angeles and chose not to renew Bernard Parks' second term as chief. Bratton's appointment is seen as leading to the sharp declines in Los Angeles' crime rate and improved morale in the department. Hahn led the successful campaign to defeat secession in the San Fernando Valley and San Pedro, thereby keeping Los Angeles intact. While he is noted for these two accomplishments, they helped lead to his unsuccessful re-election bid. Hahn is the brother of Los Angeles county supervisor and former congresswoman, Janice Hahn, the nephew of former California State assemblyman and Los Angeles city councilman Gordon Hahn.
Hahn was born on July 3, 1950 in Los Angeles, the son of Ramona and Kenneth Hahn, was raised in the Morningside Park district of Inglewood near South Los Angeles. Hahn attended Manchester Avenue Elementary School, Daniel Freeman Elementary School, Horace Mann Junior High School, Los Angeles Lutheran Middle & Senior High School, he graduated from the Los Angeles campus of Pepperdine University in California magna cum laude with a bachelor's degree in English and a minor in journalism, in 1972. He received his Juris Doctor degree from the Pepperdine University School of Law, in 1975. In 1994, he was selected as the School of Law's distinguished alumnus. While at Seaver College, he assisted in the development of a paralegal program for the Family Law Center of the Legal Aid Society and during law school, he clerked for the Los Angeles district attorney's Office. Upon graduation in 1975 until 1979, Hahn worked as a prosecutor and deputy city attorney in the office of the City Attorney. From 1979–1981, he was in private practice with Robert Horner.
In 1981 he was elected the fifth city controller of Los Angeles and served until 1985. He was at the time the youngest person elected to that position. Hahn served from 1985 to 2001 as Los Angeles city attorney, an office of 358 attorneys, support staff of 346, with branch offices in 21 locations citywide; as city attorney, Hahn worked to rid LA's neighborhoods of gang activity through the use of gang injunctions. He was involved in crafting state legislation regarding gang enforcement by writing the Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act. During Hahn's tenure as city attorney, he led the litigation to stop the Joe Camel ad campaign and reached a settlement of 312 million dollars for the city, he created the Tobacco Enforcement Project to prevent the sale of tobacco to minors. He re-established a domestic violence unit and sponsored over 30 pieces of relevant legislation, ensuring that California had tough domestic violence laws. Special units in the office included AIDS/HIV discrimination, environmental protection, housing enforcement, consumer protection, special enforcement, governmental law and enforcement.
He managed a dispute resolution program. Aside from the special units, the office was divided into a civil branch. Hahn required all of his attorneys to receive ethnic and religious tolerance training from the Museum of Tolerance. Hahn was elected in 2001. Hahn rejected Bernard Parks for a second term as Los Angeles police chief, he appointed former NYPD commissioner William Bratton to the position. Together with Bratton, he reinstated the community policing program, implemented a flexible work week schedule and the COMPSTAT system, initiated a comprehensive recruitment and retention campaign. Morale rose in the department and there was the first increase in the ranks in ten years. In addition, all areas of crime dropped making it the second safest large city in the United States, he ensured for the first time in the city's history that there be at least one ambulance at every fire station. He convened a homeland security cabinet in his office, hosted an annual homeland security summit, coordinated Los Angeles' "Operation Archangel" to protect its infrastructure, lobbied for state and federal public safety grants.
