Ludovico Ariosto was an Italian poet. He is best known as the author of the romance epic Orlando Furioso; the poem, a continuation of Matteo Maria Boiardo's Orlando Innamorato, describes the adventures of Charlemagne and the Franks as they battle against the Saracens with diversions into many sideplots. Ariosto composed the poem in the ottava rima rhyme scheme and introduced narrative commentary throughout the work. Ariosto coined the term "humanism" for choosing to focus upon the strengths and potential of humanity, rather than only upon its role as subordinate to God; this led to Renaissance humanism. Ariosto was born in Reggio nell’Emilia, where his father Niccolò Ariosto was commander of the citadel, he was the oldest of 10 children and was seen as the successor to the patriarchal position of his family. From his earliest years, Ludovico was interested in poetry, but he was obliged by his father to study law. After five years of law, Ariosto was allowed to read classics under Gregorio da Spoleto.
Ariosto's studies of Greek and Latin literature were cut short by Spoleto's move to France to tutor Francesco Sforza. Shortly after this, Ariosto's father died. After the death of his father, Ludovico Ariosto was compelled to forgo his literary occupations and take care of his family, whose affairs were in disarray. Despite his family obligations, Ariosto managed to write some comedies in prose as well as lyrical pieces; some of these attracted the notice of Cardinal Ippolito d'Este, who took the young poet under his patronage and appointed him one of the gentlemen of his household. Este compensated Ariosto poorly for his efforts. Ariosto said that the cardinal was ungrateful, that he deplored the time which he spent under his yoke, that if he received some small pension, it was not to reward him for his poetry – which the prelate despised – but for acting as a messenger. Ludovico Ariosto and Leonardo da Vinci shared a patron in Cardinal Ippolito d'Este's older sister the Marchioness Isabella d’Este, the "First Lady of the Renaissance."
Isabella d'Este appears in Orlando Furioso. She appears in Leonardo's, "Sketch for a Portrait of Isabella d’Este," at the Louvre; the cardinal went to Hungary in 1518, wished Ariosto to accompany him. The poet excused himself, pleading ill health, his love of study, the need to care for his elderly mother, his excuses were not well-received, he was denied an interview. Ariosto and d'Este got into a heated argument, Ariosto was promptly dismissed from service; the cardinal's brother, duke of Ferrara, now took Ariosto under his patronage. By Ariosto had distinguished himself as a diplomat, chiefly on the occasion of two visits to Rome as ambassador to Pope Julius II; the fatigue of one of these journeys brought on an illness from which he never recovered, on his second mission he was nearly killed by order of the Pope, who happened at the time to be in conflict with Alfonso. On account of the war, his salary of 84 crowns a year was suspended, it was withdrawn altogether after the peace; because of this, Ariosto asked the duke either to provide for him, or to allow him to seek employment elsewhere.
He was appointed to the province of Garfagnana without a governor, situated on the Apennines, an appointment he held for three years. The province was distracted by factions and bandits, the governor had not the requisite means to enforce his authority and the duke did little to support his minister. Ariosto's government satisfied both the people given over to his care, however. In 1508 Ariosto's play Cassaria appeared, the next year I suppositi was first acted in Ferrara and ten years in the Vatican. A prose edition was published in Rome in 1524, the first verse edition was published at Venice in 1551; the play was translated by George Gascoigne and acted at Gray's Inn in London in 1566 and published in 1573, used by Shakespeare as a source for The Taming of the Shrew. In 1516, the first version of the Orlando Furioso in 40 cantos, was published at Ferrara; the third and final version of the Orlando Furioso, in 46 cantos, appeared on 8 September 1532. Throughout Ariosto's writing are narratorial comments dubbed by Dr. Daniel Javitch as "Cantus Interruptus".
Javitch's term refers to Ariosto's narrative technique to break off one plot line in the middle of a canto, only to pick it up again in another much canto. Javitch argues that while many critics have assumed Ariosto does this so as to build narrative tension and keep the reader turning pages, the poet in reality defuses narrative tension because so much time separates the interruption and the resumption. By the time the reader gets to the continuation of the story, he or she has forgotten or ceased to care about the plot and is wrapped up in another plot. Ariosto does this, Javitch argues, to undermine "man's foolish but persistent desire for continuity and completion". Ariosto uses it throughout his works. For example, in Canto II, stanza 30, of Orlando Furioso, the narrator says: Some have attributed this piece of metafiction as one component of the "Sorriso ariostesco" or Ariosto's smile, the wry sense of humor that Ariosto adds to the text. In explaining this humor, Thomas Greene, in Descent
Eve M. Troutt Powell is an American historian of the Middle East and North Africa, a Professor at University of Pennsylvania in the Department of History, she is a recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship. She graduated with a B. A from Radcliffe College, an M. A. and Ph. D. from Harvard University. She taught at the University of Georgia, she was a presidential intern at American University of Cairo. She is a member of the American Historical Association, she is an expert on Egypt and slavery in the Nile Valley. 2003 MacArthur Fellows Program A Different Shade of Colonialism, Egypt Great Britain and the Mastery of Sudan, University of California Press, 2003, ISBN 978-0-520-23317-1 The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Lands of Islam, Editors John O. Hunwick, Eve Troutt Powell, Markus Wiener Publishers, 2002, ISBN 978-1-55876-275-6 "The Tools of the Master: Slavery and Empire in Nineteenth Century Egypt", School of Social Science Tell This in My Memory: Stories of Enslavement from Egypt and the Ottoman Empire, Stanford University Press, 14 nov.
