Gobichettipalayam is a town and municipality in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the second largest city and urban agglomeration in Erode district and is the administrative headquarters of Gobichettipalayam taluka, it is situated at the center of the South Indian Peninsula, 37 kilometres from the district head quarters Erode,47 kilometres north of Tiruppur and 80 kilometres east of Coimbatore. Agriculture and textile industries contribute majorly to the economy of the town; the town is situated at 213 metres above sea level, surrounded by Western Ghats. The town is a part of Gobichettipalayam constituency and elects its member of legislative assembly every five years, a part of the Tirupur constituency that elects its member of parliament; the town is administered by a municipality established in 1949 and has a population of 60,279 as of 2011. It is known as "Mini Kollywood" because of the film shooting that takes place here and many films in Tamil and other languages have been shot. A major part of present Gobichettipalayam was known as "Veerapandi Gramam", documents and records still use that name.
The town was part of the country ruled by king Vēl Pāri, regarded as one of the Kadai ēzhu vallal. Pariyur, a temple town near Gobichettipalayam was named after him; the land was ruled by the Cheras and Vijayanagar empire with the town deriving its name after Gobi Chetti, a Vijayanagara Polygar. It was captured by Tipu Sultan and after Tipu's defeat, British annexed it to their territory. According to 2011 census, Gobichettipalayam had a population of 60,279 with a sex-ratio of 1,062 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 4,669 were under the age of six, constituting 2,305 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 10.74% and.08% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 78.52%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The city had a total of 17064 households. There were a total of 25,225 workers, comprising 512 cultivators, 2,035 main agricultural labourers, 637 in house hold industries, 21,070 other workers, 971 marginal workers, 15 marginal cultivators, 308 marginal agricultural labourers, 57 marginal workers in household industries and 591 other marginal workers.
The population is dominated by the Kongu Vellalar community. There are a significant number of North Indians, Malayalis, Mudaliar, Dalits and Vettuva Gounders; as per the religious census of 2011, Gobichettipalayam had 90.3% Hindus, 7.1% Muslims, 2.5% Christians and 0.1% others. Gobichettipalayam Municipality was constituted on 1 October 1949 as III grade as per G. O. Ms. No. 1948 dated 12 August 1949 with effect from 1 October 1949 and was elevated to Grade II as per G. O. Ms. No. 194 dated 10 February 1970 and to first Grade with effect from 1 October 1977 as per G. O. Ms. No. 1532, 21 September 1977, to Selection Grade as per G. O. Ms. No. 238, 2 December 2008. The town elects a Member to the legislative assembly, it is represented by education minister K. A. Sengottaiyan of AIADMK. Gobichettipalayam was a parliamentary constituency until 2009 and was replaced by the newly formed Tirupur constituency during delimitation by Election Commission of India. After the delimination, Gobichettipalayam assembly constituency is part of the Tirupur constituency.
The municipality of Gobichettipalayam has 67.604 kilometres of roads of which 6.6 kilometres is owned by the State Highways Department. The town is well connected by roads with the following arterial roads connecting with other major towns: State Highway 81, State Highway 15, State Highway 15A; the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation has a depot and was in possession of 1,218 buses as of 31 March 2005. Known as Jeeva Transport Corporation, it came into being by the bifurcation of Cheran Transport Corporation and became part of Coimbatore division of TNSTC. Buses ply to all neighboring state of Karnataka. KSRTC buses connect to the town due to its proximity to Karnataka; the nearest major railway station is Erode Junction located 38 kilometres from the town. A proposal to construct a railway line connecting Mysore with Erode via Gobichettipalayam was mooted during the British rule in 1915. Four official surveys were made in 1922, 1936, 1942 and as as 2008, but the plan failed to take off due to the concerns of railway line passing through the Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary.
