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Louis Prima

Louis Leo Prima was an American singer, songwriter and trumpeter. While rooted in New Orleans jazz, swing music, jump blues, Prima touched on various genres throughout his career: he formed a seven-piece New Orleans-style jazz band in the late 1920s, fronted a swing combo in the 1930s and a big band group in the 1940s, helped to popularize jump blues in the late 1940s and early to mid 1950s, performed as a Vegas lounge act beginning in the 1950s. From the 1940s through the 1960s, his music further encompassed early R&B and rock'n'roll, boogie-woogie, Italian folk music, such as the tarantella. Prima made prominent use of Italian music and language in his songs, blending elements of his Italian identity with jazz and swing music. At a time when "ethnic" musicians were discouraged from stressing their ethnicity, Prima's conspicuous embrace of his Sicilian ethnicity opened the doors for other Italian-American and "ethnic" American musicians to display their ethnic roots. Louis Leo Prima was from a musical Italian American family in Louisiana.

His father, Anthony Prima, was the son of Leonardo Di Prima, a Sicilian immigrant from Salaparuta, while his mother, Angelina Caravella, had immigrated from Ustica as a baby. Prima was the second child of four. Marguerite died. Leon and Elizabeth were all baptized at St. Ann's Parish, they lived in a house at 1812 St. Peter Street in New Orleans. Prima's mother, was a first-generation Italian American. A music lover, she made sure. Louis was started out playing at St. Ann's Parish, he became interested in jazz. Local clubs such as Matranga's, Joe Segrettas, Tonti's Social Club, Lala's Big 25 were all Italian-American clubs owned and operated by Italians in which African Americans played and fraternized with Italians and Italian-Americans. According to author Garry Boulard in his book Louis Prima, Prima paid attention to the music coming from clubs and watched his older brother Leon play the cornet; when Leon left the house to spend one summer in Texas, Prima practiced continuously on his worn-down cornet.

He formed a band in 1924 with his childhood friends "Candy" Candido, Irving Fazola and Johnny Viviano. Prima attended Jesuit High School but transferred to Warren Easton High in the fall of 1926. At Warren Easton, he played with the school band. In 1927, he partnered with fellow musician Frank Federico and the pair played at "The Whip", a run-down French Quarter nightclub. By the spring of 1928, Prima decided. After finishing high school in New Orleans, Prima had a few unsuccessful gigs, including when he joined the Ellis Stratako Orchestra in 1929. Prima and saxophonist Dave Winstein drove to Florida for a gig but no one showed up, they made it to a relative's house, where they were given money for a meal. Prima did not give up, he joined Joseph Cherniavsky's Orchestra in 1929 at Jefferson Parish. He got a temporary job playing on the steamship Capital. Although the Capital did not provide him with a big break for his career, he did meet his first wife Louise Polizzi there, they married on June 25, 1929.

From 1931-32 Prima occupied his time by performing in the Avalon Club owned by his brother Leon. His first break was when Lou Forbes hired him for daily afternoon and early evening shows at The Saenger. New York was an attraction for hungry musicians during the Great Depression, it posed numerous risks, but all of the best artists in the nation made it in New York if not anywhere else. Guy Lombardo met Prima while he was performing at club Shim Sham during the Mardi Gras season of 1934. Prima's first gig in New York City was supposed to be at a club called Leon and Eddie's, located at 33 West 52nd street. Eddie Davis, one of the owners of the club, did not hire Prima. In September 1934, Prima began recording for the Brunswick label, he recorded "That's Where the South Begins", "Long About Midnight", "Jamaica Shout", "Star Dust". Prima and his New Orleans Gang was a band. Frank Pinero was the pianist, Jack Ryan played bass, Garrett McAdams played guitar, while Pee Wee Russell played clarinet; the band had their first performance at a club called the Famous Door and operated by Jack Colt.

Prima's recordings swing. In May 1935, Prima and Russell recorded "The Lady in Red", a national jukebox hit, they recorded "Chinatown", "Chasing Shadows" and "Gypsy Tea Room". Martha Raye played a role in Prima's professional and personal life, she was a comedian with potential to become a singer. The two featured a show at the club that granted Prima his first national debut on "The Fleischman Hour". In March 1936, Prima recorded "Sing Sing Sing". Prima moved to California to expand his music. During this time there was a movement for big orchestras. Prima hired Louis Masinter on a New Orleans native, he fired McAdams so that he could have his childhood friend, play the guitar. With all of his success, his marriage back in New Orleans had failed. Louise and Prima were divorced in 1936 because Prima was found cheating on Louise back in 1933, in the French Quarter. A few months he was involved in a new fling with Alma Ross, an actress. Prima and Ross were quite serious and after only a few months together he asked her to marry hi

