A student is a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution who attends classes in a course to attain the appropriate level of mastery of a subject under the guidance of an instructor and who devotes time outside class to do whatever activities the instructor assigns that are necessary either for class preparation or to submit evidence of progress towards that mastery. In the broader sense, a student is anyone who applies themselves to the intensive intellectual engagement with some matter necessary to master it as part of some practical affair in which such mastery is basic or decisive. In the United Kingdom and India, the term "student" denotes those enrolled in secondary schools and higher. In Nigeria, education is classified into four system known as a 6-3-3-4 system of education, it implies six years in primary school, three years in junior secondary, three years in senior secondary and four years in the university. However, the number of years to be spent in university is determined by the course of study.
Some courses have longer study length than others. Those in primary school are referred to as pupils; those in university, as well as those in secondary school, are being referred to as students. The Nigerian system of education has other recognized categories like the polytechnics and colleges of education; the Polytechnic gives out National Diploma and Higher National Diploma certifications after a period of two years and/or four years of study respectively. Higher National Diploma can be obtained in a different institution from where the National Diploma was obtained. However, the HND cannot be obtained without the OND certificate. On the other hand, colleges of education give out NCE after a two year period of study. In South Africa, education is divided into four bands: Foundation Phase, Intermediate Phase, Senior Phase, the Further Education and Training or FET Phase. However, because this division is newer than most schools in the country, in practice, learners progress through three different types of school: primary school, junior school, high school.
After the FET phase, learners who pursue further studies take three or four years to obtain an undergraduate degree or one or two years to achieve a vocational diploma or certificate. The number of years spent in university varies as different courses of study take different numbers of years; those in the last year of high school are referred to as'Matrics' or are in'Matric' and take the Grade 12 examinations accredited by the Umalusi Council in October and November of their Matric year. Exam papers are set and administered nationally through the National Department of Basic Education for government schools, while many private school Matrics sit for exams set by the Independent Education Board, which operates with semi-autonomy under the requirements of Umalusi.. A school year for the majority of schools in South Africa runs from January to December, with holidays dividing the year into terms. Most public or government schools are 4-term schools and most private schools are 3-term school, but the 3-term government or public schools and 4-term private schools are not rare.
Six years of primary school education in Singapore is compulsory. Primary School Secondary School Junior College There are schools which have the integrated program, such as River Valley High School, which means they stay in the same school from Secondary 1 to Junior College 2, without having to take the "O" level examinations which most students take at the end of Secondary school. International Schools are subject to overseas curriculums, such as the British, Canadian or Australian Boards. Primary education is compulsory in Bangladesh, it is a near crime to not to send children to primary school. But it is not a punishable crime; because of the socio-economic state of Bangladesh, child labour is sometimes legal. But the guardian must ensure the primary education. Everyone, learning in any institute or online may be called a student in Bangladesh. Sometimes students taking undergraduate education are called undergraduates and students taking post-graduate education may be called post-graduates.
Education System Of Bangladesh: Education is free in Brunei. Darussalam not limited to government educational institutions but private educational institutions. There are two types of educational institutions: government or public, private institutions. Several stages have to be undergone by the prospective students leading to higher qualifications, such as Bachelor's Degree. Primary School Secondary School High School Colleges University Level It takes six and five years to complete the primary and secondary levels respectively. Upon completing these two crucial stages, students/pupils have freedom to progress to sixth-form
University of Wisconsin–Madison
The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin. Founded when Wisconsin achieved statehood in 1848, UW–Madison is the official state university of Wisconsin, the flagship campus of the University of Wisconsin System, it was the first public university established in Wisconsin and remains the oldest and largest public university in the state. It became a land-grant institution in 1866; the 933-acre main campus, located on the shores of Lake Mendota, includes four National Historic Landmarks. The University owns and operates a historic 1,200-acre arboretum established in 1932, located 4 miles south of the main campus. UW–Madison is organized into 20 schools and colleges, which enrolled 30,361 undergraduate and 14,052 graduate students in 2018, its comprehensive academic program offers 136 undergraduate majors, along with 148 master's degree programs and 120 doctoral programs. A major contributor to Wisconsin's economy, the University is the largest employer in the state, with over 21,600 faculty and staff.
