click links in text for more info

Louis de Bonald

Louis Gabriel Ambroise, Vicomte de Bonald, was a French counter-revolutionary philosopher and politician. He is remembered for developing a set of social theories that exercised a powerful influence in shaping the ontological framework from which French sociology would emerge. Bonald came from an ancient noble family of Provence, he was educated at the Oratorian college at Juilly, after serving with the Artillery, he held a post in the local administration of his native province. Elected to the States General of 1789 as a deputy for Aveyron, he opposed the new legislation on the civil status of the clergy and emigrated in 1791. There he joined the army of the Prince of Condé. There he wrote his first important work, the conservative Theorie du Pouvoir Politique et Religieux dans la Societe Civile Demontree par le Raisonnement et l'Histoire, which the Directory condemned. Upon returning to France, he found himself an object of suspicion and at first lived in retirement. In 1806, he, along with Joseph Fiévée, edited the Mercure de France.

Two years he was appointed counsellor of the Imperial University, which he had attacked previously. After the Bourbon Restoration he was a member of the council of public instruction. From 1815 to 1822, de Bonald served as a deputy in the Chamber of Deputies, his speeches were conservative and he advocated literary censorship. In 1825, he argued in favor of the Anti-Sacrilege Act, including its prescription of the death penalty under certain conditions. In 1822, de Bonald was made Minister of State, presided over the censorship commission. In the following year, he was made a peer, a dignity which he had lost by refusing to take the required oath in 1803. In 1816, he was appointed to the French Academy. In 1830, he spent the remainder of his days on his estate at Le Monna. De Bonald had four sons, two of whom and Louis, led lives of some note. Bonald was one of the leading writers of the theocratic or traditionalist school, which included de Maistre, Lamennais and baron Ferdinand d'Eckstein, his writings are on social and political philosophy, are based on one great principle, the divine origin of language.

In his own words, "L'homme pense sa parole avant de parler sa pensée". From this he deduces the existence of God, the divine origin and consequent supreme authority of the Holy Scriptures, the infallibility of the Catholic Church. While this thought lies at the root of all his speculations, there is a formula of constant application. All relations may be stated as the triad of cause and effect, which he sees repeated throughout nature. Thus, in the universe, he finds the first cause as mover, movement as the means, bodies as the result; these three terms bear specific relations to one another. Thus, in the great triad of the religious world—God, the Mediator, Man—God is to the God-Man as the God-Man is to Man. On this basis, he constructed a system of political absolutism. Bonald published one of the most violent anti-Semitic texts of the post-French Revolutionary period, Sur les juifs. In it, the Philosophes are condemned for fashioning the intellectual tools used to justify Jewish emancipation during the Revolution.

Bonald accuses the Jews of not becoming "authentic" French citizens and disrupting traditional society. Michele Battini writes:According to Bonald the Constituent Assembly had committed "the enormous mistake of knowingly putting laws in conflict with religion and customs," but, sooner or the government would have to change its mind, as would "the friends of the blacks" who regretted "the haste with which they called for freedom for a people who had always been alien." The Jews, by their "nature," are a nation destined to remain alien to other peoples. This "foreignness" appears—this seems the sense of the reference to the noirs —to be an objective fact, permanent and "physical," and for this reason analogous to the racial difference with the blacks. Bonald calls for the reversal of Jewish emancipation and endorses new discriminatory measures:such as the imposition of identifying marks on the clothes of the enemy who had become "invisible" because of emancipation; the identification mark would be justified by the need to identify those responsible for behavior hostile to the bien public.