Howard is a census-designated place in southern Howard Township, Knox County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 242; the United States Postal Service has assigned Howard the ZIP Code 43028. The community lies along U. S. Route 36. Called "Kinderhook", the community adopted the name "Howard" when the railroad was extended to that point. A post office called Howard has been in operation since 1872. East Knox High School is located in Howard, as are the East Knox Local School District board offices; the Kokosing Gap Trail runs through Ohio. East Knox Local Schools
Mahananda Dasgupta FAA, FAIP, FAPS is an experimental physicist at the Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility in the Department of Nuclear Physics of the Australian National University, whose work focuses on accelerator-based nuclear fusion and fission. Dasgupta has made key contributions in developing theoretical models to quantum tunnelling of composite objects, has designed efficient experimental particle detection equipment, her current work aims to understand the quantum interactions of stable and unstable exotic nuclei, underpinning opportunities with next generation accelerators. Dasgupta's work is advancing understanding on the transition from quantum to classical behaviour, important for the development of nanoscale technologies. In 1992, Dasgupta completed her PhD at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in India. Shortly after, she moved to Australia, in 1998 was awarded a Queen Elizabeth II Fellowship by the Australian Research Council. In 2003, she became the first woman appointed to a tenured position in the Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering at the Australian National University, in 2004 she undertook a nationwide lecture tour as the 2004 Australian Institute of Physics "Women in Physics" lecturer.
In 2006, she was awarded the prestigious Pawsey medal from the Australian Academy of Science, which honours outstanding research in physics in Australia by a scientist under the age of 40. Dasgupta was elected a fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 2011, that same year was awarded the inaugural Georgina Sweet Australian Laureate Fellowship from the Australian Academy of Science; the fellowship funded Dasgupta in her efforts to increase the profile of women in science and work towards advancing early career researchers as well as facilitate leadership pathways for senior women researchers. She is currently a member of the National Committee for Physics; that year she represented the Group of Eight universities at the Women in Science and Engineering summit at Parliament House. In 2019, Dasgupta was elected a fellow of the American Physical Society for "advancing the understanding of nuclear fusion through precision measurements, highlighting the role of quantum superpositions and demonstrating the suppression of fusion for weakly-bound nuclei."Dasgupta has published more than 80 papers in journals such as Nature, Physics Letters and Physical Review C.
Professor Mahananda Dasgupta's profile at the Australian National University's Department of Nuclear Physics The Conversation, 24 August 2011, "Seriously, why aren't there more women in science?" Dasgupta et al. Professor Mahananda Dasgupta, recipient of the Australian Research Council's 2001 Georgina Sweet Australian Laureate Fellowship Professor Mahananda Dasgupta profile, Puzzling.org
Bocas del Toro District is a district of Bocas del Toro Province in Panama. The population according to the 2012 census was 16,815; the district covers a total area of 433.2 km². The capital lies at the town of Bocas del Toro. Major industries include agriculture. Bocas del Toro District is divided administratively into the following corregimientos: Bocas del Toro Bastimentos Cauchero Punta Laurel Tierra Oscura Bocas del Toro is a coastal location with a tropical climate; the area does not have a predictable dry season. The driest times are late August to mid-October and March. Bocas del Toro is humid. Thundershowers and heavy rain are common. Normal temperatures are consistent all year. Due to its low latitude, sunrise is around 6 AM, sunset is around 6 PM local time; these times vary during the year. Weather data is collected at Bocas del Toro "Isla Colón" International Airport: The district consists of the Bocas del Toro Archipelago and a coastal mainland area. Ferries, water taxis, private boats provide transportation to many locations.
Buses connect boat mainland commununities to adjacent districts and the rest of Panama. Bocas del Toro "Isla Colón" International Airport provides passenger and cargo flights to Panama and Costa Rica. Roads are dirt or gravel. Larger highways may be paved. Bocas del Toro is a rural district. Schools and medical clinics operate around the district. Sanitation is limited. Water filtration and treatment facilities are non-existent in most communities. Sewage treatment is non-existent; the government is working on building more infrastructure in rural areas. List of islands of Panama Atlantic Ocean Panama Districts of Panama List of islands in the Caribbean: Panama Outline of Panama Index of Panama-related articles List of cities in Panama List of islands of Panama Bocas del Toro Archipelago
The Bateman School was a well known private school located in Chicago's "Gold Coast". From 1950 onward, the school was housed in the historic Patterson-McCormick Mansion; the school closed. The Bateman School was founded at 1106 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, in 1937; this is the year that Miss Alice C Bateman, graduated from Northwestern University. The school was co-educational. Five students were in attendance the first day school opened at 1106 Lake Shore Drive; as enrollment increased, the school was moved in 1941 to 1000 Lake Shore Drive to accommodate over 300 students. At the close of the first year at the new location, the parents requested that a high school be added, it was agreed that the Director would add a year of high school each successive year. In 1949 the school graduated its first senior high class of fourteen students. All these pupils were able to enter college without examinations, as the Bateman School had attained complete accreditation from the Office of Public Instruction in Springfield, IL.
In the spring of 1950 a corporation was formed. The corporation purchased the former home of Cyrus McCormick, at 20 East Burton Place, as the new site for the school. In years, this historic building became synonymous with Bateman School; the school received its full accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, in nineteen states, and, recognized throughout the country as well as abroad. One stated goal was to prepare students to be, "citizens of the world." Languages studies included French, Spanish and Latin, were offered in early grades. The school closed its doors in 1976. In that same year, the building had become a liability and there was a move to demolish the building; the building was sold and developed into condos. Ellen Bateman died Sep 8, 1966Alice Bateman Craig passed at 82 years of age in June, 1996 Camp McCormick was the satellite summer camp of the Bateman School. Located in Eagle River, Wisconsin, it offered horseback riding, boating along with drama and academic courses for credit.
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