The UW is one of America's Public Ivy universities, which refers to top public universities in the United States capable of providing a collegiate experience comparable with the Ivy League. UW–Madison is categorized as a Doctoral University with the Highest Research Activity in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. In 2012, it had research expenditures of more than $1.1 billion, the third highest among universities in the country. Wisconsin is a founding member of the Association of American Universities; as of October 2018, 25 Nobel laureates and 2 Fields medalists have been associated with UW–Madison as alumni, faculty, or researchers. Additionally, as of November 2018, the current CEOs of 14 Fortune 500 companies have attended UW–Madison, the most of any university in the United States. Among the scientific advances made at UW–Madison are the single-grain experiment, the discovery of vitamins A and B by Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis, the development of the anticoagulant medication warfarin by Karl Paul Link, the first chemical synthesis of a gene by Har Gobind Khorana, the discovery of the retroviral enzyme reverse transcriptase by Howard Temin, the first synthesis of human embryonic stem cells by James Thomson.
UW–Madison was the home of both the prominent "Wisconsin School" of economics and of diplomatic history, while UW–Madison professor Aldo Leopold played an important role in the development of modern environmental science and conservationism, articulating his philosophy of a "land ethic" in his influential book A Sand County Almanac. The Wisconsin Badgers compete in 25 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division I Big Ten Conference and have won 28 national championships. Wisconsin students and alumni have won 50 Olympic medals; the university had its official beginnings when the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature in its 1838 session passed a law incorporating a "University of the Territory of Wisconsin", a high-ranking Board of Visitors was appointed. However, this body never accomplished anything before Wisconsin was incorporated as a state in 1848; the Wisconsin Constitution provided for "the establishment of a state university, at or near the seat of state government..." and directed by the state legislature to be governed by a board of regents and administered by a Chancellor.
On July 26, 1848, Nelson Dewey, Wisconsin's first governor, signed the act that formally created the University of Wisconsin. John H. Lathrop became the university's first chancellor, in the fall of 1849. With John W. Sterling as the university's first professor, the first class of 17 students met at Madison Female Academy on February 5, 1849. A permanent campus site was soon selected: an area of 50 acres "bounded north by Fourth lake, east by a street to be opened at right angles with King street", "south by Mineral Point Road, west by a carriage-way from said road to the lake." The regents' building plans called for a "main edifice fronting towards the Capitol, three stories high, surmounted by an observatory for astronomical observations." This building, University Hall, now known as Bascom Hall, was completed in 1859. On October 10, 1916, a fire destroyed the building's dome, never replaced. North Hall, constructed in 1851, was the first building on campus. In 1854, Levi Booth and Charles T. Wakeley became the first graduates of the university, in 1892 the university awarded its first PhD to future university president Charles R. Van Hise.
Research and service at the UW is influenced by a tradition known as "the Wisconsin Idea", first articulated by UW–Madison President Charles Van Hise in 1904, when he declared "I shall never be content until the beneficent influence of the University reaches every home in the state." The Wisconsin Idea holds that the boundaries of the university should be the boundaries of the state, that the research conducted at UW–Madison should be applied to solve problems and improve health, quality of life, the environment, agriculture for all citizens of the state. The Wisconsin Idea permeates the university's work and helps forge close working relationships among university faculty and students, the state's industries and government. Based in Wisconsin's populist history, the Wisconsin Idea continues to inspire the work of the faculty and students who aim to solve real-world problems by working together across disciplines and demographics. During World War II, University
Federal Medical Center, Rochester
The Federal Medical Center, Rochester is a United States federal prison in Minnesota for male inmates requiring specialized or long-term medical or mental health care. It is designated as an administrative facility, which means it holds inmates of all security classifications, it is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. FMC Rochester is located in southeastern Minnesota, 2 miles east of downtown Rochester. FMC Rochester is one of six medical referral centers within the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Health Services staff at FMC include physicians, a dentist, dental assistants, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, a radiological technician, physical therapists, laboratory technologists and a respiratory therapist. Mental Health Services through the Psychiatry and Psychology Departments are available to all inmates; these include educational groups, therapy groups, individual therapy, intensive diagnosis/assessment, inpatient treatment.