The nearest airport is Coimbatore International Airport, located 74 kilometres from the town. The airport has regular flights from/to major domestic destinations and international destinations like Sharjah and Singapore. Gobichettipalayam is located in Kongu Nadu, the northwestern part of Tamil Nadu about 400 kilometres south west of Chennai. Western Ghats forms the border of the region resulting several hill locks and Bhavani River traverses across the region; the temperature is moderately warm in Gobichettipalayam, except during the summer months when it is hot. Rainfall is moderate to high and unevenly distributed; the soil consists of black loam, red loam and red sand. In general, the soil in and around the city is fertile and good for agriculture purposes and the surrounding water logged rice fields contribute to the high humidity levels. Gobichettipalayam has a good educational infrastructure. Notable schools are Diamond Jubilee Higher Secondary School, established over a 100 years ago and visited by Mahatma Gandhi and Shree Vidyalaya, which has a full-time dyslexic center.
The city i
Kerala, locally known as Keralam, is a state on the southwestern, Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2, Kerala is the twenty-second largest Indian state by area, it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, the Lakshadweep Sea and Arabian Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population, it is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era; the region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE.
In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin, they united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State, the state of Thiru-Kochi, the taluk of Kasaragod in South Canara, a part of Madras State; the economy of Kerala is the 12th-largest state economy in India with ₹7.73 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹163,000. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%. The state has witnessed significant emigration to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, its economy depends on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community.
Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian and European cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad; the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, tea, coffee and spices are important; the state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres, around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions; the name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. One popular theory derives Kerala from alam; the word Kerala is first recorded as Keralaputra in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka, one of his edicts pertaining to welfare.
The inscription refers to the local ruler as Keralaputra. This contradicts the theory that Kera is from "coconut tree". At that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil: Chera and Kera are variants of the same word; the word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for "lake". The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. Kerala is mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics; the Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal, referred to as Manikkam Keralar, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil chera alam; the Greco-Roman trade map. According to Tamil classic Purananuru, Chera king Senkuttuvan conquered the lands between Kanyakumari and the Himalayas. Lacking worthy enemies, he besieged the sea by throwing his spear into it. According to the 17th century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu.
Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, the water receded as far as it reached. According to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari; the land which rose from sea was filled with unsuitable for habitation. Out of respect and all snakes were appo
The Moyar River is one of the tributaries of the Bhavani in Tamil Nadu, South India. The Moyar river originates from a small town called Moyar off the Masinagudi–Ooty road; this is a natural line of the Mudumalai sanctuary to the south. The Moyar River Gorge is 20 kilometres long and is called the Moyar Canyon; the river flows into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring waterfall called Moyar Falls. This river is checked by Bhavanisagar Dam on the plains near Satyamangalam, along with the Bhavani River
Bhavani, Tamil Nadu
Bhavani is a town in Erode District, Tamil Nadu, India. It is around 107 km from Coimbatore. Bhavani is known as "Carpet City" as it is known for its carpet industry – blankets and carpets manufactured in the town are known as Bhavani Jamakkalam; as of 2011, the town covers an area of 2.17 square kilometres and has a population of 39,225. It is a grade II municipality. Bhavani is located 14 kilometres north of Erode Junction; the Mettur Dam, which creates the Stanley Reservoir, is 41 kilometres from Bhavani. Sangameswarar Temple, one of the seven holy Shiva centers of the Kongu Nadu, is located in Bhavani near the confluence of the rivers; the temple serves 18 villages surrounding the town. The Kunnuvarankottai Kasi Visalakshi-Viswanathar Temple is situated nearby Kooduthurai. According to Hindu legends, son of Visirava was given an aircraft in recognition of his devotion to Lord Shiva. While visiting all the Shiva temples at various places in the country, he saw an Ilandhai Jujube tree on the banks of the Kaveri river where the deer, cow, elephant and the rat were drinking water without any sign of enmity among them.
It was a place inhabited by holy men and such good people. Kubera heard a voice from the sky saying that the Vedas came to the earth at this place near the Ilandhai tree and that there was a Shivalinga beneath it and advised him to worship the Lord and reap the benefits; the Lord "Shiva" thereafter appeared before Kubera. At his request, the Lord is named Alagesan; this is the place where rivers Kaveri and Amirtha meet. People perform rites here to satisfy their departed elders; the other speciality in Bhavani is that when dead bodies are burnt, the skulls do not scatter as found in graveyards at other places. It is said. For cure from high fever, people offer rice prepared with pepper and jeeragam to the Lord and get cured. Besides these prayer offerings, people come here for removal of obstacles to marriage; the Amirthalingeswarar in the temple is placed on a seat called Avudayar according to Saiva principles. It is a mobile one that can be placed on the seat again. Men and women seeking boons for children take the Sivalinga, perform puja and walk around it for three times and place it back on the Avudayar.
