Louis Vuitton Malletier referred to as Louis Vuitton or shortened to LV, is a French fashion house and luxury retail company founded in 1854 by Louis Vuitton. The label's LV monogram appears on most of its products, ranging from luxury trunks and leather goods to ready-to-wear, watches, accessories and books. Louis Vuitton is one of the world's leading international fashion houses. For six consecutive years, Louis Vuitton was named the world's most valuable luxury brand, its 2012 valuation was US$25.9 billion. The 2013 valuation of the brand was US$28.4 billion with revenue of US$9.4 billion. The company operates in 50 countries with more than 460 stores worldwide; the Louis Vuitton label was founded by Vuitton in 1854 on Rue Neuve des Capucines in France. Louis Vuitton started at $10,567 as a sales price. Louis Vuitton had observed that the HJ Cave Osilite trunk could be stacked. In 1858, Vuitton introduced his flat-topped trunks with trianon canvas, making them lightweight and airtight. Before the introduction of Vuitton's trunks, rounded-top trunks were used to promote water runoff, thus could not be stacked.
It was Vuitton's gray Trianon canvas flat trunk that allowed the ability to stack them on top of another with ease for voyages. Many other luggage makers imitated Vuitton's style and design; the company participated in the 1867 Universal Exhibition in Paris. In 1871, Ōyama Iwao became the first recorded Japanese customer, ordering a set of luggage while in Paris as a military observer during the Franco-Prussian War. To protect against the duplication of his look, Vuitton changed the Trianon design to a beige and brown stripes design in 1876. By 1885, the company opened its first store in London on Oxford Street. Soon thereafter, due to the continuing imitation of his look, in 1888, Vuitton created the Damier Canvas pattern, which bore a logo that reads "marque L. Vuitton déposée", which translates into "L. Vuitton registered trademark". In 1892, Louis Vuitton died, the company's management passed to his son. After the death of his father, Georges Vuitton began a campaign to build the company into a worldwide corporation, exhibiting the company's products at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893.
In 1896, the company made the worldwide patents on it. Its graphic symbols, including quatrefoils and flowers, were based on the trend of using Japanese Mon designs in the late Victorian era; the patents proved to be successful in stopping counterfeiting. In this same year, Georges travelled to the United States, where he toured cities such as New York and Chicago, selling Vuitton products. In 1901, the Louis Vuitton Company introduced the Steamer Bag, a smaller piece of luggage designed to be kept inside Vuitton luggage trunks. By 1913, the Louis Vuitton Building opened on the Champs-Elysees, it was the largest travel-goods store in the world at the time. Stores opened in New York, Washington, London and Buenos Aires as World War I began. Afterwards, in 1930, the Keepall bag was introduced. During 1932, LV introduced the Noé bag; this bag was made for champagne vintners to transport bottles. Soon thereafter, the Louis Vuitton Speedy bag was introduced. In 1936 Georges Vuitton died, his son, Gaston-Louis Vuitton, assumed control of the company.
During World War II, Louis Vuitton collaborated with the Nazis during the German occupation of France. The French book Louis Vuitton, A French Saga, authored by French journalist Stephanie Bonvicini and published by Paris-based Editions Fayard tells how members of the Vuitton family aided the puppet government led by Marshal Philippe Pétain and increased their wealth from their business affairs with the Germans; the family set up a factory dedicated to producing artefacts glorifying Pétain, including more than 2,500 busts. Caroline Babulle, a spokeswoman for the publisher, said: "They have not contested anything in the book, but they are trying to bury it by pretending it doesn't exist." Responding to the book's release in 2004, a spokesman for LVMH said: "This is ancient history. The book covers a period when it was family-run and long before it became part of LVMH. We are diverse and all the things a modern company should be." An LVMH spokesman told the satirical magazine Le Canard Enchaîné: "We don't deny the facts, but regrettably the author has exaggerated the Vichy episode.
We haven't put any pressure on anyone. If the journalists want to censor themselves that suits us fine." That publication was the only French periodical to mention the book, LVMH is the country's biggest advertiser in the press. During this period, Louis Vuitton began to incorporate leather into most of its products, which ranged from small purses and wallets to larger pieces of luggage. In order to broaden its line, the company revamped its signature Monogram Canvas in 1959 to make it more supple, allowing it to be used for purses and wallets, it is believed that in the 1920s, counterfeiting returned as a greater issue to continue on into the 21st century. In 1966, the Papillon was launched. By 1977 with annual revenue up to 70 million Francs. A year the label opened its first stores in Japan: in Tokyo and Osaka. In 1983, the company joined with America's Cup to form the Louis Vuitton Cup, a preliminary competition for the yacht race. Louis Vuitton expanded its presence in Asia with the opening of a store in Taipei, Taiwan
Aurora Casket Company is one of the larger manufacturers of caskets and urns. The company has over 1500 employees, is based in Aurora, Indiana; as of 2005, it sold over 38% of the caskets used in the United States. The company traces its roots back to 1890. At the time he employed 20 people. In the 1920s, John's son William Backman, his son-in-law William Barrott joined the company. Since that time the company has been controlled by the Barrott families; the current President and CEO is Michael R. Quinn Today the company makes both wooden and metal caskets; the company produces urns for holding cremated remains. The company provides supplies and consulting services for funeral homes. In 2012, the company was acquired by private equity firm Kohlberg & Co. https://web.archive.org/web/20110610225225/http://www.themanufacturer.com/us/profile/3476/The_Aurora_Casket_Company? PHPSESSID=c88bc Official website
The 1962 NCAA College Division Basketball Tournament involved 32 schools playing in a single-elimination tournament to determine the national champion of men's NCAA College Division college basketball as a culmination of the 1961–62 NCAA College Division men's basketball season. It was won by Mount St. Mary's University and Sacramento State's Ron Rohrer was the Most Outstanding Player. Location: Louis Alexander Palestra Third Place - St. Anselm 83, Rochester 64 Location: Roberts Municipal Stadium Third Place - North Carolina A&T 84, Union 80 Location: Bollman Center Third Place - Albright 65, C. W. Post 59 Location: Memorial Hall Third Place - Youngstown State 58, Gannon 52 Location: Hornet Gym Third Place - Seattle Pacific 73, Fresno State 68 Location: Athletics-Recreation Center Third Place - Kentucky State 77, Illinois State 72 Location: Indian Fieldhouse Third Place - Lamar 83, Abilene Christian 74 Location: Ira J. Taylor Gymnasium Third Place - Hamline 76, Grinnell 68*denotes each overtime played Location: Roberts Municipal Stadium Third Place - Southern Illinois 98, Nebraska Wesleyan 81*denotes each overtime played Jim Mumford John O'Reilly Ed Pfeiffer Ron Rohrer Ed Spila 2010 NCAA Men's Basketball Championship Tournament Records and Statistics: Division II men's basketball Championship 1962 NCAA College Division Men's Basketball Tournament jonfmorse.com