In addition, outpatient substance abuse treatment services are available. In 2009 Philip Fornaci, the director of the DC Prisoners' Project, stated that Rochester, along with FMC Butner and FMC Carswell, "are the "gold standard" in terms of what BOP facilities can achieve in providing medical care" and that they had provided "excellent medical care, sometimes for complex medical needs." In July 2009, Richard Torres, a correction officer at FMC Rochester, was indicted for smuggling contraband into the facility for an inmate in exchange for thousands of dollars in bribes. The contraband included cellular telephones and creatine powder. Torres was terminated and pleaded guilty to soliciting a bribe two months and was sentenced to one year in federal prison. List of U. S. federal prisons Federal Bureau of Prisons Incarceration in the United States FMC Rochester
Theodore John Kaczynski known as the Unabomber, is an American domestic terrorist, former mathematics professor, anarchist author. A mathematics prodigy, he abandoned an academic career in 1969 to pursue a primitive lifestyle. Between 1978 and 1995, he killed three people and injured 23 others in an attempt to start a revolution by conducting a nationwide bombing campaign targeting people involved with modern technology. In conjunction, he issued a social critique opposing industrialization while advocating a nature-centered form of anarchism. In 1971, Kaczynski moved to a remote cabin without electricity or running water near Lincoln, where he lived as a recluse while learning survival skills in an attempt to become self-sufficient. After witnessing the destruction of the wilderness surrounding his cabin, he concluded that living in nature was untenable and began his bombing campaign in 1978. In 1995, he sent a letter to The New York Times and promised to "desist from terrorism" if The Times or The Washington Post published his essay, Industrial Society and Its Future, in which he argued that his bombings were extreme but necessary to attract attention to the erosion of human freedom and dignity by modern technologies that require large-scale organization.
Kaczynski was the subject of the longest and most expensive investigation in the history of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Before his identity was known, the FBI used the acronym UNABOM to refer to his case, which resulted in the media naming him the "Unabomber"; the FBI and Attorney General Janet Reno pushed for the publication of Industrial Society and Its Future, which led to a tip-off from Kaczynski's brother, David Kaczynski, who recognized the writing style. After his arrest in 1996, Kaczynski tried unsuccessfully to dismiss his court-appointed lawyers because they wanted him to plead insanity in order to avoid the death penalty, as he did not believe he was insane. In 1998 a plea bargain was reached, under which he pleaded guilty to all charges and was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Theodore John Kaczynski was born on May 22, 1942, in Chicago, Illinois, to working-class second-generation Polish Americans, Wanda Theresa and Theodore Richard Kaczynski.
His parents told his younger brother, David Kaczynski, that Ted had been a happy baby until severe hives forced him into hospital isolation with limited contact with others, after which he "showed little emotion for months". Wanda recalled Ted recoiling from a picture of himself as an infant being held down by physicians examining his hives, she said he showed sympathy to animals who were in cages or otherwise helpless, which she speculated stemmed from his experience in hospital isolation. From first to fourth grade, Kaczynski attended Sherman Elementary School in Chicago, where administrators described him as "healthy" and "well-adjusted". In 1952, three years after David was born, the family moved to southwest suburban Evergreen Park, Illinois. After testing scored his IQ at 167, he skipped the sixth grade. Kaczynski described this as a pivotal event: he had socialized with his peers and was a leader, but after skipping ahead he felt he did not fit in with the older children and was bullied.
Neighbors in Evergreen Park described the Kaczynski family as "civic-minded folks", with one stating that the parents "sacrificed everything they had for their children". Both Ted and David were intelligent. One neighbor said she had "never known anyone who had a brain like he did", while another said that Ted was "strictly a loner" who "didn't play... an old man before his time." His mother recalled Ted as a shy child who would become unresponsive if pressured into a social situation. At one point she was so worried about Ted's social development that she considered entering him in a study for autistic children led by Bruno Bettelheim, she decided against it after observing Bettelheim's cold manner. In 1990, Ted's father Theodore, suffering from terminal cancer, committed suicide with a.22 caliber rifle. Contrary to reports, Theodore had not suffered from mental health problems. Theodore spent his last days with his family members, showing them affection as an implicit farewell. Kaczynski attended Evergreen Park Community High School.
He played the trombone in the marching band and was a member of the mathematics, biology and German clubs but was regarded as an outsider by his classmates. In 1996, a former classmate said: "He was never seen as a person, as an individual personality... He was always regarded as a walking brain, so to speak." During this period, Kaczynski became intensely interested in mathematics, spending hours studying and solving advanced problems. He became associated with a group of likeminded boys interested in science and mathematics, known as the "briefcase boys" for their penchant for carrying briefcases. One member of this group recalled Kaczynski as "the smartest kid in the class... just quiet and shy until you got to know him. Once he knew you, he could talk and talk."Throughout high school, Kaczynski was ahead of his classmates academically. Placed in a more advanced mathematics class, he soon mastered the material, he skipped the eleventh grade, by attending summer school he graduated at age 15.