After September 11, the United States Conference of Mayors appointed him to serve as chair of its aviation security task force. For these combined efforts, Hahn was endorsed in his re-election campaign by the police protective league and United Firefighters of Los Angeles. Hahn created a $100 million affordable housing trust fund, at the time the nation's largest, expanded the adaptive reuse ordinance to convert dilapidated buildings into mixed-use residential properties, he identified the funding to keep the city's homeless shelters open year-round and met with civic leaders across the county to establish a blue ribbon commission called "Bring LA Home" to end homelessness in Los Angeles county within a decade. He worked with councilmembers Wendy Greuel and Eric Garcetti to initiate and sign into law seven busi
Charles Navarro Guarino was a Los Angeles, City Council member between 1951 and 1961 and city controller from 1961 to 1977. Navarro was born in New York City to Italian immigrant parents, he was a self-taught guitarist and banjo player who moved to Los Angeles when he was 19 to be a professional musician. He worked for Universal Studios, he owned an apartment building on San Marino Street in Los Angeles. Navarro was married to Rose Northy for 70 years married Seda Stevens. Navarro retired in 1977 and spent the last 28 years of his life overseeing his investments and enjoying "dining at his favorite Westside steakhouses.... At 100-plus he was walking without a cane, driving his Cadillac and going to church every Sunday." He died in his sleep at the age of 101 on September 7, 2005, was survived by his wife and a stepson, Armen Haig Stevens. See Los Angeles municipal election returns, 1951 and after. 1951 At the beginning of 1951, four candidates had begun their campaigns for election to Los Angeles's 10th District seat on the City Council — the incumbent, G. Vernon Bennett, as well as Assemblyman Vernon Kilpatrick, 1332 Hope Street.
Whitworth, 2106 Wilmot Street. Downs was a former City Council member who had lost his seat and went to prison in 1925 on a corruption charge; the district was "in the south-central section of the city," bounded by Wilshire and Jefferson boulevards and La Brea Avenue and Main Street. The Los Angeles Times, which favored Navarro's election, wrote of him: In a district, a favorite haunt for left-wingers for some considerable time, Navarro comes right out and says he's downright against all kinds of bureaucracy, Socialism or any other kind of ism.... Although the Council job is nonpartisan, he's up against two old-line, left-wing Democrats, G. Vernon Bennett, the incumbent, Assemblyman Vernon Kilpatrick, who's willing to ditch his State post for a city job if he can get it. Bennett, 16 years in the Council, is nearing 70 and during recent months was in trouble with the police, he appears to be on the way out. The April primary was seen as a dirty one: "Three of the candidates were accused of having police records, one of being an ex-convict.
Another was linked with activities of the Communist Party." Navarro came in second, with 5,077 votes to 5,301 for Kilpatrick, 3,835 for Bennett, 2,250 for Hubbard and 1,423 for Downs. Bennett promptly sued for Navarro's disqualification on the grounds that he had not listed his birth name on the ballot. Navarro answered that he had dropped his last name, Guarino, "because the first two were better suited to his work as a professional musician." A Superior Court judge dismissed Bennett's claim. Navarro won the May election, 9,001 votes to Kilpatrick's 7,321.1953 In the 1953 election, Navarro had four opponents: "John A. Somerville, Negro dentist and a member of the Municipal Police Commission. Navarro won with 14,892 votes over Somerville, 8,316; the final returns were 11,336 for Navarro, the victor, 6,236 for African-American businessman George L. Thomas. Whitworth. Navarro announced in December 1960 his determination to unseat 70-year-old Dan O. Hoye, city controller for 24 years and who said that his ambition was to equal the 28-year record of his predecessor in office, John Myers.
Navarro, chairman of the City Council's finance committee, was endorsed by the president of the Merchants and Manufacturers Association and the Los Angeles Times. Navarro won the election, 187,122 votes against 133,569 for Hoye, 67,318 for certified public accountant Harry C. Fischer and 25.683 for management consultant Cecil R. Kay; the city controller was unopposed in the next two elections: He received 470,324 votes in 1965 and 379,971 in 1969. He won the 1973 election, with 300,511 votes against 56,924 for Democratic businessman David Gold. Other 1973 candidates were 34,428 votes. Navarro testified twice before City Council committees in opposition to proposals to make the city controller an appointive office rather than elective — in 1969 and in 1977, he testified in the 1975 trial of a woman, charged with taking part in a "multimillion dollar plan to defraud the Los Angeles municipal treasury by cashing stolen city checks." He said. The same year he persuaded the City Council to purchase two check-writing machines that "would make forging a controller's signature impossible."Navarro left office in 1977.