The Amirthalinga is in the southern entrance of the temple. The other names of the Lord here are Alagesan, Maruthulingam, Vakreswara and Thirunannavudayar; the Goddess Vedanayaki is known as Sangameswari, Bhavani Amman and Vakreswari. It is said; the main deity of this town Sri Sellandiamman temple. This is main temple for more 18 villages surrounding Bhavani town; the mega-festival of Bhavani is celebrated during March. Festival celebrated for more than 45 days.. more than 100 years every community in southern India have celebrated as per the custom in Sri Sellandiamman temple during festival. Nearly 39 communities participate in first of this kind in India. On Kasi vishalakshi udanamar kasi viswanathar is located nearby kududurai; this temple fondly called chinnakoil. Bairavasthami valipadu is famous in this temple. Navagrahas in this temple are with devi's, i.e all navagrahas are with their wives in separate madapam. Treated only few temples navagrahas with wive's. Bramothsavam is celebrated in panguni month.
On a day of panguni uthiram lord thiruananikka is held temple car festival will be started. During kathikai month 1008 sangabishekam is held in temple in grand manner. There's a lord muruga temple located in centre of town; every year thousands of devotees proceed to palani by walk from here. A lord Ayyapaa temple is located on the northern side of town. Lord Ayyapan and lord Dharmasastha reside in same garpakrahas in this temple; this only ayyapan temple tamilnadu have two deities in same temple. The holy waters of Bhavani are known as Kaveri theertham, Bhavani & Amirtha River, Surya theertham and Gayatri theertham; the temple is situated at the confluence spot of the Kaveri and Bhavani rivers, known as Kooduthurai. Of the seven holy Shiva centers of the Kongu Region, Bhavani is one; the scriptural name is Thirunana. The 13 days Car festival in the Tamil Month Chithirai is the most famous in the temple attracting lakhs of devotees. On Adiperukku day, Ammavasyas Thai Ammavasya, eclipse days are devotionally followed in the Bhavani temple by taking bath in the rivers and performing rites.
Devotees from other states come in large numbers during November and December months corresponding to Tamil Karthikai and Margazhi. During the Sabari mala season, lots of devotees come and do pujas in this temple, on their way to Kerala. Special pujas are performed to the Lord and Goddess on English and Tamil New Year days and Deepavali days; the annual Bhrammotsavam here is celebrated in the month of Aadi. Bhavani is located at 11.45°N 77.68°E / 11.45. It has an average elevation of 193 metres, it lies at the confluence of the rivers Kaveri, the largest river in Tamil Nadu and Bhavani, the second largest river in Tamil Nadu, with the invisible mystic Sarasvati River. Hence this place is known as the Triveni Sangam of South; the Sangameswarar Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, built at the confluence of these rivers, is a sacred place for Hindus. The temple is located on the northern bank; the five hill temples of this area such as Sankari, Padmagiri and Vedagiri are surrounding this Temple. According to 2
The Nilgiri Mountains form part of the Western Ghats in western Tamil Nadu of Southern India. At least 24 of the Nilgiri Mountains' peaks are above 2,000 metres, the highest peak being Doddabetta, at 2,637 metres. Nilgiri means blue hill in all four major Dravidian languages and in Sanskrit; the usage of the name Nilgiri has been observed since at least 1117 CE. It is thought; the Nilgiri mountains span around 90 km in nearly 80 km from east to west. The area covered is about 3900 km². Distinguished from the surrounding lowlands in the west and east, the area is bounded by the Moyar River to the northlying Karnataka plateau and merges into the Wayanad plateau of Kerala at the north west. Three national parks border portions of the Nilgiri mountains. Mudumalai National Park lies in the northern part of the range where Kerala and Tamil Nadu meet, covering an area of 321 km². Mukurthi National Park lies in the southwest part of the range, in Kerala, covering an area of 78.5 km², which includes intact shola-grassland mosaic, habitat for the Nilgiri tahr.