He was one of his school's five National Merit finalists, was encouraged to apply to Harvard College. He entered Harvard on a scholarship in 1958 at the age of 16. A classmate said that Kaczynski was unprepared: "They packed him up and sent him to Harvard before he was ready
A pipe bomb is an improvised explosive device, which uses a sealed section of pipe filled with an explosive material. The containment provided by the pipe means that simple low explosives can be used to produce a large explosion due to the containment causing increased pressure, the fragmentation of the pipe itself creates lethal shrapnel. Premature detonation is a hazard of attempting to construct any homemade bomb, the materials and methods used with pipe bombs make unintentional detonation incidents common resulting in serious injury or death to the assembler. In many countries the manufacture or possession of a pipe bomb is a serious crime, regardless of its intended use; the bomb is a short section of steel water pipe containing the explosive mixture and closed at both ends with steel or brass caps. A fuse is inserted into the pipe with a lead running out through a hole in the side or capped end of the pipe; the fuse can be a common fuse. All of the components are obtainable. High explosives such as TNT are not used, because these and the detonators that they require are difficult for non-legitimate users to obtain.
Such explosives do not require the containment of a pipe bomb. Instead, any sort of explosive mixture the builder can find or make is used; some of the explosive mixtures used, such as gunpowder, match heads, or chlorate mixtures, are prone to ignition by the friction and static electricity generated when packing the material inside the tube or attaching the end caps, causing many injuries or deaths amongst builders. Sharp objects such as nails or broken glass are sometimes added to the outer shell, or inside of, the bomb to increase harm and damage. Pipe bombs concentrate pressure and release it through the failure of the outer casing. Plastic materials can be used, but metals have a much higher bursting strength and so will produce more concussive force. For example, common schedule 40 1-inch wrought steel pipe has a typical working pressure of 1,010 psi, bursting pressure of 8,090 psi, though the pipe sealing method can reduce the burst pressure; the pipe can rupture in different ways, depending on the rate of pressure rise and the ductility of the casing material.
If the pressure rise is slow, the metal can deform until the walls become thin and a hole is formed, causing a loud report from the gas release, but no shrapnel. A rapid rate of pressure rise will cause the metal to act as a crystal and shatter into fragments, which are pushed outward in all directions by the expanding gases. Pipe bombs can fail to explode if the gas pressure buildup is too slow, resulting in bleed-out through the detonator ignition hole. Insufficiently tight threading can bleed gas pressure through the threads faster than the chemical reaction pressure can rise, they can fail if the pipe is sealed and the chemical reaction triggered, but the total pressure buildup from the chemicals is insufficient to exceed the casing strength. If any type of bomb is suspected, typical recommendations are to keep all people at a minimum evacuation distance until authorized bomb disposal personnel arrive. For a pipe bomb, the US Department of Homeland Security recommends a minimum of 21 m, preferred distance of 366 m.
Pipe bombs are by nature improvised weapons and used by those without access to military devices such as grenades. They were used in the Spanish Civil War. During World War II, members of the British Home Guard were trained to use them. In Northern Ireland, there have been hundreds of pipe bomb attacks since the mid-1990s. Most of the attacks have been launched by loyalist paramilitaries opposed to the 1994 ceasefires the Red Hand Defenders and Orange Volunteers. However, they have been used by Irish republican paramilitaries and by anti-drugs vigilante group Republican Action Against Drugs, they are used extensively in the south of Ireland by feuding criminals, including drug dealers in the capital city of Dublin. As well as users such as criminals and militias, they have a long tradition of recreational use for amusement or mischief with no intention to cause injury to anyone, but due to the dangers of premature ignition and of shrapnel, pipe bombs are much more dangerous than alternatives such as dry ice bombs or spud guns.
On 4 May 1886, a pipe bomb was thrown during a rally at Haymarket Square in Chicago, United States. It exploded, killing policeman Mathias J. Degan; the bomb was made from gas-pipe capped at both ends with wooden blocks. In 1985, Palestinian American anti-discrimination activist Alex Odeh was killed in California by a pipe-bomb. Activists from the Jewish Defense League are suspected of being the bombers. On 27 July 1996, Eric Rudolph used a pipe bomb in the Centennial Olympic Park bombing during the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States, it killed two people and injured 111. During the preparation of the Columbine High School Massacre, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris had experimented with pipe bombs. After they tested their pipe bombs, they posted the results on their website, they used pipe bombs, along with other kinds of bombs, on the day of the massacre. On 11 December 2010 a suicide bomber detonated one out of six pipe bombs close to a major shopping district in Stockholm, killing himself with no other casualties in what is known as
The Honda Accord is a series of automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1976, best known for its four-door sedan variant, one of the best-selling cars in the United States since 1989. The Accord nameplate has been applied to a variety of vehicles worldwide, including coupes, hatchbacks, a crossover. Since initiation, Honda has offered several different car body styles and versions of the Accord, vehicles marketed under the Accord nameplate concurrently in different regions differ quite substantially, it debuted in 1976 as a compact hatchback, though this style only lasted through 1989, as the line-up was expanded to include a sedan and wagon. By the Accord's sixth generation at the end of the 1980s, it evolved into an intermediate vehicle, with one basic platform but with different bodies and proportions to increase its competitiveness against its rivals in different international markets. For the eighth generation of the Accord released for the North America market in 2007, Honda had again chosen to move the model further up-scale and increase its size.