"What I saw of Socialism and Communism in the rest of the world made me want to pitch in and stop it here." "I have never been arrested and am not a member of, or supported by, the Communist Party." "The job is paying the bills, making sure everybody gets paid, making sure the city is in sound financial shape. Bookkeeping and more bookkeeping." Access to some Los Angeles Times links may require the use of a library card
Los Angeles City Council District 14
Los Angeles City Council District 14 is one of the 15 districts of the Los Angeles City Council. It is a Latino district in Boyle Heights and Northeast Los Angeles. Council Member Jose Huizar has represented it since 2005. District 14 consists of all or part of the neighborhoods of the Downtown, Boyle Heights, Eagle Rock, El Sereno, Glassell Park, Lincoln Heights, Monterey Hills; the Boyle Heights and Northeast sections are connected by a narrow strip of land. Huizar maintains field offices in Boyle Heights, El Sereno and Eagle Rock. A new city charter effective in 1925 replaced the former "at large" voting system for a nine-member council with a district system with a 15-member council; each district was to be equal in population, based upon the voting in the previous gubernatorial election. The numbering system established in 1925 for City Council districts began with No. 1 in the north of the city, the San Fernando Valley, ended with No. 15 in the south, the Harbor area. District 14 has always represented Highland Park.
As the city's population increased, it has expanded southward. The rough boundaries or descriptions of the district have been as follows: 1925 The communities of Eagle Rock, Highland Park and Annandale.1928 Westward extension to Allesandro Street.1932–33: East boundary: South Pasadena and Pasadena. North: Glendale. West: Glendale Boulevard.1935 Same general area as 1932, with the western boundary at Griffith Park, thus including the Atwater area. 1940 Same general area as with the west boundary at Glendale Boulevard.1955: Rose Hill is now included in the district's description.1971 "The district begins in the East Los Angeles Mexican-American barrios of El Sereno and Lincoln Heights extends westward across the Pasadena Freeway to Anglo middle-class homes in Glassell Park, Highland Park and Eagle Rock through Griffith Park. Around the western edge of the district is the Los Feliz District, with some of the city's more expensive homes."1986 No longer includes Los Feliz. Southern reach includes El Sereno, College Avenue, Huntington Drive and portions of Alhambra Avenue and Valley Boulevard across the San Bernardino Freeway to Brooklyn Avenue, East Beverly Boulevard, Fourth Street and Whittier Boulevard.
District 14 has been represented by 10 men and no women: Los Angeles City Council districts Los Angeles City Council Official Los Angeles City Council District 14 website City of Los Angeles: Map of District 14
Mayor of Los Angeles
The Mayor of the City of Los Angeles is the official head and chief executive officer of Los Angeles, United States. The officeholder is limited to serving no more than two terms. Under the Constitution of California, all judicial, school and city offices, including those of chartered cities, are nonpartisan. Eric Garcetti has been the city's 42nd and current mayor since 2013. California does not impose statewide term limits on school board members, but such limits can still be imposed on the local level. Los Angeles has a strong mayor–council form of government, giving the mayor the position of chief executive of the city; the mayor is given the authority to appoint general managers and commissioners, remove officials from city posts, is required to propose a budget each year. Most of the mayor's appointments and proposals are subject to approval by the Los Angeles City Council, but the mayor has the power of veto or approval of City Council legislation; the organization of the mayor's office changes with administration, but is always governed by a chief of staff, deputy chief of staff, director of communications, several deputy mayors.
Each mayor organizes his office into different offices containing the Los Angeles Housing Team, Los Angeles Business Team, International Trade Office, Mayor's Volunteer Corps, Office of Immigrant Affairs, among other divisions. The mayor has an office in the Los Angeles City Hall and resides at the Mayor's Mansion, Getty House, located in Windsor Square; as of 2017, the mayor received a salary of $248,141. The mayor is elected in citywide election. Elections follow a two-round system; the first round of the election is called the primary election. The candidate receiving a majority of the vote in the primary is elected outright. If no candidate receives a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election, called the general election; the City Charter allows for write-in candidates for the primary election, but not for the runoff in the general election. The mayor is elected with a limit of two consecutive terms; the office of Mayor is nonpartisan by state law, although most mayoral candidates identify a party preference.
