Richard Stephen "Richie" Sambora is an American rock guitarist, singer and producer, best known as the lead guitarist of the rock band Bon Jovi for 30 years. Sambora and lead singer Jon Bon Jovi formed the main songwriting unit for the band, he has released three solo albums: Stranger in This Town in 1991, Undiscovered Soul in 1998, Aftermath of the Lowdown released in September 2012. In 2018, Sambora was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Bon Jovi, reunited with his former bandmates for a performance at the induction ceremony. Sambora formed the duo RSO alongside Orianthi. Having released two EP's, the pair released their debut album Radio Free America in May, 2018. Richard Stephen Sambora was born on July 11, 1959 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, the son of Joan, a secretary, Adam C. Sambora, a factory foreman. Sambora was raised Catholic, he grew up in Woodbridge Township, New Jersey and attended Woodbridge High School there, graduating in 1977. He played basketball in high school, where as a sophomore, his Woodbridge High team won the 1975 Group 4 State title.
Sambora's first instrument was the accordion which he began to play at the age of 6. He began playing the guitar at the age of 12 following the death of Jimi Hendrix in 1970. From his early days, Sambora was influenced by blues and 1960s rock and roll, his most important influences were The Beatles, Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Jeff Beck, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Johnny Winter, Jimmy Page, Joe Perry, Joe Kmiecik, George Harrison, B. B. King, he was influenced by Spanish classical music and began a lifelong love of the Spanish guitar. Furthermore, he had stated that psychedelic soul singer Janis Joplin had a big influence on his musical style during her career in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Classical music directly inspired several of his songs, such as The Answer, written on piano. Sambora plays many other instruments, such as drums, saxophone, piano etc; the first time he performed on stage was at a Catholic Youth Organization dance when he was a teenager. Sambora was a guitarist for the band "Message", with that band put out an independent record titled "Lessons", copywriter in 1982 and produced and arranged by Dean Fasano and Rich Samboro in Woodbridge, New Jersey.
It was re-released in 1995 under the name Message, in 2000 as Lessons. He was in a band, signed to Led Zeppelin-owned record label Swan Song Records, Duke Williams & the Extremes, who were signed to Capricorn Records. Sambora was in an improvisational club band called Richie Sambora & Friends, he was part-owner of a club in New Jersey, at age 19 owned his own independent label Dream Disc Records. Sambora's first professional tour was as an opening act for Joe Cocker in the early 1980s. Shortly before joining Bon Jovi in 1983, Sambora unsuccessfully auditioned for Kiss, to be Ace Frehley's replacement. Bon Jovi added Sambora to replace original lead guitarist Dave Sabo. Sambora had attended a live show of Bon Jovi, after being impressed, approached Jon Bon Jovi and told him that he thought they should work together, they hit it off as friends, Sambora was invited to a rehearsal. By the time Jon arrived, the band was sounding better than and Sambora was hired on the spot. Sambora left the band prior to a concert in Calgary during 2013’s Because We Can Tour, since has only played with Bon Jovi at their Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction in 2018.
In 2016, Sambora stated his reason for leaving the band was in order to give his family more of his attention. "I needed to take some time to be with my daughter," he stated "She needed me and I needed her, actually."Sambora released a solo EP with Orianthi, performed alongside with the RSO band member and his girlfriend on April 7, 2018. Sambora's first solo album was 1991's Stranger in This Town, a blues-influenced album that charted at #36 on the Billboard 200 and #20 on the UK Albums Chart; the lead single, "Ballad Of Youth", reached a high of #63 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 and #59 in the UK. "One Light Burning" was released as the second single and the album titled track, "Stranger In This Town" as the third which charted at #38 on the Mainstream rock charts. Eric Clapton played the lead guitar on the promo single Mr Bluesman, backed by Sambora on acoustic guitars. Sambora did a short US tour in support of the album, featuring Tony Levin, Dave Amato, Crystal Taliefero and Bon Jovi bandmates Tico Torres and David Bryan.