This pushed the Accord sedan from the upper limit of what the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency defines as a mid-size car to just above the lower limit of a full-size car, with the coupe still rated as a mid-size car. In 2012, the ninth-generation Accord sedan, with smaller exterior dimensions, was once again classified as a mid-size car at 119 cubic feet, falling just shy of the "Large Car" classification. However, the current 10th-generation Accord, with similar exterior dimensions, returned to full-size car status with its combined interior space of 123 cubic feet; the coupe has since been discontinued. After a period of developing idiosyncratic automobiles such as the Honda 1300 that met a lukewarm response in both Japan and North America, Honda considered pulling out of automobile manufacturing altogether by the early 1970s. However, Honda released a more conventional automobile in 1972 called the "Civic" which reversed their flagging fortunes due to its economy and low cost in an era of rising fuel prices.
The Civic utilized Honda's CVCC technology used in the Accord, to help Honda meet emission standards of the 1970s and early 1980s without the added expense of a catalytic converter. Buoyed by their success with the Civic, Honda turned their sights to developing a larger companion model. For the new model, Honda chose the name "Accord", reflecting "Honda's desire for accord and harmony between people and the automobile."Soichiro Honda was the owner of a 1969 Pontiac Firebird, to which the Accord's predecessor, the Honda 1300, bore a striking frontal resemblance. Initial planning done by Honda for what would become the Accord was for a sporty competitor in the pony car market, at the size of a contemporary Ford Mustang, powered by a six-cylinder engine. With the continuing fuel crisis and tighter emissions regulations surrounding the automotive market, Honda engineers changed their focus on the Accord as a Mustang competitor, built upon the Civic's successful formula of economy, fuel efficiency and a front-wheel drive layout in a larger package.
A December 1975 issue of Motor Trend Magazine had a drawing of a new Honda automobile, similar in shape to the Volkswagen Scirocco but powered with a CVCC engine used in the Civic. In reality, the design of the Accord was finalized in the fall of 1973 weeks prior to the debut of the Scirocco, which debuted in January 1974. In 1982, the Accord became the first car from a Japanese manufacturer to be produced in the United States when production commenced in Marysville, Ohio at Honda's Marysville Auto Plant; the Accord has achieved considerable success in the United States, where it was the best-selling Japanese car for sixteen years, topping its class in sales in 1991 and 2001, with around ten million vehicles sold. Numerous road tests and present, rate the Accord as one of the world's most reliable vehicles; the Accord has been on the Driver 10Best list a record 30 times. In 1989, the Accord was the first vehicle sold under an import brand to become the best-selling vehicle in the United States.
The first generation Honda Accord was launched on 7 May 1976 as a three-door hatchback with 68 hp, a 93.7-inch wheelbase, a weight of about 2,000 pounds. Japanese market cars claimed 80 PS JIS, while European and other export markets received a model without emissions control equipment, it was a platform expansion of the earlier Honda Civic at 4,125 mm long. To comply with enacted emission regulations enacted in Japan, the engine was fitted with Honda's CVCC technology; the Accord sold well due to great fuel economy. It was one of the first Japanese sedans with features like cloth seats, a tachometer, intermittent wipers, an AM/FM radio as standard equipment. In 1978 an LX version of the hatchback was added which came with air conditioning, a digital clock, power steering; until the Accord, the related Prelude, power steering had not been available to cars under two liters. Japanese buyers were liable for more annual road tax over the smaller Civic, which had a smaller engine. On 14 October 1977, a four-door sedan was added to the lineup, power went to 72 hp when the 1,599 cc EF1 engine was supplemented and in certain markets replaced by the 1,751 cc an EK-1 unit.
