Nelson County, Kentucky
Nelson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,437, its county seat is Bardstown. Nelson County comprises the Bardstown, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Louisville/Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Madison, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area; the fourth county created in what is now Kentucky, it was formed from Jefferson County, Virginia in 1784, shortly after the Revolutionary War. The county was named for Thomas Nelson, Jr. the Virginia Governor who signed the Declaration of Independence. In 1807, after Kentucky had become a state, a newly created Virginia county was named in his honor. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 424 square miles, of which 418 square miles is land and 6.6 square miles is water. Spencer County Anderson County Washington County Marion County LaRue County Hardin County Bullitt County As of the census of 2010, there were 43,437 people and 18,075 housing units in the county.
The population density was 102.4 per square mile. There were 18,075 housing units at an average density of 42.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.48% White, 5.03% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 1.62% from two or more races. 2.04% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. There were 16,826 households out of which 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.09% were married couples living together, 13.19% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.35% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.37% were non-families. Of all households 24.41% were made up of individuals and 8.09% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. The age distribution was 25.98% under 18, 7.98% from 18 to 24, 26.47% from 25 to 44, 27.84% from 45 to 64, 11.73% who were 65 or older. The median age was 37.7 years.
For every 100 females, there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males. Income data for Kentucky locations from the 2010 Census has not yet been released; as of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the county was $39,010, the median income for a family was $44,600. Males had a median income of $32,015 versus $21,838 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,120. About 10.00% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 17.40% of those age 65 or over. There are many events in Bardstown. Following are attractions and events outside the county seat: Rooster Run is a general store located on Kentucky Route 245 halfway between Bardstown and Clermont, well known for baseball caps featuring its logo and a 13.5-foot-tall fiberglass rooster statue standing in front of the store. According to The Kentucky Encyclopedia, it is "one of the best-known general stores in the country and one of Kentucky's best-known unincorporated businesses".
Two public school districts operate in the county: The Nelson County School District serves K–12 students throughout the county, with the exception of most of the city of Bardstown and developed areas near the city limits. The district operates two K–8 schools, two elementary schools, two middle schools, an alternative school, a vocational-technical school, two high schools; the Bardstown City Schools serve students in most of the city of Bardstown, as well as much of the developed area adjacent to the city limits. However, some areas of the city are instead served by the Nelson County district, some of the Nelson County schools are physically within the Bardstown district; the district operates a preschool, an ungraded primary school, one elementary school, one middle school, one high school. The preschool and primary school occupy separate buildings on adjacent plots of land in the north of the city, the other schools are adjacent to one another near downtown. Several private schools operate in the county.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Louisville operates five schools in all—three K–8 schools, a fourth that educates grades 1 through 8, one high school. Several Protestant-affiliated schools exist. Bardstown Bloomfield Fairfield New Haven Boston Chaplin New Hope Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Nelson County, Kentucky Davis, William C. ed.. Diary of a Confederate Soldier: John S. Jackman of the Orphan Brigade. American Military History. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. Pp. 12–17, 169. ISBN 0-87249-695-3. LCCN 90012431. OCLC 906557161. GovernmentOfficial websiteGeneral informationBardstown-Nelson County Chamber of Commerce Geographic data related to Nelson County, Kentucky at OpenStreetMap Nelson County Public Library
Shelby County, Kentucky
Shelby County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,074; the county seat is Shelbyville. The county was named for Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky. Shelby County is part of KY -- IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Shelby County was a prohibition or dry county, but the city of Shelbyville is now wet, the county has voted WET and now allows package sales and restaurants outside Shelbyville to sell alcoholic beverages by the drink if they seat at least 100 patrons and derive at least 70% of their total sales from food. Today, Shelby County is classified by the Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control as a Wet County. Shelby County's motto is "Good Land, Good Living, Good People". Shelby County was established in 1792 from land given by Jefferson County. One of the earliest families to settle in Shelby County was that of Daniel Ketcham of Washington County, Maryland. Ketcham, who arrived in 1784, had been a soldier in the American Revolution.
He had 9 children. His oldest, John Ketcham, moved to Indiana, become involved in politics, laid the groundwork for the creation of Indiana University. Another early settler was Thomas Mitchell, who moved to Shelby County in 1784. Mitchell was born on December 1777, in Augusta County, Virginia, he married Rebecca Ketcham, daughter of Daniel Ketcham, settled near the headwaters of South Fork Clear Creek. Mitchell was commissioned an ensign in the 18th Regiment of Militia and on January 4, 1801, Governor James Garrard became a captain in the 18th Regiment. Mitchell was a minister of the Methodist Church and served in the War of 1812. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 386 square miles, of which 380 square miles is land and 6.0 square miles is water. Jeptha Knob at 1,188 feet is the highest point in the Louisville area. Guist Creek Lake and Marina offers 325 acres of fishing. Henry County Franklin County Anderson County Spencer County Jefferson County Oldham County I-64 US 60 US 421 KY 53 KY 55 As of the census of 2000, there were 33,337 people, 12,104 households, 9,126 families residing in the county.
