Love encompasses a range of strong and positive emotional and mental states, from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest interpersonal affection and to the simplest pleasure. An example of this range of meanings is that the love of a mother differs from the love of a spouse, which differs from the love of food. Most love refers to a feeling of strong attraction and emotional attachment. Love is considered to be a positive and negative: with its virtue representing human kindness and affection, as "the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another", it may describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. In its various forms, love acts as a major facilitator of interpersonal relationships and, owing to its central psychological importance, is one of the most common themes in the creative arts. Love has been postulated to be a function to keep human beings together against menaces and to facilitate the continuation of the species.
Ancient Greek philosophers identified five forms of love: familial love, friendly love or platonic love, romantic love, guest love and divine love. Modern authors have distinguished further varieties of love: unrequited love, empty love, companionate love, consummate love, infatuated love, self-love, courtly love. Numerous cultures have distinguished Ren, Mamihlapinatapai, Cafuné, Bhakti, Mettā, Chesed, Charity, Saudade, as culturally unique words, definitions, or expressions of love in regards to a specified "moments" lacking in the English language. Scientific research on emotion has increased over the past two decades; the color wheel theory of love defines three primary, three secondary and nine tertiary love styles, describing them in terms of the traditional color wheel. The triangular theory of love suggests "intimacy and commitment" are core components of love. Love has additional spiritual meaning; this diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to define, compared to other emotional states.
The word "love" can have a variety of distinct meanings in different contexts. Many other languages use multiple words to express some of the different concepts that in English are denoted as "love". Cultural differences in conceptualizing love thus doubly impede the establishment of a universal definition. Although the nature or essence of love is a subject of frequent debate, different aspects of the word can be clarified by determining what isn't love. Love as a general expression of positive sentiment is contrasted with hate; as a less-sexual and more-emotionally intimate form of romantic attachment, love is contrasted with lust. As an interpersonal relationship with romantic overtones, love is sometimes contrasted with friendship, although the word love is applied to close friendships or platonic love.. Abstractly discussed, love refers to an experience one person feels for another. Love involves caring for, or identifying with, a person or thing, including oneself. In addition to cross-cultural differences in understanding love, ideas about love have changed over time.
Some historians date modern conceptions of romantic love to courtly Europe during or after the Middle Ages, although the prior existence of romantic attachments is attested by ancient love poetry. The complex and abstract nature of love reduces discourse of love to a thought-terminating cliché. Several common proverbs regard love, from Virgil's "Love conquers all" to The Beatles' "All You Need Is Love". St. Thomas Aquinas, following Aristotle, defines love as "to will the good of another." Bertrand Russell describes love as a condition of "absolute value,". Philosopher Gottfried Leibniz said that love is "to be delighted by the happiness of another." Meher Baba stated that in love there is a "feeling of unity" and an "active appreciation of the intrinsic worth of the object of love." Biologist Jeremy Griffith defines love as "unconditional selflessness". People can be said to love an object, principle, or goal to which they are committed and value. For example, compassionate outreach and volunteer workers' "love" of their cause may sometimes be born not of interpersonal love but impersonal love and strong spiritual or political convictions.
People can "love" material objects, animals, or activities if they invest themselves in bonding or otherwise identifying with those things. If sexual passion is involved this feeling is called paraphilia. A common principle that people say they love is life itself. Interpersonal love refers to love between human beings, it is a much more potent sentiment than a simple liking for a person. Unrequited love refers to those feelings of love. Interpersonal love is most associated with interpersonal relationships; such love might exist between family members and couples. There are a number of psychological disorders related to love, such as erotomania. Throughout history and religion have done the most speculatio
Adam Noah Levine is an American singer, musician, record producer and actor. He is the lead singer for the pop rock band Maroon 5. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Levine began his musical career in 1994, when he co-founded the band Kara's Flowers, of which he was the lead vocalist and guitarist; the band split up after The Fourth World, which did not gain popularity. In 2001, the group was reformed – with guitarist James Valentine joining the line-up – and began a new musical chapter, changing their name to Maroon 5. In 2002, the band released their first album, Songs About Jane, which went multi-platinum in the US. Since they have released five more albums: It Won't Be Soon Before Long, Hands All Over, Overexposed, V, Red Pill Blues; as part of Maroon 5, Levine has received three Grammy Awards, three American Music Awards, an MTV Video Music Award, a World Music Award. From 2011 to 2019, Levine served as a coach on NBC's reality talent show The Voice and won three times with a member of his team.