Elections for mayor were held in odd-numbered years from 1909 until 2013. In October 2014, the Los Angeles City Council recommended consolidating city elections with gubernatorial and presidential elections in even-numbered years in an effort to increase turnout. On March 3, 2015, voters passed a charter amendment to extend the term of the mayor elected in 2017 to five-and-a-half years. From 2022 and onward, mayoral elections will be consolidated with the statewide gubernatorial elections held every four years; the most recent election was held in March 2017. Incumbent mayor Eric Garcetti was re-elected for a second term. In the case of an office vacancy, the City Council has a choice to appoint a new mayor or to hold a special election; the replacement, if appointed, will serve until the next scheduled primary for a city general election. If any portion remains on the term, a special election will be held to elect a candidate to serve the remainder of the term; the mayor is subject to recall by registered voters if at least 15 percent of eligible voters sign a recall petition within 120 days of the first day of circulation.
If the petition is successful, a special election is held asking whether the incumbent should be removed and who among a list of candidates should replace the incumbent. If the recall is successful, the replacement candidate with the majority of votes succeeds the ousted incumbent. If no replacement candidate receives a majority of the votes, a special runoff election is held between the top two candidates; as of April 2019, 42 individuals have served as mayor of Los Angeles since its incorporation as a city in the state of California. Six individuals served non-consecutive terms, the first of which began in 1854 and the last of which ended in 1921; those who served non-consecutive terms are only counted once in the official count of mayoralties. Stephen Clark Foster was appointed as Mayor of Los Angeles in 1848 prior to California statehood and official incorporation of the city; the longest term was that of Tom Bradley, who served for 20 years over five terms prior to the establishment of successive term limits.
The shortest term, not counting city council presidents serving as acting mayor, was that of William Stephens, appointed to serve for less than two weeks after Arthur Cyprian Harper resigned from office. Two mayors died in office: Henry Mellus and Frederick A. MacDougall. Three Hispanics have served as mayor since incorporation: Antonio F. Coronel, Cristobal Aguilar, Antonio Villaraigosa. Many other Hispanics served as mayor prior to California joining the United States including Manuel Requena, who briefly served as acting mayor post-statehood in his role as city council president. Tom Bradley is the only African American to have served as mayor, but was the city's longest-serving mayor. Two French Canadians have served as mayor, including Damien Marchesseault, who served for three distinct periods, Prudent Beaudry; this list includes three Presidents of the City Council who served as Acting Mayor due to a vacancy in the office of the mayor but who were not appointed as mayor. The Council Presidents are not included in the count of mayors.
† Council presidents who temporarily served as acting mayor in case of a vacancy but were not appointed to the position are not included in the count of mayors. As of April 2019, three former Mayors of Los Angeles were alive, the oldest being Richard J. Riordan; the most recent mayor to die was Thomas Bradley, on September 29, 1998. History of Los Angeles T
1906 Los Angeles mayoral election
The 1906 election for Mayor of Los Angeles took place on December 4, 1906. Arthur Cyprian Harper was elected. Office of the City Clerk, City of Los Angeles
Rick Tuttle is an American politician, university administrator and educator from Los Angeles, California. Rick Tuttle was born in New Haven, one of four children of Frederick Burton Tuttle and his wife, Mary Emily, his father was a descendant of a longtime New England family that settled in New Haven in 1638. His mother's family came from Arkansas. Due to his father's service in the U. S. Marine Corps, the family moved to Arkansas back to Connecticut and afterwards to Rhode Island before settling in Plattsburgh, New York, where he graduated high school. In civilian life, Tuttle's father, was a high school track coach before becoming a school principal in a predominantly African-American New Haven neighborhood, he was a member of the NAACP, his involvement in civic affairs made a strong impression on his son. Tuttle received a Ph. D. in 1975 and an M. A. in history in 1964 from UCLA, as well as a B. A. in history, with honors and distinction, from Wesleyan University in 1962. He worked his way through college by working on various jobs, including at construction sites and as a farm hand.