The return to the past sounds like a premonition of Hitler’s decrees. "Monarchy considers man in his ties with society. "There was geometry in the world before Newton, philosophy before Descartes, but before language there was nothing but bodies and their images, because language is the necessary instrument of every intellectual operation — nay, the means of every moral existence." "Man thinks his word before he speaks his thought, or, in other words, man cannot speak his thought without thinking his word." "The deist is a man who in his short existence has not had time to become an atheist." "Absolute liberty of the press is a tax upon those. It is demanded only by those who write." "The cry'Liberty, fraternity or death!' was much in vogue during the Revolution. Liberty ended by covering France with prisons, equality by multiplying titles and decorations, fraternity by dividing us. Death alone prev

St. Bernard's College, Melbourne

St. Bernard's College is a Roman Catholic Independent school for boys located in the Melbourne suburb of Essendon; the college is named after its patron saint, Bernard of Clairvaux, is a member of the Associated Catholic Colleges. It is part of Edmund Rice Education Australia, a series of schools that focus on teaching the pupils in Edmunds tradition. St. Bernard's College traces its origins to the establishment of'St Monica's' at Moonee Ponds in 1917, by Brothers C. O'Keefe and T. Quinn. Students at this school were taken from Grade III to Intermediate. In 1940, during the war period, not only were the students sent away to help in project Ireland, the school was extended to take the Leaving Certificate, this necessitated the building of the first St. Bernard's on the Strand Moonee Ponds, with Brother Cregan as the first Headmaster. In the mid-1950s, Brother Brendan Murphy organised the purchase of the West Essendon property. While used as sporting grounds, building work began at this site in the mid-1960s.

Since the site has developed with all classes being located at West Essendon by 1995, at which time the Moonee Ponds site was sold. In 2001, the college set up its Santa Monica campus on the Great Ocean Road near Lorne. St Bernard's is the last known site to Tim's Shape factory. St. Bernard's is a member of the Associated Catholic Colleges and competes against twelve other schools in sporting fixtures and carnivals. Students play week-end sport with the Old Collegians. St Bernards is successful in Australian Rules Football. Winning the Herald Sun Shield In the years 2017 and 2018. A number of Boys from these sides have been drafted into the AFL like Noah Balta to Richmond, Xavier O'halloren to Greater Western Sydney, Lachlan Sholl to Adelaide. St Bernards has seen success in the areas of Athletics and Cross country dominating for the last part of a decade until recent; the college has a reputation for its musical productions and music programs. It has combined with St Columba's College, to stage shows annually, which have included Pirates of Penzance, Fiddler on the Roof, Anything Goes, West Side Story and Dolls, Cabaret, Bye Bye Birdie, Jesus Christ Superstar, The Sound of Music, The Wiz, High School Musical and Hyde, Once Upon a Mattress, Shout!

The Legend of The Wild One, The Pajama Game, The Boy from Oz, are performing Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. The college has many quartets; the college has an annual'Kick Arts' along with St Columba's College and Ave Maria College which comprises dramatic and dance acts by each school. The students are involved in electing their student leaders every year. A nomination from the student or from their peers is verified by the staff. Students vote 21 Student Council members, 8 from Year 10, 13 from Year 11 to become the next years Student Council; the College Captain and the four Vice Captains are only elected after the new Year 12 Student Councillors are elected from the Year 11 group. They undergo a similar process, students from the Year 12 Student Council nominate themselves or are nominated by their peers; the Year 10 and 11 Students vote on the Senior Student Leaders nominations and the top three for each portfolio have interviews with the Executive and Senior Staff to decide who becomes the next: College Captain, Vice Captain - Arts, Vice Captain - Ministry, Vice Captain - Sports, Vice Captain-Academics.