The population density was 87 per square mile. There were 12,857 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 86.61% White, 8.83% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.39% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. 4.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,104 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.00. The age distribution was 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.90 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $45,534, the median income for a family was $52,764. Males had a median income of $35,484 versus $25,492 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,195. About 6.50% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over. Shelby County Public Schools has six elementary schools, two middle schools, two high schools. James Neihof is the Superintendent of Schools. Schools located in Shelby County include: Elementary Schools Clear Creek Elementary School Heritage Elementary School Painted Stone Elementary School Simpsonville Elementary School Southside Elementary School Wright Elementary SchoolMiddle Schools Shelby County East Middle School Shelby County West Middle SchoolHigh Schools: Martha Layne Collins High School Shelby County High School Wet county Louisville–Elizabethtown–Scottsburg, KY–IN Combined Statistical Area National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Kentucky Outlet Shoppes of the Bluegrass "Excerpts from the Executive Journal of Governor James Garrod," Kentucky Historical Society Register, vol.
32, p. 133. Woodfill, Gabriel, "A Preacher of the Gospel," Marriage Bonds of Shelby County - 1792-1800, Kentucky Marriage Records: From the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Baltimore 1983, p. 693. Willis, George L. Sr. History of Shelby County Kentucky, Shelbyville 1929, p. 115. Visit Shelby County! Shelby County government Shelby County public schools
Southern Indiana is a region consisting of the southern third of the state of Indiana. The region's history and geography has led to a blend of Northern and Southern culture distinct from the remainder of Indiana, it is considered to be part of the Upland South or lower Midwest. Southern Indiana was the first area of the state to be settled, Indiana's first state capital was located in Corydon in Harrison County near the Ohio River; the city of Vincennes, located in the region, is the oldest continually inhabited settlement in Indiana and was the first capital of the Indiana Territory. The Catholic Church has a significant presence in the region. Noteworthy Catholic institutions in Southern Indiana include St. Meinrad Archabbey, one of two Catholic archabbeys/seminaries in the United States and Mount St. Francis, a large retreat center in Floyd County. Southern Indiana differs from the rest of the state linguistically; the South Midland dialect of American English is prevalent, as opposed to the Inland North dialect in far Northern Indiana and the North Midland dialect in Central and North-Central Indiana.
Southern Indiana is the northernmost extent of the South Midland region, forming what linguists refer to as the "Hoosier Apex" of the South Midland dialect. Southern Indiana's topography is more varied and complex than Central and Northern Indiana, includes large tracts of forest, rolling fields, sharp hills, its elevation ranges from around 360 feet at the large wide flat valleys near the mouth of the Wabash River along the southwest to the chain of hills 800–1,000 ft high called the Knobstone Escarpment, or "The Knobs" in the south central and southeast. The region includes the oldest exposed Devonian fossil beds in the world at the Falls of the Ohio state park in Clarksville; the region's largest city is Evansville, in the southwest corner of the state. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 121,582, a metropolitan population of 342,815; the south-central counties of Clark and Harrison are part of the greater Louisville, Kentucky metropolitan area and have a combined population of over 200,000.