The track "Rosie" was co-written by Jon Bon Jovi and was intended for the fourth Bon Jovi album New Jersey. It was released as a promo single in Japan. "Ballad of Youth" was released in the UK in summer 1991 and despite plugs from The Friday Rock Show on BBC Radio 1 the song skimmed the top 75. Undiscovered Soul was Sambora's second solo album, released in 1998; the album was produced by Don Was. The album charted at # 174 on # 24 on the UK Albums Chart; the lead single "Hard Times Come Easy" charted at #39 on the Mainstream rock chart and #37 in the UK, the second single "In It For Love" charted at #58 on the UK Singles Chart. The title track "Undiscovered Soul" and "Made in America" were released as singles. In support of Undiscovered Soul, Sambora toured Japan and Europe in the summer of 1998; the band featured Richie Supa, Ron Wikso, Kasim Sulton, Tommy Mandel, Everett Bradley, Gioia Bruno and Crystal Taliefero. In 2001, Sambora had a single for a movie soundtrack On The Line, titled "Take Me On".
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies; the city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 1,267,344 in 2018, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. In 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada; the economy of Calgary includes activity in the energy, financial services and television, transportation and logistics, manufacturing, aerospace and wellness, tourism sectors. The Calgary CMA is home to the second-highest number of corporate head offices in Canada among the country's 800 largest corporations. In 2015, Calgary had the highest number of millionaires per capita of any major city in Canada.
In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games. Calgary has been recognized for its high quality of life. In 2018, The Economist magazine ranked Calgary the fourth-most liveable city in the world in their Global Liveability Ranking. Calgary is classed as a Beta global city. Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Scotland. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden" used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides. Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow", or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm"; the indigenous peoples of Southern Alberta referred to the Calgary area as "elbow", in reference to the sharp bend made by the Bow River and the Elbow River. In some cases, the area was named after the reeds that grew along the riverbanks, which were used to fashion bows. In the Blackfoot language, the area was known as Mohkínstsis akápiyoyis, meaning "elbow many houses", reflecting its strong settler presence.
The shorter form of the Blackfoot name, Mohkínstsis meaning "elbow", has been the popular Indigenous term for the Calgary area. In the Nakoda language, the area is known as Wincheesh-pah or Wenchi Ispase, both meaning "elbow". In the Nehiyaw Language, the area was known as Otoskwanik meaning "house at the elbow" or Otoskwunee meaning "elbow". In the Tsuut'ina language, the area is known as Kootsisáw meaning "elbow". In the Slavey language, the area was known as Klincho-tinay-indihay meaning "many horse town", referring to the Calgary Stampede and the city's settler heritage. There have been several attempts to revive the indigenous names of Calgary. In response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, local post-secondary institutions have adopted "official acknowledgements" of indigenous territory using the Blackfoot name of the City, Mohkínstsis. In 2017, the Stoney Nakoda sent an application to the Government of Alberta, to rename Calgary as Wichispa Oyade meaning "elbow town", however this has been challenged by the Piikani Blackfoot.
The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. The area has been inhabited by the Niitsitapi, îyârhe Nakoda, the Tsuut'ina First Nations peoples and Métis Nation, Region 3; as Mayor Naheed Nenshi describes, "There have always been people here. In Biblical times there were people here. For generations beyond number, people have come here to this land, drawn here by the water, they come here to fish. He was the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873. In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police; the NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, to protect the fur trade. Named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod; when the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre.
Over a century the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996. Calgary was incorporated as a town in 1884, elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was the North-West Territories; the Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP. The Calgary Fire of 1886 occurred on November 7, 1886. Fourteen buildings were destroyed with losses estimated at $103,200. Although no one was killed or injured, city officials drafted a law requiring all large downtown buildings to be built with Paskapoo sandstone, to prevent this from happening again. After the arrival of the railway, the Dominion Government started leasing grazing land at minimal cost; as a result of this policy, large ranching operations were established in the outlying country near Calgary. A transportation and distribution hub, Calgary became the centre of Canada's cattle marketing and meatpacking industries.
By the late 19th century, the Hud
Moxy is a Canadian hard rock and heavy metal band, formed in Toronto, Ontario, in 1974, from previous members of the rock group Leigh Ashford – which included singer Douglas "Buzz" Shearman, alongside Greg Godovitz of Fludd & Goddo, Gil Moore, Earl Johnson, Bill Wade and Terry Juric, as Leigh Ashford. The group changed its name to Moxy in late 1974; this name change was accompanied by a change in the group's sound. Buddy Caine, a former bandmate of Earl Johnson, was added to the group in 1975. Moxy toured extensively in Canada before having a hit in late 1975 with "Can't You See I'm A Star". Moxy toured the United States on the strength of their radio airplay. Markets in which the band was popular included Ontario, Chicago, St. Louis and San Antonio. Joe Anthony, "the Godfather of Rock" in San Antonio on KISS-FM was responsible for the popularity of the band in south Texas and helped bring about their first headline appearance in the U. S. in 1977, appearing with AC/DC as their opening act. Despite the death of Joe Anthony, the Moxy-Texas connection has continued into the present with Moxy's hits like "Can't You See I'm A Star", "Moon Rider", "Sail On Sail Away".