Silent Valley National Park lies just to the south and contiguous with those two parks, covering an area of 89.52 km². Kotas are an ethnic group who are indigenous to the Nilgiris mountain range in India, they are one of the many tribal peoples indigenous to the region. Others are the Todas and Kurumbas; the Nilgiri Hills are part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, form a part of the protected bio reserves in India. The high steppes of the Nilgiri Hills have been inhabited since prehistoric times, demonstrated by a large number of artifacts unearthed by excavators. A important collection from the region can be seen in the British Museum, including those assembled by colonial officers James Wilkinson Breeks, Major M. J. Walhouse and Sir Walter Elliot; the first recorded use of the word Nila applied to this region can be traced back to 1117 AD. In the report of a general of Vishnuvardhana, King of Hoysalas, who in reference to his enemies, claimed to have "frightened the Todas, driven the Kongas underground, slaughtered the Poluvas, put to death the Maleyalas, terrified Chieftain Kala Nirpala and proceeded to offer the peak of Nila Mountain to Lakshmi, Goddess of Wealth."A hero stone with a Kannada inscription at Vazhaithottam in the Nilgiri District, dated to 10th century CE, has been discovered.
A Kannada inscription of Hoysala king Ballala III from the 14th century CE has been discovered at the Siva temple at Nilagiri Sadarana Kote, near the junction of Moyar and Bhavani rivers, but the temple has since been submerged by the Bhavani Sagar dam. In 1814, as part of the Great Trigonometrical Survey, a sub-assistant named Keys and an apprentice named McMahon ascended the hills by the Danaynkeucottah Pass, penetrated into the remotest parts, made plans, sent in reports of their discoveries; as a result of these accounts, Messrs. Whish and Kindersley, two young Madras civilians, ventured up in pursuit of some criminals taking refuge in the mountains, proceeded to observe the interior, they soon saw and felt enough favorable climate and terrain to excite their own curiosity, that of others. After the early 1820s, the hills were developed under the British Raj, because most of the land was privately owned by British citizens, it was a popular summer and weekend getaway for the British during the colonial days.
In 1827, Ooty became the summer capital of the Madras Presidency. Many winding hill roads were built. In 1899, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway was completed by influential and enterprising British citizens, with venture capital from the Madras government. In the 19th century, when the British Straits Settlement shipped Chinese convicts to be jailed in India, the Chinese men settled in the Nilgiri mountains near Naduvattam after their release and married Tamil Paraiyan women, having mixed Chinese-Tamil children with them, they were documented by Edgar Thurston. The highest point in the Nilgiris and the southern extent of the range is Doddabetta Peak, 4 km east southeast of Udhagamandalam, 11°24′10″N 76°44′14″E. Linked peaks in the west of Doddabetta range and nearby Udhagamandalam include: Kolaribetta: height: 2,630 metres, Makurni m) Hecuba: 2,375 metres, Kattadadu: 2,418 metres and Kulkudi: 2,439 metres. Snowdon (height: 11°26′N 76°46′E is the northern extent of the range. Club Hill and Elk Hill 11°23′55″N 76°42′39″E are significant elevations in this range.
Snowdon, Club Hill and Elk Hill with Doddabetta, form the impressive Udhagamandalam Valley. Devashola, notable for its blue gum trees, is in the south of Doddabetta range. Kulakombai is east of the Devashola; the Bhavani Valley and the Lambton's peak range of Coimbatore district stretch from here. Hullikal Durg:, 11°19′N 76°53′E, Hulikal Durg means Tiger Rock Fort; the Sanskrit name of his place is Bakasura Parvata. It is 3 km. southeast of Coonoor. Tropical pine forest flourishes at the base of this hill. Coonoor Betta is called Teneriffe, it is on the northern side of the gorge. Rallia Hill (height: 2,248 m
Tamil Nadu is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala and Andhra Pradesh, it is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, by the Indian Ocean on the south. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu is the sixth largest by population, it has a high HDI ranking among Indian states as of 2017. The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second-largest state economy in India with ₹17.25 lakh crore in gross domestic product after Maharashtra and a per capita GDP of ₹167,000. It was ranked as one of the top seven developed states in India based on a "Multidimensional Development Index" in a 2013 report published by the Reserve Bank of India.