I-64 I-65 I-69 I-74 Former I-164 Now part of Interstate 69 I-265 I-275 US 31 US 41 US 50 US 52 US 52 US 231 US 421 Several notable colleges and universities are located in Southern Indiana. Hanover College Indiana University Bloomington Indiana University Southeast Oakland City University Saint Meinrad School of Theology University of Evansville University of Southern Indiana Vincennes University There are two professional sports teams in the region, both located in Evansville - the Evansville IceMen participate in the "Double-A" Central Hockey League, the Evansville Otters play in baseball's independent Frontier League. National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IEvansville Purple Aces National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IISouthern Indiana Screaming Eagles National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IIIHanover Panthers National Christian Collegiate Athletic Association Division IIOakland City Mighty Oaks National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics IU Southeast Grenadiers National Junior College Athletic Association Vincennes Trailblazers Southern Illinois Southern Ohio Evansville, Indiana Louisville metropolitan area Cincinnati metropolitan area Evansville metropolitan Area University of Southern Indiana Geography of Indiana Southwestern Indiana Illinois–Indiana–Kentucky tri-state area Kentuckiana Wabash Valley Southern Indiana Travel Spots
New Albany, Indiana
New Albany is a city in Floyd County, United States, situated along the Ohio River opposite Louisville, Kentucky. The population was 36,372 at the 2010 census; the city is the county seat of Floyd County. It is bounded by I-265 to the north and the Ohio River to the south, is considered part of the Louisville, Kentucky Metropolitan Statistical Area; the mayor of New Albany is a Democrat. The land of New Albany was granted to the United States after the American Revolutionary War; the territory had been captured by George Rogers Clark in 1779. For his services Clark was awarded large tracts of land in Southern Indiana including most of Floyd County. After the war Clark distributed some of his land to his fellow soldiers; the area of New Albany ended up in the possession of Col. John Paul. New Albany was founded in July 1813 when three brothers from New York —Joel and Nathaniel Scribner—arrived at the Falls of the Ohio and named the site after the city of Albany, New York, they purchased the land from Col. John Paul.
New Albany was platted by John Graham on the land owned by the Scribner brothers. In 1814 Joel and Mary Scribner built their home in New Albany. New Albany was incorporated as a town in 1817 as part of Clark County. In 1819, three years after Indiana was admitted as a state, New Albany became the seat of government for newly established Floyd County. A courthouse was built in 1824. New Albany grew and was the largest city in Indiana from 1816 until 1860 when overtaken by Indianapolis. Before the Civil War, over half of Hoosiers worth over $100,000 lived in New Albany, making it by far the wealthiest part of the state; the steamboat industry was the engine of the city's economy during the mid-19th century. Fueled by abundant forests for lumber, at least a half-dozen shipbuilders were in operation and turned out a multitude of steamboats and packet boats, including the Robert E. Lee, Eliza Battle, the Eclipse, the A. A. Shotwell. Shipbuilding was accompanied by a wide range of ancillary business including machine shops, foundries and furniture factories, silversmith shops.
Its second largest business was the American Plate Glass Works. In 1847 the city was connected to the port at Michigan City, Indiana on Lake Michigan via the Monon railroad. In 1853 the New Albany High School opened, the first public high school in the state; the original school was built at the corner of West First Spring Street. New Albany would be the first in the state to create a consolidated school district several years later. Ashbel P. Willard, governor of the state of Indiana and a native of New Albany, dedicated the Floyd County Fairgrounds in 1859; that year, the Indiana State Fair was held in New Albany. During the Civil War, the fairgrounds were converted to become Camp Noble and used as a muster point for the area's regiments. During the Civil War New Albany served as both a supply center for Union troops and as a medical care center for wounded soldiers. Up to 1,500 wounded soldiers were treated in New Albany during the war, many non medical buildings were converted into makeshift hospitals.
In 1862, Abraham Lincoln established one of the first seven national cemeteries in New Albany for burying the many war dead. Despite the ongoing war, a new courthouse was built in 1865, used until the 1960s when the current City-County courthouse was constructed the first in Indiana; the Town Clock Church, now the Second Baptist Church, was used as the New Albany stop in the Underground Railroad. The original steeple was destroyed by a lightning strike in 1915 and a new replica steeple wasn't completed until 101 years in 2016. During the American Civil War the trade with the South dwindled, as New Albany was boycotted by both sides, by Confederates because it was in a Union state and by the North because it was considered as too friendly to the South. Indianapolis overtook New Albany as Indiana's largest city in 1860 and across the river Louisville's population grew much faster, New Albany never regained its original stature; the once robust steamboat industry ended by 1870, with the last steamboat built in New Albany named, the Robert E. Lee.
During the second half of the 19th century New Albany experienced an industrial boom despite the collapse of the steamboat industry. The advent of the railroad created economic opportunity for the city as a pork packing and locomotive repair center. A bridge was built across the Ohio River in 1886 providing a road connection with Kentucky. American Plate Glass Works opened in 1865; when the factory relocated in 1893 New Albany lost a large part of its population and went into economic decline. In the early 20th century, New Albany became a center of plywood and veneer, its largest employer was the New Albany Veneering Company. By 1920, New Albany was the largest producer of plywood and veneer in the world with other producers including Indiana Veneer Panel Company and Hoosier Panel Company. On March 23, 1917, a tornado struck the north side of New Albany. Interstate 64 was built through New Albany in 1961 and led to the construction of the Sherman Minton Bridge; the project cost $14.8 million. The bridge was named for US Senator and Supreme Court Justice Sherman Minton, a native of nearby Georgetown and practiced law in New Albany.