"Midnight Flight", "I'll Set You on Fire" and "Are You Ready" remain on the daily rotation at many Texas radio stations. Many of the guitar solos on the band's debut album were performed by guest session musician Tommy Bolin, the lead guitarist for The James Gang and replaced Ritchie Blackmore in Deep Purple. In the spring of 1974, Buzz Shearman joined up with Earl Johnson, Bill Wade, bassist Kim Fraser. Still calling themselves Leigh-Ashford, they made their first appearance on the music scene in October 1974 at Scarborough's notorious rock club "The Knob Hill Hotel". Shortly thereafter, Fraser was replaced by Terry Juric on the recommendation of Earl Johnson and the group changed its name to MOXY, their first single release was a trial run of "Can't You See I'm A Star", distributed by Yorkville Records. The promising sound of the single received heavy radio support from CHUM in Toronto and led to the band's signing of a contract with Polydor Records of Canada in December 1974; the Polydor Records contract was due to the popularity and success of the former band, Leigh Ashford, to Buzz Shearman's reputation.
The independently produced self-titled album, MOXY known as the Black Album,photo was recorded over two weeks in early 1975. Mark Smith of Bachman–Turner Overdrive fame acted as co-producer for the album. While in Van Nuys, California at Sound City Studios recording this album, session guitarist Tommy Bolin was in the studio next door. Bolin was so impressed with the no-nonsense, to-the-bones sound of Moxy that when asked by the band's manager Roland Paquin to fill in, he said yes. Earl Johnson was supposed to have done all the guitar parts, but got into a disagreement with the producer and was tossed out of the studio. Roland Paquin knew Bolin from. After the Moxy sessions, Bolin continued to work on his first solo album Teaser, that year got the call from David Coverdale to join Deep Purple. Having heard the impact of the twin guitars, Moxy headed back to Toronto in search of a rhythm guitarist who would free up Earl Johnson to play the material on tour, added to the songs in the studio by Tommy Bolin.
Buddy Caine, a friend of Earl Johnson's, became the needed second guitarist, allowing the group to hit the road with a Canadian tour that included Ontario and the Maritimes, where the group played small venues. The first album found its way to hard rock stations in the southern US. In the winter of 1975, "Can' t You See I'm A Star" and "Moon Rider" were receiving heavy radio support from KMAC/KISS in San Antonio, Texas. Tommy Bolin's contribution would get some much needed attention for the album in the U. S. media though Bolin always downplayed his involvement. Moxy renegotiated a new contract with Polydor of Canada for distribution in affiliation with Mercury Records. Both labels were owned by PolyGram Records at the time, who reissued the self-titled debut album in North America and worldwide in 1976. In the spring of 1976, "Fantasy" and "Sail On Sail Away" hit the top 20 charts on KISS-FM radio in San Antonio, Texas. KISS-FM disc jockey Joe Anthony had the freedom to play the album in its entirety on many occasions through the late 1970s.
We did an interview with a DJ in Texas, I asked him. He said, "First we play the first side we play the second side." I just about fell off my chair. After a few years of touring Moxy went from a bar band to headline concert attraction in Canada. Moxy II was recorded in the band's hometown of Toronto at Sound Stage studio with famed Aerosmith producer Jack Douglas; this was a year after the first album for Canadian fans, but just three months after the reissued copy of Moxy I was released in the U. S. Moxy II received international press coverage for the band. Most reviews predicted success for the band and comparisons were made to Aerosmith and Deep Purple. Moxy II was highly acclaimed on its release by Geoff Barton of the UK music publication Sounds, who made the album available to its readers for the special price of only £1.50. Geoff Barton would refer to Moxy as the Canadian Zeppelin. In the fall of 1976, Moxy was touring throughout Ontario and the Maritimes, they toured Texas as the opening act for Black Sabbath and Boston, except at the new Convention Center arena in San Antonio O
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969. The band has sold over 50 million copies of their albums to date, they are ranked as one of the greatest metal bands of all time. Despite an innovative and pioneering body of work in the latter half of the 1970s, the band struggled with indifferent record production and lack of major commercial success or attention until 1980, when they adopted a more simplified sound on the album British Steel, which helped shoot them to rock superstar status; the band's membership has seen much turnover, including a revolving cast of drummers in the 1970s, the temporary departure of singer Rob Halford in the early 1990s. The current line-up consists of Halford, bassist Ian Hill, guitarists Glenn Tipton and Richie Faulkner, drummer Scott Travis; the band's best-selling album is 1982's Screaming for Vengeance with their most commercially successful line-up, featuring Hill, Tipton, guitarist K. K. Downing, drummer Dave Holland. Tipton and Hill are the only two members of the band to appear on every album.