While an undergraduate at Wesleyan, Tuttle was a member of the university's Civil Rights Committee. Raised as an Episcopalian and Methodist, he served as president of its Alpha Chi Rho chapter and led a campaign to end what was the fraternity's official policy of restricting membership to Christians. While a graduate student at UCLA, Tuttle participated in the Freedom Rides in 1961 and was recruited to join the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1963, he went to Greenwood, Mississippi to work on voter registration drives and briefly spied on white supremacist and Ku Klux Klan meetings. After being driven out of Mississippi by threats, he joined the Chatham County Crusade for Voters in Savannah, where he was arrested, without a proper warrant, for disturbing the peace and jailed for six weeks. Tuttle called Medgar Evers from jail to solicit his assistance, he was released by a local judge after a prominent Savannah physician offered his property as bond in exchange for Tuttle's agreement to leave the county.
Tuttle was elected to four four-year terms in non-partisan elections as Los Angeles City Controller, serving from 1985 to 2001. In 1985 he was the only candidate running and won 100% of the vote, in 1989 he won with 79.3%, in 1993 with 77.41%, in 1997 with 70.97%. By the end of his first term he had earned a reputation for fiscal responsibility. In a 1989 editorial endorsing his first re-election bid, The Los Angeles Times stated: Tuttle seems to us the kind of public servant you would like to see in every government office, he gets his basic work done, checking expense accounts, auditing the city's books and meeting its payroll. In his spare time, he finds other ways to make himself useful, he has modernized the city's payroll operation. His office will soon be able to do cost-accounting, an efficiency that could save the city millions of dollars in the future, and when he retired from public service, a Times columnist wrote: Like a government paycheck, Tuttle's headlines have always been modest but steady.
He embraced the Watergate admonition to'follow the money,' practicing activism with a pencil and calculator and audit power. He has cracked the City Council's knuckles over its favorite pork, he got mandatory audits written into the new City Charter, crafted civil rights rules forcing downtown private men's clubs to integrate, refused to pay for lavish dinner tabs, yoga classes and a $2,800 chartered jet flight to Sacramento by a former DWP chief, the last'the worst extravagance I've seen.' Tuttle is a member of the Democratic Party. His first public position was co-chairman of California Young Citizens for Robert F. Kennedy in 1968. A year he founded, along with U. S. Congressmen Howard Berman and Henry Waxman and Los Angeles County Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky, the Los Angeles County Young Democrats and succeeded Berman and Waxman as statewide president of the California Federation of Young Democrats, he had considered returning to elected office in 2009 by running for the open Los Angeles City Council District 5 seat to replace the retiring Jack Weiss, but threw his support to Ron Galperin instead.
Tuttle served as a director of the Los Angeles West Chamber of Commerce and an interviewee of the Fellows Program at Coro of Southern California. A former associate dean of student activities at UCLA, Tuttle served for eight years as an elected member of the Los Angeles Community College Board of Trustees. After completing the statutory maximum of four terms as city controller, he returned to UCLA as executive director of the Dashew International Center for Student and Scholars, serving in that capacity until 2006. Since he has taught courses in public policy as a lecturer in the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, was voted public policy professor of the year three times. In these positions, he has stressed the importance of creating a strong democratic tradition at UCLA, which, in his words, is "the best large public university in a major city."Tuttle has been a member of the board of directors of UCLA's University Religious Conference and a board member of the UCLA Alumni Association.
Tuttle is a recipient of the Equal Justice in Government Award of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, the Distinguished Public Service Award of the Pacific Southwest Region of the Anti-Defamation League, the Lifetime Membership Award of the Los Angeles Business Council, the UCLA Alumni Public Service Award, the Distinguished Leadership Award for 1996 presented by the Association of Government Accountants. He received the Los Angeles Employee of the Year Award in 1997 from the All