Luke 14

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Luke 14
Papyrus 4 (Luk 6.4-16).jpg
Luke 6:4-16 on Papyrus 4, written about AD 150-175.
Book Gospel of Luke
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 3
Category Gospel

Luke 14 is the fourteenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records one miracle performed by Jesus Christ on a Sabbath day, followed by His teachings and parables.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.[2]

Text[edit]

Structure[edit]

The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows (with cross references to passages in Matthew's gospel):

Free Church minister William Robertson Nicoll describes verses 1-24 as "a digest of sayings of Jesus at the table of a Pharisee, this being the third instance in this Gospel of such friendly intercourse between Him and members of the Pharisaic party".[3]

Jesus being carefully watched[edit]

The chapter opens on a Sabbath day, where Jesus goes into the home of one of the rulers of the Pharisees, presumably directly after the synagogue service.[4] He is 'watched carefully':[5] the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges notes a resonance with the words of Psalm 37:32:

The wicked watches the righteous, and seeks to slay him [6]

Take the Lowly Place[edit]

The Gospel of Luke, Minuscule 2444, 13th century

This pericope (verses 7 to 14), also known as the Parable of the Wedding Feast, is one of the parables of Jesus which is only found in the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament and directly precedes the Parable of the Great Banquet in Luke 14:15-24.[7][8] In Matthew's Gospel, the parallel passage to Luke's Parable of the Great Banquet is also set as a wedding feast (Matthew 22:1-14).[9]

Jesus always made his parables relatable to the layman. A wedding, in the days of the Jews, was a very sacred and joyous thing. Some even lasted up to or more than a week. When Jesus told this parable, many people were able to understand the picture he was trying to create because he used a Jewish wedding as the setting of the story.[10]

Luke 14:11 says, "Every one that exalteth himself shall be humbled; but he that humbleth himself shall be exalted" is also found in Luke 18:14 and Matthew 23:12. It is similar to Matthew 18:4.[8]

Parable of the Great Supper[edit]

Jan Luyken: the invitation, Bowyer Bible.

The Parable of the Great Banquet or the Wedding Feast or the Marriage of the King's Son is a parable told by Jesus in the New Testament, found in Matthew Matthew 22:1-14 and Luke Luke 14:15-24. The eschatological image of a wedding also occurs in the parable of the Faithful Servant and the parable of the Ten Virgins. Here, it includes the extension of the original invitation (to Jews) to also include Gentiles.[11] In Luke, the invitation is extended particularly to the "poor, the crippled, the blind and the lame" (Luke 14:21), evidencing explicit concern for the "poor and the outcasts."[11]

A variant of the parable also appears in the Gnostic Gospel of Thomas (Saying 64).[12]

Leaving All to Follow Christ[edit]

Counting the Cost, or in the NIV: The Cost of Being a Disciple or in the NRSV: The Cost of Discipleship or in the NKJV: Leaving All to Follow Christ, are titles given to this part of the chapter which includes a pair of parables told by Jesus. The first title comes from the phrase "count the cost", which occurs in the King James Version of the passage, as well as some other versions.

American New Testament scholar Joel B. Green suggests that it is unclear what kind of tower is being referred to in the first parable,[13] but notes that the message is that a "thoroughgoing fidelity to God's salvific aim"[13] is required, "manifest in one's identity as a disciple of Jesus."[13] This involves putting family and possessions second,[14] as in Matthew 8:18-22 and Luke 9:57-62. This command is interpreted and practised in different ways by different Christians. Some groups, such as the Bruderhof or Hutterites see it as a call to forsake all possessions to follow Jesus.[15] Others read it simply as a matter of have Christ be the center of one's heart.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Nicoll, W. R., Expositor's Greek Testament on Luke 14, accessed 26 June 2018
  4. ^ Buls, H., The Sermon Notes of Harold Buls, text from Luke 14:1-11, for Trinity XVII, accessed 26 June 2018
  5. ^ Luke 14:1 - ESV translation
  6. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 14, accessed 26 June 2018
  7. ^ J. Dwight Pentecost, 1998 The Parables of Jesus: lessons in life from the Master Teacher ISBN 0-8254-3458-0 pages 85-86
  8. ^ a b Luke by Sharon H. Ringe 1995 ISBN 0-664-25259-1 page 195
  9. ^ Aland, Kurt, ed. Synopsis of the Four Gospels: Completely Revised on the Basis of the Greek Text of the Nestle-Aland, 26th Edition, and Greek New Testament, 3rd Edition, English Edition. 1st ed. United Bible Societies, 1982. Print. pericope 216.
  10. ^ Bauckham, Richard (Autumn 1996). "The Parable of the Royal Wedding Feast (Matthew 22:1-14) and the Parable of the Lame Man and the Blind Man (Apocryphon of Ezekiel)". Journal of Biblical Literature. 115 (3). 
  11. ^ a b Robert H. Stein, An Introduction to the Parables of Jesus, Westminster John Knox Press, 1981, ISBN 0-664-24390-8, pp. 82-91.
  12. ^ Gospel of Thomas: Lamb translation and Patterson/Meyer translation.
  13. ^ a b c Joel B. Green, The Gospel of Luke, Eerdmans, 1997, ISBN 0-8028-2315-7, pp. 566-567.
  14. ^ Charles McCollough, The Art Of Parables: Reinterpreting the Teaching Stories of Jesus in Word and Scripture, Wood Lake Publishing, 2008, ISBN 1-55145-563-3, pp. 94-95.
  15. ^ "Learning from the Bruderhof: An Intentional Christian Community". ChristLife. Retrieved 2017-10-27. 
  16. ^ "Commentary on Luke 14:25-33 by Jeannine K. Brown". Retrieved 2017-10-27. 

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Luke 13
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 15