Halford's operatic vocal style and the twin guitar sound of Downing and Tipton have been a major influence on metal and have been adopted by many bands. Their image of leather and other taboo articles of clothing were influential during the glam metal era of the 1980s; the Guardian referred to British Steel as the record. Despite a decline in exposure during the mid 1990s, the band has once again seen a resurgence, including worldwide tours, being inaugural inductees into the VH1 Rock Honors in 2006, receiving a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 2010, their songs featured in video games such as Guitar Hero and the Rock Band series. Judas Priest formed in 1969 in industrial West Bromwich, in the Black Country, by vocalist Al Atkins and bassist Brian "Bruno" Stapenhill, with John Perry on guitar and John "Fezza" Partridge on drums. Perry soon died in a road accident, amongst the replacements the band auditioned were future Judas Priest guitarist Kenny "K. K." Downing. Stapenhill came up with the name Judas Priest from Bob Dylan's song "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest" on the album John Wesley Harding.
No member of that early line-up lasted long enough to play on the band's recordings, though several songs co-written by Atkins appeared on their first two albums. The band gained a three-album recording contract with the label Immediate in late 1969 after a gig in Walsall, but the label went out of business before an album could be recorded, the band split in 1970. Late in the year, Atkins found a heavy rock band rehearsing without a singer called Freight, made up of K. K. Downing on guitar, his childhood friend Ian "Skull" Hill on bass, drummer John Ellis, he joined them, they took on Atkins' defunct band's name. Their first gig was on 6 March 1971. Ellis quit that year and was replaced with Alan Moore. Early shows included Hendrix and Quatermass covers, in 1972 the set list included the originals "Never Satisfied", "Winter", the show-closer "Caviar and Meths". Moore left and was replaced with Christopher Louis "Congo" Campbell, the band joined Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi's management agency Iommi Management Agency.
Atkins continued to write material for the band—including "Whiskey Woman", which became the base for the Judas Priest staple "Victim of Changes"—but as finances were tight and he had a family to support, he played his last gigs with the band in December 1972. Campbell left soon afterwards, the band enlisted two members of the band Hiroshima: drummer John Hinch and vocalist Rob Halford, the brother of Hill's girlfriend. Judas Priest made their first tour of continental Europe in early 1974 and returned to England that April to sign a recording deal with the label Gull. Gull suggested adding a fifth member to fill in the band's sound. A precursor of The Flying Hat Band called Shave'Em Dry featured future Starfighters drummer Barry Scrannage, who had played with original Priest members Ernest Chataway and Bruno Stapenhill in the band Bullion. Judas Priest went into the studio in June–July 1974 with Black Sabbath producer Rodger Bain; the band released their debut single "Rocka Rolla" that August and followed in September with an album of the same name.
The album features a variety of styles—straight-up rock, heavy riffing, progressive. Technical problems during the recording contributed to the poor sound quality of the record. Producer Rodger Bain, whose resume included Black Sabbath's first three albums as well as Budgie's first album, dominated the production of the album and made decisions with which the band did not agree. Bain chose to leave fan favourites from the band's live set, such as "Tyrant", "Genocide" and "The Ripper", off the album and he cut the song "Caviar and Meths" from a 10-minute song down to a 2-minute instrumental; the tour for Rocka Rolla was Judas Priest's first international tour with dates in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark including one show at Hotel Klubben in Tønsberg, one hour from Oslo, which scored them a somewhat negative review in the local press. The album flopped upon release. Priest attempted to secure a deal with Gull Records to get a monthly pay of 50 pounds, because Gull Records were struggling as well, they declined.
