Louis Thomas Jordan was an American musician and bandleader, popular from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. Known as "The King of the Jukebox", his highest profile came towards the end of the swing era. Jordan was a talented singer with great comedic flair, he fronted his own band for more than twenty years, he duetted with some of the biggest solo singing stars of his time, including Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong. Jordan was an actor and a film personality—he appeared in dozens of "soundies", made numerous cameos in mainstream features and short films, starred in two musical feature films made for him, he was an instrumentalist who specialized in the alto. He played the piano and clarinet. A productive songwriter, he wrote or co-wrote many songs that were influential classics of 20th-century popular music. Jordan began his career in big-band swing jazz in the 1930s, but he became known as one of the leading practitioners and popularizers of jump blues, a swinging, up-tempo, dance-oriented hybrid of jazz and boogie-woogie.
Performed by smaller bands consisting of five or six players, jump music featured shouted syncopated vocals and earthy, comedic lyrics on contemporary urban themes. It emphasized the rhythm section of piano and drums. Jordan's band pioneered the use of the electronic organ. With his dynamic Tympany Five bands, Jordan mapped out the main parameters of the classic R&B, urban blues and early rock-and-roll genres with a series of influential 78-rpm discs released by Decca Records; these recordings presaged many of the styles of black popular music of the late 1940s, 1950s and 1960s and exerted a strong influence on many leading performers in these genres. Many of his records were produced by Milt Gabler, who went on to refine and develop the qualities of Jordan's recordings in his production work with Bill Haley, including "Rock Around the Clock". Jordan ranks fifth in the list of the most successful African-American recording artists according to Joel Whitburn's analysis of Billboard magazine's R&B chart.
Though comprehensive sales figures are not available, he had at least four million-selling hits during his career. Jordan topped the R&B "race" charts and was one of the first black recording artists to achieve significant crossover in popularity with the mainstream American audience, having simultaneous Top Ten hits on the pop charts on several occasions. Jordan was born on July 8, 1908, in Brinkley, where his father, James Aaron Jordan, was a music teacher and bandleader for the Brinkley Brass Band and for the Rabbit Foot Minstrels, his mother, died when Louis was young. He was raised by his aunt Lizzie Reid. Jordan studied music under his father. In his youth he played in his father's bands instead of doing farm work, he played the piano professionally early in his career, but alto saxophone became his main instrument. However, he became better known as a songwriter and vocalist. Jordan attended Arkansas Baptist College, in Little Rock, majored in music. After a period with the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and with local bands, including Bob Alexander's Harmony Kings, he went to Philadelphia and New York.
In 1932, Jordan began performing with the Clarence Williams band, when he was in Philadelphia he played clarinet in the Charlie Gaines band. In late 1936 he was invited to join the influential Savoy Ballroom orchestra, led by the drummer Chick Webb. Based at New York's Savoy Ballroom, Webb's orchestra was renowned as one of the best big bands of its day and beat all comers at the Savoy's legendary cutting contests. Jordan worked with Webb until 1938, it proved a vital stepping-stone in his career—Webb was a fine musician but not a great showman; the ebullient Jordan introduced songs as he began singing lead. This was the same period when the young Ella Fitzgerald was coming to prominence as the Webb band's lead female vocalist. In 1938, Webb fired Jordan for trying to persuade Fitzgerald and others to join his new band. By this time Webb was seriously ill with tuberculosis of the spine, he died at the age of 34, after spinal surgery on June 16, 1939. Following his death, Fitzgerald took over the band.
Jordan's first band, drawn from members of the Jesse Stone band, was a nine-piece group, but he soon scaled it down to a sextet after landing a residency at the Elks Rendezvous club, at 464 Lenox Avenue, in Harlem. The original lineup of the sextet was Jordan, Courtney Williams, Lem Johnson, Clarence Johnson, Charlie Drayton and Walter Martin. In his first billing, as Louie Jordan's Elks Rendez-vous Band, his name was spelled Louie so people would know not to pronounce it Lewis; the new band's first recording date, for Decca Records on December 20, 1938, produced three sides on which they backed an obscure vocalist, Rodney Sturgess, two novelty sides of their own, "Honey in the Bee Ball" and "Barnacle Bill the Sailor". These recordings were credited to the Elks Rendezvous Band, but Jordan subsequently changed the name to the Tympany Five, since
The Mayflower Council of the Boy Scouts of America serves the MetroWest and southeastern regions of Massachusetts. On March 28, 2017, Knox Trail Council and Old Colony Council voted to merge and create a new, combined council; the merger was executed on May 10, 2017, using the name "Council 251" to represent the new council until August 30, 2017, when the name "Mayflower Council" was selected. The council is headquartered at the former Knox Trail Council headquarters in Marlborough and the former Old Colony Council headquarters in Canton, Massachusetts is used as a satellite location. Mayflower Council is separated into 5 districts, they are: Cranberry Harbors District Headwaters District Metacomet District Post Road District Sachem District Mayflower Council owns and operates 3 camps. They are Camp Squanto in Plymouth, Camp Resolute in Bolton and Nobscot Scout Reservation in Sudbury, Massachusetts. Camp Squanto is a 650-acre camping facility located in Plymouth, deep in the woods of Myles Standish State Forest.