In 2012, Levine made his acting debut as a recurring character Leo Morrison in American Horror Story: Asylum, the second season of the series American Horror Story. Levine appeared in the films Begin Again, Popstar: Never Stop Never Stopping, Fun Mom Dinner and The Clapper; as an entrepreneur, Levine launched his own eponymous fragrance line in 2013. The same year, he collaborated with ShopYourWay.com to develop his menswear collection. He owns a record label, 222 Records, a production company, 222 Productions. In 2013, The Hollywood Reporter reported that "sources familiar with his many business dealings" estimated Levine would earn more than $35 million that year. Adam Noah Levine was born in Los Angeles on March 18, 1979, to Fredric Levine, the founder of retail chain M. Fredric, Patsy Levine, an admissions counselor, he has two half-siblings -- Sam and Liza Levine -- and step-sister Julia Bartolf Milne. Levine's father and maternal grandfather were Jewish, while his maternal grandmother was a Protestant.
Levine considers himself Jewish, though according to The Jewish Chronicle, he is spiritual but not religious. He chose not to have a Bar Mitzvah as a child because of the custom of receiving Bar Mitzvah gifts, explaining: "I felt as though a lot of kids were trying to cash in... I just don't think it's the most respectful way to deal with God and beliefs and years and years and years of cultural heritage." Levine is a nephew of journalist and author Timothy Noah, television producer and writer Peter Noah, economist Jordan Levine. Levine's parents divorced. Growing up, Levine spent weekdays with his mother and weekends with his father, he underwent therapy for his parents' divorce but called it a "waste of time", explaining that his parents could not "accept the fact that I might have been OK with it. I cried my eyes out and kicked and screamed and said,'Why?' and all the things you do when you find out. A few days I was fine but I still had to go to therapy."Levine describes his family as "very musical" and credits his mother with "start me out on the path."
He attributes his mother's idols – Simon & Garfunkel, Fleetwood Mac, The Beatles – to shaping his musical style, calling them "a huge part of my upbringing". Levine attended Brentwood School, where he met Jesse Carmichael and Mickey Madden, his future bandmates, he carried his musical interests to high school. I didn't want to do the things they were teaching me... consumed my every thought."Levine used hallucinogenic drugs in his adolescence. In an interview with Q, he said that using mushrooms "really forced me to look at myself" but added that he had never abused drugs. On Jimmy Kimmel Live!, he stated that he stopped using prescription drugs after his first experience with prescription drug Ambien, which left him unconscious for an hour. In February 1994, along with Mickey Madden, Jesse Carmichael, Ryan Dusick, another Brentwood High student, formed garage band Kara's Flowers. In 1995, the group played their first gig at the Whisky a Go Go, a nightclub in West Hollywood, with Levine on vocals and guitar.
The band was discovered while they were performing at a beach party in Malibu by independent producer Tommy Allen. Allen, along with his partner John DeNicola, had the band record an 11-track album. Owing to a string of industry showcases in Los Angeles, they were signed on to Reprise Records through producer Rob Cavallo. In August 1997, the band released their first album, titled The Fourth World; that same year, the band appeared on an episode of the drama series Beverly Hills, 90210. After their graduation, the band toured in support of their debut. Despite high expectations, the album had little success, selling about 5,000 copies, its only single, "Soap Disco", failed commercially. On Cavallo's exit from the label, Reprise decided to drop the band. Disappointed with the results of their album, the band broke up. Levine would say of the experience: "Kara's Flowers was just floating up the wall beneath the sticks. Make a record put it out. No touring base, no nothing. Just try to make it happen right out of the gate and it just doesn't work".
After the break up of Kara's Flowers, along with Carmichael, left Los Angeles to pursue further studies at Five Towns College in New York. On MTV News, in 2002, he said: "That's when I started waking up to R&B thing. We had friends named Shit, it was not Brentwood High". After dropping out of Five Towns C
Paul Causey Hurst was an American actor and director. Born in Traver and raised on a ranch, he appeared in hundreds of films during the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s. However, he got his start painting scenery as part of the backstage crew during the silent movie era. By 1911, he was active in films as an actor and director, he freelanced and worked for many of the movie studios, building a solid reputation for his work both on and off screen. Hurst is best remembered for two roles: as the Yankee deserter who trespasses at Tara and is shot by Scarlett in Gone with the Wind. However, he was most proud of his role as a crotchety, old rancher who refuses water to a Quaker family in the movie Angel and the Badman, until John Wayne's character convinces him to share the water, it was after this latter role that Republic Pictures signed him as the comic sidekick in Monte Hale's Western series. His last film was John Ford's The Sun Shines Bright. Hurst was diagnosed with terminal cancer in late 1952, committed suicide in February 1953.
He is buried in Reedley Cemetery in California. The Hazards of Helen A Woman in the Web Play Straight or Fight Battling Bunyan Rothel, David. 1984. Those Great Cowboy Sidekicks. Scarecrow Press, New Jersey. ISBN 0-8108-1707-1 Paul Hurst on IMDb Paul Hurst at Find a Grave, with a wardrobe still from Gone With the Wind