Its official language is Tamil, one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world. The region was ruled by several empires, including the three great empires – Chola and Pandyan empires, which shape the region's cuisine and architecture; the British Colonial rule during the modern period led to the emergence of Chennai known as Madras, as a world-class city. Modern-day Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganization of states on linguistic lines; the state is home to a number of historic buildings, multi-religious pilgrimage sites, hill stations and three World Heritage sites. Archaeological evidence points to this area being one of the longest continuous habitations in the Indian peninsula. In Attirampakkam, archaeologists from the Sharma Centre for Heritage Education excavated ancient stone tools which suggests that a humanlike population existed in the Tamil Nadu region somewhere around 300,000 years before homo sapiens arrived from Africa. In Adichanallur, 24 km from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, bones, grains of rice, charred rice and celts of the Neolithic period, 3,800 years ago.
The ASI archaeologists have proposed that the script used at that site is "very rudimentary" Tamil Brahmi. Adichanallur has been announced as an archaeological site for further excavation and studies. About 60 per cent of the total epigraphical inscriptions found by the ASI in India are from Tamil Nadu, most of these are in the Tamil language. A Neolithic stone celt with the Indus script on it was discovered at Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu. According to epigraphist Iravatham Mahadevan, this was the first datable artefact bearing the Indus script to be found in Tamil Nadu. According to Mahadevan, the find was evidence of the use of the Harappan language, therefore that the "Neolithic people of the Tamil country spoke a Harappan language"; the date of the celt was estimated at between 1500 BCE and 2000 BCE. Though this finding remains contested,like the claim of historian Michel Danino who rubbishes the theory of the latter’s southward migration in a paper he presented at the International Symposium on Indus Civilisation and Tamil Language in 2007.
He wrote: ‘There is no archaeological evidence of a southward migration through the Deccan after the end of the urban phase of the Indus- Sarasvati civilization… The only actual evidence of movements at that period is of Late Harappans migrating towards the Ganges plains and towards Gujarat... Migration apart, there is a complete absence of Harappan artefacts and features south of the Vindhyas: no Harappan designs on pottery, no Harappan seals and ornaments, no trace of Harappan urbanism… Cultural continuity from Harappan to historical times has been documented in North India, but not in the South… This means, in effect, that the south-bound Late Harappans would have reverted from an advanced urban bronze-age culture to a Neolithic one! Their migration to South would thus constitute a double “archaeological miracle”: apart from being undetectable on the ground, it implies that the migrants experienced a total break with all their traditions; such a phenomenon is unheard of.’ The early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is a topic in Tamil literary sources known as Sangam literature.
Numismatic and literary sources corroborate that the Sangam period lasted for about eight centuries, from 500 BC to AD 300. The recent excavations in Alagankulam archaeological site suggests that Alagankulam is one of the important trade centre or port city in Sangam Era; the Bhakti movement originated in Tamil speaking region of South India and spread northwards through India. The Bhakti Movement was a rapid growth of bhakti beginning in this region with the Saiva Nayanars and the Vaisnava Alvars who spread bhakti poetry and devotion; the Alwars and Nayanmars were instrumental in propagating the Bhakti tradition. During the 4th to 8th centuries, Tamil Nadu saw the rise of the Pallava dynasty under Mahendravarman I and his son Mamalla Narasimhavarman I; the Pallavas ruled parts of South India with Kanchipuram as their capital. Tamil architecture reached its peak during Pallava rule. Narasimhavarman II built the Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Much the Pallavas were replaced by the Chola dynasty as the dominant kingdom in the 9th century and they in turn were replaced by the Pandyan Dynasty in the 13th century.