Rocka Rolla has been for the most part dismissed by the band and none of its songs were played live after 1976 except for "Neve
United States at the 1984 Summer Olympics
The United States was the host nation of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California. It was the nineteenth time. 522 competitors, 339 men and 183 women, took part in 217 events in 25 sports. These Olympic Games were unique for the United States in that the host state was California, the home state of the country's president, Ronald Reagan, who himself opened the Games, becoming the first American president to open a Summer Olympics, any Olympic games in the United States. Reagan was governor of the state from 1967 to 1975, it was not until the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City that an American president opened a Winter Olympics in the United States. The United States topped the medal count for the first time since 1968, winning a record 83 gold medals and surpassing the Soviet Union’s total of 80 golds at the 1980 Summer Olympics. Darrell Pace — Archery, Men's Individual Competition Carl Lewis — Athletics, Men's 100 metres Carl Lewis — Athletics, Men's 200 metres Alonzo Babers — Athletics, Men's 400 metres Roger Kingdom — Athletics, Men's 110 m Hurdles Edwin Moses — Athletics, Men's 400 m Hurdles Sam Graddy, Carl Lewis, Ron Brown, Calvin Smith — Athletics, Men's 4 × 100 m Relay Ray Armstead, Alonzo Babers, Antonio McKay, Sunder Nix — Athletics, Men's 4 × 400 m Relay Carl Lewis — Athletics, Men's Long Jump Al Joyner — Athletics, Men's Triple Jump Evelyn Ashford — Athletics, Women's 100 metres Valerie Brisco-Hooks — Athletics, Women's 200 metres Valerie Brisco-Hooks — Athletics, Women's 400 metres Joan Benoit — Athletics, Women's Marathon Benita Fitzgerald-Brown — Athletics, Women's 100 m Hurdles Evelyn Ashford, Jeanette Bolden, Alice Brown, Chandra Cheeseborough — Athletics, Women's 4 × 100 m Relay Valerie Brisco-Hooks, Chandra Cheeseborough, Sherri Howard, Lillie Leatherwood — Athletics, Women's 4 × 400 m Relay Steve Alford, Patrick Ewing, Vern Fleming, Michael Jordan, Joe Kleine, Jon Koncak, Chris Mullin, Sam Perkins, Alvin Robertson, Wayman Tisdale, Jeff Turner, Leon Wood — Basketball, Men's Team Competition Cathy Boswell, Denise Curry, Anne Donovan, Teresa Edwards, Lea Henry, Janice Lawrence, Pamela McGee, Carol Menken-Schaudt, Cheryl Miller, Kim Mulkey, Cindy Noble, Lynette Woodard — Basketball, Women's Team Competition Paul Gonzales — Boxing, Men's Light Flyweight Steve McCrory — Boxing, Men's Flyweight Meldrick Taylor — Boxing, Men's Featherweight Pernell Whitaker — Boxing, Men's Lightweight Jerry Page — Boxing, Men's Light Welterweight Mark Breland — Boxing, Men's Welterweight Frank Tate — Boxing, Men's Light Middleweight Henry Tillman — Boxing, Men's Heavyweight Tyrell Biggs — Boxing, Men's Super Heavyweight Mark Gorski — Cycling, Men's 1000 m Sprint Steve Hegg — Cycling, Men's 4000 m Individual Pursuit Alexi Grewal — Cycling, Men's Individual Road Race Connie Carpenter-Phinney — Cycling, Women's Individual Road Race Greg Louganis — Diving, Men's Springboard Greg Louganis — Diving, Men's Platform Terry Rudd Bruce Davidson, Michael Plumb, Karen Stives and Torrance Watkins-Fleischmann — Equestrian, Three-Day Event Team Joseph Fargis — Equestrian, Jumping Individual Leslie Burr, Joseph Fargis, Conrad Homfeld, Melanie Smith — Equestrian, Jumping Team Bart Conner — Gymnastics, Men's Parallel Bars Peter Vidmar — Gymnastics, Men's Pommel Horse Bart Conner, Timothy Daggett, Mitchell