The remaining 8 Year 12 Council Members become House Captains, with the 8 Year 11 Members becoming the Vice House Captains. Rohan Welsh – former Carlton footballer Noah Balta- Richmond Football Club player Jude Bolton – Australian Rules footballer with the Sydney Swans. Joseph Camilleri – Professor of International Relations, La Trobe University Michael Carmody – Australian Federal Commissioner of Taxation Ben Carroll - Labor Politician Jordan Schroder – Australian Rules footballer with the Geelong Cats Joe Daniher – Australian Rules footballer with the Essendon Bombers, son of Anthony Daniher Garry Foulds – former Australian Rules footballer with the Essendon Bombers. Brad Lloyd – former Australian Rules footballer with Hawthorn Matthew Lloyd – Australian Rules footballer with the Essendon Bombers Francis Leach – Australian radio personality & sports commentator. Host of the drive show on SEN 1116 with fellow St Bernard's alumni David Schwarz. Hayden Kennedy – Senior Australian Rules Football Umpire Patrick KisnorboSocceroo Justin Madden – former Australian rules football player with the Carlton Football Club & Essendon Football Club.

Simon Madden – former Australian rules footballer for the Essendon Bombers Michael Malouf – former Chief Executive Officer of City of Melbourne Council.


Hinsonville is a former municipality in Chester County, Pennsylvania, now replaced by the grounds of Lincoln University. It was established and populated by free African-American residents, with the acres of Hinsonville being first purchased by Edward Walls, a free black man, born in Maryland, in 1829; the town was named for its first permanent resident, Emory Hinson, another Maryland-born free black man. Located six miles north of the Mason–Dixon line and at the crossroads of Russellville-Elkdale Road and Oxford-Jennersville Road in the southern tip of Upper Oxford Township, the agricultural town of Hinsonville became an ideal residence for African-Americans escaping slavery in neighboring Maryland from the 1820s to the 1850s. By 1843-1845, when the Hosanna AUMP Church was established in town, Hinsonville had grown large from the flight of free black families from the South. In 1854, James Ralston Amos, a founding trustee of the town, asked Rev. John Miller Dickey, a Presbyterian minister, his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson, a Quaker, to start what became the Ashmun Institute in Hinsonville.

They named it after a religious leader and social reformer. They founded the school for the education of African Americans, who had few opportunities for higher education, was supported by local residents to educate the young men of Hosanna Church in Christian religion; the success of the Ashmun Institute led to its growth into the surrounding town being renamed Lincoln University in 1866 after Abraham Lincoln's death. Hosanna was used as a station on the Underground Railroad, would send at least 18 of their men to the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, the only African-American regiment in the Union Army. One of the town's most famous residents was Richard B. Fitzgerald, who, as a child, was relocated by his parents with his family from Delaware to a 25-acre farm near Hinsonville in order to reduce the risk to their children of being kidnapped by slave catchers and sold into slavery. Fitzgerald would achieve prominence as a bricklayer and businessman; as of 2017, the Hosanna AUMP Church is the only remaining architectural structure from Hinsonville.

Descendants of Hinsonville's early residents still attend the church. In 2015, a memorial bench was placed near Hosanna in commemoration of the church by members of the Toni Morrison Society as part of their "Bench by the Road" program

Henry Wade Exit Route

The Harry Wade Exit Route was discovered and made by Henry Wade from Illinois in 1849. Henry Wade, his wife and children were in the Bennett-Arcan party caravan emigrating west. At the direction of guide Jefferson Hunt the caravan took a poorly planned turn and descended into Death Valley, California while looking for a shortcut off the Old Spanish Trail; the caravan of a 100 wagons were looking for the shortcut to get to the California Gold Rush sooner. Some of the party died in the name stuck. Henry Wade found a path out of the Valley, the trail he made is today called the Henry Wade Road, a dirt road. After departing Death Valley Wade found the Old Spanish Trail and came to Southern California though the Cajon Pass. Many in the party suffered but, made it out of Death Valley. Harry Wade Exit Route was designated a California Historic Landmark on Oct. 9, 1957. A marker was placed about 30 miles north of Baker, California on the Harry Wade Exit Route, to designate where his family escaped; the marker is at the southern end of Death Valley National Park.