For seven weeks in the summer trained staff run a long-term camping experience for troops and individuals totalling nearly 2,000. During other weekends throughout the year Camp Squanto is available to various groups and activities, such as Troop or Webelos camping, band camps, Order of the Arrow events, Klondike Derbies, Parent-Son Weekends, among others; the camp attracts 20,000 weekend visitors annually. Although the Brockton Council of the Boy Scouts of America, the precursor of the Squanto Council, was formed in 1919, the first Camp Squanto was not opened until 1925; the new camp was located on an 18.5-acre site on the west side of Bloody Pond in Plymouth, Massachusetts. In the Spring of 1925, after an old farmhouse on the property was taken down, a combined dining and recreation hall was built; this building had facilities for 125 campers and staff, including a stone fireplace, a kitchen, an office for the camp. A waterfront area with a U shaped swimming dock, a lookout tower, a fleet of canoes and rowboats was set up on the shore of the pond.
An old bog on the former farm was converted into a sports field, a campfire ring was built on a knoll near the waterfront. Parking and service areas were laid out in the rear of the dining hall, an old farm woodshed was repaired for use as a crafts center during the camping season as well as off-season storage; the first camping season started in the first week of July, 1925. It was decided to call the new facility Camp Squanto, in honor of the Patuxet Indian, whose aid to the Pilgrims in Plymouth helped them survive the first few difficult years of their settlement. Although the first Scouts to camp at Camp Squanto lived in tents, these were replaced with Adirondack shelters; the Scouts were divided into tribes, the Dakota, Comanche and Apache, thus establishing a tradition of naming campsites after various Indian tribes which continues today at Camp Squanto. In 1932, the Brockton Scout Council which had included only the city of Brockton was expanded to take in the surrounding communities of Abington, Bridgewater, Halifax, Hanson, Marshfield, Plymouth, Rockland, West Bridgewater, Whitman and the new council adopted the Squanto name.
In the 1940s, the increased number of Scouts in the Squanto Council could no longer be accommodated with the limited facilities at the Bloody Pond site and a search was started for a larger area. In 1948/1949, a site containing several 100 acres was found which included the north and west shores of Fawn Pond in Plymouth; this land was given to the council by a local cranberry grower and landowner. In July 1949 a group of staff leaders and Scouters surveyed the new area and marked out the locations for future development. In the fall of the same year, a formal survey and layout of the camp was made. Since the winter of 1949/1950 was a mild one, many of the Scout troops in the council were able to work at cutting out brush and trees to prepare the sites for buildings and roads. During the spring of 1950, some thirty-five new buildings were put up with the help of construction crews and the Engineering Service of the National Boy Scout Council; the first building constructed was the Director's Lodge, followed by the Staff/Office/Trading Post, the Health Lodge.
The Dining Hall was ready for the opening of camp in July. In the meantime, toilets, a craft building, winter lodges were built throughout the camp. With the completion of the chapel near the waterfront in the second week of the camp season, the first phase of development in the new camp was over. In addition to the many buildings, a water system, sewage system, unit camping areas, a waterfront area, sports area, campfire/amphitheater, nature study areas and archery range, other facilities were set up to make Camp Squanto one of the finest in the United States, a distinction it has maintained throughout the years. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Squanto Spirit made itself evident in many ways; the Feast of Mondamin, an interpretation of the Song of Hiawatha paying tribute to the Great Spirit of the Indian nations, attracted over 2,000 spectators and was broadcast on the Boston television stations. Each of the troops in camp built a mound or small hill, reflecting the activities of various Indian tribes which had contributed to the history and growth of the philosophy of brotherhood which characterizes the Spirit of Squanto.
In years, this Feast of Mondamin was incorporated into the impressive camp opening and closing ceremonies, which are witnessed annually by hundreds of campers, Scout leaders and families. This yearly remind
Fraser Harrison is an English writer. He is married with two adult lives in Walsham le Willows, Suffolk. Harrison was educated at Cambridge, he worked in publishing in London, between 1970 and 1975 was the chief editor at Sidgwick and Jackson. In 1975 he became a freelance writer. Between 1974 and 2000 Harrison wrote eight books, listed below, he wrote reviews and features for a wide variety of British newspapers and magazines. He was a regular contributor to Country Living, the literary pages of The Independent and the travel section of The Sunday Times. In 2001 he took an MA in Human Rights at Essex University, between 2002 and 2006 he practised as a caseworker advising asylum seekers detained at the Oakington Detention Centre near Cambridge, his second novel, Minotaur in Love, was published in 2007. Like his five previous books, it was illustrated by Harriet Dell. During the summer of 2013 he spent seven weeks in Yankton, South Dakota, collecting material in order to write a profile of the city.
On Tuesday, 10 December 2013, he gave a talk on Native Americans and human rights to mark Human Rights Day on behalf of the Bury St Edmunds branch of Amnesty. Details on his blog: www.fraserharrison.com. Harrison's essay on Yankton,'Portrait of a River City', was published as an entire issue of the South Dakota State Historical Society's quarterly journal in June 2014, he returned to Yankton to celebrate its publication. Harrison is the recipient of two Arts Council grants; the most recent, awarded in February 2014, was to assist his research into the immigrant communities living in Thetford, which he is conducting with a view to writing a book about Thetford. In February 2015 Harrison returned to Yankton, South Dakota, stayed for five weeks, he is now writing a book about winter and old age. His essay on Yankton,'Portrait of a River City' was presented with the Herbert S. Schell Award for the best article in Volume 44 of the quarterly journal, South Dakota History. In 2018 Signal Books will publish his book, Duleep Singh's Statue, which includes a short biography of the Maharajah Duleep Singh and an account of how the equestrian statue of Duleep Singh came to be in Thetford, Norfolk.
The Yellow Book and Jackson, London, 1974 The Dark Angel - Aspects of Victorian Sexuality, Sheldon Press, London, 1977 ISBN 0-85969-094-6 Strange Land. Radio Plays: Come the Day! Radio 4, 1998 Voyage of Discovery, Radio 3, 2000 Fraser Harrison Travel Writing Fraser Harrison Infinite Westwww.fraserharrison.com