Gaylord, James Hartung, Scott Johnson, Peter Vidmar — Gymnastics, Men's Team Combined Exercises Mary Lou Retton — Gymnastics, Women's All-Around Individual Julianne McNamara — Gymnastics, Women's Asymmetrical Bars Paul Enquist and Bradley Lewis — Rowing, Men's Double Sculls Betsy Beard, Carol Bower, Jeanne Flanagan, Carie Graves, Kathryn Keeler, Harriet Metcalf, Kristine Norelius, Shyril O'Steen, Kristen Thorsness — Rowing, Women's Eights Jonathan McKee and Carl Buchan — Sailing, Flying Dutchman Robbie Haines, Ed Trevalyan and Rod Davis — Sailing, Soling William E. Buchan and Steven Erickson — Sailing, Star Ed Etzel — Shooting, Men's Small-bore Rifle Matthew Dryke — Shooting, Men's Skeet Shooting Pat Spurgin — Shooting, Women's Air Rifle Rowdy Gaines — Swimming, Men's 100 m Freestyle George DiCarlo — Swimming, Men's 400 m Freestyle Mike O'Brien — Swimming, Men's 1500 m Freestyle Rick Carey — Swimming, Men's 100 m Backstroke Rick Carey — Swimming, Men's 200 m Backstroke Steve Lundquist — Swimming, Men's 100 m Breaststroke Matt Biondi, Chris Cavanaugh, Rowdy Gaines and Mike Heath — Swimming, Men's 4 × 100 m Freestyle Relay Jeff Float, Geoff Gaberino, Bruce Hayes, David Larson and Mike Heath — Swimming, Men's 100 m 4 × 200 m Freestyle Relay Rick Carey, Rowdy Gaines, Steve Lundquist and Pablo Morales — Swimming, Men's 100 m 4 × 100 m Medley Relay Nancy Hogshead — Swimming, Women's 100 m Freestyle Carrie Steinseifer — Swimming, Women's 100 m Freestyle Mary Wayte — Swimming, Women's 200 m Freestyle Tiffany Cohen — Swimming, Women's 400 m Freestyle Tiffany Cohen — Swimming, Women's 800 m Freestyle Theresa Andrews — Swimming, Women's 100 m Backstroke Mary T. Meagher — Swimming, Women's 100 m Butterfly Mary T. Meagher — Swimming, Women's 200 m Butterfly Tracy Caulkins — Swimming, Women's 200 m Individual Medley Tracy Caulkins — Swimming, Women's 400 m Individual Medley Nancy Hogshead, Jenna Johnson, Carrie Steinseifer and Dara Torres — Swimming, Women's 4 × 100 m Freestyle Relay Theresa Andrews, Tracy Caulkins, Nancy Hogshead and Mary T. Meagher — Swimming, Women's 4 × 100 m Medley Relay Tracie Ruiz — Synchronized Swimming, Women's Solo Candy Costie and Tracie Ruiz — Synchronized Swimming, Women's Duet Dusty Dvorak, Dave Saunders, Steven Salmons, Paul Sunderland, Rich Duwelius, Steve Timmons, Craig Buck, Marc Waldie, Chris Marlowe, Aldis Berzins, Patrick Powers and Karch Kiraly — Volleyball, Men's team competition Bobby Weaver — Freestyle wrestling, Men's Light Flyweight Randy Lew
Robert Jens "Bob" Rock is a Canadian musician, sound engineer, record producer, best known for producing rock bands and music artists such as Metallica, the Tragically Hip, the Cult, Bon Jovi, Mötley Crüe, 311, Our Lady Peace, Bryan Adams, the Offspring, Michael Bublé, Black Veil Brides, David Lee Roth, Ron Sexsmith. Rock began his music career in Langford, British Columbia, as a guitarist playing with friends William Alexander and Paul Hyde in the former's household basement. After high school graduation, Rock left Victoria and became the co-founder of the Payolas, who became well known with the success of their 1980s hit, "Eyes of a Stranger", used as part of the soundtrack of the movie Valley Girl starring Nicolas Cage. In 1983, the Payolas won the Juno Award for Single of the Year. Rock worked as an assistant engineer at Little Mountain Sound in Vancouver. In 1987, the band again changed their name to Rock and Hyde and had a hit single in Canada with the song "Dirty Water"; the song charted on Billboard's Hot 100.