European Home Retail

European Home Retail plc was a listed UK company, operating in home retail. Though registered in Swindon, its head office was based in Warmley, Bristol. On 13 October 2006, it was announced its subsidiary Farepak had gone into administration; the origins of Farepak Hampers date back to 1935. In 1969, Bob Johnson was appointed managing director of the small Christmas club with 500 agents operating from a butcher's shop in Peckham. In 1995 Farepak purchased the older Kleeneze Homecare business from Arcadia Group plc, changed its name to Kleeneze plc, giving off its original business to a subsidiary Farepak Food and Gifts Ltd. By 2006 Kleeneze plc changed its name once more to European Home Retail plc. After a series of profit warnings starting in June 2006, Farepak ceased trading on 13 October 2006, leaving tens of thousands of people out of pocket for Christmas 2006. EHR itself went into administration that day; the administrators explained that Farepak's collapse was triggered by the fact £33m it lent to its parent company EHR was not paid back.

It emerged during the Insolvency Service hearing that the money paid to Farepak by shoppers saving for Christmas was not held in trust and was available for the use of Farepak and its parent company, but held under the security net of HBOS, the group's bank. At various points the directors had tried to place these funds into trust, but the bank refused these proposals, it has been established that the company was not insolvent at the time its customers paid money to it. A fund was set up to help families affected by the Farepak closure. Donations have been made by companies including BSkyB, Sainsbury's and Marks and Spencer. HBOS made a donation, raising criticism that it could have given much more help by extending EHR's debt; the fund was closed on 29 November 2006. In December 2006, Myleene Klass used eBay to auction off the bikini which she wore during her appearance on TV show I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!, raising £7,000 for the Farepak victims. As a knock-on effect Amtrak, the group's main delivery agent, went into administration early in 2007.

Farepak moved from administration to liquidation on 4 October 2007. The Insolvency Service brought disqualification proceedings against Farepak's directors. Two of the directors, Joanne Ponting and Stephen Hicks, gave undertakings to the Insolvency Service to settle the claims; the remaining directors defended them. In June 2012 the disqualification proceedings were withdrawn by the Insolvency Service after it emerged that "not only did the directors do nothing wrong, they made genuine strenuous efforts to save the group and the depositors" and the cause of the losses to Farepak's customers was the behaviour of its bank, HBOS. Mr Justice Peter Smith, the trial judge, made a statement after the case collapsed in order to explain the reasons. Ponting and Hicks are to be released from their undertakings; the trial judge criticised the Secretary of State for its unfair approach towards the directors and witnesses. Chairman: Sir Clive Thompson William Rollason - Chief Executive Officer Stevan Fowler - Finance Director and Company Secretary Nicholas Gilodi-Johnson - Non-Executive Director Neil Gillis - Independent Non-executive Director Paul Munn - Independent Non-executive Director Michael Johns - Independent Non-executive Director appointed 28 September 2005)Nicholas Gilodi-Johnson was appointed after the death of his father Bob Johnson.

EHR was the parent company for a number of well-known subsidiary companies, namely: Kleeneze was sold on 13 October 2006 to Findel plc. In March 2005, EHR formed the joint venture satellite TV station "eeZee TV", a 50/50 joint venture with JML Direct, broadcasting on Sky digital channel 657. Farepak had been operating since 1981 at a site in Swindon, England, its own annual turnover of £70m, was generated from its core business in Christmas hampers. In addition, Farepak sold High Street Gift Vouchers and supplied gifts, including electricals. Unlike many of the other subsidiary companies, Farepak was not sold to the Findel group. There was a five-hour protest outside the company's gates on 17 October 2006. Gifts and gadgets website. Now sold to the Findel group. Europe’s largest online sports retailer. Now sold to the Findel group. "European Home Retail" was listed on the stock exchange under ticker code EHR. L. 2005 group turnover was £176.2m. Administrative receivership Bankruptcy Corporate scandal Creditor UK Department of Trade and Industry Liquidation Ring fence Kleeneze company website Farepak Website Direct Selling Association Farepak Hampers Carmarthenshire County Council How Farepak Stole Christmas Unfairpak Forum Western Daily Press - Fair Play for the Farepak Families Western Daily Press Farepak Christmas Appeal Farepak families fund is launched BBC News, 7 November 2006 Factsheets: Trading Standards info on Farepak BBC Oxford, 17 October 2006 New bid to help Farepak families BBC News, 19 October 2006 MPs call for FTSE Farepak pledge BBC News, 23 November 2006 Farepak response fund due to shut BBC News, 29 November 2006 Hampers for some Farepak victims BBC News, 7 December 2006 Farepak Fiasco special section contains numerous articles Farepak victims' plight is taken up by Government Swindon Advertister, 20 October 2006 We'll keep up the pressure on Farepak Swindon Advertister, 23 October 2006 Top level probe ordered into Farepak fiasco Swindon Advertister, 25 October 2006 Farepak boss:'I am so sorry' Swindon Advertister, 12 November 2006 Please play Santa to Farepak customers Swindon Advertister, 23 November 2006 TV documentary shows Farepak families still want answers Swindon Advertister, 5 December 2006 Halifax faces boycott over Christmas hamper crash The Observer, 5

