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Louisiana State Capitol

The Louisiana State Capitol is the seat of government for the U. S. is located in downtown Baton Rouge. The capitol houses the chambers for the Louisiana State Legislature, made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate, as well as the office of the Governor of Louisiana. At 450 feet tall and with 34 stories, it is the tallest building in Baton Rouge, the seventh tallest building in Louisiana, tallest capitol in the United States, it is located on a 27-acre tract. The Louisiana State Capitol is thought of as "Huey Long's monument" due to the influence of the former Governor and U. S. Senator in getting the capitol built, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978 and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1982. In order to secure the mouth of the Mississippi River for the French, the town of New Orleans was founded in 1718 and became the capital for colony of Louisiana in 1722. In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ceded the portion of Louisiana, west of the Mississippi River, as well as New Orleans, to Spain and the remaining territory east of the Mississippi was turned over to Great Britain.

The French reclaimed Louisiana from the Spanish in 1803 after the Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1800. The ceremonial transfers of Louisiana from Spain to France took place in front of the colonial seat of government, the Cabildo, in November 1803, with the transfer from France to the U. S. occurring there, as well, less than a month later. New Orleans continued to be the location of the capital of the Territory of Orleans, through its admission into the U. S. as the state of Louisiana. The State Legislature passed a resolution declaring that the seat of government be moved to a "more convenient place" than New Orleans. No action was taken until 1829, it convened for the first time in Donaldsonville in January 1830. On January 8, 1831, it became "dissatisfied with the quarters there", adjourned shortly thereafter to return to New Orleans. Included in the Louisiana State Constitution of 1845 was a clause that required the state capital to be moved from New Orleans by 1849. A committee was formed to prepare a site for the eventual move and, the designs by James H. Dakin were chosen in a competition on May 5, 1847.

The city of Baton Rouge donated a plot of land situated on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River to the state on September 7 for the construction of the new capitol. Dakin's design for the capitol consisted of a "castellated" Gothic Revival building, a rarity for government buildings in the United States; the capitol was dedicated on December 1849 in what was planned to be a grand ceremony. However, a devastating fire in Baton Rouge a week prior saw the funds reallocated as aid for the victims, deemed a "more worthy cause". Despite the Old State Capitol being considered the best example of Gothic Revival architecture in the South, Mark Twain recounted from his time as a steamboat pilot that it was "pathetic" and the result of the "medieval romances" of Sir Walter Scott. With the start of the Civil War in 1861, the occupation of both New Orleans and Baton Rouge by the Union Army, the location of the state government was moved to Opelousas in 1862, to Shreveport in 1864; the portion of Louisiana, occupied by Union troops was governed out of New Orleans.

The vacant Old State Capitol was used as a prison by the Union Army and as a garrison for its colored troops. On December 28, 1862, it was gutted by an accidental fire. After the war, the state government returned to New Orleans and utilized a mechanics' institute as a meeting place until the state purchased an old hotel in 1875; the State Legislature appropriated money to rebuild the Old State Capitol in 1880. Under Freret, the capitol's famous spiral staircase and stained glass dome were added, as well as a fourth floor; the State Legislature returned to Baton Rouge, after the completion of the renovations, on May 8, 1882. By the 1920s, the Old State Capitol was starting to show its age and proving to be too small for the expanding state government. Proposals were drawn up for a new building, but were never acted upon due to the lack of money and more important issues. In 1928, Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana as a populist candidate. Long seized upon the idea of using a new capitol as a way to symbolize the end of the "political domination of Louisiana's traditional social and economic elite" in the state.

In January 1930, Long secured funds from the Board of Liquidation, enabling him to hire architects to design the new capitol and approached Leon C. Weiss with the proposal. By using funds that he controlled to start the design work, Long prevented the State Legislature from stopping the construction of the capitol; the designs for the capitol consisted of a modern skyscraper, sited on the former campus of the Louisiana State University, expected to cost $1 million. In a special session of the State Legislature in September 1930, a bond issue for the final cost of the new capitol—$5 million—was passed despite initial reluctance from some of the legislatorsBy November 1930, the designs for the building were finalized, and, on December 16, construction of the capitol was started. A spur from the nearby Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad to the capitol was built "to facilitate the delivery of the 2,500 carloads of necessary materials". Work on the building progressed rapidly

Dublin Rathmines West (Dáil constituency)

Dublin Rathmines West was a short-lived parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas from 1977 to 1981. The constituency elected 3 deputies to the Dáil, using the single transferable vote form of proportional representation; the constituency was created for the 1977 general election, under the Electoral Act 1974 replacing the former Dublin South-Central constituency, as part of the redistribution of constituencies which attempted to secure the re-election of the outgoing Fine Gael–Labour Party government. The constituency was abolished under the Electoral Act 1980 for the 1981 general election, it was replaced with the Dublin South-Central constituency although a smaller part went to Dublin South-East. Its election was notable for representing the first time that Mary Robinson, stood for the Dáil, though she was unsuccessful; the constituency covered the Rathmines district of adjoining areas. It consisted of the following wards of the county borough of Dublin: Crumlin D, Kimmage A, Kimmage B, Kimmage C, Kimmage D, Kimmage E, Rathfarnham A, Rathmines West A, Rathmines West B, Rathmines West D, Rathmines West E, Rathmines West F, Terenure A, Terenure B, Terenure C.

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election. Dáil constituencies Politics of the Republic of Ireland Historic Dáil constituencies Elections in the Republic of Ireland Oireachtas Members Database

Mesahchie Peak

Mesahchie Peak is in North Cascades National Park in the U. S. state of Washington. Mesahchie Peak is named after the Chinook word for wicked. Mesahchie Peak is the highest summit along a ridge known as Ragged Ridge and is only.25 mi east of Katsuk Peak. Both the Katsuk and Mesahchie Glaciers descended down the northwest and northeast flanks of the peak respectively. Mesahchie Peak is located in the marine west coast climate zone of western North America. Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, travel northeast toward the Cascade Mountains; as fronts approach the North Cascades, they are forced upward by the peaks of the Cascade Range, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the Cascades. As a result, the west side of the North Cascades experiences high precipitation during the winter months in the form of snowfall. During winter months, weather is cloudy, due to high pressure systems over the Pacific Ocean that intensify during summer months, there is little or no cloud cover during the summer.

The North Cascades features some of the most rugged topography in the Cascade Range with craggy peaks and deep glacial valleys. Geological events occurring many years ago created the diverse topography and drastic elevation changes over the Cascade Range leading to the various climate differences; the history of the formation of the Cascade Mountains dates back millions of years ago to the late Eocene Epoch. With the North American Plate overriding the Pacific Plate, episodes of volcanic igneous activity persisted. In addition, small fragments of the oceanic and continental lithosphere called terranes created the North Cascades about 50 million years ago. During the Pleistocene period dating back over two million years ago, glaciation advancing and retreating scoured the landscape leaving deposits of rock debris; the "U"-shaped cross section of the river valleys are a result of recent glaciation. Uplift and faulting in combination with glaciation have been the dominant processes which have created the tall peaks and deep valleys of the North Cascades area.

Mesahchie Peak aerial photo: PBase Mesahchie Peak photo: Flickr