The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep s
Sathyamangalam is a town and municipality in Erode district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It lies on the banks of river Bhavani, a tributary of River Cauvery in the foothills of the Western Ghats, it is 70 km from Coimbatore. As of 2011, the town had a population of 57,814. Sathyamangalam is situated on the southern side of the Western Ghats, which extends towards the east from the Nilgiri mountains; the town lies close to the border of the adjoining state of Karnataka. The general topography of this town is not flat and the town is covered by the sloping lands; the river Bhavani flows at the center of the town from west to east. Agricultural wet lands are predominant on both sides of the river and dry lands are predominant in the northern side of the town. Sathyamangalam is a medium-sized town with an agricultural linter land on all sides; the rate of growth is low. Poor industrial activities are one of the reasons for slow growth rate of urban development. Sathyamangalam Municipality's area in 29.24 km, comprising four revenue villages.
Only 10.46% of the municipal area is developed as urban area and the remaining 89.54% remains undeveloped agricultural land. According to 2011 census, Sathyamangalam had a population of 37,816 with a sex-ratio of 1,006 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 3,382 were under the age of six, constituting 1,645 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for.74 % of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 72.02%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 11148 households. There were a total of 17,451 workers, comprising 1,094 cultivators, 1,882 main agricultural labourers, 741 in house hold industries, 11,272 other workers, 2,462 marginal workers, 26 marginal cultivators, 430 marginal agricultural labourers, 136 marginal workers in household industries and 1,870 other marginal workers; as per the religious census of 2011, Sathyamangalam had 86.3% Hindus, 10.2% Muslims, 3.4% Christians and 0.1% others.
Sathyamangalam is the headquarters for Sathyamangalam taluka in Erode District. The town was upgraded to a third grade municipality from the status of town panchayat in 1970 and subsequently as a second grade Municipality in 1977, it was elevated to a first grade municipality in 1998. The town is situated at a distance of 65 km from district headquarters Erode, connected through State Highway 15 via Gobichettipalayam; the Coimbatore-Bangalore National Highway passes through this town. It is well connected by buses from nearby towns and cities with frequent buses available to/from Coimbatore, Gobichettipalayam and Mysore; the nearest railway station is Erode Junction. The Erode-Chamrajnagar railway line scheme was proposed in 1915 via Gobichettipalayam, Sathyamangalam; the British conducted surveys in 1922, 1936 and 1942 and survey stones were laid for the proposed railway line. But after Independence the scheme did not take off and was rejected amid concerns about destruction of forests and wildlife.
The nearest airport is Coimbatore International Airport, 65 km by road, which has regular flights to New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Pune and Singapore. Sathyamanagalam assembly constituency was merged with Bhavani Sagar as a part of delimitation by the Election Commission of India, it was a part of the Gobichettipalayam parliamentary constituency until 2010 before being merged with Nilgiris. Bhavanisagar dam Bhavanisagar dam is located on the Bhavani River 16 km west to Sathyamangalam; the dam is the second largest dam in Tamil Nadu. Bannari Amman Temple Bannari Amman temple is one of the famous Amman temples in Tamil nadu and it is located in Bannari on NH 209 near Sathyamangalam. Kundam Festival is celebrated in the Tamil month of Panguni; this is the most famous annual festival, lakhs of devotees from different directions throng the temple in this month, marked by festivity and gaiety. Reserve forests A portion of the Sathyamangalam forests was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 2008 and as a tiger reserve in 2013.
Sathyamangalam was declared as reserve forest under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1973. It is contiguous with the Biligirirangan Temple Wildlife Sanctuary to the north in neighboring Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka, together forms a vital corridor for elephant movements; the 2009 wildlife survey enumerated 10 Bengal tigers, 866 Indian elephants, 672 gaurs, 27 leopards. The survey party observed four additional species of horned antelope including 2,348 spotted deer, 1,068 blackbuck, 304 sambar deer, 77 barking deer and four-horned antelope, 843 wild boar, 43 sloth bear and 15 striped hyenas. Herds of the famous feral buffaloes can be spotted in places near the Moyar river. Satyamangalam block