Luke 22

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Luke 22
Uncial 0171, PSI 2.124 + PSI 1.2 recto.jpg
Luke 22:44-50 on fragments a and b (recto) of the codex 0171, written about AD 300.
Book Gospel of Luke
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 3
Category Gospel

Luke 22 is the twenty-second chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It commences in the days just before the Passover or Feast of Unleavened Bread, and records the plot to kill Jesus Christ, the institution of the Lord's Supper, Jesus' arrest and his trial before the Sanhedrin.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.[2]

Text[edit]

Luke 22:43-44 in Codex Vaticanus 354 (AD 949)
Luke 22: 41,45-48 on recto side of Papyrus 69 (3rd century).

Structure[edit]

The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows: (with cross references to other New Testament sections with similar contents):

Verses 14-38[edit]

Coat of Arms of Rt Rev Marcus Stock, Bishop of Leeds

Luke 22:14-38 has been described as "Jesus' farewell address", modeled after other farewell addresses in the Greco-Roman and biblical traditions.[4] Jesus declares to his apostles that "with fervent desire" (Greek: επιθυμια επεθυμησα (epithumia epithumesa) he has longed to celebrate this Passover with them. Pope Gregory X used these words as his text (Latin: Desiderio desideravi) at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274, in his sermon on the unity of the churches.[5]

Verses 40-42[edit]

Pray that you will not fall into temptation (New International Version)
Not my will, but yours, be done (New King James Version)

The words reflect Jesus' previous instructions to his disciples on how to pray (the Lord's Prayer, Luke 11:2-4), although the words "thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" do not appear in the earliest-known versions of Luke's Lord's Prayer.[6] The Pulpit Commentary suggests that "the temptation in question was the grave sin of moral cowardice into which so soon the disciples fell".[7]

Verses 43-44[edit]

The authenticity of Luke 22:43-44 has been disputed by scholars since the second half of the 19th century, the verses are placed in double brackets in modern editions of the Greek text, and listed in a footnote in the Revised Standard Version.

Luke 22 in art[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Chapter 1 has 80 verses
  4. ^ Kurz, W. S. (1985), Luke 22:14-38 and Greco-Roman and Biblical Farewell Addresses, Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 104, No. 2 (June 1985), pp. 251-268, accessed 19 July 2018
  5. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia (1913), Second Council of Lyons (1274), accessed 19 July 2018
  6. ^ Pulpit Commentary on Luke 11, accessed 20 July 2018
  7. ^ Pulpit Commentary on Luke 22, accessed 20 July 2018

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Luke 21
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 23