In 1980 the optional two-speed semi-automatic transmission of previous years became a three-speed automatic gearbox (a four-speed automatic transaxle was not used in the Accord un
News media in the United States
Mass media are the means through which information is transmitted to a large audience. This includes newspapers, television and more the Internet; those who provide news and information, the outlets for which they work, are known as the news media. The Public Broadcasting Service is the primary non-profit television service, with 349 member public broadcasters. News and public affairs programs include PBS NewsHour and Washington Week. In September 2012, PBS rated 88% above CNN in public affairs programming, placing it competitively with cable news outlets but far behind private broadcasters ABC, CBS, NBC. PBS does not produce 24-hour news, but some member stations carry MHz WorldView, NHK World, or World as a digital subchannel. National Public Radio is the primary non-profit radio service, offered by over 900 stations, its news programming includes All Things Morning Edition. PBS and NPR are funded by member contributions and corporate underwriters, with a small amount of government contributions.
Other national public television program distributors include American Public Television and NETA. Distributors of radio programs include American Public Media, Pacifica Radio, Public Radio International, Public Radio Exchange. Public broadcasting in the United States includes Community radio and College radio stations, which may offer local news programming. There are thousands of newspapers in the Uision networks NBC and Telemundo, Universal Pictures, Focus Features, Sky, 26 local television stations throughout the United States, cable networks MSNBC, Bravo and Syfy; the Fox Broadcasting Company and cable networks such as Fox, Fox News Channel, Fox Business Network, Fox Sports, 27 local television stations. Holdings include: the Wall Street Journal, the New York Post, the magazines Barron's and SmartMoney, book publisher HarperCollins and numerous websites including MarketWatch.com. Holdings include: CNN, the CW, HBO, Cartoon Network, TBS, TNT, Warner Bros. Pictures, Castle Rock and New Line Cinema.
Holdings include: over 150 magazines such as Cooking Light, Marie Claire and People. Holdings include: Music Television, Nickelodeon, VH1, BET, Comedy Central, Paramount Pictures, Paramount Home Entertainment, Atom Entertainment, publishing company Famous Music and music game developer Harmonix. Viacom 18 is a joint venture with the Indian media company Global Broadcast news. Holdings include: ABC Television Network, cable networks including ESPN, the Disney Channel, A&E, National Geographic Channel, FX, 227 radio stations and book publishing companies, production companies Touchstone, 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight, Blue Sky Studios, Walt Disney Pictures, Pixar Animation Studios, the cellular service Disney Mobile. An important role, ascribed to the media is that of agenda-setter. Georgetown University professor Gary Wasserman describes this as "putting together an agenda of national priorities — what should be taken what what not at all". Wasserman calls this "the most important political function the media perform."
Agenda-setting theory was proposed by McCombs and Shaw in the 1970s and suggests that the public agenda is dictated by the media agenda. In a commercialized media context, the media can not afford to ignore an important issue which another television station, newspaper, or radio station is willing to pick up; the media may be able to create new issues by reporting and that should be considered seriously. They can obscure issues by reporting through negligence and distraction. If persons are affected by high crime rates, or unemployment, for instance, the media can reduce the time they report on potential solutions, the nature of class-based society or other related issues, they can reduce the direct awareness of these problems on the lives of the public. The media can make the problem in essence "go away" by obfuscating it; the public can go away to another media source, so it is in the media's commercial interest to try to find an agenda which corresponds as as possible to peoples’ desires. They may not be successful, but the agenda-setting potential of the media is limited by the competition for viewers' interest and listeners.
It is difficult to see, for instance, how an issue, a major story to one television station could be ignored by other television stations. Different US media sources tend to identify the same major stories in domestic politics, which implies that the media are prioritizing issues according to an exogenous set of criteria. One way in which the media could set the agenda is if it is in an area in which few Americans have direct experience of the issues; this applies to foreign policy. When American military personnel are involved, the media needs to report because the personnel are related to the American public; the media is likely to have an interest in reporting issues with major direct effects on American workers, such as major trade agreements with Mexico. In other cases, it is difficult to see how the media can be prevented from setting the foreign policy agenda. McKay lists as one of the three main distortions of information by the media "Placing high priority on American news to the detriment of foreign news.
And when the US is engaged in military action abroad, this'foreign news' crowds out other foreign news". American news media are more obsessed than with the horse-race aspects of the presidential campaign, according to a new study. Coverage of the political campaigns have been less reflective on the issues that matter to voters, instead have focused on campaign tactics and strategy, according to a report conducted jointly by the Projec