Acceptance of responsibility

Acceptance of responsibility is a provision in the United States Federal Sentencing Guidelines providing for a decrease by 2 or 3 levels in offenders' offense level for admitting guilt and otherwise demonstrating behavior consistent with acceptance of responsibility, such as ending criminal conduct and associations. It amounts to a sentence reduction of about 35%; the 3-level reduction is only available to defendants with an offense level of 16 or greater, it requires a timely guilty plea. Federal plea agreements include a stipulation that the government will support granting the defendant the acceptance of responsibility reduction; the guideline states, in reference to the 2-level reduction: Because the vast majority of federal criminal cases are settled by plea bargains, the application of this reduction is common and has a great impact on the number of prisoner-years served altogether throughout the U. S. justice system. Research indicates that the offender's race/ethnicity, controlling for offender and offense characteristics, has a significant influence on the sentence reduction for acceptance of responsibility.

The U. S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit has held that "lack of remorse" and "acceptance of responsibility" can be separate factors and that a district court may consider each independently of the other; the concept of remorse, within the framework of federal sentencing law, has been described as posing epistemological problems. Some courts use the "acceptance of responsibility" guideline to impose harsher punishments on defendants whose lawyers engage in aggressive forms of representation, such as making factually or dubious arguments, seeking tactical delays, or misleading the court. Whether or not a defendant has accepted responsibility for his crime is a factual determination to which most circuits have decided to apply the "clearly erroneous" standard of review; the guideline commentary states, "The reduction of offense level provided by this section recognizes legitimate societal interests. For several reasons, a defendant who demonstrates acceptance of responsibility for his offense by taking, in a timely fashion, the actions listed above is appropriately given a lower offense level than a defendant who has not demonstrated acceptance of responsibility."

However, the specific "several reasons" are not provided. A defendant cannot be denied the reduction in sentence provided by § 3E1.1 of the Sentencing Guidelines because he refused to make self-incriminating statements relating to conduct included in counts to which he had not pleaded guilty and which were dismissed as part of a plea agreement

Cumberland Hill, Rhode Island

Cumberland Hill is a census-designated place in the town of Cumberland, in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 7,934 at the 2010 census. Cumberland Hill is located at 41°58′15″N 71°27′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles. 3.2 square miles of it is land and 0.19 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,738 people, 3,054 households, 2,204 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 908.1/km². There were 3,109 housing units at an average density of 364.9/km². The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.89% White, 0.39% African American, 0.03% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population. There were 3,054 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families.

23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $57,697, the median income for a family was $68,361. Males had a median income of $44,332 versus $31,650 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $28,879. About 2.2% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over

Fithian, Illinois

Fithian is a village in Oakwood Township, Vermilion County, United States. It is part of Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 506 at the 2000 census. The town was named after Dr. William Fithian, he was a friend and supporter of Abraham Lincoln, reputed to have stayed at the farm in the mid-19th century, as he traveled on his circuit prior to his presidency. Fithian served terms in Senate; the town of Fithian was a center for trading grain. Fithian is located at 40°6′52″N 87°52′31″W. According to the 2010 census, Fithian has a total area of all land; as of the 2000 Census, there were 506 people, 201 households and 147 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,308.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 205 housing units at an average density of 530.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.41% White, 0.20% African American and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population. There were 201 households, out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.4% were non-families.

20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.93. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64 and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $47,344 and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $32,411 versus $22,212 for the females; the per capita income for the village was $19,856. About 6.5% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. List of towns and villages in Illinois Oakwood CUSD 76 - Fithian, IL

1896–97 Ottawa Hockey Club season

The 1896–97 Ottawa Hockey Club season was the club's 12th season of play. Ottawa placed second in the league. Directors P. D. Ross – Honorary president A. Z. Palmer – Honorary vice-president S. M. Rogers – President C. Kirby – Vice-president J. P. Dickson – Secretary G. P. Murphy – Treasurer F. C. Chittick – Captain W. A. Cox, H. Westwick, Fred White – Executive committeeSource: "Sports of all sorts"; the Globe. November 14, 1896. P. 26. Fred Chittick was the league's leading goaltender, only allowing 2.3 goals per game. Former captains Chauncy Kirby and Herbert Russell retired from the team; the Ottawa club moved to the new Dey's Skating Rink. In the first game in the new rink, it was inaugurated with the Governor General, the Earl of Aberdeen and his wife, the Countess of Aberdeen in attendance. † Protested by Ottawa who scored the tying goal in last few seconds but the goal was disallowed by the referee. The protest was upheld and the game replayed. ‡ Replay of January 30 protested game. Fred Chittick – goal William Dey Howard Hutchison Alf Living Harvey Pulford Alf Smith Daniel "Moxie" Smith Charlie Spittal Harry Westwick Weldy Young 1897 AHAC season Coleman, Charles L..

The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc. pp. 35–38