Harry Wade was born on March 1800 at Rochester, England. He married Mary Reynolds Leach, born on June 17, 1813 in London, England. In 1836 he settled in Tioga County, Pennsylvania. After surviving the move to California they moved to Northern California and ran an inn, called The American House in Alviso, California, he died on October 1883 in Alviso. Mary died on May 1889 in Alviso. Henry Wade was part of; this was a group of pioneers from the Eastern United States that endured a long and difficult journey during the late 1840s California Gold Rush to prospect in the Sutter's Fort area of the Central Valley and Sierra Nevada in California. Their route from Utah went through the Great Basin Desert in Nevada, Death Valley and the Mojave Desert in Southern California, in attempting to reach the Gold Country; the Death Valley party had split up from the Donner Party that took a more northern route, that turned out to be more difficult. Marker about 30 miles north of Baker, at the site reads: NO. 622 HARRY WADE EXIT ROUTE – After getting to Death Valley with the ill-fated 1849 caravan, Harry Wade found this exit route for his ox-drawn wagon and thereby saved his life and the lives of his wife and children.

At this point the Wade party came upon the known Spanish Trail to Cajón Pass. Santa Fe And Salt Lake Trail Monument Death Valley Death Valley National Park Geology of the Death Valley area Places of interest in the Death Valley area History of California through 1899 William L. Manly John Haney Rogers History of San Bernardino, California California Historical Landmarks in San Bernardino County, California Chalfant, Willie Arthur. Death Valley The Facts. Stanford University Press. Chalfant, Willie Arthur. Death Valley The Facts. Stanford University Press

Sonya Hussyn

Sonya Hussyn is a Pakistani actress, TV Host and model from Karachi. She made her acting debut with a supporting role in 2011 series Dareecha, she has played a leading role in several hits of Urdu television including Mujhay Sandal Kar Do, Mein Hari Piya, Mere Hamrahi, Marasim, Farwa Ki ABC, Surkh Jorra, Kisay Chahoon, Haasil. Her performance as Pakeeza Islam in 2017 series Aisi Hai Tanhai earned her nomination for Best Television Actress at Lux Style Awards. Sonya was born in Karachi into a Sindhi family, her father is a businessman in construction works and mother is a housewife. Her grandmother was chief manager at House Building Finance Company, she has one brother. She has appeared in television serials aired on ARY Digital and Hum TV, she is known for her work on the series Mere Hamrahi, Mein Hari Piya and Angeline Malik's Kitni Girhain Baqi Hain. Moreover, she is known for portraying supporting roles in Meri Behan Meri Dewrani, Dareecha, Umm-e-Kulsoom and Shehryar Shehzadi, she has appeared in period drama Aangan portraying the role of Salma telecast on Hum TV.

Sonya made her debut on the big screen with Jami's Moor in which she played the supporting character of Amber and starred in the leading role in Azaadi. She will be seen in upcoming films Tich Button, Sorry: A Love Story and Lufangey. Sonya Hussyn on IMDb, Retrieved 15 May 2016 SonyaHussain fans on Facebook Sonya Hussyn on Instagram


WWUZ is a classic rock formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Bowling Green, serving Metro Fredericksburg. WWUZ is owned and operated by Alpha Media LLC, through licensee Alpha Media Licensee LLC; the station first took the callsign WLMN on August 23, 1991 and changed it to WWUZ on August 10, 1998. WWUZ launched in October 1998 with a Classic rock format. In April 2000, the station switched to Classic Hits, branded as "96.9 the Rock". In February 2002, WWUZ changed back to its Classic Rock format, branded as "Classic Rock 96.9". On March 15, 2012, WWUZ kept the Classic Rock format. WWUZ was mentioned in the 15th episode of The Sopranos 6th season. On January 23, 2015, Alpha Media "entered into a definitive agreement" to purchase WWUZ and sister stations WFLS-FM, WNTX, WVBX from Free Lance-Star License, Inc. for an unknown sum. The purchase was consummated on May 2015, at a price of $8.1 million. 96.9 The Rock Online Query the FCC's FM station database for WWUZ Radio-Locator information on WWUZ Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WWUZ