In 2007, the Payolas became active once more as a touring and recording act, releasing the EP Langford Part One. Rock is best known as a producer for heavy metal bands such as Metallica and Mötley Crüe, he has worked with Aerosmith, Bon Jovi, Blue Murder, the Moffatts, the Cult, David Lee Roth, Skid Row, Veruca Salt, Nina Gordon, the Offspring, 311, Our Lady Peace, the Tragically Hip, the Tea Party, American Hi-Fi, Simple Plan, Nelly Furtado, Jann Arden, Ron Sexsmith. Rock returned to performing, forming the band Rockhead with ex-Payolas drummer Chris Taylor; the band released two singles before splitting up. Rock produced the five finalist songs of CBC Sports's Hockey Night in Canada Anthem Challenge in late 2008. In 1990, Rock was chosen to produce Metallica's diamond-certified self-titled album Metallica, he subsequently produced Load and ReLoad as well as the new material for the band's cover album Garage Inc.. After Jason Newsted left Metallica in January 2001, Rock wrote and recorded all of the bass guitar parts on the 2003 album St. Anger.
He played bass during the band's few live performances until Robert Trujillo joined the band in February 2003. Rock was featured prominently in the 2004 documentary film Some Kind of Monster; the film dealt with Metallica's internal strife and their struggles with the creative process during the recording of St. Anger. In February 2006, Metallica chose producer Rick Rubin to produce their next album, ending the band's long-time relationship with Rock. At Metallica's 30th Anniversary Concert on December 10, 2011, Rock joined Metallica onstage and performed bass alongside Trujillo on the songs "Dirty Window" and "Frantic". Rock's career both as a producer and musician was recognized at the 2007 Juno Awards Ceremony in Saskatoon for his lifetime contribution to popular music, he was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame by the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. "Bob is a musical craftsman whose wide range of talents show no signs of slowing," said Melanie Berry, CARAS President.
"He has helped to define rock as we know it today, we are proud to recognize him in the Canadian Music Hall of Fame."Rock confirmed his acceptance of the award: "It is an honour to join great producers like Bob Ezrin, Bruce Fairbairn, Daniel Lanois, Jack Richardson, David Foster in the Canadian Music Hall of Fame" said Rock. "They are all giants of the industry, to be recognized, means that I had to have worked with great artists. I thank them for their confidence and inspiration."Rock has received nominations for 17 Juno Awards in various categories including "Producer of the Year", "Recording Engineer of the Year", "Composer of the Year", "Entertainer of the Year". He has won on numerous occasions for both his production work and his work with the Payola$ and Rock and Hyde. Rock last won Producer of the Year in 2005 for Simple Plan's "Welcome to My Life", he has been nominated for 2007 Producer of the Year for his work on The Tragically Hip's album World Container. In 2014, Rock won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for his work on Michael Bublé's album To Be Loved.
Payolas – In a Place Like This Payolas – No Stranger to Danger Strange Advance – Worlds Away Payolas – Hammer on a Drum Paul Hyde & The Payolas – Here's the World for Ya Zappacosta – A to Z Rock and Hyde – Under the Volcano Mötley Crüe – Dr. Feelgood Rockhead – Rockhead Metallica – St. Anger 1979 – Young Canadians – Hawaii 1979 – The Subhumans – Death Was Too Kind 1980 – Pointed Sticks – Perfect Youth 1981 – Payolas – In a Place Like This 1986 – Zappacosta – A to Z 1986 – The Cheer – Shot with Our Own Guns 1987 – Rock and Hyde – Under the Volcano 1988 – Kingdom Come – Kingdom Come 1988 – Colin James 1989 – The Cult – Sonic Temple 1989 – Blue Murder – Blue Murder 1989 – Mötley Crüe – Dr. Feelgood 1989 - Loverboy - Big Ones 1990 – Little Caesar – Little Caesar 1990 – Electric Boys – Funk'o Metal Carpet Ride 1991 – David Lee Roth – A Little Ain't Enough 1991 – Metallica – Metallica 1991 – Mötley Crüe – Decade of Decadence 1992 – Cher - "Love Hurts" 1992 – Bon Jovi – Keep the Faith 1992 – Rockhead – Rockhead 1993 – Quireboys – Bitter Sweet & Twisted 1994 – Mötley Crüe – Mötley Crüe 1994 – The Cult – The Cult 1995 – Skid Row – Subhuman Race 1996 – Metallica – Load 1997 – Metallica – Reload 1997 – Veruca Salt – Eight Arms to Hold You 1998 – Metallica – Garage Inc. 1998 – Bryan Adams – On a Day Like