The bridge was named the "most beautiful long-span bridge of 1961" by the American Institute of Steel Construction. Charles A. Prosser lived in New Albany for much of his life. Charles Allen Prosser School of Technology was named in honor of his accomplishments as the "father of vocational education." In the mid and late 20th century, New Albany became an
Meade County, Kentucky
Meade County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,602, its county seat is Brandenburg. The county was founded December 17, 1823, named for Captain James M. Meade, killed in action at the Battle of River Raisin during the War of 1812. Meade County is part of the Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Louisville/Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Madison, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 325 square miles, of which 305 square miles is land and 19 square miles is water. All 56 miles of the county's northern border faces Indiana, across from the Ohio River. Doe Run Inn Otter Creek Outdoor Recreation Area Meade Olin Park Diana’s Park Park Down By The River Death Valley Hardin County Breckinridge County Harrison County, Indiana Perry County, Indiana Crawford County, Indiana The Regional planning group One Knox considers the largest road projects needed to support the growth from the BRAC realignment at Fort Knox to include extending Kentucky Route 313 to US 60 in Meade County and into Brandenburg creating a corridor between Radcliff and Elizabethtown running parallel to U.
S. Route 31W, building a new extension from Bullion Boulevard in Fort Knox to KY 313 in Radcliff; the group estimates that buying the right of way for the KY 313 project to Brandenburg would cost nearly $30 million. The realignment at Fort Knox is projected to bring thousands of workers and jobs, along with millions of dollars into the regions economy; the Matthew E. Welsh Bridge connects Meade County to Indiana over the Ohio River. KY 1638 connects Brandenburg, Kentucky to US 31W in Muldraugh, Kentucky which connects to Louisville, Kentucky; as of the census of 2000, there were 26,349 people, 9,470 households, 7,396 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 per square mile. There were 10,293 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.37% White, 4.13% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, 1.43% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 9,470 households out of which 42.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.10% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.90% were non-families. Of all households 18.40% were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.15. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 32.70% from 25 to 44, 20.30% from 45 to 64, 8.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,966, the median income for a family was $40,592. Males had a median income of $30,835 versus $22,038 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,000. About 9.30% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
Brandenburg Ekron Muldraugh Guston Flaherty Doe Valley Fort Knox, a military base Battletown Big Spring Concordia Flaherty Garrett Guston Lickskillet Meade Payneville Rhodelia Rock Haven Wolf Creek Garnettsville National Register of Historic Places listings in Meade County, Kentucky "Ky-313 extension is well under way"—The News-Enterprise, July 24, 2011 Meade County Fiscal Court & Meade County Tourism Meade County Chamber of Commerce
Kentucky the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth. A part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 26th most populous of the 50 United States. Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the major regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky, which houses two of its major cities and Lexington, it is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, the greatest length of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, the two largest man-made lakes east of the Mississippi River. Kentucky is known for horse racing, bourbon distilleries, coal, the "My Old Kentucky Home" historic state park, automobile manufacturing, bluegrass music, college basketball, Kentucky Fried Chicken.
In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, named for the Kentucky River. The precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but based on an Iroquoian name meaning " the meadow" or " the prairie". Others have put forth the possibility of Kenta Aki, which would come from Algonquian language and, would have derived from the Shawnees. Folk etymology states that this translates as "Land of Our Fathers." The closest approximation in another Algonquian language, Ojibwe translates it more-so to "Land of Our In-Laws", thus making a fairer English translation "The Land of Those Who Became Our Fathers." In any case, the word aki comes out as land in all Algonquian languages. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South. A significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Southeast. West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more. Kentucky's northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. However, the official border is based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792. For instance, northbound travelers on U. S. 41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a thoroughbred racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the only land border between Kentucky. Kentucky has a non-contiguous part known at the far west corner of the state, it exists as an exclave surrounded by Missouri and Tennessee, is included in the boundaries of Fulton County. Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee; the epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area causing the river to flow backwards in some places. Though the series of quakes did change the area geologically and affect the inhabitants of the area at the time, the Kentucky Bend was formed because of a surveying error, not the New Madrid earthquake.
Kentucky can be divided into five primary regions: the Cumberland Plateau in the east, the north-central Bluegrass region, the south-central and western Pennyroyal Plateau, the Western Coal Fields and the far-west Jackson Purchase. The Bluegrass region is divided into two regions, the Inner Bluegrass—the encircling 90 miles around Lexington—and the Outer Bluegrass—the region that contains most of the northern portion of the state, above the Knobs. Much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and narrow hills; the Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps. Located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate, only small higher areas of the southeast of the state has an oceanic climate influenced by the Appalachians. Temperatures in Kentucky range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the winter low of 23 °F; the average precipitation is 46 inches a year.
Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28, 1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19, 1994, it has four distinct seasons, but experiences the extreme cold as far northern states, nor the high heat of the states in the Deep South. Temperatures seldom drop below 0 degrees or rise above 100 degrees. Rain and snowfall totals about 45 inches per year. There are big variations in climate within the state; the northern parts tend to be about 5 degrees cooler than those in western parts of the state. Somerset in the south-central part receives 10 more inches of rain per year than, for instance, Covington to the north. Average temperatures for the entire Commonwe
Clarksville is a town in Clark County, United States, along the Ohio River and is a part of the Louisville Metropolitan area. The population was 21,724 at the 2010 census; the town was founded in 1783 by early resident George Rogers Clark at the only seasonal rapids on the entire Ohio River, it is the oldest American town in the former Northwest Territory. The town is home to the Colgate clock, one of the largest clocks in the world and the Falls of the Ohio State Park, home to the world's largest exposed Devonian period fossil bed; the site that would become Clarksville was first used as a base of operations by George Rogers Clark during the American Revolution. In 1778 he established a post on an island at the head of the Falls of the Ohio, from which he trained his 175-man regiment for the defense to the west. After the war, Clark was granted a tract of 150,000 acres for his services in the war. In 1783, 1,000 acres were set aside for the development of Clarksville; the same year a stockade was built and settlement began.
The explorer William Clark was a younger brother of George Rogers Clark. Renowned historian Stephen Ambrose writes of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in Undaunted Courage, "When they shook hands, the Lewis and Clark Expedition began." A two-figure statue near the falls commemorates the expedition. Several localities other than Clarksville claim precedence for the start of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, most notably St. Louis, Missouri. Due to the many floods in the nineteenth century and the Indiana Canal Company's failed competition to build a canal around the Ohio Falls, the town struggled. On August 24, 1805 the Indiana Territorial Legislature authorized the construction of a canal around the Falls of the Ohio at Clarksville; the first attempt failed and the investors lost their money. Historians believe. Developers tried to build a canal in 1817 and again in 1820, but the race to build the canal was lost in 1826 when the federal government made a large grant to build the Louisville and Portland Canal.
The lack of a canal handicapped the growth of the town as the Falls of the Ohio made river transport from the city difficult. Clarksville became a popular dueling spot for Kentuckians who wanted to dodge their home state's anti-dueling laws; the most famous of these was the 1809 duel between Humphrey Marshall. There was an attempt to build a second town within Clarksville's boundaries, named Ohio Falls City, until the Indiana Supreme Court ruled that this would be illegal; the town was managed by a ten-member Board of Trustees in the charter from Virginia. The trustees were allowed to align lots along roads and sell the lots for the proceeds to benefit the town; the trustees did not have to reside in the town. This remained controversial with residents until 1889 when the board stopped meeting and was replaced by a three-member board. One member was selected by the Floyd County Commissioners, one by the Clark County Commissioners, one by residents of Clarksville. Between 1889 and 1937, the town established a five-member board elected by residents.
The historic records related to this governmental change were lost in the Ohio River flood of 1937. The Great Flood of 1937 decimated the town; the entire town was submerged beneath as much as 12 feet of water in some areas for over three weeks during January and February. With all of the old town destroyed, Clarksville was rebuilt with a new modern city plan; the post-World War II housing boom and new jobs brought growth to the city. The population increased from 2,400 in 1940 to 22,000 in 2000; the city has expanded to the north by annexing several sizable suburbs. By 1981 the State of Indiana changed statutes to convert the managing board of trustees to a council with members rather than trustees. In 1990 voters approved expansion of members of the Town Council from five to seven following the area growth. Clarksville is now the major shopping hub of Southern Indiana, with the hub area centered on Lewis and Clark Parkway and nearby Veterans Parkway. Clarksville is located at 38°18′43″N 85°46′2″W.
According to the 2010 census, Clarksville has a total area of 10.17 square miles, of which 9.97 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 21,724 people, 9,175 households, 5,464 families residing in the town; the population density was 2,178.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,839 housing units at an average density of 986.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 85.1% White, 5.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 5.7% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population. There were 9,175 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.4% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the town was 37.3 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 21,400 people, 8,984 households, 5,561 families residing in the town; the population density was 2,120.6 people per square mile. There wer